H I G H L I G H T S
We all know that agriculture and allied activities have played
vital role in boosting the rural economy of India. It contributes
nearly 22 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India.
Eventhough the dairy cattle rearing along with agriculture is
widely accepted as income generating activity, current milk
production of 32 Cr lit per day is not enough to meet the daily
requirement of the soaring population of India. The solution lies
into the adoption of scienti�c dairy farming to achieve high milk
production rather than traditional cattle rearing.
We appreciate the initiative taken by National Dairy Development
Board to achieve milk production upto 210 mn tones by 2020-21 in
India through the launch of ‘National Dairy Plan’. It knocks the
opportunity of adoption of standard herd management practices to
maintain dairy farms’ pro�tability.
'Pro�tability' is the key factor which attracts new dairy
entrepreneurs and convinces the existing dairy farmers to remain in
the sector. Pro�tability of a dairy farm mainly depends on farmer's
awareness, willingness and his capabilities to cope up with various
NIDF explores and create opportunities to tap into this new pool
of potential entrepreneurs and farmers. 'Micro Dairy Farms' is one
such initiative created with a vision to contribute in the
Considering this, we have come up with theme based 'Dairy
Farming Times'. This issue mainly focuses on 'Managing Dairy Farms
Read inside to know more about the interesting updates
undertaking in the dairy parlance.
For further details, you may write us at
Punjab to tie up with Israeli company to promote dairy
Government lifts ban on export of skimmed milk powder.
1.50 lakh semen samples imported to improve animal's breed.
Cows genetically modi�ed to produce healthier milk.
Local dairy consumption to grow 3-5% per year in next 3
Newyork's largest on-farm biogas power project generates
renewable energy for nearly 1,000 homes.
May - June 2012
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 201201
Approaches to elevate dairy farms’
profitabilityIntroductionDairy farming is an emerging trend in
India. It plays a constructive role in promoting rural economy and
provides ample opportunities to entrepreneurs for building their
careers in professional dairy farming. Focused and systematic
farming process can increase milk yield of cattle which escalates
dairy farm's profitability. Managing dairy farm's profitability
depends on selecting a high yield breed of cattle, providing them
total mixed ration, periodic vaccination-veterinary care, adopting
advance milking technology and high quality breed improvement
practices. Harmonization of all these edges can lead to profitable
Intense feeding managementA good feeding regime is the
foundation for profitable dairy farming. Feed intake is the major
factor influencing milk production and body condition change
especially during lactation. Consequently, grouping strategy and
subsequent group feeding behavior that influence dry matter intake
potentially have a tremendous impact on cow productivity, cattle
well-being, herd health, and farm profitability.
The design of the feeding system, feeding management, and
dietary formulations must recognize the dynamic nature of dairy cow
psychology and physiology, nutrient requirements, and variability
in feedstuff composition. Accessibility of feed during times of the
day when cows want to eat, such as when leaving the milking parlor,
promotes greater feeding activity at the feedbunk. Likewise, proper
animal grouping strategies within herds reduce competition for feed
at the bunk or manger and improve feed intake.
Feeding is the highest cost in the dairy business which makes
feeding a challenge for the dairy farmers. So "Intense feeding
management" technique will need to be used and it must be carefully
evaluated for good economic returns.
Intense feeding management include :• Feeding system
• Feeding strategy
• Ration balancing
A profitable feeding program will optimize these components to
encourage cow comfort, normal feeding & social behaviour by the
milking herd. Intense feeding behaviour encourages maximum feed
intake, optimum production and reproduction, and herd health.
Herd health & care Taking good care of cattle health does
not only mean treating cattle when it is sick. It also means
helping the cattle to avoid becoming ill. Most diseases can be
prevented by taking special care like :
• Cleaning and disinfecting. Disinfection is useless without
cleaning thoroughly before hand
• Always ensure free access to clean and fresh water
• Good and regular feeding
• Shelter for protection against bad weather (rain, wind and
cold, or intensive sunshine)
• Regular light exercise
• A peaceful environment (avoid unrest and stress)
Another precaution to be taken is quarantine as well as
segregation. This means isolating sick cattle (during their
illness) and newcomers (for about six weeks) from the rest of the
herd. This measure is often hard to implement, but helps to avoid
the spread of contagious diseases to other animals.
