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Transition Town Forres Ltd DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2009-2012 As updated July 2009 Prepared by: Chris Piper MICFor C J Piper & Co Chartered Foresters Killearnan, Alexandra Terrace, Forres, Moray IV36 1DL 01309 674374 07802 833263 chrispiper@supanet.com & Fabio Villani Clover, Alves, Forres IV36 2RA Tel 01343 850 007 Mobile: 07900 614 927 e-mail: fabio@fabiovillani.co.uk www.fabiovillani.co.uk Funded by: Climate Challenge Fund
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Transition Town for Res Development Plan

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Transition Town Forres Ltd

DEVELOPMENT PLAN2009-2012

As updated July 2009

Prepared by:

Chris Piper MICForC J Piper & Co Chartered Foresters Killearnan, Alexandra Terrace, Forres, Moray IV36 1DL 01309 674374 07802 833263 chrispiper@supanet.com &

Fabio VillaniClover, Alves, Forres IV36 2RA Tel 01343 850 007 Mobile: 07900 614 927 e-mail: fabio@fabiovillani.co.uk www.fabiovillani.co.uk Funded by:

Climate Challenge Fund

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

ContentsPage No Page No

Glossary of Terms

1

PART I INTRODUCTION & BACKGROUND INFORMATION1 Introduction, Purpose & Structure 3 2 Background to Transition Town Forres2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 The Organisation Legal Status Structure Key People Contact Details Milestones & Activity to date The Local Community Strategic & Policy Context

PART IV STRATEGY & IMPLEMENTATION6 Development Strategy6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Introduction Operational Hubs & Activities Partnership Working TTF Policy Development Strategic Checklist

1717 17 20 20 21

44 4 4 4 5 5 5 5

7 Action Plan7.1 Implementation Programme

2323

8 Financial Forecasts & Funding8.1 Financial Forecasts 8.2 Funding Requirements 8.3 Funding Strategy

2626 26 26

PART II - VISION, VALUES, AIMS & OBJECTIVES3 Vision, Principles & Aims3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Vision Mission Operating Principles Charitable Aims Strategic Aims

99 9 9 9 9

PART V - MONITORING, EVALUATION & REVIEW9 Monitoring, Evaluation & Review9.1 Monitoring & Review

3030

LIST OF APPENDICESI II TTF Memo & Articles of Association Summary Profiles of TTF Directors

4 Objectives & Outcomes4.1 Objectives 4.2 Outcomes

1010 10

PART III - COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT & CONSULTATION5 Community Consultation5.1 The Consultation Process 5.2 Analysis of Consultation Outputs

III Outputs from January & March 2009 Community Consultation Events IV Outputs from Development Plan Discussion Meeting February 2009

1313 13

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Glossary of Terms & AbbreviationsTerms:350 Campaign Animateurs Carbon Footprint Climate Change Community Capacity Fossil Fuels The international effort to raise awareness of the need to decrease carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere to 350 parts per million. Community animateurs are people recruited from the local community to help promote and organise the participation of local people in activities that help to make positive changes to their community. A measure of the amount of carbon dioxide and other grenhouse gases generated by a person, group or activity over a given period of time. Changes to the average pattern of weather for a particular region over a long period of time. This is currently happening at a dangerous rate due to global warming. The ability and confidence of a community to develop and use its own collective skills and resources, helping it to identify and meet its own needs and aspirations. Hydrocarbon deposits, such as petroleum (oil), coal, or natural gas, derived from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals and used as fuel. Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by burning fossil fuels are considered to be one of the principal causes of global warming. The rise in global average temperatures caused by increasing concentrations of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to human activities. The point when further expansion of oil production becomes impossible because new production flows are fully offset by production declines, or when global extraction is less than global consumption Permaculture is a way of working with nature rather than against it. It is a system based on the principle of cooperation rather than competition. Description of an activity that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. An emerging and evolving approach to community-led sustainability, based on building local resilience and reducing carbon emissions.

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Global Warming Peak Oil Permaculture Sustainable Transition Movement

Abbreviations:CCF CEC CSA CFINE EDAP SCARF SEAD SOA TTF Climate Challenge Fund. Community Energy Company. Community Supported Agriculture. Community Foods in the North East. Energy Descent Action Plan. Save Cash Reduce Fuel (Aberdeen based organisation providing householders, businesses and organisations with independent, free and impartial advice on sustainable use of energy). Scottish Education and Action for Development. Single Outcome Agreement. Transition Town Forres.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

PART IINTRODUCTION & BACKGROUND INFORMATION

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

1 Introduction & Purpose1.1 Introduction & PurposeThis Development Plan has been drawn up in close consultation with the Board of Directors of Transition Town Forres Ltd and wider engagement and consultation with the local community of Forres, Moray. The Plan is an integral and formative element of the Transition Town Forres project. Its purpose is to set the scene and enable Transition Town Forres to take tangible steps towards achieving its vision for implementing the transition town model in Forres. The specific purposes of the Plan are to: Reflect the vision and aspirations of Transition Town Forres Ltd and its members, the local community and funding bodies for the Transition Town Forres Project. Set out how Transition Town Forres Ltd proposes to go about achieving its vision, aims and objectives through a high standard of sustainable land and business management and community involvement. Provide an action plan for the development, management, evaluation and awareness-raising of the Project over the short, medium and longer terms that accords with, and provides a positive role model for, the ethos and guiding principles of the transition town movement. Provide a framework for financial control and monitoring of the Project and its various components through regular review. Provide the basis for supporting future funding applications to assist with the implementation of the Project. Encourage and promote a strong sense of community engagement and ownership of the Project. The Plan covers an initial detailed developmental period of three financial years from 2009 through 2012.

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1.2 Plan StructureThe Plan is designed and structured for use as a working document and a tool to help Transition Town Forres Ltd articulate their joint vision, aims and objectives and outcomes, proposed activities, financial requirements and a baseline for evidence based monitoring of the impact of the Project and for reviewing its future evolution and management.

Aerial view of Forres from the east

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2 Background to Transition Town Forres2.1 The OrganisationTransition Town Forres (TTF) is a not-forprofit community-led group working to reduce local dependency on fossil and other nonsustainable fuels and to develop local plans to cope with climate change. Membership of TTF is open to individuals and organisations who support the objectives of the Company and the UN Declaration of Human Rights. TTF is part of the wider Transition Towns movement, which focuses on responding to the challenges of climate change and peak oil and the need for local action. More information on the Transition Towns movement is available at www.transitiontowns.org/ In 2008 TTF was awarded a grant of 184,000 from the Scottish Governments initiative Climate Challenge Fund with which to progress a three year programme with a number of activities initially planned and / or in progress, including: the leasing of an area of land to develop allotments; the commissioning of a process of community engagement resulting in the production of this Development Plan; the setting up and co-ordination of a Farmers Market in Forres; research intended to establish and monitor the carbon footprint of a percentage of Forres households; community awareness-raising events; re-skilling opportunities. exchange information, experiences and expertise. Until recently, these meetings have taken place within the context of a Steering Group. However, the role and title of the Steering Group are currently being redefined to better reflect the needs and aspirations of those directly involved in the projects, and the needs of the Company as a whole. Legal, strategic and financial governance of TTF Ltd is provided by a Board of Directors. The role of the Board is to conduct the business for the Company in accordance with the statutory responsibilities of Directors as set out under the Companies Acts 1985-1989 and 2006. Its roles and responsibilities are set out in detail in TTFs Memorandum and Articles of Association (see Appendix I) and include setting the companys policy and strategic direction and managing and overseeing the projection of its public image. The activities of TTF are further supported by a paid community animateur, engaged on a selfemployed basis to help develop and implement the organisations plans. TTF is currently seeking funding to appoint a freelance programme development co-ordinator.

