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EUROPEAN REVOLUTIONS

Feb 24, 2016

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1820s – 30s. EUROPEAN REVOLUTIONS. The Congress of Vienna and the Concert of Europe. Conservatives try to maintain the status quo. Key Diplomats. Lord Talley rand. Prince Metternich. Spain - 1820 . Soldiers rebel against King Ferdinand VII He agrees to follow the constitution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

EUROPEAN REVOLUTIONS

EUROPEAN REVOLUTIONS1820s 30sThe Congress of Vienna and the Concert of EuropeConservatives try to maintain the status quo

Key Diplomats

Prince MetternichLord Talley randSpain - 1820 Soldiers rebel against King Ferdinand VIIHe agrees to follow the constitutionThe Great Powers (Austria, Prussia, Russia, Britain, France) meet at the Congress of Troppau and issue the Protocol of Troppau which said stable governments could intervene in states experiencing revolutionsGreece 1821The Eastern QuestionFight for independence from the Ottomans

Philhellenic SocietiesPoets and intellectuals like Lord Byron supported the Greeks

Greek Independence1827 Britain, Russia, France sign the Treaty of London demanding Greek independence1829 Treaty of Adrianople: Russia gains control of whats now Romania; Britain, Russia, and France can decide the fate of Greece1830 Treaty of London: declared Greece independent1832 - Otto I made king of Greece

Russia The Decembrist Revolt1825Political unrest and secret societies existed within the militaryAfter the death of Czar Alexander I, his brother Nicholas I took the throne

Czar Alexander ISome soldiers rebelled against the czar and supported his brother Constantine

NICHOLAS IThe Decembrists

He then adopted a policy of Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationalism

Nicholas I shut down the uprising and the conspirators were executed or exiled to Siberia

France 1830 The July RevolutionKing Charles X believed in rule by divine rightHe gave $ to aristocrats who lost land in the revolutionHe restored primogenitureIn 1829 he appointed more ultraroyalists to his governmentIn July 1830 he issued the Four Ordinances which restricted freedom of the press, dissolved the French legislature, restricted the franchise to the wealthy, and called for new elections

The July RevolutionFighting broke out in JulyCharles X abdicated on August 2Middle-class liberals combine with working class to create a constitutional monarchyLouis-Philippe was proclaimed the new king of France

The July Monarchy

The new governmentwas more liberalCensorship was abolishedMore people could vote But, socially it was still conservativeThe rich still had more powerThe workers still had problemsBelgium - 1830In August Belgian nationalists began rebelling against the DutchThe Dutch sent ships to try and defeat them

The Belgians manage to win their independence

The Great Powers approveBelgian independence was possible because Britain and France supported itAustria, Prussia, and Russia were too busy dealing with other issues to interfereLeopold of Saxe-Coburg (a German Prince and British subject) becomes King Leopold IPoland - 1830Soldiers and students revolted in WarsawThe Polish Diet voted to depose the Russian Czar as ruler of PolandCzar Nicholas I sent troops and crushed the rebellion

Serbia - 1830Rebels fight against the OttomansIn 1830 theyre granted independence

BritainNo REVOLUTIONREFORMSCatholic Emancipation ActThe Great Reform Act of 1832ChartismRepeal of the Corn Laws in 1846

Sir Robert Peel

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