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Country Profile on Disability FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC · PDF fileCountry Profile on Disability FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC ... Country Profile on Disability Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Mar 07, 2018

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  • Country Profile on

    Disability

    FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC

    REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

    March 2002 Japan International Cooperation Agency

    Planning and Evaluation Department

  • Country Profile on Disability Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

    Table of Contents

    Figures ....................................................................................................................................... ii

    Abbreviations............................................................................................................................ iii

    1. Basic Profile........................................................................................................................... 4

    1-1. Basic Indicators .............................................................................................................. 4

    1-2. Indicators on Disability .................................................................................................. 6

    2. Issues on Disability ................................................................................................................ 9

    2-1. Definition of Disability in Ethiopia ................................................................................ 9

    2-2. Current Situation........................................................................................................... 10

    2-3. Documentation and Survey on Disability ..................................................................... 11

    3. Administration and Policy on Disability.............................................................................. 12

    3-1. Administration on Disability ........................................................................................ 12

    3-2. Laws and Regulations on Disability ............................................................................. 14

    3-3. Policies on Disability.................................................................................................... 14

    3-4. Measures on Disability ................................................................................................. 15

    3-5. Experts and Workers in the Field of Disability............................................................. 21

    4. Disability-related Organizations and Activities ................................................................... 22

    4-1. Activities by Disability-related Organizations.............................................................. 22

    4-2. Cooperation Projects on Disability Organized by International and Other Donors...... 22

    5. References............................................................................................................................ 23

    i

  • Figures

    Figure 1: Types of Disability in Ethiopia in 1994 ..................................................................... 6

    Figure 2: Percentage of Persons with Disabilities from Total Number of Persons with

    Disabilities in Each Age Group in 1994 ............................................................................. 6

    Figure 3: Number of Persons with Disabilities in Each Region in 1994 ................................... 7

    Figure 4: Percentage of Disabilities by Gender ......................................................................... 8

    ii

  • Abbreviations

    CBM Christoffel Blind Mission CBR Community-based Rehabilitation FDRE Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia ILO International Labour Organization MOLSA Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs NGO Non-governmental Organization OJT On-the Job Training RAD Rehabilitation Affairs Department TGE Transitional Government of Ethiopia UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNICEF United Nations Childrens Fund USAID United States Agency for International Development WHO World Health Organization

    iii

  • Country Profile on Ethiopia

    1. Basic Profile

    1-1. Basic Indicators

    Public Sector Expenditure1 Health 1.7% 1990-98 Education 4.0% 1997 Social welfare N/A Defense 1.9% 1997

    Population2 Population (total) 62.8 million 1999 % of women 49.8 1999 % of urban population 17.2 1999 Life Expectancy (total) 42.4 1999 Male 41.4 1999 Female 43.4 1999

    Medical Care Medical care personnel Population/Doctor N/A

    Population/Nurse and midwife3

    12,500 1992-95

    1 World Bank. World Development Report 2000-2001 2 World Bank. World Development Indicators 2001 3 UNDP. Human Development Report 2001

    4

  • Country Profile on Ethiopia

    Education4 Education system Primary education 6 year Compulsory education 6 year Adult literacy rate2 Male 42.8% 1999

    Female 31.8% 1999 Enrollment ratio

    Primary education (Net enrollment ratio)

    Total 32% 1996 Male 39% 1996 Female 24% 1996 Primary education

    (Gross enrollment ratio

    Total 43% 1996 Male 55% 1996 Female 30% 1996 Secondary education

    (Net enrollment ratio)

    Total5 25% 1997 Male -- Female -- Higher education

    (Gross enrollment ratio)

    Total 0.8% 1996 Male 1.3% 1996 Female 0.3% 1996

    4 UNESCO. Statistical Yearbook 1999 5 USAID ESDS. GED2000 Retrieved February 21, 2002, from http//qesdb.cdie.org/ged/index.html