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2.4

Key People

2.2

Legal Status

Transition Town Forres Ltd is a Company Limited by Guarantee with Company Number SC346142, incorporated on 24th July 2008. The company is also a registered Scottish Charity (No SC040314).

2.3

Company Structure

Many of the day-to-day activities of TTF are taken forward within specific projects and operational hubs as described in Section 7 of this Plan. Project leaders and activity coordinators have responsibility for taking these forward within parameters set by the Board of Directors, to which the project leaders and activity co-ordinators report. Project leaders and co-ordinators meet on a regular basis for mutual support, to co-ordinate activities and to

The Project Leaders and members of the Board of Directors (as at July 2009) are as below: 2.4.1 Project Leaders / Activity Co-ordinators Kristy Puplett Allotments. Anne Marie Skidmore - Local Market. Carin Schwartz Plastic Bag Free Forres. Ruth Fishkin Vision Group. Nick Anderson Awareness-raising (film nights). 2.4.2 Board of Directors Carin Schwartz (Chair) - retired banker with keen interest in community life and the environment. Fabio Villani (Treasurer & Company Secretary) - Local community activist & social entrepreneur. Marie Jacques - retired Senior Lecturer & researcher, deeply involved in community activities. Ruth Fishkin - part-time psychosynthesis counsellor and therapist. Suzie Tish - Self employed Chartered Architect, specialising in ecological architecture. Updates and more detailed profiles of the Directors are provided in Appendix II.DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

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52.4.3 Animateur Kristy Puplett supporting Project Leaders and the Directors. In 2008, the TTF Chair became a Director of Transition Support Scotland. A permaculture course was held in September 2008. In November TTF won a Your Moray Your Environment award. Resilience training events were held in January and February 2009 and public consultation events were held in January and March 2009 the outputs of which have informed this Development Plan (see Part III).

2.5

Contact Details

Registered Office: 20 Tolbooth Street, Forres, Moray IV36 1PH Tel: 01309 696266 Email: ttforres@googlemail.com Web: www.TTForres.org

2.6 Milestones & Activity to date 2.6.1 Milestones The key milestones in the development of the TTF Project to date are:December 2007 - TTF initiated. June 2008 - TTF Ltd constitution signed. July 2008 - TTF incorporated. October 2008 Climate Challenge Fund funding award confirmed. March 2009 Charitable status obtained. March 2009 Development Plan published.

2.7

The Local Community

Forres is an ancient Royal Burgh located on the Moray coast about 25 miles east of Inverness and 10 miles west of the county town of Elgin. The town is situated between the floodplain of the River Findhorn and the wooded slopes of the Cluny and Sanquhar Hills and has a current population of approx. 9,500.

2.6.2 Activities & AchievementsSince its inception in late 2007, the TTF Project has been highly active in promoting community interest and awareness in the Transition Town movement, the potential for working towards transition status for Forres and the need for action to achieve this. The emerging TTF group started to screen films and discuss the relevant literature. Since January 2008, 15 films have been shown with average audiences of 30. Awareness-raising talks on subjects including energy efficiency, insulation, food, solar panels and more have been arranged. 2 workshops in cooperation with SEAD (Scottish Education and Action for Development) have been held and there have been numerous smaller meetings to discuss projects such as the plastic-bag free Forres and a cooperative market (attended by many local food providers and businesses). TTF provided awareness-raising stalls at the local Highland Games, at local fairs and at a local library day. The Chair of TTF spoke about Transition Towns at the Aberdeen "All-Green 08" conference to an audience of about 100 people. Three members of TTF attended a two-2-day Transition Town training in Dundee, one member attended a two-day UK Transition Town conference and the Scottish Transition Gathering in Fife.

In addition to the town, the local satellite villages and a substantial rural population, there are also two other distinct communities close to Forres the Findhorn Foundation and RAF Kinloss some of whose members live in the town and use its facilities. The local Forres community has a proud history of participation and engagement, working together through a wide and diverse range of community groups striving to enhance the quality of life in and around the town.

2.8

Strategic and Policy Context

The global, national and local contexts for this Development Plan are provided by the recent exponential growth of Transition Initiatives, an emerging and evolving approach to community-led sustainability. It is estimated that there are currently some 700 towns, villages and cities worldwide where Transition Initiatives are underway, of which 83 (including Forres) are in the UK.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

62.8.1 The Transition Towns Movement The Transition Towns movement has come about as a response to the twin pressures of Peak Oil and Climate Change, arguably the two toughest challenges facing humankind at the start of the 21st century. The movement is being pioneered by communities in the UK, Ireland and beyond that are taking an integrated and inclusive approach to engaging people and communities to help reduce their carbon footprint and increasing their ability to withstand the fundamental shift that will accompany Peak Oil. Transition initiatives and the wider movement are predicated on exemplifying the principle of thinking globally and acting locally. They are about complementing schemes that are in place to address the challenges of Peak Oil and Climate Change at the global and national levels by making sure that the changes they demand in the way we live our day-to-day lives can actually be put into practice at ground level. The principal schemes at the global level are the Oil Depletion Protocol, which provides a model for both oil producing and oil consuming countries to systematically reduce global oil consumption, and Contraction and Convergence, which offers a mechanism for reducing global carbon emissions and establishing much greater levels of equity in peoples and nations right to emit carbon. At the national level, energy rationing systems offer a practical mechanism for reducing fossil fuel consumption and government is tentatively engaging with this. Transition Initiatives play their significant role at the local level through the process of relocalising all essential elements that communities need to sustain themselves and to thrive. It builds local resilience in the face of the potentially damaging effects of Peak Oil and Climate Change. 2.8.2 National Policy Context (Scotland) The aims and aspirations of the Transition Town Forres Project fit strongly within a number of key national and local level strategic and policy contexts, notably those concerning climate change, community planning and the Scottish Governments five strategic objectives - Healthier, Greener, Stronger and Safer, Wealthier and Fairer, and Smarter. The Scottish Climate Change Bill, published in December 2008, represents one of the Scottish Governments key pieces of legislation being placed before Parliament this term. It creates a long-term framework that will commit the Scottish Government to statutory targets to reduce Scotland's greenhouse gas emissions by 80 per cent by 2050 and establish an interim target of 50 per cent emissions reductions by 2030. 2.8.3 Local Policy Context Also in 2008, national and local government signed a concordat committing both to moving towards Single Outcome Agreements (SOAs) for all 32 of Scotland's councils. Single Outcome Agreements are agreements between the Scottish Government and each council which set out how each will work towards achieving the 15 national outcomes for the local people in a way that reflects local circumstances and priorities. The SOA for Moray was drawn up under the auspices of the Moray Community Planning Partnership. Whilst the aims of the TTF are compatible with, and could play a role in contributing to delivery of all the National Outcomes, they are particularly relevant for and supportive of Outcomes 11 and 14, namely: 11 - We have strong, resilient and supportive communities where people take responsibility for their own actions and how they affect others. 14 - We reduce the local and global environmental impact of our consumption and production.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

PART IIVISION, MISSION, PRINCIPLES, AIMS, OBJECTIVES & OUTCOMES

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3 Vision, Mission, Principles & Aims3.1 VisionTTFs vision is for a vibrant and sustainable local community with social and economic resilience to meet the challenges of climate change and fossil fuel depletion.

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3.4

Charitable Aims

The charitable aims for which TTF Ltd is established are as stated in the companys Memorandum of Association: a) the advancement of community development, b) the advancement of environmental protection and improvement, including the promotion of sustainable development*. c) the advancement of education, and d) the promotion of health, in the Forres area.

3.2 Mission StatementOur mission is to foster, develop and support new and existing local networks and initiatives to better position the community of Forres to meet the challenges of climate change and fossil fuel depletion.

