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Gladiators Intro

May 30, 2018

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    Modern Stereotypes

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    Thumbs Down!

    Jean-Lon Grme. Police Verso (Thumbs Down), 1872

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    Types of Evidence

    Literary (Mahoney)

    Material

    Artistic Representations

    Artifacts (Equipment)

    Tombstones

    InscriptionsTerracotta Figurine of a Gladiator in the New

    York Metropolitan Museum of Art

    Roman, 1st-2nd century AD

    Accession # 10.210.78

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    Material Evidence

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    Types of Gladiators

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    Some gladiatorial vocabulary: tiro: a gladiatorial recruit veteranus: those gladiators who had fought at least once lanista: a gladiatorial trainer armatura: gladiatorial equipment Myrmillo: heavily-armed footman with a fish on his helmet Hoplomachus heavyily-armed footman, Greek style: round shield, sword, greave Samnite: heavily-armed footman, Samnium style, rectangular shield, sword,

    and greaves, 4th

    century BC-1st

    century BC Secutor: heavily-armed footman, trained to fight Retiarius, ~50 AD, small eye holes in

    helmet, rounded, rectangular shield Thraex: (Thracian) light-armed footman, small, rectangular shield and reversed sickle

    for slashing at an opponents back Retiarius: unhelmeted footman armed with only tunic, net, trident

    and dagger Bestiarius light-armed gladiator trained to fight animals (bestiae)

    essedarius: chariot fighter familia: a troop of gladiators ludus: a place of residence and training of gladiators ludia: female gladiator; women associated with gladiators; "a

    female slave attached to a gladiatorial ludus"(OLD)

    munus: gladiatorial show

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    Retiarius

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    Thraex

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    Place Your Bet!

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    Thraex vs. Myrmillo

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    Secutor

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    Zliten Mosaic

    Originally in a Roman seaside villa

    Now in Archaeological Musuem

    Tripoli, Tunisia

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    Fragment of a ReliefShowing Gladiators in

    the New York

    Metropolitan Museum

    of Art

    Roman, 1st-3rd century

    AD

    Recorded ca. 1880 in

    the Vigna Aquari in

    Rome.Accession # 57.11.

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    Gladiator cup,

    ca. 5080 A.D.;

    NeronianEarly

    FlavianicRoman; Found at

    Montagnole,

    southern France

    Now in New York

    Metropolitan

    Museum of Art

    Glass; H. 2 7/8 in.

    (7.3 cm), Diam. 3

    1/8 in. (7.9 cm)

    Gift of Henry G.

    Marquand, 1881

    (81.10.245)

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    Ancient Mosaic

    now in Bourghese Gallery, Rome

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    Gladiator Mosaic

    (Germany)

    http://romanhistorybooksandmore.freeservers.com/p_kreuzn_g.htm

    http://romanhistorybooksandmore.freeservers.com/p_kreuzn_g.htmhttp://romanhistorybooksandmore.freeservers.com/p_kreuzn_g.htm
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    http://romanhistorybooks.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/2007/03/19/glad5a.png
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    Gladitorial Tombstones

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    Win, Lose, Die

    If you won, you left out a gate called thePorta

    Triumphalis

    If you lost, you left out a gate called thePorta Sanavivaria

    If you died, two people dressed as Charon and Mercury

    would come out.

    Charon would strike the body with a mallet

    Mercury would poke it with his staff (really a hidden hot poker)

    Body put on a couch and carried out thePorta Libitinaria/lesser

    games hooked and dragged Body taken to nearby morgue and the throat was slit to make sure

    it wasnt fixed