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 2012 02
Breed improvementBreed improvement means using cattle for
breeding which has some superior traits as compared to other
animals and these superior traits must be responsible for better
production level of that animal and also for their offspring.
The genetic improvement in dairy cattle for improving milk
production can be brought about by selective breeding within a
breed i.e. mating of best males with best females.
There are certain factors on which genetic improvement of any
herd is based and they are :1. Proper record keeping and selection
of the dairy cattle
2. Proper management of nutrition and environment
3. Proper breeding strategies on farm which implies to
introducing the cattle with good or superior genetic makeup
Milking through machineThe concept of milking by machine means
milking cows quickly, cleanly and gently. Advancement in science
and technology made possible to overcome the challenges of
performing mass milk collection. As a matter of necessity,
advancement in milking technology and milking procedures resulted
in faster milk removal as well as gentler to the cows. Some of the
advantages of milking machines are :
• Saving of labour expenses
• Reduction of dependency on skilled farm workers
• Enables rearing of larger herd strength
• 3-4 times faster than hand milking
• Increase in the milk yield
• Increases the quality of milk
• Reduces stress throughout the lactation by creating good
Profitable dairy farming is the result of sound understanding of
business, good planning and monitoring. Focused approach,
scientific know-how and proper management is necessary to overcome
the challenges of breeding, feeding and milking. Advance
technologies i.e. sexed semen, embryo transfer and ovum pick up
also alleviate breed improvement as well as good feeding regime
encourages maximum feed intake, optimum production of milk and herd
Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development Exhibition &
ConferenceDuration : July 13-15, 2012
Venue : Hitex Exhibition Centre, Hyderabad
Objective : To provide knowledge to farmers and entrepreneurs
about latest methods in animal
rearing & dairy processing. The event will also expose them
to best practices,
government/institutional assistance and various schemes.
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 201203
Policy Initivative National
Punjab government to set up modern herd stations.The Punjab
Government will set up modern herd stations at Charrik (Moga),
Samana (Patiala) and Batala (Gurdaspur) at a total cost of Rs 18.5
crore to promote dairy farming in the state.
Agriculture, livestock vital for economic uplift: CMAgriculture
and livestock sectors are of key importance in strengthening the
provincial economy as in addition to being a source of precious
foreign exchange, they also provide abundant job opportunities for
the masses, said Punjab Chief Minister (CM) Shahbaz Sharif.
State mulls NDDB tie-up to increase Mumbai’s milk supply.The
NDDB has in-principle agreed to set up a plant in the region. The
government will provide land and other logistic support to it,
while the procurement, processing and supply will be the NDDB’s
Odisha to include 30 districts under the livestock scheme.The
Centre has decided to include 30 Odisha districts under livestock
scheme in this fiscal. As Odisha has achieved success in dairy
farming, the State Government should vigorously promote
diary-farming. More and more cows should be included under this
National Dairy plan: Phase 1 in Punjab soon.Punjab government
has approved the breeding policy to improve the quality of cows and
buffaloes through artificial insemination in a planned manner.
Dairy industry receives $1m grant for energy-efficiency
education.Dairy Australia has received a $1 million federal
government grant for 900 dairy farm energy assessments across the
country. The grant was awarded for the Smarter Energy Use on
Australian Dairy Farms project as part of the government’s $20
million Energy Efficiency Information Grants program.
Dairy companies get grants to help cope with carbon tax.The
government is providing a total of $8 million to assist
manufacturers invest in $23 million worth of energy efficient
machinery, to help reduce energy costs and greenhouse gas
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 2012 04
Business & Markets National
Dairy business in Andhra Pradesh hits jackpot.The dairy industry
in Andhra Pradesh has grown by leaps and bounds over the past few
years to be currently worth Rs 5,000 crore. With around 200 small
and large dairy farms coming up in the city in the past four years,
the agro-based dairy business seems more lucrative than ever.