3.5

Strategic Aims

Transition Town Forres has three overall strategic aims, which are:

3.3 Operating PrinciplesTTFs underpinning ethical and operating principles are based on: Thinking globally, acting locally. Inclusiveness, thereby demonstrating a community in which differences are welcomed and individual talents, needs, vulnerabilities and gifts are embraced. Fairness and equity. Working in partnership with other communities and community groups where this provides mutual benefits. Community empowerment. On-going community engagement. Realistic, accurate and truthful evaluation in planning, action, and review. Permaculture principles. Organic food production as a primary driver of local food production, storage and supply. Using Energy Descent Planning* as a means of moving towards local independence of fossil fueldependent infrastructure.* See Page 13

1 To improve the situation and outlook of Forres as climate changes and fossil fuel supplies decline by fostering sustainability and resilience in the local community. 2 To foster positive planning to lift Forres out of fossil fuel dependency. 3 To encourage and promote health, choice and empowerment for the people of Forres and local community networks, within an ecologically and ethically grounded framework.* Defined by the 1987 United Nations Bruntland Commission Report Our Common Future as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

4 Objectives & Outcomes4.1 ObjectivesLinked to its strategic aims, TTF will develop and implement its activities based on the following objectives: Table 1: TTF Ltd Objectives Strategic Aim 1 - To improve the situation and outlook of Forres as climate changes and fossil fuel supplies decline by fostering sustainability and resilience in the local community. Obj 1 Obj 2 To raise awareness on climate change issues. To develop local plans to cope with climate change. Thus, in 2-3 years time: The communities in and around Forres will have become more aware about the issues, challenges and implications of climate change and have begun to take proactive and measureable steps to reduce the environmental impact of consumption and production within Forres and its surroundings. Carbon emissions from 10% of Forres households will have been lowered by 20% through local food production and purchasing, reduced consumption and substitution of fossil fuels by alternative renewable energy sources. In 10 years time: Forres and its surrounding communities will have re-localised their hope for the future, grown stronger, healthier, more resilient, cohesive and mutually supportive in taking responsibility for their own actions and how they affect others. Forres will have virtually eliminated the inappropriate use of plastic bags. The general health and well-being of Forres and its surrounding communities will have shown tangible signs of improvement. In 20 years time: Forres will have become carbon neutral. As a Transition Town, Forres will have achieved a level of financial sustainability and self-sufficiency that does not rely on external grant or other funding and where money is the currency of exchange rather than a commodity.

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Strategic Aim 2 - To foster positive planning to lift Forres out of fossil fuel dependency. Obj 3 Obj 4 To encourage a change of attitude towards fossil fuel consumption. To reduce local dependency on fossil fuels.

Strategic Aim 3 - To encourage and promote health, choice and empowerment for the people of Forres and local community networks, within an ecologically and ethically grounded framework. Obj 5 Obj 6 Obj 7 To increase community capacity, resilience and cohesion. To improve the health and well-being of the community in the Forres area. To create a food focused social, health and educational Community Project.

4.2 OutcomesTTF envisages that the following outcomes will have arisen from achieving its aims and objectives over the short and longer terms. These outcomes are expressed as the differences that the Transition Town Forres project will have made to our local communities and environment over time, as distinct from the physical activities - typically referred to as outputs - that have been carried out.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

PART IIICOMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT & CONSULTATION

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

5 Community Consultation5.1 The Consultation ProcessThere were a number of interconnected purposes for involving the local community in the preparation of the TTF Development Plan, including: informing and enthusing the local community about the vision, aims and objectives of TTF; gathering feedback and engendering community interest and involvement in, and ownership of, the initiatives currently planned or being developed by TTF; identifying ideas for potential additional initiatives to be included either in the Development Plan or in the longer term aspirations of TTF. Community engagement was structured around three main phases: Phase 1 - A drop-in community event held in Forres Town Hall on 31 January 2009. This gave participants the opportunity to learn more about and comment on the work and plans of TTF to date, as well as the opportunity for them to suggest other activities or initiatives for TTF to include in its plans and to indicate their willingness to take part in TTF activities and/or subsequent phases of the engagement process. Phase 2 - A facilitated group session was held on 14 February 2009 and a number of informal interviews with Directors, supporters and associates of TTF, as well as informal interviews with individuals who accepted the invitation to put their own names forward during Phase 1. Phase 3 - An open event held in Applegrove School on 14 March 2009, to present a draft outline of the Development Plan to the wider community, and offer a further opportunity to gather community feedback and comments. Although the above consultation events were carried out principally to help inform the Development Plan, TTF is committed to a process of continued community engagement and feedback.

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5.2 Analysis of Consultation OutputsA number of suggestions were received from participants at the January and March events. These were collected using action planning templates prepared specially for the events, and have been collated in Appendix III. Some of these suggestions have been included in the Plan or a are otherwise being taken forward for early development and implementation; examples of these include suggestions about: re-skilling initiatives linked to growing and preparing food; interviewing older members of the community to gather practical experience and advice from the past to help address present and future challenges; setting up seed and plant-swapping events; promoting a Moray diet, for example through local shopping initiatives and by encouraging those willing to take up this challenge to monitor where their food comes from and to seek to increase the proportion of local food consumed. Other suggestions will inform future plans and activities; examples of these include: initiatives intended to promote cycling, for example by installing more cycle racks and providing led cycle rides in the local area; working towards zero waste from households; setting up a demonstration building using the latest technology to show how no cost heating can be achieved by appropriate design; community composting.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

The informal interviews and discussions with Directors, members and associates of TTF have not been collated, as they were mainly recorded through annotations on early drafts of the Plan, influencing the Plan as it evolved. However, the outputs of the facilitated group session held on 14 February 2009 were recorded and have been included in Appendix IV.

The group session attracted Directors and supporters of TTF, and generated a number of ideas, some for inclusion in the Development Plan, others identifying practical responses to challenges related to activities such as awareness-raising and carbon footprinting. Suggestions from this session include: courses and other activities which could be included in the re-skilling programme; aims and focus of a TTF Community Energy Company, and steps leading up to commissioning a feasibility study on setting this up; supporting the 350 campaign as part of the awareness-raising activities of TTF; producing a local food directory; setting up a food buyers co-operative.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

PART IVSTRATEGY & IMPLEMENTATION

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6 Development Strategy6.1 IntroductionThis section of the Plan sets out how Transition Town Forres will go about achieving its vision and strategic aims, and implementing its objectives, by linking these to eight operational hubs and associated activities. The diagram below illustrates how these various elements of the development strategy are connected or interlinked as set out in the subsequent sections of the Development Plan.Values VISION VISION Values

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6.2.1 Carbon Footprinting & EDAPThe central element of this hub is the development of an Energy Descent Action Plan (EDAP) for Forres. Whilst at the core of energy descent is designing means to move away from fossil fuel-dependency, energy descent is a concept affecting every aspect of community life. An EDAP, although different in content and style for every settlement, is likely to be about more than just carbon footprinting. It could set out a wider vision of a powered down, more resilient, relocalised future and sets out steps and a map for achieving this. EDAPs generally explore a wide range of issues and opportunities as well as energy, including food, tourism, social economics, health, education and awareness. Forres is no exception to this, and its EDAP will in effect act as an umbrella for many of TTFs other operational hubs. TTF will develop its EDAP cooperatively between different local organisations and through wider community engagement in Forres over a two-year period from 2009. The Plans main practical purpose will be to progressively reduce carbon emissions in Forres to achieve total carbon neutrality for the town by 2028. It is envisaged that development of the Plan will start with a baseline study of the carbon footprint of 38 Forres households (approximately 1% of all households) by the end of March 2009, expanding to cover a total of 380 households by March 2010. Follow-up carbon reduction surveys of the initial 38 households will be completed by March 2010 and of the remaining households by March 2011, the objective of these studies being to demonstrate a 20% reduction in carbon emissions in the households sampled. Under this hub heading the following specific activities are proposed: A1 Develop the methodology for, and prepare, an Energy Descent Action Plan for Forres Carry out carbon emissions reduction baseline studies. Follow up Study of carbon emissions in 380 households to assess impact of project.

