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OARS Annual Report FY 2006

Apr 06, 2016

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Academic grants and contracts for Miami University, July 1, 2005-June 30, 2006

  • Annual Report July 2006Office for the Advancement of

    Research and Scholarship

    Providing Enriching Opportunities for Students, Faculty, Staff, Ohio and the Nation

    miami university

  • FY06 Research Highlights...

    Miami establishes a new external funding record of $22,947,858.Faculty involvement in external submissions increases by more than 10%.Miami joins the Nations Upper Echelon for University based High Performance Computing.External proposal submissions increase by more than 20%.Regional Campuses continue rapid growth in external funding.

    Miami pioneers national research consortium in cyber conflict.

    Miami University and collaborators successfully compete for Third Frontier funds to oversee the Southern Ohio Creates Companies Pre-Seed Fund. Miami University attracts new Ohio Eminent Scholars in Zoology and Chemistry and Biochemistry.

    Miami Research Impacts on the Quality of Life

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    Message from Gilbert E. Pacey, Associate Dean for Research

    FY 06 Research Highlights

    Table of Contents

    Research Stories The Neonatal Transportation System Miami University Hamilton Commitment to Community Service Center for Chemistry Education - Middletown Campus OARS Announces New External Funding Record

    TABLE I - Academic Grants and Contracts, by Funding Source

    TABLE II- Academic Grants and Contracts, by Organizational Unit TABLE III- Miami University Faculty, Staff, and Students Submitting Proposals

    Undergraduate Research at Miami University

    TABLE IV- Undergraduate Research Programs Awards, 2005-2006

    TABLE V- Undergraduate Summer Scholars Program Awards, 2006

    Research Stories Center for School Based Mental Health Programs Center for Governance, Risk Managment, and Reporting Mission and Core Values Cyber Conflict Miami Moves into the Nations Upper University Echelon of High Performance Computing Enriching Educational Experience: Undergraduate Research Scripps Foundation and Gerontology Center

    Office for the Advancement of Research and Scholarship Staff

    Front Cover Photographs: The Circle of LifeInfant, kids in Chemistry, School-Aged Kids, Undergraduate Research, Dance Performance School of Fine Arts, Risk Management Lecture, Scripps Foundation and Gerontology Center

    Table Of COnTenTs

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  • Critically ill newbornsexhibit increased sensitivity

    to external stimulation including mechanical shock. Oxygenation rate and heart rate often decrease during transport.

    Specialized gurneys transport newborns on the

    ambulance ride and through the hospital to the Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Transport technicians generally lift the gurneys (which also carry about 500 lbs. of lifesaving equipment) over bumps and thresholds to mediate the effect on the patient. Even with these extra precautions, the concern is that the current systems still exhibit considerable problematic vibrations. Faculty and students in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering are directly addressing this problem. Faculty members, Michael Bailey-Van Kuren and Amit Shukla, in conjunction with senior engineering students have researched, designed and developed a prototype vibration isolation system that can be retrofitted into existing neonatal transport systems. This research was supported through several sources including: a Miami University Research Challenge Program award, an Undergraduate Research Program grant, an award from Firestone Industrial, and

    T h e American Society for Quality Biomedical Division funds. Project objectives were accomplished by researching vibration dampening materials and systems, selecting the best options, and designing a shock-absorbing system for gurneys that transport newborns to pediatric intensive care units. The existing system consists of a standard adult gurney modified to hold an isolette (bottom left picture) and $500,000 in medical equipment. The prototype system utilizes redundant air springs as a passive isolation system. Research models were used to determine the desired dynamic characteristics of the system and to specify the dynamic characteristics of the new isolation system. This same technology is applicable in other ambulance systems, such as helicopters. Initial system studies performed during transport of the cart on and off of an ambulance at Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) showed a decrease in the energy transmitted to the isolette by 2/3. Research models have explored additional changes to the system including the use of active magneto-rheological fluid based dampers. Further tests and system development are being conducted in conjunction with CCHMC. A patent application was submitted and licensing partners are being sought to bring this technology to market.

    Improving the Survivability of Critically Ill Infants During Transport: The Neonatal Transportation System

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  • 5Miami Universitys

    regional campuses are mastering the art of obtaining

    external funding targeted at K-12 history curriculum innovation. As Michael Carrafiello

    said, I had already for two years served as the director of The Michael J. Colligan History Project at Miami University Hamilton (MUH). The Project sponsors lectures, films, seminars, and symposia designed to bring history to the University and the community. To me, the Teaching American History (TAH) program seemed to be the logical extension of Colligans mission. In 2002, the U.S. Department of Education announced a new program: TAH, that required higher education institutions to partner with local school districts to deliver history content to teachers and students. Carrafiello and his MUH colleagues in history and education proposed a TAH program with the Hamilton City Schools. The rest, as they say, is history. Carrafiello and his colleagues are now in the third year of administering what has been a highly successful program. Encouraged by the success of the 2003 proposal, the collaborators partnered with Fairfield and Northwest Local Schools to submit another TAH proposal in 2005. Again to our delight, the 2005 proposal was approved.

    Carrafiello said, For me personally, its been an interesting journey. I had written a monograph and scholarly articles but had not been trained in graduate school to prepare grant proposals. As a result, it took me a while to learn how to write proposals and I have since come to enjoy the process of proposal preparation itself. Im also gratified that our TAH ventures have in some sense been a boon to the University, our campus, and the community we

    serve. Best of all, Ive come to realize that by helping to strengthen the teaching

    of history in the schools I have reinforced my love of history and

    rediscovered the fundamental reason that I became an historian in the first place. In 2005 the group felt confident enough to craft a third TAH proposal e n t i t l e d , A m e r i c a s Journey: The Beacon of Liberty, 1492-1965. This TAH grant partners the Hamilton Regional Campus with Hamilton, Mason and Middletown city schools.

    It will enrich the teaching of American history for

    teachers and hundreds of area students This grant provides

    funding for a three-year project to improve teachers knowledge,

    understanding and appreciation of traditional American history through professional

    development initiatives, with a focus on immigration. This grant will provide three years of seminars

    Grants Further Miami University Hamilton Commitment to Community Service

    TAH - continued on page 7

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  • The Center for Chemistry Education (CCE), housed

    on Miami Universitys Middletown Campus, develops and conducts programs with on-going support from the Ohio Department

    of Education, Ohio Board of Regents, U.S.

    Department of Education, National Science Foundation,

    National Institutes of Health Science Education Partnership Award, National Petrochemical & Refiners Association and private industry. All CCE programs consistently reflect current pedagogical approaches in science education, cutting-edge academic, industrial research topics and classroom applications for teachers and students. Through these programs, students develop their abilities to work together to solve scientific challenges, think critically and use their powers of observation. CCE offers a variety of summer and academic-year workshop-style courses and academies for K12 and college educators at Miami University and field sites across the country. These shorter-format academies allow CCE graduates and other teachers to learn from leading nationally-recognized science educators. Over the years, CCE programs reached more than 19,500 teachers who teach more than 1.5 million students each year. Last year, CCE added approximately 2,500 educators at all levels through credit and noncredit courses. Teachers learned methods on empowering their students to succeed in science proficiency, promoting students science process skills, using toys as learning tools to visualize, applying and teaching physical science principles, and many other

    areas of science as well as pedagogical strategies for successful science teaching. In 2006, materials for the NIH SEPA-funded HealthRICH project were completed. CCE developed these as Early Head Start (EHS) units for informal education settings, specifically 4-H, Girl Scouts, museum groups and extracurricular school events (such as clubs and family science nights). Units include a variety of readings, hands-on activities and optional activities to

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