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OARS Research News

Apr 06, 2016



Newsletter of Miami University's Office for the Advancement of Research & Scholarship AY 2010-2011 (September, November, February, April issues combined)

  • O September 2010 Edition >>>>>>> >>>OARS Research NewsWelcome to this edition of OARS

    Research News. Inside you will see three stories about faculty who have been awarded grants from top-notch programs. We were successful in receiving a Mellon Foundation Grant and two CAREER Awards. Our record of funding for the past year was solid, and we continue to show progress in securing funds that allow students and faculty to deeply engage in the scholarly

    process of discovery and innovation. OARS is here to work with the Miami University community to help this endeavor.

    In our present economy, there is increased emphasis at the state and federal levels on closer ties between universities and the private enterprise. Miami University is not exempt from that emphasis. Our role is not only to educate students to think and act in a rapidly changing world and produce graduates who will be productive members of the workforce, but also to interface with business and industry in a way that will help stimulate job growth and retention in Ohio and the nation. In May of this year, Ohio voters overwhelmingly approved a $700 million, bi-partisan extension of the states successful Ohio Third Frontier (OTF) program, a technology-based economic development initiative. The Ohio Research Incentive Program, Ohio Action Fund for capital equipment matching, and the Ohio Internship/Coop program are all being funded by the OTF, and we will benefi t directly at Miami University from these programs. However, we could play a stronger role in that program, and there are opportunities for signifi cant funding for investigators doing applied work in Advanced and Alternative Energy, Biomedical Applications, Advanced Materials, Instruments/Controls/Electronics, and Advanced Propulsion. Since the passage of the OTF extension, I have met with representatives from six different companies that are interested in partnering with Miami University on OTF fundable projects. You can explore opportunities for funding on the OTF web site, and let me know if you are interested in learning more about the OTF.

    In addition, we are fortunate that the Oxford Community

    Improvement Corporation has secured a $3.5 million capital development grant from the Ohio Department of Development to construct and establish the Miami Heritage Technology Park on the outskirts of Oxford. When complete, this will provide research and training opportunities for students and faculty, and will enhance collaborations with companies doing high-level technology development.

    At the heart of the Miami Experience is a commitment to engage undergraduate students in meaningful research and inquiry-based experiences. With this end in mind, Miami Universitys mission involves inviting students to actively engage with the learning community and to experience the excitement of research and the discovery of knowledge. In our experience, engaged learners become engaged citizens. An integral part of Miamis strategic goals is to use the student-as-scholar model to facilitate the intellectual growth of students. We believe that research experiences for undergraduate students will help accomplish this goal. Miami University offers a wealth of undergraduate research opportunities, and I encourage you to explore the OARS web site to see how to get more undergraduates involved in research projects. The process can begin with the First Year Research Experience (FYRE), where students in their fi rst semester of college can become involved in research at a wide variety of levels. For more advanced students we offer Undergraduate Research Awards, the Undergraduate Summer Scholars Program, Undergraduate Presentation Awards, Doctoral Undergraduate Opportunities for Scholarship (DUOS), the annual Undergraduate Research Forum, and the Miami University Interdisciplinary Technology Development Challenge (MUITDC). In its fourth year, the theme for 2010-2011 MUITDC is Innovations in Autonomy: Creating Smart Applications for Smart Phones and More. With over $8,000 in awards available, I encourage you to facilitate a team and enter the fray. More information is provided in this newsletter, on our website, and you can fi nd us on Facebook at:

    As always the team in OARS is here for you, so dont hesitate to ask for assistance and dont be a stranger! Have a great fi rst semester.