Mission

Strategic Aims Objectives Operational Hubs Activities Activities Activities

Development Strategy Structure

6.2 Operational Hubs & ActivitiesThere are currently eight operational hubs or key activity areas that emanate from the Transition Town Forres Project and together will deliver the Projects aims objectives. These are as illustrated and described in more detail below:Reducing use of plastic bags Forres Allotments(Community Garden)

Re-skilling

Community

Energy Company

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Carbon Footprint & EDAP

A2Community Cafe Local Food & Markets

Visioning & Awareness Raising

A3

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

6.2.2 Community Energy CompanyTTFs Climate Challenge Fund (CCF) funding award includes provision for the establishment of a Community Energy Company (CEC). It was originally envisaged that such a company would be based on a bio-ethanol project for which there is financial provision to fund a feasibility study. However it has subsequently been agreed with the CCF that the scope and timing of this feasibility study should be extended to include relevant outcomes of the community consultation linked to the production of this Development Plan and therefore to take into account other potential renewable energy generation sources, such as fuelwood, other biomass and solar power in addition to bioethanol. As well as assessing economic and environmental feasibility, the scope of the study would also include recommendations as to the most appropriate vehicle and legal mechanism for the establishment and management of the CEC itself. Subject to the outcome of the feasibility study, the aim of the Transition Town Forres CEC would be to reduce Forress dependence on traditional non-renewable fuels. Based on the assumptions that any energy produced should be available to all Forres residents (not just supporters of the TTF Project) and that the CEC would not only produce, but also promote means of saving energy, its activities might include exploring ways to: reduce local use of energy (e.g. by more effective insulation); produce energy locally (including microproduction); lobbying Moray Council to take more action on saving and producing sustainable local energy; work with existing local, micro- and community-energy producers such as those at Marcassie, Findhorn and Roseisle. The following specific activities are proposed: A4 Commission Feasibility Study for the establishment of a Community Energy Company. Establish a Community Energy Company for Forres. [Subject to the outcome of the Feasibility Study].

Common Good Land at Bogton Road situated adjacent to the A96 Forres by-pass (see plan extracts below), 1.46 acres of which will be used as a community garden. Several people will be working together in small groups, each on an area of 200m2. These "pods" will be managed using organic principles and time and effort will be spent on spreading knowledge about permaculture principles. This is intended to be a supportive arrangement where people of varying ability and knowledge come together to grow food. This can make it possible for those with gardens at home to start growing their own vegetables in their own back garden once they have learned the basics of gardening.Location of the Community Garden in Forres

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Current site lay-out (March 2009)

A5

6.2.3 Establishing Community AllotmentsIn March 2009 TTF successfully negotiated with the Moray Council to secure an eleven-year lease of 2.3 acres (0.93hectares) area of

Artists impression of possible ideas for future lay-out of the Community GardenDEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

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19 The assets and finances associated with the markets will be owned and managed by the Company, and there will be no external restrictions on stall-holding in the market other than capacity and compliance with the companys purposes and relevant rules and regulations.An element of the Climate Challenge funding has been allocated to the capital purchase by TTF Ltd of stalls and a trailer to transport them. Stallholders at the proposed markets will thus be required to pay a stall hire fee to TTF Ltd, thereby covering direct costs such as insurance, licenses, maintenance of stalls and trailer and also helping to ensure the sustainability of the project. Individual stallholders will be responsible for ensuring that they hold appropriate public liability insurance and food hygiene certificates, as well as declaring any profits. It is anticipated that the first market, comprising around eight market stands, will be held in summer 2009. Linked with the development of the farmers and community markets is the potential for auditing the local shopping and dietary footprint to establish a baseline of how much food is sourced, purchased and consumed from within the local Forres area. This could then provide the basis for promoting and encouraging the re-localising of food shopping lifestyles. Proposed activities: A8 Hold monthly food and crafts markets in Forres. A9 Produce a Local Directory of food and other produce. A10 Promote a Moray diet.

There is also an aspiration of TTF to match willing growers with people with gardens that need attention. A longer term aspiration is to extend the arable land to include 7.34 acres of what is currently known as the "Seagull Field". Produce will be grown for personal consumption but TTF would like to support an exchange system whereby any surplus produce will be used primarily as food before anything is discarded on the compost heap. Linked to the development of the community garden might be educational initiatives to promote and train people in growing fresh food locally and about optimum nutrition and health. The following specific activities are proposed: A6 Establish and administer a community garden and allotments scheme for Forres. Develop a programme to promote the local growing and eating of fresh food and training in techniques, including permaculture.

A7

6.2.5 Provision of a Community CafeThere is interest and potential scope for establishing a community caf and shop in close proximity to, and linking closely with, the allotments scheme within the Bogton Road site. Thus the relevant activity is: A11 Establish a community cafe and shop in conjunction with the community garden.

6.2.4 Local Food & MarketsThe TTF plans to establish local farmers and community markets. The aim of the markets is to provide opportunities for members of the Forres and other local communities to purchase and/or sell healthy, fresh and locally grown food and other products, as well as providing a vehicle for TTF to promote health and raise awareness of environmental and other sustainability issues, thus helping it to further TTFs charitable objectives. Initially the plan is to hold an outdoor food and plants market in Andersons School Car Park, and an indoor craft market in the coffee bar of Forres House Community Centre on the second Saturday of each month, subject to the relevant permissions being granted by the Moray Council.

6.2.6 Reduction in the inappropriate use of plastic bagsTTF aspires to raise awareness of the many ways in which plastic is currently used in ways that are unsympathetic and damaging to the environment. One of the most noticeable uses is that of single use plastic carrier bags, such as those handed out free of charge in supermarkets but for which the average duration of use is18 minutes.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

20TTF has commissioned fair trade, organic cotton bags with the logo "I love Forres". This bag will be initially used to attract people to help us with TTFs carbon reduction surveys. The bags will also serve to highlight that carrier bags can be used many times over. TTF is aiming for Forres, amongst many others, to follow the example of Mudbury, the first town in the UK who went plastic-bag free in 2008. As part of the wider national campaign to raise awareness of the environmental impact of plastic bags, TTF will promote the adoption of bags of alternative, more environmentally friendly materials by supplying and distributing cotton, TTF-branded carrier bags via Forres shopkeepers and directly to the local community. A12 Establish a programme to help Forres eliminate the inappropriate use of plastic bags. include regular discussion meetings, film nights, articles in local papers, presentations to existing groups and other educational activities on big picture topics relevant to the Forres area and communities, including the EDAP and other topics such as rising sea levels. TTF might also consider promoting companies supporting or producing green energy, such as Green Energy, Good Energy and Ecotricity, and services providing domestic energy advice such as SCARF and the Energy Saving Trust. TTF will support the 350 campaign, 350 being the number that leading scientists say is the safe upper limit, in "parts per million", for carbon dioxide in our atmosphere to avoid runaway climate change. 350 is also a close fit with the number of Forres households targeted for demonstrating carbon footprint reduction, thus providing a link with the 350 campaign. The following specific activities are proposed: A14 Publish a regular newsletter for local distribution in and around Forres. A15 Facilitate regular open community meetings to encourage feedback and involvement in the Transition Project. A16 Facilitate an ongoing programme of educational films, discussion meetings and other events to promote the Transition Town movement. A17 Develop a programme of activities and events to support the 350 campaign. A18 Inform and assist with replication of the TTF project in other communities.

