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THIS IS NOT A PRESENTATION
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surrealism overlook.

Mar 22, 2016

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thommen lukose

presentation on surrealism .
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  • THIS IS NOT A PRESENTATION

  • PHILOSOPHY BEHIND SURREALISM

    Offshoot of Dadaism

    Reign of the subconscious

    Marxist undertone

  • Automatism

    surrealist technique without conscious self-censorship

    In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper.

    Hence the drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which

    would otherwise be repressed.

  • Rep-Tech

    The surrealist artists usually used a set of representation techniques for their artwork.

    Their techniques not only gave their final paintings a texture or a certain form, but like a Rorschach test also gave them a base to conceptualize the same.

  • COLLAGE

  • CUBOMANIA

  • DECALCOMANIA

  • GRATTAGE

  • FROTTAGE

  • ECLABOUSSURE

  • FUMAGE

  • LEADING ARTISTS OF

    SURREALISM

  • GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE 1880- 1918

    He coined the term surrealism, in his play Les Mamelles de Tiresias.

    He wrote calligrammes, a collection of concrete poetry. Also wrote erotic novels like Eleven thousand rods.

  • ANDRE BRETON 1896- 1966

    He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. In 1924 his MANISFESTO of surrealism appeared defining the movement in

    philosophical and psychological terms.

  • SALVADOR DALI 1904- 1989

    He was one of the MOST important artists of this movement. In 1931, Dali had collaborated on a short film with Buneul, he also illustrated

    a book called The Witches of Leirs.

  • RENE MARGRITTE 1898- 1967

    Great influence on pop culture. 1st surrealist painting was The lost jockey.

    He wanted the observer to realize that on matter how closely he captured the image of anything, the painting could not BE that object.

  • YVES TANGUY 1900-1955

    Unique, non-representational style of surrealism. Known for vast landscapes, limited colour palette and abstract shapes.

  • JOAN MIRO 1893- 1983

    He was among the 1st artists who developed automatic drawing as a way to undo previous established techniques in painting.

  • RAYMOND QUENEAU 1903- 1976

    He wrote around 20 books of poetry and prose.

  • MARCEL DUCHAMP 1887-1968

    The fountain. Wrote Rrose Selany and The Green Box.

  • BENJAMIN PERET 1899-1959

    One of the founders of surrealism. Best of the surrealist poets.

    Wrote Death to the Pigs and to the Field of Glory.

  • THE SONG OF LOVE, Giorgio Di Chirico, 1914

  • THE DISQUIETING MUSES, Giorgio Di Chirico, 1916

  • THE ELEPHANT CELEBES,

    oil on canvas, Max Ernst, 1921

  • TWO CHILDREN ARE THREATENED BY A NIGHTINGALE, MAX ERNST, oil on wood, 1924

  • FROTTAGE AND GRATTAGE FOREST AND DOVE, Max Ernst,1927

    ENTIRE CITY, Max Ernst

  • THE HUNTER oil on canvas ,Joan Miro, 1923-24

  • THE NUDE(1926-27) Nude is an EXQUISITE CORPSE drawing made by the Surrealis artists

    Yves Tanguy, Joan Mir, Max Morise, and Man Ray.

  • THE TREACHERY OF IMAGES, Renee Magritte, 1928-1929, oil on canvas

  • LANDSCAPE NEAR FIGURAS, Salvador Dali, 1910

  • THE PERSISTENCE OF MEMORY Salvador Dali, oil on canvas, 1931

  • SOFT CONSTRUCTION WITH BOILED BEANS

    Salvador Dali, oil on canvas, 1936

  • SWANS REFLECTING ELEPHANTS, Salvador Dali, 1937

  • THE ASCENSION OF CHRIST

    Salvador Dali, oil on canvas, 1958

  • GALA'S CHRIST,

    Salvador Dali, oil on canvas, 1978

  • BULLETISM Biblia Sacra,

    Unknown Artist, 1969

  • ECLABOUSSURE

    Remedios Varo, a spanish-Mexican female surrealist

    painter.

