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Water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) fact sheet WASH access Percentage of people with access Punjab facts Water facts Water supply sources 94% Improved water 75% Improved sanitation 78% Washing hands with water & soap Urban 37% Population Administrative divisions Rural 63% 110 million Districts Tehsils Towns 36 141 38 Union councils Villages 4,015 25,914 Household 17m Overall access to improved water Use of basic drinking water services Use of safely managed drinking water improved water is contaminated 49% average water supply per day 4 hrs 89% 94% 55% Piped Hand pump Motorised Others Urban Rural 9% 28% 47% 16% 35% 18% 28% 45% 9% 18% 28% 45% 9% 7% 40% 18% Piped Hand pump Motorised Others Richest Poorest 4% 11% 80% 5% 41% 40% 2% 17% Punjab province 1 2 4 5,6 7 8 3
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Punjab Water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) fact sheet...water & soap Sanitation facts Zero% of population is using safely managed sanitation.10 Hygiene facts Implications of unsafe

May 27, 2020

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  • Water, sanitation & hygiene(WASH) fact sheet

    WASHaccess

    Percentageof people

    with access

    Punjabfacts

    Waterfacts

    Watersupplysources

    94%Improved

    water

    75%Improvedsanitation

    78%Washing hands

    with water& soap

    Urban37%

    Population Administrative divisions

    Rural63%

    110 million

    Districts

    Tehsils

    Towns

    36141

    38

    Union councils

    Villages

    4,01525,914

    Household17m

    Overall accessto improved water

    Use of basic drinking water services

    Use of safelymanageddrinking water

    improvedwater is contaminated

    49%average water supply per day

    4 hrs

    89%94% 55%

    Piped Hand pump Motorised Others

    Urban

    Rural

    9% 28% 47% 16%

    35%

    18% 28% 45% 9% 18% 28% 45% 9%

    7% 40% 18%

    Piped Hand pump Motorised Others

    Richest

    Poorest

    4% 11% 80% 5%

    41% 40% 2% 17%

    Punjabprovince

    1

    2

    4

    5,6

    78

    3

  • Sanitationcoverage

    52% householdshave accessto septic tanks

    villages, wherepeople are stilldefecating in the open

    of the population have no sewerage/drainage facility

    people have a handwashing facility with water & soap

    Sanitationfacts

    Zero%of populationis using safely managedsanitation.10

    Hygienefacts

    Implicationsof unsafewater, sanitationand hygiene

    27,00075%childrendie each year from related diarrhoealdiseases

    *based on JMP data, however, Punjab has operationalwaste water treatment plants at Faisalabad, Multan,Rahim Yar Khan and some tehsils.

    Overall access Use of basicsanitationservices

    Use of safelymanagedsanitation facility

    66% 51%75%

    Sewerage Septic Tanks

    Pit latrines

    Unimproved Open defecation

    Urban

    Rural

    4% 49% 14% 8% 25%21% 44% 9% 7% 18% 21% 44% 9% 7% 18%

    56% 34% 2% 7% 1%

    Sewerage Septic Tanks

    Pitlatrines

    Unimproved Open defecation

    Richest

    Poorest

    1% 12% 12% 5% 70%

    62% 35% 1% 2% 0%

    Under fivemortality

    Incidence of diarrhoea

    Stuntingprevalence

    Under weightprevalence

    Wasting

    Illiteracy rate(10+ years)

    96/1000 17%34%

    34%17%39%

    lives

    Rural73%

    Urban93%

    79%

    18,809 49%

    households dispose waste inopen fields

    9

    10

    11

    12

    14

    15

    16

    17

    13

  • 4

    Percentage ofhouseholds usingsafely managedwater by district(PHED)

    60>80

    40>60

    20>40

    100

    58%

    61%

    95%

    Mianwali

    NankanaSahib

    Khushab

    Bhakkar

    Layyah

    D.G.Khan

    Rawalpindi

    Chakwal

    Gujarat

    Jehlum

    Attock

    Sargodha

    Chiniot

    Jhang

    Khanewal

    Multan

    Toba Tek Singh

    Faisalabad

    Rajanpur

    Rahim YarKhan

    Bahawalpur

    Muzaffargarh

    Lodhran

    Vihari

    Bahawalnagar

    Pakpattan

    Okara

    Kasur

    Lahore

    Sahiwal

    Sheikhupura

    Hafizabad Gujranwala

    MandiBahauddin

    Narowal

    Sialkot

    83%

    82%

    77%

    93%

    94%

    69%

    67%77%

    76%

    73%

    66%

    66%

    61%

    56%

    56%

    54%

    50%

    44%

    42%

    8%

    18%

    20%

    11%

    41%

    40%

    39%

    9%

    84%

    81%

    39%

    27%

    54%

    Urban49%

    water supply schemes

    4,823Totalnumberof schemes

    35%of the schemes arenon-functional

    Improved: Piped into house or compound or plot; piped to neighbour, public tap, tube well, hand pump, motorised pump, protected well, protected spring, bottled water.Unimproved: Unprotected well, spring, pond, tanker truck, cart with small tank/drum, surface water (river, dam, lake).

