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CGIAR Livestock and Fish Research Program: Potential synergies with LIVES project in Ethiopia

Jan 15, 2015




Presented by Barbra Rischkowsky (ICARDA) at the LIVES Research Planning Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013

  • 1. CGIAR Livestock and Fish Research Program: PotentialSynergies with LIVES project in EthiopiaBarbra Rischkowsky, ICARDA LIVES Research Planning Workshop Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013

2. Program Goal More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems To increase the availability and affordability ofanimal-source foods for poor consumers and, To reduce poverty through greater participationby the poor along the whole value chains foranimal-source foods. 3. The approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impactWe propose an integrated value-chain approach for focused impact . . .R4D integrated to transform selected value chainsfor selected commodities in selected countries.Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing ConsumersValue chain development team + research partners 4. Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact. . . combined with strategic cross-cutting platforms for scaling out. R4D integrated to transform selected value chains for selected commodities in selected countries. ConsumersMajor intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partnersStrategic Cross-cutting Platforms Technology Generation Market Innovation Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TOGLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLYPUBLIC GOODS 5. Delivering Livestock + FishStructure: Integrated research themesTargeting, Gender, Impact assessmentValue chain developmentTechnology Development: Genetics Consumers Feeds Health Commodity X in Country YCross-cutting: M&E, communications, capacity building 6. FOCUS: 9 Target Value Chains in 8 countries SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY 7. Criteria and rationale for choosing thecommodities and countries Growth and market opportunity Huge and increasing demand for the commodity High potential to raise productivity and off-take rate in smallholder flocks Pro-poor potential High number of poor smallholders and value chain actors involved in production Good income opportunity for women headed households Researchable supply constraints Shortage and fluctuation of feed supply Poor animal hygiene and diseases (high lamb/kid mortality) Lack of sustainable organizational structures for breeder and producer groups Poor market infrastructure and institutional arrangements 8. Expected outputs from VCD in L&F Framework for situational analysis of the respective sectors Generic tools for rapid and in-depth VCA developed andtested for 3 commodities (dairy cattle, small ruminants andpigs) Tools for rapid integrated assessment of food safety andnutrition (in collaboration with CRP 4 Animal Health and Nutrition) Strategies for partnership development and involvement innovation systems/platforms Strategies for outscaling developed (based onpartnerships, targeting and impact assessment) 9. Expected outputs from Technology Development Open access databases (NIRS equations, feeds, successes and failures in technology development, AnGR) Tools for rapid assessment of feeding systems and feed intervention screening (FEAST and TechFit) Diagnostic toolkit for animal diseases Demand-driven solutions for feeding, breeding and animal health constraints identified in the VCs Vaccine development (PPR success story) Insights in genetics of adaptation (long-term) 10. Tanzania Dairy Cattle VC outputs in 2012 Formation of the Dairy Development Forum an informal mechanism for vertical coordination of field activities and co-creating solutions at national and milk-shed levels membership across all key public and private sector players in the dairy sector. Situational analysis report establishing a baseline for thesector Tools developed to identify potential interventions for improveddairy value chain performance Review of past successes and failures in dairy developmentinterventions Potential interventions best bets for improved VC performance 11. Ethiopia Sheep and goat VC outputs Toolkit for rapid VCA for sheep and goat in Ethiopia By mid April 2013 for seven sheep and goat VC sites:Site descriptions, rapid VCA reports, draft intervention plans Cross-cutting research issues identified and prioritized Process of partnership development with differentstakeholders Pilot breeding programs for smallholders developed andimplemented Feeding system assessments and feed interventionscreening tested at two sites 12. Selected sheep and goat VC sites in Ethiopia# VCs District Sites/villages/Region Partner communities projectsHighlands1 Sheep 1 Atsbi1. Habes Tigray LIVES 2. Golgol naele2 Sheep 2 Doyogena 1. Serea SNNP SARI 2. Bkafafunds3 Sheep 3 Menz/Molale1. MolaleAmharaMehal Meda 2. Mehal Meda4 Sheep 4 Horro/Shambu 1. Gitlo Oromia 2. Lakku Iggu5 Goat 1Abergelle1. Neuraq town,Amhara BecaHubSaka/Sazeba 2. Felegehiwot TigrayLowlands6 Goat 2Yabello1. Eleweya Oromia 2. Darito7 Goat/ Shinelle 1. Gad Somali PCDPSheep2. Degah Jebis 13. Identified constraints in Atsbi sheep Lack of awareness and skills on improved sheep productionpractices Feed shortage in quality and quantity and lack of planting materialand forage seeds Unidentified and high incidence of disease and parasites Shortage of Animal health service delivery (drug supply, serviceavailability, skills) Lack of vertical and horizontal linkages of sheep producers(missing linkage among producers and with other actors) Seasonality of supply of sheep Lack of supply of quality sheep: low dressing percentage,red offal often condemned due to disease and parasites 14. Expectations from LIVES (synergies) Joint research and intervention plans for shared sites (Atsbisheep VC) Joint learning across sites for sheep and goat value chains inEthiopia and dairy cattle VC across countries (including IPMSresults) Outscaling of successful interventions developed by L & F Joint development of technical training courses related to actionresearch Dialogue on pathways to impact Joint Development of Monitoring and Evaluation Systems Joint development of Communication strategies 15. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.