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Surrealism Joe Brusca Persistence of Memory
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  • 1. Surrealism Persistence of Memory Joe Brusca

2. Definitions Dreams (* Anyone remember theirs last night?) Surrealism Dada FantasySubconscious Automatism Enigmatic NostalgicJuxtapositions Frottage Distortion Illusion Abstraction Line Value Portrait Composition IllusionsBourgeoisie*Notes in journal and visual board 3. Dada to Surrealism Dada or Dadaism is a art movement that began in Zurich,Switzerland. During the end of World War I and peaked from post war around1916 to 1922. The art movement was based on its anti-war politics and anti-artcultural works. They rejected was being handed down them frommodern world culture. It was also anti-bourgeois and anarchist innature. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, andpublication of art/literary journals; art, politics, and culture weretopics often discussed within the Dadaist. The Dada influenced later avant-garde art movements likesurrealism, pop art and contemporary music like rock n roll, evenpunk rock. Included the visual arts, literature, including poetry, art manifestoes,art theory, theatre, cinema and graphic design. 4. Surrealism Surrealism is a cultural movement and artistic style that wasfounded in 1924 by Andr Breton. Influenced by the psychoanalytical work of Sigmund Freud and CarlJung. The movement was begun primarily in Europe, centered in Paris,and was helped founded by many of the members of the Dadacommunity. Surrealism style uses visual imagery from the subconscious mind tocreate art without the intention of logical comprehensibility. The group aimed to revolutionize human experience, in its personal,cultural, social, and political aspects. They wanted to free peoplefrom false rationality, and restrictive customs and structures. At various times Surrealists aligned with communism andanarchism. 5. Surrealist Techniques Automatism, for ex., like automatic drawing was developed by thesurrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. Inautomatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move randomly acrossthe paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making,drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. Hence thedrawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious andmay reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise berepressed. Frottage, the artist takes a pencil or other drawing tool and makes a"rubbing" over a textured surface. The drawing can be left as is orused as the basis for further refinement. Examples of other influences of automatism would be cut-ups, jazzand abstract expressionism. The simplest Surrealist act consists of dashing down the street,pistol in hand, and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger,into the crowd. -- Andr Breton, Second Manifesto of Surrealism 6. Links to Some Important Past Events Antiwar movements like Vietnam in the1960s . Feminist Movement Civil Rights Movement 1960s Counter Culture Movement Can you think of any from the past orcurrently? 7. Andr Breton "Lifes greatest gift is the freedom it leavesyou to step out of it whenever you choose." 8. Andr Breton He studied medicine and psychiatry. And during WorldWar I he worked in a neurological ward where he gainedhis anti-war views from the trauma it caused many of thesoldiers. Surrealist Leader Poet / Writer His writings include the Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, inwhich he defined surrealism as "pure psychicautomatism". Influenced by the writers Rimbuad, Voltaire, GuillaumeApollinaire, along with fellow Dadaist Louis Aragon,Philippe Soupault and Tristan Tzara. 9. Dada to Surrealism Important figures of the Dadaism andeventually the founders of Surrealism. Marcel DuchampHans Arp Francis Picabia Max ErnstMan RayAndre Breton 10. Marcel Duchamp 11. Marcel DuchampArtwork 12. Hans Arp Crown of Buds 13. Francis Picabia 14. Max Ernst 15. Man Ray"To create is divine, to reproduce is human." 16. Giorgio de Chirico To become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits:logic and common sense will only interfere. But once these barriers arebroken, it will enter the realms of childhood visions and dreams. 17. Andr Masson 18. Ren Magritte 19. Roberto Matta 20. Yves Tanguy 21. Yves Tanguy Artwork 22. Salvador DalThe only one difference between a madman and me. I not am mad.