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- chronic poverty in rural Ethiopia Laura Camfield, UEA and Keetie Roelen, IDS
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- chronic poverty in rural Ethiopia Laura Camfield, UEA and Keetie Roelen, IDS.

Mar 28, 2015

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Anna Griffith
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  • Slide 1

- chronic poverty in rural Ethiopia Laura Camfield, UEA and Keetie Roelen, IDS Slide 2 Big drops in poverty rates However Disparities between regions Seasonal fluctuations Persistent group of chronically poor and food insecure 1994/952004/052009/10 poverty rates 49.5%38.7%29.2% Source: MoFED, 2010 2DSA 2012_Camfield and Roelen Slide 3 categoryR1R2R3 ultra-poor78.68.4 poor49.82417.2 nearly poor35.655.541.8 not poor7.71232.6 Transition analyses show that 13% of households have been poor across all three rounds (2002-9) 3DSA 2012_Camfield and Roelen Slide 4 Ethiopia (rural sites and older cohort only) 3 rounds of quan data: 2002, 2006, 2009 Qual data from 8 sites in 2008, 2009 4DSA 2012_Camfield and Roelen Slide 5 QUAL QUAL QUAN QUAN developing classification of an emic children and households taxonomy (ultra-poor, poor, nearly poor, not-poor) Papers: Roelen and Camfield, 2012; Camfield and Roelen, 2012a; Camfield and Roelen, 2012b 5DSA 2012_Camfield and Roelen Slide 6 Factor Total no: of households reporting factor (n=32) No: of female headed households reporting factor (n=8) No: of older household heads reporting factor (n=6) Climate (e.g. drought, timing of rains, storms) 3076 Family illness2465 High food prices1745 Own illness1724 Death of animals1724 Exclusion from PSNP1633 Disputes (e.g. neighbours, criminal authorities) 1653 Cost of fertiliser and seeds 1515 Lack of labour1363 Bad debt912 Low prices for produce710 6DSA 2012_Camfield and Roelen Slide 7 Causes of poverty Most common combination of causes (41% of cases) were: i) climate, typically lack of rainfall ii) family illness iii) lack of labour iv) high food prices 7DSA 2012_Camfield and Roelen Slide 8 Female household head Young household head (