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BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answer Lab Practice Exam 2 Answer Key 1. ... Ph.D. 9 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers. 35. Figure 35 ... H. H zone I. A band J. thin

Jun 16, 2018

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  • BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answer Key 1. Figure 1

    A. Periosteum B. Diaphysis C. Medullary cavity D. Yellow marrow

    E. Epiphysis F. Red marrow G. Articular cartilage H. Epiphyseal line I. Endosteum J. Compact bone K. Spongy bone L. Trabeculae 2. Figure 2

    A. Compact bone B. Osteon C. Central canal D. Lacuna E. Osteocyte F. Canaliculi G. Concentric lamellae H. Interstitial lamellae

    3. Figure 3

    A. Osteon (in compact bone) B. Central canal C. Lacuna D. Osteocyte E. Canaliculi F. Concentric lamellae

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 1 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 4. Figure 4 A. Compact bone B. Osteocyte C. Lacuna D. Canaliculi E. Osteon F. Concentric lamellae G. Central canal H. Circumferential lamellae I. Interstitial lamellae J. Perforating canal K. Spongy bone L. Trabeculae

    5. Figure 5

    A. Compact bone B. Lacuna C. Osteocyte D. Canaliculi E. Osteon F. Concentric lamellae G. Central canal H. Circumferential lamellae I. Interstitial lamellae J. Perforating canal K. Spongy bone L. Trabeculae M. Red marrow

    6. An epiphyseal plate is a thin area of hyaline cartilage located between the

    diaphysis and epiphysis of a long bone. It provides for the longitudinal growth of bone during youth. Once a long bone has stopped growing, these areas are replaced with bone and appear as thin epiphyseal lines.

    7. A. The flexible collagen in the bone is destroyed by the heat of baking

    making the bone very brittle. Scurvy is a disease that causes brittle bones due to a lack of collagen.

    B. Acid solubilizes and removes the calcium salts from the bones leaving the flexible collagen behind. Rickets is a disease of children in which calcium is not deposited in the bones resulting in flexible and misshapen bones.

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 2 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 8. Figure 8 A. Coronal suture B. Sagittal suture C. Squamous suture D. Lambdoid suture 9. Figure 9 A. Frontal bone B. Parietal bones C. Temporal bones D. Occipital bone E. Sphenoid bone F. Ethmoid bone G. Mandible H. Maxillae I. Lacrimal bones J. Zygomatic bones K. Nasal bones L. Hyoid bone 10. Figure 10 A. Zygomatic process B. Mandibular fossa C. External acoustic meatus / External auditory meatus D. Mastoid process E. Mandibular condyle F. Lacrimal fossa 11. Figure 11 A. Superior orbital fissure B. Optic canal / Optic foramen C. Middle nasal conchae D. Inferior nasal conchae E. Vomer

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 3 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 12. Figure 12 A. Styloid process B. Mastoid process C. Stylomastoid foramen D. Jugular foramen

    E. Foramen magnum F. Occipital condyles G. Hypoglossal canal H. External occipital protuberance I. Superior nuchal line

    J. Foramen ovale K. Foramen spinosum

    L. Mandibular fossa M. Zygomatic process of temporal bone N. Palatine process of maxillae O. Palatine bones

    13. Figure 13 A. Jugular foramen B. Internal acoustic meatus / Internal auditory meatus

    C. Foramen magnum D. Hypoglossal canal E. Sella turcica

    F. Optic canal / Optic foramen G. Foramen rotundum H. Foramen ovale I. Foramen spinosum

    J. Crista galli K. Cribriform plate

    L. Frontal bone M. Parietal bone N. Temporal bone O. Sphenoid bone P. Occipital bone 14. Figure 14

    A. Frontal suture B. Anterior fontanel/fontanelle C. Posterior fontanel/fontanelle

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 4 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 15. Figure 15 A. Body

    B. Vertebral arch C. Vertebral foramen D. Transverse processes E. Spinous process F. Superior articular process and facet G. Inferior articular process and facet H. Inferior vertebral notch I. Intervertebral disc 16. Figure 16

    A. Atlas / C1 B. Fovea dentis / Facet for dens C. Axis / C2

    D. Dens / Odontoid process E. Cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)

    F. Transverse foramen 17. Figure 17

    A. Thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12) B. Superior costal facets C. Inferior costal facets D. Transverse costal facets E. Lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5) 18. Figure 18

    A. Sacrum B. Coccyx

    C. Rib D. Shaft of rib

    E. Tubercle of rib F. Head of rib 19. Figure 19

    A. Sternum B. Manubrium C. Body D. Xiphoid process E. Costal cartilage F. True rib

    G. False rib H. Floating

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 5 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 20. Figure 20 A. Humerus B. Ulna C. Radius D. Clavicle 21. Figure 21 A. Os Coxa / Coxal bone B. Patella C. Scapula 22. Figure 22 A. Femur B. Fibula C. Tibia 23. Figure 23

    A. Scaphoid B. Lunate C. Triquetral / Triquetrum D. Pisiform E. Trapezium F. Trapezoid G. Capitate H. Hamate I. Metacarpals 1 J. Metacarpals 2 K. Metacarpals 3 L. Metacarpals 4 M. Metacarpals 5 N. Proximal phalanx O. Middle phalanx P. Distal phalanx

