Persuasion and Rhetorical Devices
Persuasive Speeches and Essays
Persuasion is used when the writer or speaker is trying to convince a reader or listener to think or act in a particular way.
Appeals to Reason/LogicLogical arguments based on verifiable
evidence, such as facts, statistics, or expert testimony
Appeals to EmotionStatements intended to affect
listeners’/readers’ feelings about the subject. These statements often include charged language-words with strong positive or negative associations.
Testing Persuasive Appeals
Is the author’s argument supported by evidence, or is it based on faulty assumptions?
Does the author link ideas clearly or make leaps in logic?
Is the argument consistent or contradictory?
Speakers use rhetorical devices to: emphasize their ideas help their listeners to remember
the important points arouse an emotional response in
Alliteration is the repetition of initial consonant sounds.
Writers use alliteration to give emphasis to words, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects.
“Once upon a midnight dreary, while I wondered weak and weary,…” “The Raven”-Edgar Allen Poe
ALLITERATION – Guess That Tune!
“Sometimes silence can seem so loud”I Believe I Can Fly – R. Kelly
“Tonight’s gonna be a good good night”I Gotta Feeling – Black Eyed Peas
“She'll forever hold a spot inside my soul”“Sometimes I'll hear that song and I'll start
to sing along”All Summer Long – Kid Rock
A Rhetorical Question is a question with an obvious answer.
A question that you don’t expect people to answer, but it is a question that makes people THINK!
Repetition is expressing different ideas using the same words or images in order to reinforce concepts and unify the speech.
Restatement is expressing the same idea in different words to clarify and stress key points.
“We will never give up; we will never surrender, we will never be defeated.”
“We will never…” is an example of…
“Never give up,”“never surrender,” and “never be defeated.” is an example of…
“I wanna talk about me,Wanna talk about IWanna talk about #1”
“Wanna talk about” is an example of…-repetition
“me”, “I” and “#1” is an example of…-restatement
Parallelism is the repetition of a grammatical structure or an arrangement of words in order to create rhythm and make words more memorable.
Faulty Parallelism Example
She revels in chocolate, walking under the moonlight, and songs from the 1930s jazz period.
good parallelism: She revels in sweet chocolate eclairs, long moonlit walks, and classic jazz music.
"She revels in”"sweet chocolate eclairs," [Adjective--Adjective--Object]
"long moonlit walks," [Adjective--Adjective--Object]
"and classic jazz music." [Adjective--Adjective--Object]
Even Better Parallelism
more good parallelism: She loves eating chocolate eclairs, taking moonlit walks, and singing classic jazz.
She revels in""eating chocolate eclairs" [Gerund--Adjective--Object of Gerund]
"taking moonlit walks" [Gerund--Adjective--Object of Gerund]
"and singing classic jazz." [Gerund--Adjective--Object of Gerund]
Parallelism in Speeches
In an extended metaphor, as in a regular metaphor, the writer speaks of or writes of a subject as though it were something else.
An extended metaphor sustains the comparison for several lines.
An analogy is a type of extended metaphor
“Life is a Highway”
There ain’t not load that I can’t haul
Roads are rough, this I know
I’ll be there when the light come in
Just tell em we’re survivin’
Life is a Highway
I wanna ride it all night long
If you’re going my way, I wanna drive it all night long.
An allusion is a reference to a well-know person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
Thursday, November 6, 2014Context Obj.: TLW view then write a rhetorical analysis essay.Lyric analysis due today!
Annotate (label) the song for examples of Extended Metaphor/Analogy Allusion (2) Parallelism Restatement Repetition Extended Metaphor Alliteration (many) Rhetorical Question
See if you can find… Personification Metaphor Simile End Rhyme Cliché
“Shadow Dreams” as Nonfiction
If a song could be nonfiction, how could “Shadow of Dreams” be classified as nonfiction?
TopicAudiencePurposeVoiceStyleAppeal to LogicAppeal to Emotion