6.2.7 Re-skillingMany of the skills, wisdom and experience taken for granted by previous generations and by our elders have tended to become lost or forgotten. In moving Forres towards a lower energy future and relocalising its local communities, our elders deserve to be respected and listened to and their skills and wisdom revived and passed on. TTF will therefore look to establish a re-skilling programme, including the collection and revival of older peoples skills and experience as important knowledge capital. A wide range of re-skilling courses could be relevant, with some being made available in conjunction with TTFs partner organisations and local businesses. For example, building, bike repairs and maintenance, basket weaving, wild foods, coppicing, preserves and foodstuffs, cooking (with seasonal and locally produced products), traditional dance, music, storytelling and song. A13 Establish a re-skilling programme.

6.3 Partnership WorkingAs mentioned in Section 3.3, one of TTFs operating principles is to work in partnership and collaboration with other local community groups that share and/or complement TTFs vision and values and that - by working together - can bring mutual strength and contribute to achieving their desired outcomes. Current partners and their respective roles are shown in Table 2 overleaf. This list is by no means exhaustive, and a number of other community groups and organisations have expressed an interest in future partnership working with TTF, including ReBoot, Moray Wastebusters, Rotary Club of Forres, Forres Footpaths Trust, the Dava Way Association and the Marcassie Farm Project.

6.2.8 Visioning & Awareness-RaisingTTF recognises the importance of identifying key partners, building networks and continuing to engage and prepare the community for the future development of Transition Town Forres. For an effective Energy Descent Action Plan (see 6.2.1) to evolve and attract buy-in, its participants need to understand the potential effects of Peak Oil and Climate Change the former demanding a drive to increase community resilience, the latter a reduction in carbon footprint (Transition Initiatives, Primer Version 26). To help with this process, therefore, there is a need to expand awareness-raising activities to

6.4 TTF Policy DevelopmentTTF is in the process of developing a number of documented policies articulating its commitment to its operating principles. These will include

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

21policies relating to: Health & Safety Equality and Diversity Volunteering values, its beliefs and its commitment to social inclusion and sustainability.

6.5 Strategic ChecklistTable 3 below provides a checklist to show how each planned activity supports TTFs Charitable and Strategic Aims (see Page 9) and Objectives (see Page 10).

Guidance Notes will also be prepared to assist Board Members and Project and Activity Coordinators in the practical implementation of TTFs policies as well as to ensure that the Companys practices support and uphold its Table 2: TTFs Partner Organisations Partner Organisation Forres Groups Action Forres Community Council The Moray Council Forres Area ForumForres in Bloom Forres Community Woodlands Trust

RoleServes as a Community Hub with 10 local community groups (including TTF) as members. Provides working space and administrative resources. Provides a formal interface between Forres and the Local Authority. The Local Authority, facilitating access to the Community Garden site. Local forum for community organisations with support worker provided by The Moray Council. Particularly supportive of TTF community allotments project. Community organisation committed to protecting and enhancing the environment of Forres. Particularly supportive of the TTF allotments project. Community group and Scottish Charity working to bring local woodlands into community ownership and management for delivery of a range of complementary environmental, economic and social benefits and activities, including provision of natural burial sites, opportunities for development and access to non timber forest products and re-skilling opportunities. Scottish Transition Network for supporting local Transition initiatives. TTF Chair is a TTS Board member.

Transition Town Scotland Network

Table 3: Aims, Objectives and Activities Checklist ActivityA1 Develop the methodology for, and prepare, an Energy Descent Action Plan for Forres Carry out carbon emissions reduction baseline studies. Follow up Study of carbon emissions in 380 households to assess impact of project. Commission Feasibility Study for the establishment of a Community Energy Company. Establish a Community Energy Company for Forres. Establish and administer a community garden and allotments scheme for Forres. Develop a programme to promote the local growing and eating of fresh food and training in techniques, including permaculture.

Charitable Aims a b c d

Strategic Aims 1 2 3

Objectives 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

A2 A3

A4

A5 A6

A7

denotes activity contributes directly to delivery of the specific aim / objective denotes activity contributes indirectly to delivery of the specific aim / objectiveTRANSITION TOWN FORRES LTD DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

Table 3: Aims, Objectives and Activities Checklist (continued) ActivityA8 A9 A10 A11 Hold monthly food and crafts markets in Forres. Produce a Local Directory of food and other produce. Promote a Moray diet. Establish a community cafe and shop in conjunction with the community garden. Establish a programme to help Forres eliminate the inappropriate use of plastic bags. Establish a re-skilling programme. Publish a regular newsletter for local distribution in and around Forres. Facilitate regular open community meetings to encourage feedback and involvement in the Transition Project. Facilitate an on-going programme of educational films, discussion meetings and other events to promote the Transition Town movement. Develop a programme of activities and events to support the 350 campaign. Inform and assist with replication of the TTF project in other communities.

22Objectives 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Charitable Aims a b c d

Strategic Aims 1 2 3

A12

A13 A14

A15

A16

A17

A18

denotes activity contributes directly to delivery of the specific aim / objective denotes activity contributes indirectly to delivery of the specific aim / objective

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

7 Action Plan7.1 Implementation ProgrammeThis Section provides a summary Action Plan (see Table 4 below) incorporating the above, each linked to the relevant objectives or management activities outlined in Section 6 Table 4: Summary Action Plan ActivityA1 Develop the methodology for, and prepare, an Energy Descent Action Plan for Forres.

23

together with a level of priority (low, medium, high), an approximate time-scale, milestones and performance indicators. The Action Plan then forms the framework for the Financial Forecasts in Section 8.

Timing

Priority

Milestones

Key Indicators

Full Plan by end March 20011

HIGH

A2

Carry out carbon emissions reduction Baseline Studies.

By end March 2010

HIGH

A3

A4

Follow up study of carbon emissions in 380 households to assess impact of project. Commission Feasibility Study for the establishment of a Community Energy Co. Establish a Community Energy Company for Forres. Establish and administer a community garden and allotments scheme for Forres.

By end March 2011

HIGH

EDAP methodology & No. of areas of scope agreed. community life included in EDAP. Food section drafted. No. of people and Energy, waste and organisations involved in transport section drafted. developing and agreeing Full EDAP completed. EDAP. No. of EDAP recommendations implemented. First tranche of No. of households households audited. audited. Second tranche of No. of households households audited. committed to reducing carbon footprint. Follow up audit of 380 No. of households households from first and audited. second tranche % reduction in carbon completed. emissions. Recommendations from scoping study implemented. Completed Feasibility Study with recommendations. Progress towards delivery of Company aims and targets. No. of pods established. No. of allotments established. No. of people involved in using garden pods / allotments.

Year 1

A5

By end March 2010 Years 1-3

A6

A7

Develop a programme to promote the local growing and eating of fresh food and training in techniques, including permaculture.

Year 2

Scoping study agreed and completed. Feasibility Study Brief drawn up. Consultant appointed Study completed. Focus and form of MEDIUM Company agreed. Company established. Community Garden site HIGH lease agreed with Moray Council. First community garden pods established. Allotments site secured. Allotment plots assigned and established. Project group set up to develop programme. MEDIUM Programme developed and agreed. Programme implementation started. HIGH

No. of events held. No. of people participating. Feedback from participants. Impact on growing and eating habits.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

Table 4: Summary Action Plan (cont) ActivityA8 Hold food and crafts markets in Forres.

24PriorityHIGH

TimingMonthly from 2009 Twice monthly from 2010. Weekly from April 2011 Year 2

Milestones

Key IndicatorsFrequency of markets. No. of stallholders. Footfall. Feedback from stallholders, customers and visitors.

All equipment and legal requirements in place. First market held. First twice monthly MEDIUM markets held. First weekly market held. Markets self-financing.

A9

Produce a Local Directory of food and other produce.

A10

Promote a Moray Diet.

Year 1

A11

A12

Establish a community cafe and shop in conjunction with the community garden. Establish a programme to help Forres eliminate the inappropriate use of plastic bags.

