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CIFOR Initiative Shifting the landscape

Nov 22, 2014




Presentation by CIFOR on their Landscape initiative. This entails the management of trade-offs between conservation and development at the landscape scale.

  • 1. LANDSCAPE INITIATIVES AT CIFOR Prana Dewi, Bali, 14th May 2009 THINKING beyond the canopy THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 2. Centre for International Forestry Research One of 15 CGIAR centres Headquarters in Bogor, Indonesia and regional offices in Vietnam, Brazil, Cameroon, Burkina Faso and Zambia Works in more than 30 countries throughout the tropics 50 research staff and around 250 collaborators in partner organizations, mostly in developing countries Funding from around 40 governments, foundations & international agencies THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 3. Where are we working?? Presence Places where scientists are based Places where research associates are based THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 4. CIFORs [new] purpose We advance human wellbeing, environmental conservation and equity by conducting research to inform policies and practices that affect forests in developing countries. THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 5. New 10-year Strategy 2008-2018: Six Research Domains Domain 1: Climate change mitigation Domain 2: Climate change adaptation Domain 3: Small-scale/community forestry Domain 4: Managing the trade-offs between conservation and development at the landscape scale Domain 5: Trade and investment Domain 6: Sustainable forest management THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 6. Goal of Domain 4 CIFORs goal [within this domain] is to shift policy and practice toward conservation and development approaches at the landscape scale that are more effective, efficient and equitable in process and outcome THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 7. Research Outputs Output 1: Methods for assessing and monitoring environmental services at landscape level Output 2: Optimizing conservation and development values within forest landscapes Output 3: Improved modalities and approaches to effectively support conservation in forest landscapes THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 8. Why landscapes? Forests support ca. 65% of worlds terrestrial taxa, hence are important focus for conservation Traditional emphasis has been on protected areas & reserves However ca. 92% of worlds forests remain OUTSIDE PAs Hence considerable biodiversity in commodity and production forests Landscape approach has become increasingly important THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 9. Core Challenges Large body of literature on landscape approaches but little consensus on applicability General principles, guidelines and broad considerations have been largely missing However, need to avoid one size fits all approach Complex landscapes; complex challenges THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 10. Landscape Mosaics Project: Objective and expected outputs Integrating Livelihoods and Multiple Biodiversity Values in Landscape Mosaics How to measure and prioritize landscape functions and values in terms of livelihoods, supply of goods (markets) and services (biodiversity) and governance? Outputs: Tools: SIMPLE (but holistic) sets of tools/principles: contribution of tree/forest covers to livelihoods, markets and environmental services (biodiversity) at a landscape scale; governance and institutions Action: Launching/supporting sustainable collaborative planning processes (recommendations on selected LUP) Tools + action: Action research approach THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 11. Landscape Mosaics sites Cameroon Tanzania Madagascar Laos Indonesia 5 sites (and some partner sites) THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 12. Core challenge: different sites, different issues, THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 13. Pathways for change? Livelihoods: What kind of socio-economic or environmental changes have occurred, and what opportunities and/or threats did these impose? Governance: How do current governance arrangements at local and district levels they influence the ability to reconcile diverse stakeholder interests as well as livelihoods and biodiversity conservation? Payments, rewards for ES (including REDD): What, if any, is the potential role for conditional incentives to conserve biodiversity and resolve conflicts between forestry, agroforestry and agricultural land uses? Landscape patterns and processes: How does the spatial configuration of tree cover contribute to the maintenance of tree diversity and useful and endangered species? What is the effect of accessibility (physical and institutional) on patterns of exploitation and the availability of selected resources? THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 14. Preliminary observations from our sites Governance and land use planning remain weak especially without project-led interventions LUP discussions can benefit from simple collaborative/planning tools (e.g. visioning exercises) Still few compensations/incentives for conservation, but interest in certification and REDD Past trends in terms of forest/tree cover: eradication of forest patches, monocultures preferred to agroforests How to achieve sustainability when donor driven?? THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 15. New project: Shifting the Landscape Initiative Domain 4 target: Large NGOs and Development agencies More and more landscape approaches e.g. GPFLR PROFOR, UNFF, etc. Is it old wine in new bottles? Lets try to analyse what works, what doesnt, and to bring promising tools into a manual (build on guidelines!) THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 16. Shifting the Landscape Initiative: Two key questions How does current scholarship on multi-level socio-political ecological systems relate to the discipline of landscape ecology? How can current scholarship on landscapes be transformed so that it is more relevant for use by practitioners? THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 17. Objectives Develop a network of practitioners and sites in order to share information and experiences about landscape approaches and management; Conduct a systematic review of landscape approaches in order to inform best practice methods for future interventions and form a consensus on the essential principles and practices that underpin landscape approaches; Find and analyse the linkages between the science and practice of integrated landscape management; and Foster a dialogue about what the minimum scientific information is required in order to catalyse adaptive landscape management. THINKING beyond the canopy
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