Click here to load reader
Click here to load reader
Jan 03, 2016
War in Iraq
War in IraqBegan in 2003; Saddam Hussein was the president of Iraq
1The Background1980-88 War between Iran and Iraq. The U.S. secretly supported Iran with weapons sales (Iran-Contra Scandal!), and more openly supported Iraq.Iran was a theocracy, led by radical Ayatollah KhomeiniUnder Saddam Hussein, Iraq was a secular state.
2KurdsSaddam Hussein used chemical weapons against the Kurds, an ethnic minority in northern Iraq
3Persian Gulf War, 1991Saddam Hussein invaded KuwaitThe U.S. and many countries in the United Nations attacked Iraq and drove the Iraqis out of KuwaitThe war lasted 6 weeks; Saddam Hussein surrendered.
41991-2003As part of the peace agreement, Saddam Hussein had to allow the United Nations to send in weapons inspectors, who were looking for Weapons of Mass Destruction.Saddam Hussein tried to avoid these inspections regularly for 12 years5Weapons of Mass DestructionNuclear weaponsIraq was not accused of having these but was apparently working on developing oneBiological weapons (exampleanthrax or other deadly diseases that could be used against millions of people)Chemical weapons (examplemustard gas or cyanide--chemicals that cause severe burns, suffocation, death)
6Operation Iraqi FreedomThe U.S. attacked Iraq in 2003 because we believed Saddam Hussein was hiding weapons of mass destruction. No such weapons have been found since the US invasion.Baghdad is the capital of Iraq.
7What happened to Saddam?He fled from Baghdad.He was later found and arrested.He was put on trial for crimes against his own people (killing 148 Shiites).He was found guilty and hanged.
8Troop SurgeIn summer 2007, President Bush sent thousands more troops to try to end the violence in Iraq and establish peace and security. By a year later, most people agreed the troop surge was successful in reducing violence by insurgents, or rebels.
9Iraqi GovernmentIraq had its first democratic elections in 2005The 2010 elections ended without a clear majority: Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and President Allawi are from opposing parties. It took 9 months after the February election for them to form a coalition government.
10Troop WithdrawalUS combat operations officially ended in August 2010A full withdrawal took place in December 2011. About 200 U.S. military personnel will stay in Baghdad as members of the U.S. diplomatic mission.4,486 US troops died in Iraq since 2003
Why did we stay so long in Iraq?Helped end civil war between Sunnis and Shiites, both trying to control IraqU.S. was trying to keep peace and establish security, supporting the elected Iraqi governmentWe will continue to give support through our Embassy