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CIFOR activities in Ethiopia EIAR-CGIAR Partnership Dialogue, December 4-5, 2014 Habtemariam Kassa CIFOR Ethiopia Decentralized Office

Jan 01, 2016

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CIFOR activities in Ethiopia

EIAR-CGIAR Partnership Dialogue,

December 4-5, 2014

Habtemariam Kassa CIFOR Ethiopia Decentralized Office

121. Introducing CIFORCIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research) is a non-profit, global facility dedicated to advancing human wellbeing, environmental conservation and equity. It was established in 1993, and its HQ is in Bogor, IndonesiaCurrently CIFOR has over 250 staff (119 research staff) at nine locations around the globe and work towards building the largest body of global forestry researchProjects are underway in over 30 countries in collaboration with more than 100 partners, indicating its motto of being a center without wallsIt has 3 hubs in Peru, Kenya and Cameroon and 5 decentralized offices in Brazil, Burkina Faso, Zambia, Vietnam and Ethiopia. Ethiopia Office is the 2nd smallest.CIFOR leads the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agro forestry (CRP-FTA)

231. Introducing CIFOR (Contd.)The research activities of CIFOR focus on:enhancing the role of forests in climate mitigation and in adapting to climate change,improving livelihoods through smallholder and community forestry, managing trade-offs between conservation and development at landscape level, managing the impacts of globalised trade and investment on forests and forest communities, and sustainable management of tropical production forests. Three global research portfolios lead these research flagships Livelihoods, Governance, and Environmental Services.High quality, impact oriented research publications remain a core output of CIFORs activities. In 2013, CIFOR generated 352 publications (about 3 per scientist).CIFORs research informs key stakeholders (policy makers, practitioners, communities, the private sector, etc.) to select effective policy measures and practices to better manage tropical forests, and address the needs of people who depend on these resources in a sustainable way.

42. CIFOR Ethiopia Office - History & focus areasOur activities commenced with supporting Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources (WGCF) in implementing its Development Oriented Integrated Thematic Action Research (DOIT AR) that sought to bring about a fundamental shift in forestry research and training in Ethiopia. The project was financed by SIDA.

Projects on improving the management of dry forest and woodlands between 2007 and 2012, we ran successive projects (funded by SIDA and ADA) on improving the management of dry forest and the production and marketing of dry forest products and worked closely with EIAR, WGCF-NR and MoAThe national research system now has a major research program on NTFPs from dry forests, and WGCF-NR initiated a graduate program on the management of forests in the dry land areas.

52.History and focus areas (contd.) We also ran projectsOn the importance of small-scale wood processing enterprises in urban areas, focusing on Addis AbabaComparing the performance (in terms of survival rate of seedlings) of tree planting initiatives of the state with that of farmers On assessing the importance of migration from forested areas, their drivers and impacts on influencing people-forest relationships

Our focus currently is on looking at options for enhancing the role of forests in mosaic landscapes for food security, and for green growth

63. ProjectsSupporting Sustainable Management of Dry Forests in Ethiopia (two successive projects supported by SIDA and ADA & completed in 2012)

Adapting woodland management strategies in the semi-arid South Africa and Ethiopia in the face of changing climatic and policy conditions (funded by Volkswagen Foundation) to be completed in 2014

Enhancing the role of forestry in Ethiopias CRGE (to be completed in mid 2015)

Forest cover, vegetable consumption and nutritional security in Ethiopia and Burkina Faso to be completed in 2015.

Managing the forest-farm interface (new and will begin in mid 2015)

73. Projects (Contd.) Our major on-going project: Enhancing the role of forestry in Ethiopias CRGE The project is set toidentify effective practices in area ex-closure (Tigray), in Participatory Forest Management (Oromia), in smallholder plantations (Amhara), in agroforestry (SNNPRS), and in the management of dry forests and woodlands (BGNRS). assess the impacts of these practices on local livelihoods and on the landscape, suggest and evaluate improvement measures Identify enabling conditions for scaling up effective practices It is being implemented by involvingMoA and MEF staff as well as EIAR and FRC staff (at Federal level)Hawassa, Mekelle, and Bahir Dar UniversitiesAmhara, Tigray, Oromia, SNNPRS and BGNRS relevant bureaus/agricultureRegional Research Institutes (TARI, SARI, ARARI,..)Over a dozen graduate students from AAU, MU, WGCF, HU, AAU, BU

83. Projects (Contd) Five national technical teams with experts drawn from federal and regional research, education and extension were established

The teams report to a National Project Advisory Committee

The findings will be used to draft regional forestry strategies for 5 regions (Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, SNNPRS, & BGNRS) and a national road map for MEF to assist efforts to achieve the forestry sector targets set in the CRGE document.

