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Decline of indian industry during british rule

Jan 16, 2015


it is about the decline of Indian crafts to modern British industrial revolution


2. INTRODUCTION Before the British rule, India was self-sufficient in textile and Cotton products but during the British rule, India fell down to the position of importing cloth from England. 3. In the 19th century A.D. British government abolished the tariff protection of Indian goods. The country was reduced to the position of supplier of raw material to British industries. In 1850 Jute mills were established in India but there was no economic development in the country. In the time of 1st World War some goods, acquired by the people were reduced in India. This gave some industrial progress in our country. 4. CRAFTS 5. THE CAUSES OF DECLINE Impact of the industrial revolution Loss of royal patronage Loss of external markets Coercive tactics used by the British Indifference of the British rulers 6. IMPACT OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The same goods produce in industries ,when compared to a craftsman's goods , were very cheap. They were also better in quality and quantity. So these were the major factors in front of industries ,for the slowly dying Indian crafts . 7. LOSS OF ROYAL PATRONAGE After the British ended their conquest in India most of the Indian rulers were on their side .taking advantage of this British promoted the selling of their of goods and under influence they waived of taxes on their goods and increased the taxes of Indian goods . Thus losing the patronage of Indian goods 8. LOSS OF EXTERNAL MARKETS Due to the high taxes levied on Indian goods, by the British, the sellers and crafters suffered heavy losses . And slowly Indian crafts loss their place in external markets like: Britain ,France ,Dutch and Arabian countries 9. COERCIVE TACTICS USED BY BRITISH The British forced the Indian farmers grow what was profitable to the company not to the farmers .like indigo which was growing good in was of huge demand in births. So it was forced to grow in India. Soon India like this became the largest exporter of raw materials. 10. Indig o Cotton 11. INDIFFERENCE OF THE BRITISH RULERS They treated the people of their own country carefully while ruling India they did not even try to help them. For example: in Britain when artists got displaced by industrial revolution they provided them with certain benefits but not in India . 12. SO RESULTED IN In great loss to the local artisans in India .There was a huge migration of people from cites to villages , for primary activities like farming . This put further pressure on land ,with pieces getting fragmented . So the traditional crafts and products went into trouble during the British times in front of industrial revolution . 13. REVENUE INTO BRITISH Taxes gone in the respective year 1859=361 million rupees (todays value $ 5,415,000,000 ) 1890=851 million rupees (todays value $ 12,765,000,000 )