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15. surrealism

Jan 15, 2015




  • 1. Surrealism Early 20th Century

2. Origin The movement originated in Paris early in the twentieth century and it's influence was seen across the arts; in writing, painting and sculpture. Surrealism was one of the most influential movements in the 1920s and 1930s. 3. Influence Andr Breton founded the Surrealist movement in literature. Sigmund Freuds ideas on psychoanalysis and importance of dreams were a major influence. (The Interpretation of Dreams 1900) Society was between two world wars. 4. Main Artists Joan Mir (1893-1983) Max Ernst (1891-1976) Ren Magritte (1898-1967) Salvador Dali (1904-1989) 5. Key Ideas Surrealism provided an alternative to international abstract art The Surrealist movement was a liberation and exploration of the subconscious mind. The Surrealist painters did not conform to any set style of technique or subject. 6. Approaches There were two basic approaches to Surrealist painting. 1. The first approach was 'automatism'......where the artist drew freely. Mir painted this way. 2. The second approach was with the careful, realistic painting of scenes that made no rational sense. Dali and Magritte used this approach. 7. Born in Barcelona in 1893 Studied in Escuela de Bellas Artesian de Francesco Gal Influenced by Masson, Tzara, Breton He influence Arshile Gorky Won Venice Biennale Grand Prize 1954 Guggenheim International Award 1958 Mir 8. Miro The figures in Miro's Carnival of Harlequin are "lively, remarkably vivid, and even the [his] inanimate objects have an eager vitality (Arnason 295). 9. Max Ernst Ernst explored decalcomania ( involves pressing two surfaces) Invented the graphic art technique known as frontage (use of pencil rubbings/automatic form of painting). 220px-AAA_inverobe_11954-2.jpgen.wikipedia.orgMaxErnstandDorotheaTanningin1948 10. Max Ernst Surrealism and Birds 11. Magritte Born in Lessines Studied Acadmie de Beaux Arts, Brussels 1916 18 Meets Dadaist in 1925 Worked with Arp, Schwitters, Tzara and Man Ray 1927 -29 lived in France and meets Ernst, Dali, Breton and Eluard. In 1966 begins sculptures of paintings magritteBIGOTHERbigother.commagritte 12. Image Slide Remember to reference ws 426x600SimilarimagesImagesmaybesubjecttocopyright.File:MagritteTheSonOfMan.jpg-Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopediaen.wikipedia.ogFile:MagritteTheSonOfMan.jpg-Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia Magritte 13. Image Slide Remember to reference ws agritteBIGOTHERbigother.commagritte 14. Dali Born in 1904 in Figueras Studied at the Lcole de Beaux Arts, Madrid Joined the Surrealist in 1928 Declared support for Franco, breaks with the Surrealist Published his book The Secret life of Salvador Dal 1942 15. Persistence of Memory 16. Metamorphosis of Narcissus Metamorphosis of Narcissus 17. Acknowledgements Art Associates Maria Moore Margaret OShea Local Facilitator Team Aine Andrews Joe Caslin Jane Campbell Siobhan Campbell Niamh ODonoghue Niamh ONeill Keith ORahilly Sheena McKeon Tony Morrissey Monica White Many thanks to the following for their invaluable contribution to the European Art History and Appreciation series of workshops and resource materials. PDST Professional Development Service for Teachers 18. PDST Professional Development Service for Teachers The PDST is funded by the Department of Education and Skills under the National Development Plan 2007 - 2013 Cultural & Environmental Education Professional Development Service for Teachers (PDST) Dublin West Education Centre, Old Blessington Road, Tallaght, Dublin 24 National Co-ordinator Conor Harrison Mobile: 087 240 5710 E-mail: [email protected] Administrator Angie Grogan Tel: 014528018 Fax: 014528010 E-mail: [email protected]