Year 2

Project group set up. No. and range of MEDIUM Draft directory produced. producers included. No. of directories Directory printed and distributed. distributed. Feedback from producers and community. MEDIUM Directory produced (as Increase in purchase of A9 above). locally produced food. Leaflet produced. Reduction in carbon footprint. CAS and CFINE outlets established. Recipe book published. Planning consent obtained. Level of usage & HIGH feedback. Trading commenced. Self sustainability achieved. HIGH Alternative bags sourced and purchased for distribution. Official launch. I Love Forres bags distributed. No. of alternative material bags distributed to shopkeepers. No. of alternative material bags distributed to members of public. Nos. of shops offering alternative to plastic bags to customers. Nos. of shops still offering customers plastic bags. Community garden opens. No. of training courses provided. First sustainable building No. of different skills constructed. acquired. Listen to Elders Project launched. No. of partner organisations engaged. First re-skilling course held. No. of people trained. Frequency of publication No. of newsletters established and resourced. printed / e-circulated.

Project launched by end March 2009

A13

Establish a re-skilling programme.

Year 1 HIGH

A14

A15

Publish a regular newsletter for local distribution in and around Forres. Facilitate regular open community meetings to encourage feedback and involvement in the Transition Project.

Years 1-3

HIGH

Years 1-3

HIGH

Frequency of meetings decided. Programme established.

No. of consultation events / meetings held. No. of people attending Feedback received.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

Table 4: Summary Action Plan (cont) ActivityA16 Facilitate an on-going programme of educational films, discussion meetings and other events to promote the Transition Town movement. Develop a programme of activities and events to support the 350 campaign. Inform and assist with replication of the TTF project in other communities.

25PriorityHIGH

TimingYears 1-3

Milestones Promotional material designed & printed. Frequency and programme agreed.

Key Indicators No. of films shown. No. of public presentations held. No. of discussion meetings held. No. of other events. Level of public awareness about meaning of 350.

A17

Years 1-3

HIGH

A18

Years 1-3

Floral display in Grant Park, Forres. Public meeting raising awareness about 350 campaign. Knowledge transfer programme set up.

LOW

No. of invitations from other organisations. No. of other organisations visited.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

8 Financial Forecasts and Funding8.1 Financial ForecastsAn outline forecast of expenditure and revenue for the three-year period 2009-12 is provided in Table 5 overleaf. The total estimated cost of the Project over the 3 year Plan period is 705,651. The forecasts of costs are indicative and where appropriate based on experience of similar activities carried out elsewhere. Some external costs have been modified to take into account that a number of the scheduled activities may be carried out on a voluntary basis or as part of training events, thus removing a significant element of professional or contractor costs. It should also be noted that: An annual uplift (from Year 2) of 5% has been applied to costs where appropriate. Costs are inclusive of (non-refundable) VAT where anticipated. Costs and income include in-kind contributions as appropriate. Clearly prioritisation of activities may also need to be altered or reviewed to reflect availability of relevant funding. However, the overarching principle of Transition Town Forres Ltd in fund raising will be to source funding that matches its aims and objectives and community aspirations, rather than vice versa. An important role of this Development Plan is therefore to provide evidence of Transition Town Forres Ltds vision, aims and objectives to support funding applications. Also implicit in pursuing the vision and aspirations of the Transition Town Forres Ltd is the need to gradually reduce dependence on external public and private funding (for which priorities and availability regularly change and funding awarded on a competitive basis and therefore cannot be guaranteed) and supplement or substitute with sustainable, internally generated income streams. Examples include the Community Markets, Community Cafe and, in due course, income generated through the Community Energy Company. 8.3.1 Other funding sources Other potential public agencies that offer grant funding that could be applied for include: The Landfill Community Fund. HIE (through its Community Grants Programme).

26

8.2 Funding RequirementsThe forecasts indicate that funding of the order of 221,525 in addition to that available through the TTFs current Climate Challenge Fund award will need to be sourced so as to fully implement the Action Plan as outlined in Section 7.

8.3 Funding StrategyAs a number of the Projects proposed activities are intended to be revenue generating, Transition Town Forres Ltd will consider providing match funding when appropriate to supplement grant funding required to support net cost activities. Mechanisms and procedures will thus need to be put in place that will ensure that the application, structure, administration and accountability for funding are understood and approved by the Transition Town Forres Ltd Board of Directors and any funding body(s) as appropriate on an activity by activity or project basis.

The new LEADER programme. The Scottish Community Foundation. BIG Lottery funding (eg, Awards for All, Dynamic Inclusive Communities). A matrix showing how the range of proposed management activities might typically be funded is provided in Table 5 below. However, this list is by no means exhaustive, and there are numerous other private Trusts and sources of funding that are or might become available in due course.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

27Table 5. Expenditure & Revenue Forecast 2009-10

Item / Activity

() Year 1 2009/102,730 1,260 45,394 53,040 1,911 2,750 5,000 2,835 620 1,579 4,000

Year 2 2010/112,867 1,323 57,950 53,040 2,006 2,206 5,250 2,977 441 1,654 750

Year 3 2011/123,010 1,390 60,850 55,690 2,105 2,105 5,510 3,125 465 1,735

Totals8,607 3,973 164,194 161,770 6,022 7,061 15,760 8,937 1,526 4,968 4,750

ExpenditureOffice costs. Telecoms, broadband and other ICT costs. Facilitators, consultants, speakers, animateurs, administrative & secretarial support etc.. Management & governance (in kind contributions from 1 Directors and Project Leaders ) Insurances. Volunteer and community participants expenses and travel costs. Stationery, post, printing and promotion, including display boards etc.. Venue, catering and childcare for meetings and events. Book keeping and audit. Membership fees for national organisations, subscriptions and awareness-raising materials. Research and feasibility study for Community Energy Company, consultancy fees + company setting up costs Local Market: Market stalls, licences etc. Pavillion Community Caf / shop and office: Furniture and fittings. Community Garden: Tools, equipment and machinery for composting and allotment. Deer and rabbit fencing, hedges, drainage and site management. Community garden & allotment cultivation (in kind contributions from volunteers 2) Greenhouses, polytunnels, sheds, buildings and pavilion: site preparation, erection, upgrades, enhancements and maintenance. Canvas bags.

2,552 2,500

1,000 250

1,050 265

4,602 3,015

7,300 6,600 46,800

1,000 1,000 78,000

10,000 21,050 81,900

18,300 28,650

206,700 22,436 2,000 211,307 80,526 99,840 30,941 211,307 1,500 2,100 215,314 35,130 131,040 49,144 215,314 26,575 2,205 279,030 0 137,590 141,440 279,030 50,511 6,305 705,651 115,656 368,470 221,525 705,651

TOTAL EXPENDITURE IncomeClimate Challenge Fund In-kind contributions Other funding to be generated

TOTAL INCOME1 2

Years 1 & 2: Chairs contribution, full time 40hrs/week @ 15; volunteers / subgroups 10hrs/week @ 15; Treasurer, 3hrs/week @ 15; Board Directors, 5 people 8hrs / month @ 25. Year 1: Volunteers in garden / allotment 30 people 3hrs / week @ 10; Year 2: 50 people 3hrs / week @ 10; Year 3 add 5%.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

28Table 5: Matrix showing possible funding streams for proposed Activities

Possible Funding StreamsBIG Lottery (eg Awards for All, Dynamic Inclusive Communities) TTF Ltd In kind / Match Funding Scottish Community Foundation

Management Objective / Activity

A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7

A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15

A16

A17 A18

Develop the methodology for, and prepare, an Energy Descent Action Plan for Forres Carry out carbon emissions reduction Baseline Studies. Follow up study of carbon emissions in 380 households to assess impact of project. Commission Feasibility Study for the establishment of a Community Energy Company. Establish a Community Energy Company for Forres. Establish and administer a community garden and allotments scheme for Forres. Develop a programme to promote the local growing and eating of fresh food and training in techniques, including permaculture. Hold monthly food and crafts markets in Forres. Produce a Local Directory of food and other produce. Promote out a Moray Diet. Establish a community cafe and shop in conjunction with the community garden. Establish a programme to help Forres eliminate the inappropriate use of plastic bags. Establish a re-skilling programme. Publish a regular newsletter for local distribution in and around Forres. Facilitate regular open community meetings to encourage feedback and involvement in the Transition Project. Facilitate an on-going programme of educational films, discussion meetings and other events to promote the Transition Town movement. Develop a programme of activities and events to support the 350 campaign. Inform and assist with replication of the TTF project in other communities.