Enhance income with dairy farming.Dairy farming is ideal for
farmers to progress as it provides money once in every 15 days. The
farmers instead of selling the milk to private dairys, should the
sell the same to milk producers unions and should utilise the money
for their welfare, said Kolar-Chikkaballapur Milk Union Ltd.
Aavin urged to augment milk procurement to 3.7 lakh litres.The
Minister visited milk processing unit of union and also inspected
the sachets manufacturing units, milk kova and ghee production
units, and directed officials to maintain the machines properly so
as to ensure maximum capacity utilisation.
Rabobank predicts Ireland to be main beneficiary from milk quota
removals.Removal of milk quotas in 2015 will allow the Irish dairy
sector to establish itself as the low cost source of production for
the Northern hemisphere, taking advantage of the growing demand for
dairy products around the world. We would see Ireland as one of the
key beneficiaries of the removal of the quotas.
Nestlé invests in Morocco to boost milk production. Nestlé has
announced a multi-million investment plan in Morocco to improve the
quality of fresh milk and encourage the development of the dairy
industry through the private sector.
Danone Explores a New Premium “Functional” Yogurt Category in
the UK.Dragon Rouge has developed a highly impactful design for
Oykos which communicates clearly the key brand values of luxurious
taste and premiumness, as well as being extremely modern and
Asia looks to Israel for dairy farming technology.Israeli
technology is revolutionising dairy farming and Asia is one of the
biggest beneficiaries.Some of the biggest leaps are being made in
the Vietnamese and Chinese market.
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 201205
Research & TechnologyGenetically engineered, low-lactose
dairy calf bred in China.Chinese scientists claimed to have bred
the world's first genetically-modified calf that would produce
low-lactose milk in two years.The calf, named 'Lakes', was born on
April 24 at a lab of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University. Zhang
and his research team extracted fetus fibroblasts from a Holstein
cow that was 45 days pregnant and genetically engineered the fetus
by transplanting an lactose dissolution enzyme into the cell,
Xinhau news agency reported.
DNA research will help dairy breeders.Scientists have identified
40 traits in the DNA of dairy cattle, so farmers can use DNA
readings to pick which animals to breed from.The Dairy Futures CRC
has spent $3 million mapping the DNA of 10,000 dairy cows across
Cows genetically modified to produce healthier milk.Chinese
scientists have developed and unveiled a genetically modified cow
whose milk they claim is healthier, triggering fresh alarm over the
growth of 'Frankenstein foods.The cow, whose embryo was manipulated
to include genes from bacteria, produces milk containing healthy
omega-3 fats commonly found in fish and which are thought to be
good for arteries and heart.
New Zealanders studies enzymes in cattle.AgResearch identified
Butyrivibrio proteoclasticus, a bacterium found in the rumen that
is very efficient at breaking down organic matter like grass and
silage, and University of Waikato scientists have been
investigating the range of enzymes it produces.Ultimately, they're
hoping to isolate enzymes that farmers could use on animal feed to
aid digestion which would lead to less methane, nitrogen and waste
from their animals.
Breeding heifers by size can impact profit potential.Leonard
says that many heifers are still being bred at the same age as
before even though they could easily be bred two to three months
sooner based on size. A few problems that can result from heifers
being bred too late are increased metabolic problems at calving
such as ketosis, lower milk production and wasted money on feeding
Increasing dietary roughage and distillers grains dietary
inclusion means lower feeding cost.Increases in traditional feed
costs have cattle producers looking for cheaper feedstuffs that
will still supply both high energy and quality protein.Many
co-products contain substantially more protein and fiber, and in
the case of distillers grains (DG), more fat, than corn grain.
