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Surreal ism Techniq ues
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Surrealism Techniques

Apr 13, 2017

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Rachelle Kerr
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Surrealism Techniques

Surrealism Techniques

EXQUISITE CORPSE The technique was invented by surrealists and is similar to an old parlour game called consequences in which players write in turn on a sheet of paper, fold it to conceal part of the writing, and then pass it to the next player for a further contribution. Surrealism principal founder Andr Breton reported that it started in fun, but became playful and eventually enriching.

PARSEMAGE

Parsemage is a surrealist and automatic method in the visual arts invented by Ithell Colquhoun in which dust from charcoal or colored chalk is scattered on the surface of water and then skimmed off by passing a stiff paper or cardboard just under the water's surface.

OUTAGRAPH

The outagraph is a photograph in which the subject, what the photograph is "of," is cut out. The method was invented by Ted Joans.

GRATTAGE

Grattage is a surrealist technique in painting in which (usually wet) paint is scraped off the canvas. It was employed by Max Ernst and Joan Mir.

COLLAGE

Collage is the assemblage of different forms creating a new whole. For example, an artistic collage work may include newspaper clippings, ribbons, bits of colored or hand-made papers, photographs, etc., glued to a solid support or canvas.

CUBOMANIA

Cubomania is a method of making collages in which a picture or image is cut into squares and the squares are then reassembled without regard for the image. The technique was first used by the Romanian surrealist Gherasim Luca.

AUTOMATISM

Surrealist automatism is a method of art making in which the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process, allowing the unconscious mind to have great sway. Early 20th century Dadaists, such as Hans Arp, made some use of this method through chance operations.

DECALCOMANIA

Decalcomania is a process of spreading thick paint upon a canvas thenwhile it is still wetcovering it with further material such as paper or aluminium foil. This covering is then removed (again before the paint dries), and the resultant paint pattern becomes the basis of the finished painting. The technique was much employed by artists such as Max Ernst.

FROTTAGE

Frottage is a method of creation in which one takes a pencil or other drawing tool and makes a "rubbing" over a textured surface. The drawing can either be left as it is or used as the basis for further refinement.