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

Community Landfill Fund

Climate Challenge Fund

HIE Community Grants

LEADER

TRANSITION TOWN FORRES LTD

DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

PART VMONITORING, EVALUATION & REVIEW

TRANSITION TOWN FORRES LTD

DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

9 Monitoring, Evaluation & Review9.1 Monitoring & ReviewMonitoring, evaluation and review of delivery of TTF Ltds strategic aims, objectives and Action Plan targets and milestones will be an essential element of the Transition Town Forres Project. Responsibility for this will lie with the TTF Board, which will also be responsible for ensuring compliance with all legal, statutory and regulatory requirements, including the appropriate maintenance and management of the Companys assets. Priorities will continue to be reviewed and reassessed regularly at Board meetings on the basis of information provided by TTF Board members, Project and Activity Co-ordinators, staff and volunteers, and of feedback from other stakeholders. A more formalised monitoring and review process will be carried out on a regular basis as set out in Table 6 below and will include consultation with a wide range of stakeholders at regular intervals to obtain their views on the progress and effectiveness of the Project. Table 6: Monitoring & Review Schedule Reports on progress of the Development Plan will also form an essential part of the Groups AGM and Annual Reviews and in reporting to key funding bodies, notably the Climate Challenge Fund via its managing agent Keep Scotland Beautiful. The programme of activities and priorities has been set out against each of the operational objectives in Section 7. Monitoring and review will include comparing actual achievements with the targets, milestones and key indicators allocated to each of the activities set out within the Action Plan. This will be complemented by feedback gathered from on-going consultation and engagement with the local community, volunteers and TTF stakeholders; minutes of Board meetings; written and oral progress reports by staff, Project Leaders and Activity Co-ordinators to the TTF Board.Transition Town Forres Ltd March 2009

30

ItemProgress monitoring by TTF Board Assessment of impact and effectiveness of the project by members and stakeholders Development Plan Development Plan Strategic Aims & Objectives Prioritisation of Activities Action Plan Forecast of Revenue & Expenditure & Funding requirements Income and funding Generic Risk Assessment All TTF Policies & Procedures

Review PeriodMonthly Annual Monitor and update as required; review by end 2011. Annual 6 monthly Annual 6 monthly 6 monthly Annual Review on 3 year cycle

TRANSITION TOWN FORRES LTD

DEVELOPMENT PLAN (as updated July 2009)

APPENDIX I TTF LTD MEMORANDUM & ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION

Company Number: SC346142 Scottish Charity No: SC (application pending)

The Companies Acts 1985-1989

Company limited by Guarantee and not having a share capital

Memorandum&

Articles of Associationof

Transition Town Forres LtdIncluding amendments approved by all members on 22 December 2008

Incorporated the 24th of July 2008

The Companies Acts 1985-1989Company Limited by Guarantee and not having a share capital

Memorandum of Association of

Transition Town Forres Ltd1. The name of the Company is Transition Town Forres Ltd (hereinafter referred to as the Company). 2. The Company's registered office is situated in Scotland. 3. The objects for which the Company is established are: e) the advancement of community development, f) the advancement of environmental protection and improvement, including the promotion of sustainable development, which is defined by the 1987 United Nations Bruntland Commission report Our Common Future as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

g) the advancement of education, h) the promotion of health, in the Forres area. 4. In furtherance of these objects but not otherwise, the Company shall have the

following powers:4.1 4.2 To provide such support as is charitable in law to groups and individuals. To arrange and conduct research, preparations and organisation for the promotion and implementation of training courses, exhibitions, lectures, seminars, conferences, other meetings and other activities conducive to the promotion of the objects of the Company and the preparation, production, editing, publication, exhibition and distribution of articles, pamphlets, books and other publications, tapes, motion and still pictures of any medium, music and drama of any medium and other materials conducive to the promotion of the objects of the Company. To employ and organise the training of all such officers, employees and others as may be required for the purposes of the Company to assist in achieving its objects. To establish, subsidise, promote, co-operate or federate with or become affiliated to, act as trustees or agents for, or manage or lend money or provide other assistance to, or subscribe and make contributions to or otherwise support any recognised or registered charitable association, trust, society or other recognised or registered charitable body corporate or unincorporated and having primary objects wholly or partly similar to those of the Company, or otherwise connected with the activities of the Company or with the furtherance of any of its objects. To establish, operate and administer and/or otherwise acquire separate trading companies or associations, whether charitable or not.

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.6

To purchase, take on feu, lease, hire, take in exchange, and otherwise acquire any land, property and rights which may be advantageous for the purposes of the activities of the Company. To construct, convert, alter, demolish, improve, manage, exploit, develop, turn to account and otherwise deal with all or any part of the undertaking, property and rights of the Company. To sell, feu, let, hire, license, give in exchange and otherwise dispose of all or any part of the undertaking, property and rights of the Company, wheresoever situated. To manage and operate or arrange for the professional management and operation of properties, lands and estates whether owned by the Company or not and the entering into and carrying out of agreements in relation thereto with statutory and other bodies, individuals, unincorporated associations, firms, corporate bodies and others and any groups thereof in furtherance of the objects of the Company. To provide services generating income to further the objects of the Company. To borrow money and give security for the payment of money by, or the performance of other obligations of, the Company or any other person. To draw, make, accept, endorse, discount, negotiate, execute and issue cheques, promissory notes, bills of exchange, bills of lading, warrants, debentures and other negotiable or transferable instruments. To establish and administer a building fund or funds or guarantee fund or funds or endowment fund or funds in furtherance of the objects of the Company. To employ and train personnel in all aspects of the Companys objects and to remunerate any individual in the employment of the Company and to establish, maintain and contribute to, or co-operate with others in establishing, maintaining and contributing to, any pension or superannuation fund or scheme for the benefit of, and to give or procure the giving of any donation, pension allowance or remuneration to, and to make any payment for or towards the insurance of, any individual, who is or was at any time in the employment of the Company and the wife, widow, relatives and dependants of any such individual; and to establish, subsidise and subscribe to any institution, association, club and fund which may benefit any such person. To promote any private Act of Parliament, Provisional Order and other authority to enable the Company to carry out its objectives, alter its constitution, and achieve any other purpose which may promote the Company's interests, and to oppose or object to any Parliamentary Bill, Local Authority Notice or Order, or any planning proposal, designation, application, notice or order, whether issued by or on behalf of or by the authority of Parliament, any Government or statutory agency or any organisation, whether incorporated or unincorporated, any association, other bodies, individuals or generally any application or proceedings which may prejudice the Company's interests. To enter into any arrangement with any organisation, government, authority or other body which may be advantageous for the purposes of the activities of the Company and to obtain from any such organisation, government, authority or other body any charter, right, privilege or concession.