Managing Dairy Farms Profitably
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 2012 06
Best Practices Chance for dairy farmers to turn dung into
dough.The Federal Government has released the first dairy industry
methodology, which farmers can use to make money under the Carbon
Farming Initiative. Dairy farmers will be able to generate carbon
credits by covering manure ponds and capturing the greenhouse gases
they emit, and then using those gases to generate power. It's
important that we take care to ensure that the methodologies have
integrity, that they are in fact going to measurably reduce
PLDDB launches online dairy farming guide.The Punjab Livestock
and Dairy Development Board (PLDDB) has launched Pakistan’s first
online dairy farming guide. Pak Dairy Info is the first ever
website in Pakistan having comprehensive information and guidance
regarding dairy farming. Besides providing an overview of livestock
and dairy sector of Pakistan, breeds suitable for dairy farming,
selection of animals, modern dairy farm housing, management of
animals at different stages, record keeping, farm sanitation and
hygiene, feed and nutrition, reproduction, diseases and
reproductive disorders are different topics which have been covered
in this website.
Destiny Dairy adds value to their manure through composting.With
milk prices dropping again, it helps dairy producers when they can
find another source of income from their dairies.For Ole and
Jessica Johnson of Destiny Dairy near Stanton, N.D., that
value-added source of income is manure. The Johnsons are managing
their manure by composting it and marketing it.Our compost adds
value to our manure.
Distribution of milk worth Dhs1 million underway by RCS, dairy
firm.The UAE Red Crescent Society in collaboration with a major
dairy producer, Almarai, has started distribution of milk worth
Dhs1 million, which will continue for the next two months, to the
deserving families in the country.The initiative called “social
contribution service” has been launched by Almarai to donate
120,000 litres of milk among 10,000 families living in the UAE and
registered with the UAE Red Crescent Society.
USAID, Engro to enhance milk storage capacity chain.The U.S.
Agency for International Development (USAID) and Engro Foods will
enhance milk storage network in the country by installing 60 milk
chillers in remote villages throughout northern Sindh and southern
Punjab to increase incomes of small dairy farms.
Dairies pamper cows with chiropractors, waterbedsCow comfort has
become a key concern for the nation's farmers, who have known for
generations that contented cows give more milk. Some farmers have
installed waterbeds for their cows to rest on, while others play
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 201207
Punjab to tie up with Israeli company to promote dairy
farming.The Punjab government will tie up with Israel-based Afimilk
company to provide technical support to state's farmers in order to
promote dairy farming. Afimilk provides technical support to dairy
farming sector world over and it also has world's highest yielding
cows with 12,000 litres of milk per cow per year through intensive
use of advanced technology.
1.50 lakh semen samples imported to improve animal's breed.In
order to enhance milk yield in Punjab 1.50 lakh semen samples have
been imported from Canada and America by the State Animal Husbandry
Department to help improve the breed of cow. Ranike said with the
help of these semen samples more than seventy five thousand
(75,000) cows would be enabled to produce 7,000 to 8,000 litre
yield per lactation.
Nabard to carry on DEDS dairy scheme this year.National Bank for
Agriculture and rural development (Nabard) will continue Dairy
Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) in 2012-13 too. The
Union Government has allocated Rs 150 crore for the scheme in the
Budget. This includes Rs 25 crore as special component for
Scheduled Castes. “The main objectives of the scheme are to
encourage establishment of dairy farm for production of clean milk
and to promote calf-rearing for conservation and development of
good breeding stock.
Government lifts ban on export of skimmed milk powder.The
government today notified lifting of ban on exports of skimmed milk
powder (SMP) to improve finances of dairy firms and help milk
producers. Earlier this month, the government had decided to lift
export ban on SMP amid surplus availability of milk.
New milk contract rules should be in place in 2013.Legislation
to implement the EU Dairy package in the UK was expected to be in
force by spring 2013.“The industry is actively discussing the
introduction of such a code, which would allow milk producers and
processors to deal with issues more appropriately and quickly than
the EU legislative model,” he said.
Dairy groups applaud U.S.-Russia trade legislation
introduction.The National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF) and the
U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC) applauded on introduction of
legislation to extend Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) to
Russia. Four U.S. Senators introduced the bipartisan legislation in
order to enable U.S. companies to expand exports to Russia when it
joins the World Trade Organization (WTO) this year.