By so doing, the project also aims to contribute to building knowledge in forests and green growth.

94. Major OutputsBook, management guide, conference proceedings and policy brief on managing dry forest for sustainable production and marketing of gums and resins Scientific articles, book chapters, policy briefs on On the role of forests (mainly dry forests) for local livelihoodsOn gender, socio-economic status and forest dependence On participatory forest managementOn tree planting, tree and forest tenure On gum quality and implications for grading for export market On the importance and value chains of dry forest products Etc.PhD and M. Sc. theses Presentations in major national and international conferencesEtc.

105. Interactions with national partnersAs a CG center, we are involved in projects that are undertaken in several countries in Africa (e.g. Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Burkina Faso, South Africa, etc.) and beyond (Vietnam, China, Sweden).Being a project/decentralized office, our work is primarily focused on Ethiopia Our interactions with national partners and Ministries have been encouragingIn December 2005 CIFOR in collaboration with EIAR organized a consultative meeting of major stakeholders in forestry to identify key researchable issuesThe inputs were used to draft CIFORs Ethiopia Office Country Strategy In 2009, in collaboration with MoA, we organized a national workshop on climate change research in Ethiopia. This led to the establishment of the Climate Change Research Network in Ethiopia. The Proceedings were compiled and submitted to MoA.The network played key role in preparing a document on forests and carbon resources in Ethiopia (and financed by UNDP), and to the establishment of the Climate Science Center at AAU.

11In 2010, we supported MoAs effort to draft the National Forest Act.In 2011, published research results on dry forest and the production, grading and marketing of gums and resins were presented to the MinistryA training manual for improving the management of dry forests for frankincense production was prepared, and then translated to Amharic and printed by MoA

5. Interactions with national partners (contd.)

1112In 2012/13, we worked closely with MoA and prepared a project on enhancing the role of forestry in Ethiopias CRGE strategy As of 2013, we are closely working with MEFMEF chairs the national Project Advisory Committee of the on-going project entitled Enhancing the role of forestry in Ethiopias CRGEWe are actively supporting the efforts of MEFto review the national forest law and actto prepare its national REDD+ strategy documentto chart its long term forestry sector strategy, and its 5-year plan in such a way that the forestry sector could significantly contribute to the socio-economic development of the country and actively supports the nations CRGE strategy

5. Interactions (Contd.)

136. ChallengesNo major challenges were faced

Yet few but expected challenges persistPoor coordination among actors within the forestry sector (forestry education, research, and extension) and across sectors (forestry and agriculture, forestry and energy, forestry and water, etc.)

Training backgroundLimited the capacity of experts to work/act beyond their disciplinesLimited technical capacity of experts to address socio-economic aspects of forestry

High staff turnover and weak institutional memoryDifficulty to use allocated funds and submit financial reports timelySlow uptake of research findings due to lack of systematic engagement of researchers and research institutions with users of research results (e.g. no link in terms of chemical contents between highest and lowest grades of frankincense for export market)

147. Our proposed CN for the EIAR-CGIAR initiative(Forests & sustainable intensification of agriculture)Tentative title Short title: Forests & sustainable intensification of agricultureLonger version: Minimizing trade-offs and creating synergies between forestry and agriculture in Ethiopias CRGE strategy: Achieving forestry targets and supporting sustainable intensification of agriculture

Potential partners CIFOR, ICRAF, ICRISAT, ILRI and EIARWhy? - It is simply because the future of forests, agriculture/food and climate are so interlinked that achieving one objective without the other cannot be considered effective and efficient (as it leads to more trade-offs), and hence we must start by developing a shared agenda and