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Canadian & World Politics Types of World Systems

Dec 27, 2015

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  • Slide 1
  • Canadian & World Politics www.CraigMarlatt.com/school Types of World Systems
  • Slide 2
  • 1.Non-Governmental Organizations 2.International Alliances 3.United Nations 4.Decision Making in Different Sectors
  • Slide 3
  • Non-Governmental Organizations What is the role of NGOs? Suggested Strategies: Provide a coordinated, situation-specific, rapid response. Build technical and operational capacity for the long-term. Ensure educational services to all.
  • Slide 4
  • International Alliances Key Alliances North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - nato.int Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) - aseansec.org African Union (AU) - africa-union.org Organization of American States (OAS) - oas.org Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) - apecsec.org.sg
  • Slide 5
  • The United Nations
  • Slide 6
  • United Nations Structure Six main organs of the UN General Assembly Security Council Secretariat International Court of Justice Economic & Social Council Trusteeship Council Many other agencies & organizations within the UN system
  • Slide 7
  • Slide 8
  • UNHQ New York City
  • Slide 9
  • Secretariat (& Secretary-General) Secretariat is the business Secretary-General acts as a diplomat, advocate, civil servant, and CEO Spokesman for the interests of the worlds peoples, in particular the poor and vulnerable H.E. Ban Ki-moon of Korea (2007-)
  • Slide 10
  • General Assembly
  • Slide 11
  • Security Council
  • Slide 12
  • Economic & Social Council
  • Slide 13
  • Trusteeship Council (to 1994)
  • Slide 14
  • International Court of Justice - The Hague
  • Slide 15
  • UN European HQ Geneva Former HQ of the League of Nations
  • Slide 16
  • UN Office at Vienna UNHCR, Space, Drugs
  • Slide 17
  • UN Office at Nairobi UNEP, UNHABITAT
  • Slide 18
  • Slide 19
  • Purpose of the UN Maintain international peace & security Achieve international cooperation in solving economic, social, cultural, & humanitarian problems Promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms Be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining common goals
  • Slide 20
  • UN Priorities: Conflict Resolution Peaceful Settlement of Differences International Court of Justice Economic Sanctions Peacekeeping Force Regular Military Force Must be made available by all member states on an individual basis
  • Slide 21
  • UN Priorities: Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights High Commission for Human Rights Will be replaced by the Human Rights Council on June 16 th, 2006 Refugees High Commission for Refugees
  • Slide 22
  • UN Priorities: Sustainable Development Programs that improve peoples quality of life without impairing future generations ability to improve their quality of life UN Conference on Human Environment The Earth Summit United Nations Environment Program
  • Slide 23
  • UN Priorities: The Middle East Whereas many other conflicts were resolved in a relatively short time. Palestine & Israel Conflict dominated the Security Council agenda for decades Palestine to Israel; Palestine & Israel?! Wars: 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973 Problems still exist today
  • Slide 24
  • UN Priorities: Other Major Issues Women Child Labour Colonies (success!) Apartheid (success!) Population Development (including the HDI) Health
  • Slide 25
  • UN Millennium Development Goals 1.Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2.Achieve universal primary education 3.Promote gender equality and empower women 4.Reduce child mortality 5.Improve maternal health 6.Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7.Ensure environmental sustainability 8.Develop a global partnership for development
  • Slide 26
  • Canada & the United Nations
  • Slide 27
  • H.E. Guillermo Rishchynski Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations Veteran Trade Commissioner, Ambassador, and executive for the Canadian International Development Agency
  • Slide 28
  • The Rt. Hon. Lester B. Pearson Invented the concept of peacekeeping President of the General Assembly 1952-1953 Won the Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to resolve the Suez Crisis of 1956 Canadian Prime Minister 1963-1968
  • Slide 29
  • Ms. Louise Frechette Appointed first ever UN Deputy Secretary-General 1998 - 2007 Helped manage Secretariat operations Canadian UN Ambassador 1992-1995
  • Slide 30
  • Mrs. Louise Arbour Was the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Former Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada Former Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda
  • Slide 31
  • H.E. Stephen Lewis Was the UN Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa Former Deputy Director of UNICEF Former Canadian UN Ambassador Former MPP and Leader of the Ontario NDP
  • Slide 32
  • General Maurice Baril Was a United Nations Headquarters Military Advisor - Senior military advisor to the Secretary-General Former Canadian Chief of Defence Staff (Canadas top soldier)
  • Slide 33
  • LGen The Hon. Romo Dallaire Was a Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda Author of Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda Canadian Senator
  • Slide 34
  • MGen Lewis Mackenzie Was a Commander of the United Nations Protection Force in Yugoslavia Author of Peacekeeper, Road to Sarajevo
  • Slide 35
  • Canadas Financial Contributions to the UN 7 th leading contributor to the UN 2.5% of the UNs budget (US $34.5 million) more than China or Russia! Canada has a perfect payment record always in full, on time, and without conditions In addition, Canada contributes $77 million annually for UN peacekeeping
  • Slide 36
  • Canada and International Development Canada spent US $4.73 billion in 2008 on Official Development Assistance (ODA) 9 th largest in the world 0.32% of our Gross National Income (GNI) or approximately $100 from every Canadian UN target is 0.7% GNI (originally set by Pearson in 1969, but repeatedly affirmed as an appropriate goal) 5 countries are there already; others have made firm commitments to get there before 2017
  • Slide 37
  • Canada and Children Canada played a key role in creating the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of a Child Canada Co-Chaired the 1990 World Summit for Children Canada hosted the 2000 International Conference on War Affected Children
  • Slide 38
  • Canada and Development in Africa Canada dropped its tariffs and quotas on nearly all imports from least-developed countries in 2003 Canada led the G8 Africa Action Plan that helped African nations launch the New Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD) Canada added another $500 million in aid through the Canada Fund for Africa
  • Slide 39
  • Canadian Missions to the UN Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations in New York (UNHQ) Geneva Mission, Vienna Mission Delegation to UNESCO in Paris Mission UN HABITAT in Nairobi Mission to UNEP in Nairobi Mission to FAO in Rome Mission to ICAO in Montreal
  • Slide 40
  • Questions About the UN? www.un.org www.un.int/canada Michael Kovrig [email protected] www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/canada_un www.unac.org www.unicef.ca www.canimun.org
  • Slide 41
  • Decision Making in Different Sectors Corporations, Humanitarian Organizations, International Organizations Whose interests are at heart when decisions are being made? Who makes decisions in each organization or corporation? What are the primary concerns or objectives of the organization or corporation? Where does the organization or corporation get its funding from? What does the organization or corporation do with its money?
  • Slide 42
  • Decision Making in Different Sectors Nike Shell Doctors without Borders Canadian Red Cross Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries World Bank