Business & MarketsNational
Vasudhara Dairy chalks out vision 2015.Valsad's Vasudhara Dairy
has chalked out a futuristic plan 'Journey 2015' - a vision
document to increase its milk processing capacities and annual
Mother Dairy in high-protein growth drive.Mother Dairy, the
wholly owned subsidiary of the National Dairy Development Board
(NDDB) with sales in excess of Rs. 500-crore, plans to double its
dairy products turnover by the end of the fiscal year 2013-14.
Sahara India to enter dairy business.Sahara India Pariwar today
announced its decision to make a foray into dairy business from
next year. "We are going to make a foray into dairy business by
opening the world's biggest dairy on April 1, 2013. We plan to
produce 50 lakh tonnes of milk -- the largest in the country,"
Amul plans to open 1,000 outlets this fiscal.Preparing to defend
its turf from foreign competitors, Gujarat Cooperative Milk
Marketing Federation that sells dairy products under the popular
Amul brand, aims to open 1,000 more outlets across the country in
the current fiscal.
World's biggest dairy firm to develop China specific products in
Shanghai.New Zealand-based Fonterra, the world's biggest dairy
company, announced to develop unique products for the booming
Chinese market at new innovation center in Shanghai.
Local dairy consumption to grow 3-5% per year in next 3 years:
Tetra PakMalaysia's dairy consumption will see an annual growth
rate of 3% to 5% in the next three years. Malaysia has been
experiencing an uptrend in dairy consumption with a compounded
annual growth rate of 3%.
Tanzania: New initiative to transform dairy sector.Development
interventions should be aimed at addressing both technological gaps
and marketing problems, especially at the farm level, reveals
Tanzania Milk Producers' Association (TAMPA) Chief Executive
Officer Edmund Mariki.
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 2012 08
Research & TechonologyNational
Two Indian probiotic cultures available for commercial use:
AAUTwo probiotic cultures developed indigenously by the Anand
Agriculture University (AAU) in Gujarat for supplements and dairy
products, have now been made available for commercial use.
Probiotic organisms are live microorganisms (in most cases,
bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microorganism found in the
human gut. They are also called 'friendly bacteria or good
bacteria'. Probiotics are available to consumers mainly in the form
of dietary supplements and foods.
Amino acids more important than protien in dairy rations.Rather
than focus on the crude protein content of dairy cow diets Ken
March, ruminant advisor with Countrywide, said the focus should be
on providing sufficient amino acids. Getting more amino acids into
the cow can increase milk yield, fertility, milk proteins and
animal health. Getting more amino acids into the cow can increase
milk yield, fertility, milk proteins and animal health.
Pomegranate extract and dairy cow performance.Israeli
researchers investigated the effects of adding a concentrated
pomegranate extract to the ration of lactating cows on performance
and udder health parameters. Two experiments were conducted to
investigate effects of dietary supplementation of concentrated
pomegranate extract (CPE) on perfor-mance of lactating cows. The
three subgroups fed CPE produced more milk than their respective
control subgroups, their milk SCC was lower, and the proportion of
H-SCC cows at the end of the experiment was lower.
Merck Animal Health introduces ZUPREVO a new antibiotic for
BRD.Merck Animal Health announces the US approval of ZUPREVOTM
(tildipirosin) – a novel, new macrolide antibiotic for the
management of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) that offers
excellent combination of effectiveness and convenience.Studies show
that tildipirosin is rapidly absorbed from the site of injection,
reaching peak plasma concentrations in just 45 minutes.
