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MANDATOS!Informal commands (t):Affirmative & NegativePronoun placement

mandatos en inglsRemember how easy it is for us to command in English? We do it everyday!

Stand up!Sit down!Do your homework!Take out the garbage!Dont walk!Dont run!

Los mandatos en espaol are little more complicated because we have so many ways of saying you:T: informal, singularVosotros: informal, pluralUd.: formal, singularUds.: formal, plural

We will concentrate on the informal commands.

T Commands // AffirmativeAffirmative t commands are easier than you think!All you have to do isuse the THIRD PERSON SINGULAR form of the verb

-AR verbs: -o, -as, -a, -amos, -is, -an-ER/-IR verbs: -o, -es, -e, -emos/-imos, -is/-s, -enEjemplosPor favor, pasa la aspiradora en la sala y saca la basura.Please vacuum in the living room and take out the trash.

Lee el libro y contesta la pregunta. Read the book and answer the question.

Vamos a practicar! Lavar / los platosCaminar / ms rpidoPedir/ una recetaComer / las verdurasEscribir / el nmeroBeber / el aquaLava los platosCamina ms rpidoPide una recetaCome las verdurasEscribe el nmeroBebe el aquaIrregular t commands (affirmative)Yesthere are irregulars here too! Lo siento! But there is a pattern! Yo formt commandDecirDigoDiPonerPongoPonSalirSalgoSalTenerTengoTenVenirVengoven

Irregular t commands (affirmative)Unfortunately, these 3 irregulars DO NOT have a pattern

Hacer = hazHaz la cama inmediatamenteSer = sS buenoIr = ve Ve a tu cuarto!

Vamos a practicarSay the answerCome hereBe cautious (tener cuidado)Go out with your friendsSet the table

Di la respuestaVen aquTen cuidadoSal con tus amigosPon la mesaNegatives Informal commands (t):NegativeT Commands // NegativeTake the yo form of the verb (present tense) Change the ending to the opposite T ending -AR = -es-ER / -IR = -as

T Commands // Negative-AR verbs

Go to the yoDrop the oAdd the es

hablarNo habloNo hablNo hables(Dont speak!)-ER / -IR verbs

Go to the yoDrop the oAdd the as

comerNo comoNo comNo comas(Dont eat!)

Vamos a practicar!Dont talk!Dont run!Dont swim at nightDont sing!Dont forget! (olvidar)No hables!No corras!No nades por la noche!No cantes!No olvides!t commands (negative)Most irregular yo verbs DO NOT change** - go, -zco, -yo, and jo**

3 examples:Salir -- salgono salgas // salOfrecer -- ofrezcoNo ofrezcas // ofreceEscoger -- escojoNo escojas // escoge

Irregular t commands (negative)Some verbs need a spelling change to maintain the integrity of its soundThink: **-car, -gar, -zar**

3 examples:Llegar -- (g gu)no llegues // llegaBuscar (c qu)no busques // buscaCruzar (z c)No cruces // cruza

Vamos a practicar!Dont eat lunch (almorzar)Eat lunch! Dont payPay! Dont go out with your friendsGo out with your friendsBe careful (tener cuidado)Dont be careful Play the guitarDont play the guitar No almuercesAlmuerzaNo paguesPagaNo salgas con tus amigosSal con tus amigosTen cuidadoNo tengas cuidadoToca la guitarraNo toques la guitarra Irregular t commands (negative)There are also irregular negative commands.

But they look VERY similar to the irregular formal commands!D, est, vaya, sepa, seaNegative t commandsDarNo desEstarNo estsIrNo vayasSaberNo sepasSerNo seasVamos a practicar!Dont give that giftDont be nervousDont go to the storeDont know the answerDont be badNo des ese regaloNo ests nerviosoNo vayas a la tiendaNo sepas la respuestaNo seas maloCOMMANDS & PRONOUN PLACEMENTInformal commands

This works the same for both T and Ud./Uds. commands!!

In AFFIRMATIVE COMMANDS the pronoun FOLLOWS the verb (at the end)Is ATTACHED

In NEGATIVE COMMANDS the pronounGoes BEFORE the verbIt stands alone

EjemplosLlmame luego! Call me later!Treme la medicinaBring me the medicineNo te sientes en una silla incmodaDont sit in an uncomfortable chairNo te pongas tus sandalias en el inviernoDont put your sandals on in the winter

Cules pronombres se debe usar??You can use DIRECT, INDIRECT, and REFLEXIVE pronouns

DIRECT: me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, lasINDIRECT: me, te, le, nos, os, lesREFLEXIVE: me, te, se, nos, os, se

Las ReglasThe rules stay the same as with DOUBLE OBJECTS (indirect, direct & le=se)The order is = INDIRECT (to whom? To what?) then DIRECT (who? what?)Think --- I.D. (Indirect Object, Direct Object)

DIRECT: T / comprar /un libro / para m CmprameloNo me lo compres

INDIRECT: T / dar / el libro / a mDmeloNo me lo des

REFLEXIVE: T / ponerse / las sandaliasPntelasNo te las pongasLE = SE Repasole lo = se lole la = se lale los = se losle las = se lasles lo = se loles la = se lales los = se losles las = se las**regular**No me lo compres.Don't buy it for me.

**changed**No se las traigas.Don't bring them to her.Se = herLas = them MustraseloShow it to him/her

VAMOS A VER SE/LE **Dont worry about accentsyet**

Dont explain it to them(explicar/lo/les)Dont buy those for her(compar/los/le)Dont tell him that(decir/lo/le)Read the book to him(leer/lo/le)Write the information forher (escribir/la/le)

No se lo expliquesNo se los compresNo se lo digas LeseloEscrbeselaLOS ACCENTOS!!The accent helps maintain stress on the correct syllable.If the command has only one syllable, a written accent is only necessary when two pronouns are added. Dime(di)Tell meDmeloTell it to me // Tell me itIf the command has more than one syllable, a written accent is required when one or more pronouns are added. (stress stays on verb stem)Cmpralos(com/pra)Buy themCmpramelosBuy them for me// buy me those

Vamos a practicar! -- THINK I.D.!Tell meLook at itGive me the bookDont make dinner (la cena)Put on your shoes!Dont eat junk food (comida basura)Dont tell them the secret (el secreto)Dont buy the prescription for herDont tell it to her/him/themSit up straight (bien)

DimeMraloDmeloNo la hagasPntelosNo la comasNo se lo digasNo se la paguesNo se lo traigas Sintate bien


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