    18%of thepopulationis unserved

    Water coverage

    Water coverage in Punjab

    18

    28

    19

    Punjab

    Rural56%

  • Sanitation coverage

    Improvedsanitationservices by district

    70>90

    50>70

    30>50

    100

    69%

    77%

    51%

    Mianwali

    NankanaSahib

    Khushab

    Bhakkar

    Layyah

    D.G.Khan

    Rawalpindi

    Chakwal

    Gujarat

    Jehlum

    Attock

    Sargodha

    Chiniot

    Jhang

    Khanewal

    Multan

    Toba Tek Singh

    Faisalabad

    Rajanpur

    Rahim YarKhan

    Bahawalpur

    Muzaffargarh

    Lodhran

    Vihari

    Bahawalnagar

    Pakpattan

    Okara

    Kasur

    Lahore

    Sahiwal

    Sheikhupura

    Hafizabad Gujranwala

    MandiBahauddin

    Narowal

    Sialkot

    46%

    52%

    71%

    69%

    69%

    83%

    80%77%

    92%

    83%

    50%

    57%

    59%

    82%

    63%

    54%

    67%

    97%

    93%

    93%

    64%

    56%

    55%

    96%

    92%

    76%

    91%

    78%

    59%

    80%

    85%

    89%

    Improved sanitationin Punjab

    75%

    Rural67%

    Urban92%

    59%

    Urban

    Total schemes Rural Urban

    20

    7,019 1836,836

    21

    Safely managed sanitation facility: Private improved facility where faecal wastes are safely disposed on site or transported or treated o�-site, plus a hand washing facility with soap and water.Improved sanitation: facilities that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact.

    Punjab

  • Handwashingwith water andsoap by district

    60>80

    40>60

    20>40

    100

    76.70

    86%

    74%

    Mianwali

    NankanaSahib

    Khushab

    Bhakkar

    Layyah

    D.G.Khan

    Rawalpindi

    Chakwal

    Gujarat

    Jehlum

    Attock

    Sargodha

    Chiniot

    Jhang

    Khanewal

    Toba Tek Singh

    Faisalabad

    Rajanpur

    Rahim YarKhan

    Bahawalpur

    Muzaffargarh

    Lodhran

    Vihari

    Bahawalnagar

    Pakpattan

    Okara

    Kasur

    Lahore

    Sahiwal

    Sheikhupura

    Hafizabad Gujranwala

    MandiBahauddin

    Narowal

    Sialkot

    72%85%

    59%

    67%

    87%

    88%78%

    92%

    90%

    44%

    68%

    77%

    86%

    63%

    68%

    82%

    94%

    89%

    93%

    63%

    44%

    56%

    90%

    91%

    89%

    78%

    87%

    75%

    79%

    63%

    87%

    Handwashing with waterand soapin Punjab

    78%

    Rural72%

    61%

    Hygiene

    Multan72%

    Handwashing with water and soapreduces:23-40%sicknessdue to diarrhoea

    16-21%respiratoryillnesses, likecold, amongstthe general population

    29-57%absenteeismdue togastrointestinalillnesses inschool children

    22

    23

    Hygiene: conditions or practices conducive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.

    Punjab

    Urban90%

  • Laws andpolicies

    Institutions

    Expenditure

    WASH sectorgovernance

    Sectorefficiency

    Current consumption: 228 liter/capita/day as compared to global minimum standard of 50 liters/capita/day67% of piped water users pay Rs150 per monthThe revenue collection efficiency ranges from 25-40%

    References

    Budget expenditure in million PKR2014-15 11,1182015-16 13,0472016-172017-182018-19

    Punjab Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) 2014-(1,4,6,9,10,11,14,21,22,23)Pakistan Census 2017. http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/provisional-summary-results-6th-population-and-housing-census-2017-0 (2)Punjab Development Statistics 2017 (3,17)Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey (PSLM), 2014-15 (5)Punjab Urban Resource 2011. State of water and sanitation in Punjab: Position paper (7,8,15,16,27)WASH Scenario Punjab. Presentation by PHED Punjab at SACOSAN 7. April 2018. (12,13)UNICEF 2016. Secondary analysis of Punjab MICS 2014 to map inequalities in water, sanitation and hygiene sector, (18,19,28) Public Health Engineering Department (20)Punjab Annual Development Plan, Budget (2018) (24)Punjab WASH Sector Development Plan 2016-2026 (25,26)

    45,00057,477

    20,500

    • Punjab Sanitation Policy 2017 (Draft)• Punjab Drinking Water Policy 2017 (Draft)• Punjab Municipal Water Act 2018 (Draft)• Punjab Water Act-Irrigation Dept 2017(Draft)• Punjab Water Sanitation & Hygiene Sector Development Plan (2016-2026) (Approved)• Punjab HR Framework 2016 (Final)• Multi Sectoral Nutrition Strategy-Health department (Approved)• Punjab Human Rights Policy 2018 (Approved) • National Water Policy 2018 (Approved)

    • The Housing, Urban Development & Public Health Engineering Department (HUD & PHED)• Local Government and Community Development Works and Services • Specialized Healthcare and Medical Education Department• School Education Department• SDG unit at Planning and Development

    Of the total allocation of PKR 53 billion in 2017-18, the Government of Punjab has set aside PKR 24 billion for clean waterPKR15 billion for sanitation and solid waste management.

    24

    2526

    27