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Sugar Cane DIKhan

Apr 28, 2015

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SURVEY ONSUGARCANE SITUATION IN DIKHAN & BANNU DISTRICTS OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWACONDUCTED BY:

Muhammad Khan, Director Seed, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Fazli Rahman, Director MFSCs, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Farhat Abbass Durrani, Dev. Assistant,DGA (E) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Table of ContentsACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................................. 1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................... 2 DIKhan District Profile ............................................................................................................................. 3 Map of DIKhan ........................................................................................................................................ 5 Demographic View of Reported Area ..................................................................................................... 6 Demographic View of Cultivated Area (2010-11) ................................................................................... 6 Salient Features of Chashma Right Bank Canal ...................................................................................... 7 Area & Production of Sugarcane Crop in DIKhan & Bannu Districts....................................................... 8 Demographic View of Area and Production of Sugar Cane Crop in DIKhan and Bannu Districts ........... 9 METHODOLOGY: ................................................................................................................................... 10 Visit of the area. .................................................................................................................................... 10 Meeting with District Director Agriculture DI Khan. ............................................................................. 10 Meeting Crop Reporting Services DI Khan: ........................................................................................... 10 Visits to the Sugar Mills......................................................................................................................... 10 Visit to different Check posts of Punjab................................................................................................ 11 Interview with the local Sugar Cane growers. ...................................................................................... 11 FINDINGS:.............................................................................................................................................. 12 CONLUSION ........................................................................................................................................... 14 Pictorial ................................................................................................................................................. 15

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We acknowledge this effort to auspicious guide lines given by worthy Director General Agriculture (Extension) whose expert opinion and vision was in accompany with during the survey. The province though have a lot potential to explore and exploit yet viable planning and necessary investments would boost the economy to a level that would be exemplary to the rest of the world. Mr.Sardar Ali,District Director Agriculture DIKhan remained intact during the survey and his long stay at DIKhan made him an agricultural encyclopedia of DIKhan as every nick and corner were well known to him.

Sugar Mills administration and local Crop Reporting Services authorities, though have some derivative figures, yet their efforts in data collection, its compilation and authentication cannot be left un-recognized. They may have a bit more professional and congenial in provision of figurative information which can be made easiest with daily basis computing of field operations.

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INTRODUCTIONSugarcane is an important industrial and cash crop in Pakistan and in many countries of the world. It is grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world in a range of climates from hot dry environment near sea level to cool and moist environment at higher elevations. Sugarcane is grown on an area of more or less one million hectares in Pakistan. The Punjab shares 62 %, Sindh 26 % and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares 16 % of the total area. In respect of cane yield Sindh with 53 t/ha is the leading province followed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 45 t/ ha and Punjab 40 t/ ha ..

In Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa, it is mainly grown for sugar and Gur production. It is a good source of income and employment for the farming community of the province. It provide raw materials for industries like sugar, chip board, paper, barrages, confectionery, uses in chemicals, plastics, paints, synthetics, fiber, insecticides and detergents. Area of Sugarcane in the province has increased during course of time. In order to increase the production of sugar cane several steps were taken by the Govt. and the sugar mill association to help farmers. In past several reports/research works to increase the production were published on different process which include chemical composition as well as agricultural reforms/steps to increase the recovery and %age yield. Main Sugar Cane growing Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are Mardan, Charsadda, Swabi, Malakand, Peshawar, Nowshera, Bannu and DI Khan. In the Central Districts Sugar Cane is grown since long, while in Southern Districts especially DI Khan, the cultivation of the crop gained momentum after the completion of CRBC. In the pre-CRBC period, main crops of the area were wheat 60%, cotton 20% paddy 15%, gram 15%, oil seed 5%, Fodders 10%, Vegetables and orchards 10%. Sugar Cane cultivation was also grown on 20%, limited only to tube wells and on some area of Paharpur Irrigation Canal as the water requirement for this crop is more as compared to the above mentioned crops.

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After the completion CRBC, changes occurred in the cropping pattern and Sugar Cane occupied major portion of the command area. The following table shows the increase in area of sugar Cane crop at DIKhan. In Bannu, main crops are wheat, barley, gram, turmeric, maize, rice, Vegetables, Oil seed, fodders, fruits, pulses and Sugarcane.

DIKhan District ProfileD.I.Khan is the southernmost district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. Geographically, D.I.Khan district stretches between 310 15 to 320 32 North latitude and 700 11 to 710 20 East longitude. Here, water is one of the most valuable natural resources. There is a great potential for water resource development in general and irrigation development in particular. Nevertheless, so far very little progress has been made in this respect. Likewise, in D.I.Khan uncertain climatic factors also become barriers in the development process, including arid to semi-arid climatic condition. In the study area Rod Kohi (hill torrent irrigation), lift irrigation, flood irrigation and canal irrigation are the major form of irrigation. However, Rainfed (Barani) farming dominates the land use. However, erratic rainfall largely results in crop failure before ripening. Therefore the yields are comparatively low. Contrary to this, irrigation has the potential to bring large scale transformation in the land use, cropping pattern and cropping intensity (Ali, et al., 2004). Historically, it had been a human effort to bring water through canal irrigation systems in the arid and semi-arid area.3

In district D.I.Khan, dry conditions remained the major limiting factor in changing land use and cropping system. Therefore, an intervention was made in the form of Chashma Right Bank Canal (CRBC) during 1987. The Chashma Right Bank Irrigation Scheme is a large irrigation network spread over the two provinces i.e. KPK and Punjab. The total canal command area is 250,000 ha, out of which 152,500 ha is in D.I.Khan district (Ahmad, 1993; WAPDA, 1995). The ultimate goal of the Chashma Right Bank Irrigation Project (CRBIP) was to increase agricultural productivity and strengthening institutional support in the agriculture sector (WAPDA, 2002). All these goals were aimed to alleviate poverty in the area (ADB, 1987). Availability of water through large-scale surface irrigation in this arid tract has brought revolutionary changes in both physical and cultural environment. Prior to the construction of CRBIP, the cropping intensity of D.I.Khan district was 28%. One of the objectives of CRBIP was to raise cropping intensity from mere 28% to 143% in the CRBC command area.

This paper is aimed to investigate the ex post impacts evaluation of CRBIP on the cropping intensity of D.I.Khan district. This is a sort of pioneering study of its nature in evaluating irrigation projects in Pakistan. In this paper analysis has been made at two levels i.e. micro and macro. This study may be used as a guideline for decision makers, planners to assess land use efficiency of irrigation projects in future.

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Map of DIKhan

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Demographic View of Reported AreaDistrict Wise Reported Area Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Hectares)

Malakand, 52,134

Bunir, 172,431 Swat, 506,528

Haripur, 186,182 Abbottabad, 178,401

Kohistan, 758,116

Tank, 165,599

D.I.Khan, 730,575Other, 1,835,348 Mansehra, 439,423

Battagram, 92,997

Bannu, 118,958

Lakki Marwat, 314,973Chitral, 98,671 Dir Lower, Shangla, 142,638 137,434

Karak, 265,215 Hangu, 132,258

Kohat, 295,070

Dir Upper, 126,500

Peshawar, 126,661 Swabi, 148,689 Mardan, 185,576 Nowshera, 169,470 Charsadda, 98,641

Demographic View of Cultivated Area (2010-11)District Wise Reported Area Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Hectares)

Malakand, 52,134

Bunir, 172,431 Swat, 506,528

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