  • CUBOMANIA

    UNKNOWN ARTIST

  • DECALCOMANIA UNTITLED,

    James Gleeson, 1950s

  • SOME ROSES AND THEIR PHANTOMS, Dorothea Tanning, oil on canvas, 1952

  • ETCHED MURMURS, Dorothy Tanning, etchning, 1984

  • EXHIBITIONS

  • 1936 London

  • 1938 PARIS (DALI)

  • 1942 INSTALLATION

  • Impact of surrealism.

    Politics . Theatre & Music . Photography . Literature .

    Fashion & Advertisement

  • Politics

    Directly - some Surrealists allied themselves with radical political groups, movements and parties .

    Indirectly their thinking and philosophies on freeing imagination and the mind, and liberation from repressive and archaic social structures

    influenced the masses. This was especially visible in the French revolt of May 1968, whose slogan "All power to the imagination" rose directly

    from French Surrealist thought and practice.

  • The surrealists sought absolute freedom and their aim was a profound psychological or

    spiritual revolution, not an attempt to change society on a merely political or

    economic level.

  • Theatre and Music

    Antonin Artaud - Theatre of cruelty.

    Maximum influence on jazz and blues.

  • Pink Floyd Look mummy, there's an airplane up in the sky"

    Did you see the frightened ones? Did you hear the falling bombs? Did you ever wonder why we had to

    run for shelter when the promise of a brave new world unfurled beneath a clear blue sky?Did you see the frightened ones? Did you hear the falling

    bombs? The flames are all gone, but the pain lingers on.

  • Photography Man ray, Lee Miller and Hans Bellmer.

    Photo montage and differential techniques of light and lenses.

    Todays context - Photo manipulation.

  • Literature

    In literature, surrealism was confined almost exclusively to France. Surrealist writers were interested in the associations and implications of words rather than their literal

    meanings; their works are thus extraordinarily difficult to read. And bordering nonsensical.

    A typical paragraph in (an English-language version of) Les Champs Magnetiques is:

    It was the end of sorrow lies. The rail stations were dead, flowing like bees stung from honeysuckle. The people hung back and watched the ocean, animals flew in and out of focus. The time had come. Yet king dogs never grow old they stay young and fit, and someday they might come to the beach and have a few drinks, a few laughs, and get on with it. But not now. The time

    had come; we all knew it. But who would go first?

  • Many writers from and associated with the Beat Generation were influenced greatly by Surrealists.

    Magic realism, a popular technique among novelists of the latter half of the 20th century especially among Latin

    American writers, has some obvious similarities to Surrealism with its juxtaposition of the normal and the dream-like, as in

    the work of Gabriel Garcia Marquez.

  • Alice in wonderland Lewis Carroll

    The Wind up Bird Chronicle Haruki Murakami

  • Fashion and Advertising

    During that period, many fashion ads began to use elements of fantasy in order to make an emotional appeal to consumers. Prior

    to that time, fashion advertisements were generally concerned with simply informing the consumer about the products. During

    the 1920's, styles in fashion advertising began to undergo change. It saw a shift in "the focus of advertising from explaining how an article worked to describing the pleasure it could give the user"

  • In 1937 Dali in collaboration with Elsa Schiaparelli, fashion designer created the lobster dress inspired

    by Dalis lobster phone. The iconic fashion diva and singer Lady Gaga is

    also an example of a modern surrealist.

  • ANTONIN ARTAUD

    Produced theoretical work on the potential of the medium

    Raw cinema

  • BRETON

    The pope of surrealism

    Influenced by Apollinaire and Dadaist

  • GENERAL THEMES AND TECHNIQUES

    Cliff-hanger effect Other worldliness Suspense in viewers

    Evoke sense of mystery

  • SURREALIST FILMS

    1928-Entracte by rene clair 1929-the seashell and the clergy

    By Germain dulac 1929- Un Chien Andalou] Written by Salvador Dal and Luis

    Buuel, 1946-Destino image from Disney and Dal's

  • GERMAINE DUCLAC

    IDEA:PURE CINEMA Experiments on characters

    Editing technique Themes-feminist

  • THIS IS NOT THE END