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Psychology: Motivation,Types of Motivation & Theories of Motivation

Jul 12, 2015

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Education

  • APresentationon Motivation Types of Motivationand Theories of MotivationPresented By-Priyanka NainInstitute of Teacher Training &Research (B.P.S.M.V.)

  • Look at these pictures and think

  • We put efforts because we are motivated to learn

  • Two categories of motives

    Primary Motives:Motives which are linked with basic primary needs and associated with biological well being of an individual.

    Needs that come under this category:Need for food,water and oxygen.Needs that are fundamental for survivalNeed to take rest when tiredNeed for being active when restedNeed for regular elimination of waste products from our body

  • Need for satisfaction of sexual urgeSecondary Motives:Motives linked with ones socoi-psychological needs are known as secondary or psychological motives.

    Needs that come under this category:

    Need for freedomNeed for securityNeed to achieveNeed for affection

  • Need for recognitionNeed for companionshipNeed for self assertionNeed for self actualization

  • The Motivational Cycle

  • Types of Motivation Natural/Intrinsic Motivation

    Linked with natural instincts

    Derives pleasure within the learning

    Artificial/Extrinsic Motivation

    No functional relationship to the taskSource of pleasure does not lie within the task

  • Goal l is just pleasure

    For instance- I enjoy reading poetry, so it gives me pleasure and in this way I am naturally motivated to read it.Goal is not pleasure rather external rewardsFor instance-I am doing B.Ed so that I can appear in HTET/CTET exams, It does not give me pleasure, so I am not naturally motivated. It is a means of attaining desired goal.

  • Theories of MotivationMcClelland's Theory of NeedsAn individual's specific needs are acquired over time and are shaped by one's life experiences Most of these needs can be classified asAchievementAffiliationPower

  • McClelland's theory sometimes is also referred as the three needs theory or as the learned needs theory. AchievementPeople with a high need for achievement (nAch) seek to excel and tend to avoid both low-risk and high-risk situations. Achievers avoid low-risk situations because the easily attained success is not a genuine achievement.

  • Achievers avoid high-risk situations because they see the outcome as one of chance rather than one's own effort. High nAch individuals prefer work that has a moderate probability of success, ideally a 50% chance.

    Achievers need regular feedback in order to monitor the progress of their achievements.

    They prefer either to work alone or with other high achievers.

  • AffiliationThose with a high need for affiliation (nAff) need harmonious relationships with other people and need to feel accepted by other people. They tend to conform to the norms of their work group. High nAff individuals prefer work that provides significant personal interaction. They perform well in customer service and client interaction situations

  • PowerA person's need for power (nPow) can be one of two types: -personal -institutional. Those who need personal power want to direct others, and this need often is perceived as undesirable. Persons who need institutional power (also known as social power) want to organize the efforts of others to further the goals of the organization.

  • Maslows Theory of Self Actualization Abraham Maslow in 1954 stated that human needs tend to arrange themselves in hierarchies of prepotency.Appearance of one need depends on the satisfaction of the other.The physiological needs necessary for survival are at the top.

  • A need that has been satisfied is no longer a need.Behaviour of a person is always dominated not by his satisfied needs but by his unsatisfied wants, desires and needs.

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