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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ethiopian Roads ... · PDF fileEthiopian Roads Authority . FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA ETHIOPIAN ROADS AUTHORITY Project Name: Feasibility

Mar 21, 2019

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CONSULTANCY SERVICESfor

Feasibility Study, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA),

Preparation of Resettlement Action Plan (RAP), Detailed Engineering Design and

Tender Documents Preparation for

JIIMMA CHIDA ROAD PROJECT

UPDATED ENVIROONMENTAL and SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

May 2016

Associated Engineering Consultants PLC

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ethiopian Roads Authority

FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

ETHIOPIAN ROADS AUTHORITY Project Name: Feasibility and EIA Study, Detailed Engineering Design and Tender Document Preparation of Jimma Chida Road Project Document Type: Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

Name

Position

Signature and Date

Revised By:

Zeleke Chafamo Temesegen Yimer

Environmentalist Sociologist

Reviewed By:

_____________________________

_______________________

Name Signature and Date

Approved By: _____________________________ _______________________ Name Signature and Date

FFoorr EERRAAss uussee oonnllyy

Checked & Received By:

_____________________________ _______________________

Project Counterpart Engineer Signature and Date

Feasibility and EIA Studies, Detailed Engineering Design, Ethiopian Roads Authority Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) and Tender Document Preparation Updated EIA Jimma - Chida Road Project May 2016

Q4.03 Rev 6/11 iii Associated Engineering Consultants PLC (AEC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page

LIST OF FIGURES ........................................................................................................................ VII

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .......................................................................................................... VII

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................................................................ IX1.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................... ix1.2 Project Description .............................................................................................. ix1.3 Environmental Policy and Legal Framework ....................................................... ix1.4 Description of the Baseline Condition ................................................................. xii

1.4.1 Physical Environment ........................................................................................ xii1.4.2 Biological Environment ..................................................................................... xiv

1.5 Socio-economic Environment ........................................................................... xxii1.6 Public and Stakeholders Consultations ........................................................... xxiii1.7 Potential Environmental and Social Impacts and Mitigation Measures ........... xxiii

1.7.1 Positive Environmental and Social Impacts ..................................................... xxiii1.7.2 Negative Impacts ............................................................................................ xxiv

1.8 Environmental and Social Management and Monitoring Plans ....................... xxix1.8.1 Environmental and Social Management Plan ................................................. xxix1.8.2 Socio-Environmental Monitoring Plan ............................................................. xxix

1.9 Environmental Mitigation Management and Monitoring Costs .......................... xxx1.10 Conclusions and Recommendations ................................................................ xxx

1.10.1 Environmental Aspects .................................................................................... xxx1.10.2 Social Aspects ................................................................................................ xxxi

2. INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................... 12.1 Project Background .............................................................................................. 12.2 Objectives of the revised EIA Study .................................................................... 12.3 Approach and Methodology of the EIA Study ...................................................... 2

2.3.1 Review of Pertinent Policies, Development Strategies and Legislations .............. 22.3.2 Review of Previous Studies and Literature .......................................................... 22.3.3 Field Surveys and Data Collection ....................................................................... 22.3.4 Public and Stakeholders Consultations ............................................................... 32.3.5 Impact Analysis ................................................................................................... 4

3. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT .......................................................................................... 5

4. ENVIRONNEMENTAL POLICY AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK .................................................. 84.1 The Constitution of FDRE .................................................................................... 84.2 Relevant National Policies and Strategies ........................................................... 8

4.2.1 Environmental Policy of Ethiopia ......................................................................... 84.2.2 Conservation Strategy of Ethiopia ....................................................................... 94.2.3 Ethiopias Climate-Resilient Green economy strategy ......................................... 94.2.4 Sectorial Policies ............................................................................................... 104.2.5 ERAs Resettlement/Rehabilitation Policy Framework ....................................... 12

4.3 Safeguard Policies ............................................................................................. 134.3.1 Environmental Assessment (EA) ....................................................................... 134.3.2 Natural Habitats ................................................................................................. 144.3.3 Involuntary Resettlement ................................................................................... 14

4.4 Environmental Framework Legislations ............................................................. 15

Feasibility and EIA Studies, Detailed Engineering Design, Ethiopian Roads Authority Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) and Tender Document Preparation Updated EIA Jimma - Chida Road Project May 2016

Q4.03 Rev 6/11 iv Associated Engineering Consultants PLC (AEC)

4.4.1 Proclamation on Establishment of Environmental Protection Organs ................ 154.4.2 Proclamation on Environmental Impact Assessment ......................................... 154.4.3 Proclamation on Environmental Pollution Control .............................................. 154.4.4 Proclamation on Development, Conservation and Utilization of Wildlife ............ 164.4.5 Proclamation on Forest Development, Conservation and Utilization .................. 164.4.6 Proclamation on Expropriation of Land Holdings and Payment of Compensation

.......................................................................................................................... 164.4.7 Proclamation on Rural Land Administration and Land Use ................................ 174.4.8 Proclamation on Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage .................... 174.4.9 Proclamation on Ethiopian Water Resources Management ............................... 184.4.10 Proclamation on Public Health ........................................................................... 184.4.11 Proclamation on Establishment of Oromia Land and Environmental Protection

Bureau ............................................................................................................... 184.4.12 Proclamation on Oromia Rural Land Administration and Use ............................ 184.4.13 Regulations on Payment of Compensation for Property Situated on

Landholdings Expropriated for Public Purposes ................................................ 194.5 International Conventions and Protocols ........................................................... 194.6 Environmental Assessment Guidelines ............................................................. 20

4.6.1 EPAs EIA Guidelines ........................................................................................ 204.6.2 ERA's Environmental Procedure Manual ........................................................... 214.6.3 ERAs Standard Technical Specifications .......................................................... 21

4.7 Institutional and Administrative Framework ....................................................... 214.7.1 Federal and Regional Administration ................................................................. 214.7.2 Ministry of Environmental Protection, Forestry and Climate Change ................. 224.7.3 Sectorial Environmental Unit ............................................................................. 224.7.4 Regional Environmental Agencies ..................................................................... 224.7.5 Ethiopian Roads Authority ................................................................................. 23

5. DESCRIPTION OF BASELINE CONDITION .......................................................................... 255.1 Physical Environm

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