    Message from Dr. James Oris, Associate Dean for Research and Scholarship

    Graduate School and Offi ce for the Advancement of Research and Scholarship 102 Roudebush Hall, Oxford, OH 45056 513-529-3600 fax: 513-529-3762

  • The article A Multistep, Cluster-Based Multivariate

    Chart for Retrospective Monitoring of Individuals by Marcus Jobe, Professor, Decision Sciences and Management Information Systems in Miami Universitys Farmer School of Business (FSB) and Michael Pokojovy from the University of Constance in Germany was recently published (Oct. 2009) in the Journal of Quality Technology (JQT). (The work was partially funded by an FSB summer research grant.) The two researchers developed a methodology and associated computer program to effectively monitor multivariate individuals data occurring in a time sequence. Their methodology can be used to assess the stability of industrial processes where multiple variables are of interest simultaneously. Together, they have developed a simulation approach that refl ects the power of their method to detect outliers or shifts in multivariate individuals data occurring over time. While it is rather straightforward to evaluate the stability of univariate individuals data occurring over time, the task becomes mathematically and computationally much more challenging when the data are multivariate with unknown mean and variance/covariance structure. Now, we are proposing a signifi cant improvement to our original method published in JQT, Dr. Jobe said. However, because the required computations become so complex, they quickly ran out of computing power on their offi ce PCs.

    At this point, Professor Jobe contacted Dr. Jens Mueller at Miami Universitys Research Computing Support group (RCS). Besides providing general scientifi c programming support, explained Dr. Mueller, we also help researchers use the high performance computer cluster here at Miami.

    After an initial meeting, Marcus Jobe brought in Michael Pokojovy via Skype and Jens Mueller proposed steps on how to best transfer their code to Miamis 256

    CPU-strong Redhawk cluster. Rather than running a series of simulations sequentially on a PC, multiple simulations were run concurrently on the cluster. And, not only does sending your computer task to the HPCC (High Performance Compute Cluster) speed up your application, Dr. Mueller pointed out, it also allows you to continue normal work on your PC which would not be possible if you had a big program running at the same time that uses up almost all of your memory and processor resources.

    Dr. Mueller modifi ed their code enabling it to be optimally run on multiple Redhawk cluster processors. Recently, it took several days to complete their latest simulation using the Redhawk cluster (It would have taken on the order of months, 24 hours a day, on a normal PC). Professor Jobe commented on their collaboration with the RCS group We are very appreciative of the assistance Dr. Jens Mueller has given. It has permitted us to pursue necessary computational tasks seminal to our research. The time to do similar work on local PCs would essentially prohibit our efforts.

    For more information on the projects where the Research Computing Support group has collaborated with other faculty, and on the services that it provides, e-mail the group at [email protected] .

    Figure 1: Dr. Marcus Jobe, Michael Pokojovy, and Dr. Jens Mueller.

    Highlights on MU Research Computing Support GroupOARS Research News

  • OARS Research News

    Mellon Foundation Grant Recipient- Laura MandellDr. Laura Mandell, Professor of English at Miami University, was recently awarded $41,000 by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Scholarly Communication and Information Technology

    Program, in order to further develop 18thConnect, or 18th Century Scholarship online (

    Mandell directs 18thConnect which is hosted by Miami University, and sponsored by the Universities of Illinois, Virginia, and Glasgow. A sister organization to NINES (the Networked Infrastructure for Nineteenth-Century Electronic Scholarship,, 18thConnect is a scholarly community that includes an illustrative steering committee and editorial board for peer-reviewing digital scholarship in the fi eld of eighteenth-century literature, cultural studies, and history. In addition, programmers, project managers, and a development team under Dr. Mandells guidance are collecting information about library-quality primary materials and integrating them into 18thConnect. Putting all these things togetherdigital and traditional scholarship that has been peer-reviewed, as well as primary materials18thConnect will constitute a major online fi nding aid and research environment: when you want to fi nd out information about the eighteenth century in Britain, America, the Caribbean, and more.

    This Mellon grant will allow the development team led by Dr. Mandell and David Woods of IT Services to make searchable by word 180,000 primary texts (each one ranging in size from 50 to 1500 pages), and to make this search capacity available to all scholars world-wide. These texts are part of the

    ECCO Collection which is sold by Gale Cengage and is often too expensive for universities to afford. Dr. Mande