    5

  • Country Profile on Ethiopia

    1-2. Indicators on Disability

    Disability-specific Data

    Figure 1:Types of Disability in Ethiopia in 1994

    Total Blindness11.9%

    Hand/ArmProblems

    8.8%

    IntellectualDisability

    6.5%

    Other Types3.2%

    Overlapping3.2%

    Hearing &Speaking

    Disabilities5.9% Leprosy

    3.5%

    Hearing Problems13.3%

    Partial Blindness20.4%

    Leg Problems23.3%

    Source: Wael International Business and Development Consultant (2000), Country Profile Study on Persons with Disabilities, Ethiopia.

    Age-specific Data

    Figure 2:Percentage of Persons with Disabilities from Total Number of Persons with

    Disabilities in Each Age Group in 1994

    0-14 years30.9%

    15-29 years20.4%

    30-49years23.6%

    over 50 years24.9%

    unknown0.2%

    Source: Wael International Business and Development Consultant (2000), Country Profile Study on Persons with Disabilities, Ethiopia.

    6

  • Country Profile on Ethiopia

    Area-specific Data

    Figure 3:Number of Persons with Disabilities in Each Region in 1994

    2,581

    2,909

    4,226

    7,341

    13,546

    31,686

    45,936

    90,742

    174,941

    281,291

    333,653

    0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000

    Number of Persons with Disabilties

    Gambela

    Harari

    Dire Dawa

    Benishangul

    Afar

    Somale

    Addis Ababa

    Tigray

    Snnp

    Amhara

    Oromia

    Source: Wael International Business and Development Consultant (2000), Country Profile Study on Persons with Disabilities, Ethiopia.

    Grade-specific Data

    N.A.

    Cause-specific Data

    N.A.

    7

  • Country Profile on Ethiopia

    Gender-specific Data

    Figure 4:Percentage of Disabilities7 by Gender

    50.2

    48.8

    51

    54.1

    58.5

    52.2

    56.6

    56.4

    48.5

    63

    59.4

    64.7

    61

    60.5

    46.6

    59.9

    53.6

    62.8

    49

    55.8

    61.3

    59

    44.3

    50.5

    49.8

    51.2

    49

    45.9

    41.5

    47.8

    43.4

    43.6

    51.5

    37

    40.6

    35.3

    39

    39.5

    53.4

    40.1

    46.4

    37.2

    51

    44.2

    38.7

    41

    55.7

    49.5

    0 20 40 60 80 100 120

    Total Blindness

    Deafness

    Deaf and Dumb

    Amputation (both legs and arms)

    Amputation (both legs)

    Amputation (both arms)

    Lame (both legs)

    Epilepsy

    Paralysis (both legs)

    Paralysis (both arms)

    Paralysis (one leg and one arm)

    Others

    Disability prevalence rate%

    male

    female

    7 Deaf, Dumb and Lame are the terms used in the local consultant report, which takes its figures from the Population and Housing Census, CSA, Ethiopia 1984. Therefore the original terms have not been changed.

    8

  • Country Profile on Ethiopia

    2. Issues on Disability

    2-1. Definition of Disability in Ethiopia

    Following the World Health Organization (WHO)6 and International Labour Organization (ILO)7

    definitions on disability, Disability is defined as follows in Ethiopia,

    A disabled person is any person unable to ensure by himself or herself a normal life,

    as a result of deficiency in his or her physical or mental capabilities8

    According to the newspaper Nagarit Gazeta, the Emperor Haile Selassie I, in the Order No.

    70 of 1970, described the disabled as people who, because of limitations of normal physical

    or mental health, is unable to earn their livelihood and do not have anyone to support them;

    and shall include any persons who is unable to earn their livelihood because they are too

    young or too old.

    In Negarit Gazeta the Transitional Government of Ethiopia, Proclamation No. 101 of 1994

    referred to a disabled person as a person who is unable to see, hear or speak or is suffering

    from mental retardation or from injuries that limit him

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