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 6 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 24. Figure 24 A. Talus

    B. Calcaneus C. Cuboid D. Navicular E. Medial cuneiform F. Intermediate cuneiform G. Lateral cuneiform H. Metatarsals 1

    I. Metatarsals 2 J. Metatarsals 3 K. Metatarsals 4 L. Metatarsals 5

    M. Proximal phalanx N. Middle phalanx O. Distal phalanx 25. Figure 25 A. Acromial end of clavicle B. Sternal end of clavicle C. Facet of patella

    D. Head of fibula E. Lateral malleolus of fibula 26. Figure 26 A. Lateral border of scapula B. Medial border / Vertebral border of scapula C. Coracoid process of scapula D. Acromion of scapula E. Glenoid cavity / Glenoid fossa of scapula F. Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula G. Spine / Spinous process of scapula

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 7 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 27. Figure 27 A. Head of humerus B. Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus C. Greater tubercle of humerus D. Lesser tubercle of humerus E. Intertubercular sulcus / Intertubercular groove of humerus F. Deltoid tuberosity of humerus G. Radial groove of humerus H. Radial fossa of humerus I. Coronoid fossa of humerus J. Capitulum of humerus K. Trochlea of humerus L. Olecranon fossa of humerus M. Lateral epicondyle of humerus N. Medial epicondyle of humerus 28. Figure 28

    A. Fovea capitis of femur B. Head of femur C. Greater trochanter of femur D. Lesser trochanter of femur E. Intertrochanteric line / Intertrochanteric crest of femur F. Gluteal tuberosity of femur G. Linea aspera of femur H. Lateral condyle of femur I. Medial condyle of femur J. Patellar surface of femur 29. Figure 29

    A. Head of radius B. Radial tuberosity C. Radial styloid process 30. Figure 30 A. Olecranon process of ulna B. Trochlear notch of ulna C. Coronoid process of ulna D. Radial notch of ulna E. Head of ulna F. Ulnar styloid process 31. Figure 31 A. Medial condyle of tibia B. Lateral condyle of tibia C. Tibial tuberosity D. Medial malleolus of tibia

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 8 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 32. Figure 32 A. Ilium B. Iliac crest C. Ischium D. Pubis E. Pubic crest F. Pubic tubercle G. Pubic symphysis H. Sacrum I. Coccyx 33. Figure 33

    A. Os coxa / Coxal bone B. Acetabulum C. Obturator foramen D. Auricular surface E. Anterior superior iliac spine F. Anterior inferior iliac spine G. Greater sciatic notch H. Ischial spine I. Lesser sciatic notch J. Ischial tuberosity K. Inferior pubic ramus 34. Figure 34

    A. Articular cartilage B. Synovial membrane C. Fibrous capsule / Fibrous layer D. Articular capsule E. Joint cavity F. Synovial fluid

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 9 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 35. Figure 35 A. Lateral condyle of femur

    B. Medial condyle of femur C. Lateral condyle of tibia D. Medial condyle of tibia E. Anterior cruciate ligament F. Posterior cruciate ligament G. Lateral meniscus H. Medial meniscus I. Fibular collateral ligament / Lateral collateral ligament J. Tibial collateral ligament / Medial collateral ligament K. Patellar ligament L. Quadriceps tendon M. Patella 36. Figure 36

    A. Head of femur B. Fovea capitis C. Ligamentum teres D. Acetabulum E. Acetabular notch F. Acetabular labrum 37. Figure 37 A. Iliofemoral ligament B. Pubofemoral ligament C. Ischiofemoral ligament 38. Figure 38

    A. Glenoid cavity / Glenoid fossa B. Glenoid labrum C. Head of humerus D. Coracohumeral ligament E. Glenohumeral ligaments 39. Figure 39

    A. Flexion B. Extension

    C. Abduction D. Adduction

    E. Circumduction

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 10 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 40. Figure 40 A. Pronation

    B. Supination C. Inversion

    D. Eversion E. Dorsiflexion

    F. Plantar flexion G. Rotation

    41. Figure 41 A. I band (actin) B. A band (myosin) C. nucleus 42. Figure 42 A. epimysium B. fascicle C. perimysium D. muscle fiber / muscle cell E. endomysium 43. Figure 43 A. sarcomere B. T tubule / transverse tubule C. sarcoplasmic reticulum D. triad E. M line F. Z disc G. I band H. H zone

    I. A band J. thin filament / actin filament K. thick filament / myosin filament

    44. Figure 44 A. a muscle fiber / muscle cell B. myofibril C. mitochondria D. nucleus E. triad F. sarcoplasmic reticulum G. T tubule / transverse tubule H. sarcolemma

    Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. 11 SCCC BIO130 Lab Practice Exam 2 Answers

  • 45. Figure 45 A. Gluteus maximus B. Tensor fasciae latae C. Vastus lateralis D. Biceps femoris E. Semitendinosus F. Gastrocnemius G. Soleus H. Tibialis anterior I. Extensor digitorum longus J. Fibularis longus / P

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