Tildipirosin also yields higher and more persistent plasma
concentrations. In trials, lung concentrations of tildipirosin in
cattle treated with ZUPREVO were found to be above 1 µg/g after 28
DSM launches Fertility Improvement Profit Calculator app.DSM has
launched its Fertility Improvement Profit Calculator for dairy
farmers as a free smartphone app. This tool enables dairy farmers
to calculate in two easy steps the financial returns that may be
generated by improving dairy herd reproductive performance. The
Fertility Improvement Profit Calculator is easy to use. Step 1 -
the farmer fills out a simple form describing the current situation
in terms of herd size, calving interval, milk yield, cows culled,
heifer replacement cost and milk price. Step 2 - the farmer uses a
slider to visualize the financial impact of shortening the calving
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 201209
Dairy Farming Times | May - June 2012 10
Best Practices National
Mother Dairy launches eco-friendly van "Kamdhenu" hits roads .
On the occasion of World Environment Day, Mother Dairy has launched
environment-friendly vans named ‘Kamdhenu’.The step is part of
dairy major's efforts to do away with 5.75 tonnes of plastic
pollutants daily in and around the National Capital. After seeing
its success in a month's time more such vans will start moving in
Delhi and NCR region.
Dodla Dairy gets global certification.Dodla Dairy Ltd, a Rs
700-crore turnover company, has obtained a global energy management
system certification from TUV SUD Asia. This new certification will
enable Dodla Dairy Limited, one of Andhra Pradesh's leading dairy
product manufacturers, to induce process-driven alterations in
their systems in order to improve energy efficiency, use and
consumption, save costs, and cut greenhouse gas emis-sions.
FDA Maharashtra commences special drive to ensure zero milk
adulteration.The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Maharashtra,
has commenced a state-wide campaign against milk adulteration. Milk
adulteration is happening on a daily basis and we are forced to
take up a special drive across the state against the illegal
producers, packers and distributors of milk.
Punjab trains youths to increase dairy products.Atleast 90% of
the milk produced in developed countries is processed for dairy
products whereas this figure is just 14% in case of Punjab.It was
stated in a commercial training programme organized by Krishi
Vigyan Kendra, which is affiliated with Punjab Agriculture
University, Ludhiana, at Guniyana village of Muktsar district.
New York's Largest On-Farm Biogas Power Project Generates
Renewable Energy for Nearly 1,000 Homes.This Synergy co-digestion
biogas project is the cutting edge of energy technology and is an
absolute revenue-producing game changer for our dairies and local
economies. By recycling agricultural waste in biogas plants,
dairies can reduces disposal costs, produce affordable renewable
energy to run their operations and gain a revenue source by selling
excess power to the grid.
Smartphones ringing the changes in milking sheds.A Waikato
University student is helping to develop technology that enables
dairy farmers to use a smart-phone to herd cows. Mechanical
engineering student Dushyant Parmar spent the summer on four
Waikato farms developing and testing the technology, called
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DAIRY FARMING16-Navyug Society, Nr. SBI
Zonal Office, Ambawadi, Ahmedabad-380015, India.Mob. :
+91-9099062197, Fax: +email@example.com I
Inviting people to be come members....
Our vision is “to enhance thinking, capability and performance
of dairy farming sector, as well as
encourage established and new entrepreneurs to participate in
this sector as a primary occupation,
leading to sustainable rural development and significantly
contribution to the national economy.”
It can be achieved through innovative approaches and collective
efforts by the sectoral professionals
and especially practicing dairy farmers, so coming together and
than working together is an essential.
Looking into this, we provide opportunity to people to get
membership of NIDF.
1. Members can get all kinds of technical supports for setting
up their own dairy farm.
2. Members can participate in the process of development of
standard quality practices in the dairy
3. Membership provides an opportunity to conduct joint research
on various components of dairy
farming like cattle nutrition, cattle breeding, fodder farming
and dairy farming as whole.
4. Free subscription of our bi-monthly newsletter-Dairy Farming
5. Members can publish their research papers and articles in
6. Members can participate in workshops, seminars, conferences,
expo-exhibitions for knowledge
7. Membership offers networking opportunities with other members
for achievement of individual as
well as institutional goals.
2. Sector professional
3. Commercial dairy farmer having minimum 10 cattle
(cow/buffalo) in dairy farm and milking by
For membership, you may contact us on +91-90990 62197 or write
us on firstname.lastname@example.org