4.7

4.8

4.9

4.10 4.11

4.12

4.13

4.14

4.15

4.16

4.17

To enter into partnership or any other arrangement for sharing profit, cooperation or mutual assistance with any charitable body, whether incorporated or unincorporated. To give any debentures or securities and accept any shares, debentures or securities as consideration for any business, property and rights acquired or disposed of. To effect insurance against risks of all kinds. To invest monies of the Company not immediately required for the purposes of its activities in such investments and securities (including land in any part of the world) and that in such a manner as may from time to time be considered advantageous (subject to compliance with any applicable legal requirements) and to dispose of and vary such investments and securities. To subscribe for, take, purchase or otherwise acquire and hold shares, stocks, debentures and other interests in any company with which the Company is authorised to amalgamate and to acquire and take over the whole or any part of the undertaking, assets and liabilities of any company, association or other body with which the Company is authorised to amalgamate. To accept subscriptions, grants, donations, gifts, legacies and endowments of all kinds, either absolutely or conditionally or in trust for any of the objects of the Company. To take such steps (by way of personal or written appeals, public meetings or otherwise) as may be deemed expedient for the purpose of procuring contributions to the funds of the Company, whether by way of subscriptions, grants, loans, donations or otherwise. To carry out any of these objects in any part of the world as principal, agent, contractor, trustee or in any other capacity and through an agent, contractor, subcontractor, trustee or any person acting in any other capacity and either alone or in conjunction with others. To do anything which will further the attainment of any of the objects of the Company.

4.18

4.19 4.20

4.21

4.22

4.23

4.24

4.25

And it is declared that in this clause where the context so admits, "property" means any property, heritable or moveable, real or personal, wherever situated in the world. 5. 5.1 (a) Subject to clause 5.2, the income and property of the Company shall be applied solely towards the promotion of its objects as set out in clause 3 of this Memorandum of Association; no part of the income and properly of the Company shall be paid or transferred, directly or indirectly, by way of dividend, bonus or otherwise by way of profit to the members of the Company; no member of the Board of Trustees of the Company shall be appointed to any office under the Company in respect of which a salary or fee is payable; and no benefit in money or money's worth shall be given by the Company to any

(b)

(c)

(d)

member of the Board of Trustees for their services as a Trustee, except repayment of out-of-pocket expenses. 5.2 (a) The Company shall, notwithstanding the provisions of clause 5.1, be entitled: to pay reasonable and proper remuneration to any member of the Company or of its Board of Trustees in return for services actually rendered to the Company (other than those carried out normally or habitually by any Trustee, officer or employee of the Company) and to reimburse any out-of-pocket expenses incurred by any such person on behalf of the Company in furtherance of its objects; to pay interest at a rate not exceeding the commercial rate on money lent to the Company by any member of the Company or its Board of Trustees; to pay rent at a rate not exceeding the open market rent for premises let to the Company by any member of the Company or its Board of Trustees; and to purchase assets from any member of the Company or its Board of Trustees providing such purchase is at or below market value and to sell assets to any member of the Company or its Board of Trustees providing such sale is at or above market value.

(b)

(c)

(d)

6. 7.

The liability of members is limited. Every member of the Company undertakes to contribute such amount as may be required (not exceeding 1) to the Company's assets if it should be wound up while he or she is a member or within one year after he or she ceases to be a member, for payment of the Company's debts and liabilities contracted before he or she ceases to be a member, and of the costs, charges and expenses of winding up.

8. 8.1 The winding-up of the Company may take place only on the decision of not less than three-fourths of the members of the Company to be taken only at an Extraordinary General Meeting called specifically (but not necessarily exclusively) for the purpose.

8.2

If on the winding up of the Company any property remains after satisfaction of all the Company's debts and liabilities, such property shall not be paid to or distributed among the members, but shall be given or transferred to some other charitable company, institution or organisation having objects similar to or encompassing those of the Company and which shall prohibit the distribution of its or their income and property among its or their members to an extent at least as great as the Company being wound up. The expression charitable purpose shall mean a charitable purpose under section 7 of the Charities and Trustees Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 which is also regarded as charitable purpose in relation to the application of the Taxes Acts. To the extent that effect cannot be given to the provisions of clause 8.2, the relevant property shall be applied to some other charitable object or objects as shall be determined by ordinary resolution of the members of the Company at or before the time of dissolution or, failing such determination, by the Board of Trustees.

8.3

WE, the Subscribers to this memorandum of Association, wish to be formed into a Company pursuant to this memorandum.

Names and Addresses of Subscribers

Full Name Address

Signed

Date

Full Name Address

Signed

Date

Full Name Address

Signed

Date

Full Name Address

Signed

Date

Full Name Address

Signed

Date

Signed in the presence of: Full Name Address Date Signed

The Companies Acts 1985-1989

Company Limited by Guarantee and not having share capital

Articles of Association of

Transition Town Forres LtdGENERAL 1. The regulations contained in Table C in the Companies (Tables A to F) Regulations 1985 shall not apply to the Company. In these presents the words standing in the first column of the Table next hereinafter contained shall bear the meaning set opposite to them respectively in the second column thereof, if not inconsistent with the subject or context MEANINGS - The Companies Act 1985 as amended and every statutory modification and re-enactment thereof for the time being in force. - These Articles of Association, and the regulations of the Company from time to time in force. - Transition Town Forres Ltd - The Board of Directors for the time being of the Company. - Director(s) for the time being of the Company. -The Registered Office of the Company. - The Members of the Company. - Those persons and/or bodies who have subscribed both these Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company.

WORDS The Act

These Articles

The Company The Board of Trustees Trustee(s) The Office Members The Subscribers

The United Kingdom Month In writing

- Great Britain and Northern Ireland. - Calendar month. - Written, printed, e-mailed or lithographed, or partly one and partly another, and other modes of representing or producing words in a visible and non- transitory form. - In relation to a period of notice means that period excluding the day when the notice is given or deemed to be given and the day for which it is given or on which it is to take effect.

Clear days

Words importing the singular number only shall include the plural number, and vice versa; and Words importing the masculine gender only shall include the feminine gender. Subject as aforesaid, any words or expressions defined in the Act shall, if not inconsistent with the subject or context, bear the same meanings in the Articles.

2.

The Company is established for the purposes expressed in the Memorandum of Association. MEMBERS

3. The number of members of the Company shall not be less than five. 4. The Subscribers to the Memorandum of Association shall be the first five members of the Company. 5. Any group whom the Board of Trustees shall admit to membership of the Company shall be a Member. Membership is open to individuals and organisations who support the objects of the Company and is subject to the completion of an evaluation process to the satisfaction of the Board of Trustees. 6. There will be no fee for membership but all members will be required to sign an Accord of Membership annually, renewing their commitment to the objectives of the Company and their support of the UN Declaration of Human Rights (General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948).. 7. Any member may resign from the Company by giving not less than one month's notice in writing to the Secretary at any time. 8. Any member may be removed from the Company by a resolution of the Board of Trustees passed by a majority of at least three-fourths of the Trustees present and voting at a meeting of the Trustees of which not less than fourteen days' previous notice specifying the intention to propose such resolution shall have been sent to the member whose removal is in question and to all the Trustees. Notice of the general nature of the grounds on which such resolution is proposed shall be sent to the member whose removal is in question at least seven days prior to the meeting and the member in question shall be entitled to be heard by the Trustees at their meeting. On a member being removed under this Article all privileges of membership will be forfeited. 9. Any member may be removed from the Company by summary notice in writing given by the Board of Trustees if: (i) the annual commitment of such member to the objectives of the Company is not renewed for a period of not less than six months or such other period as the Board of Trustees shall from time to time determine; or (ii) notice of any resolution to wind up the member is presented or if any member shall be declared insolvent or apparently insolvent or sign a Trust Deed for behoof of creditors or if a receiver or liquidator of any member's undertaking, property or assets or any part thereof be appointed. 10. The Company shall keep a proper Register of its members, containing their names and addresses. 11. The rights and privileges of a member shall not be transferable for whatever reason. A Member which is a corporation, association, or other body may appoint one or more persons as it thinks fit as its representatives, but only one may act for and represent such Member at any meeting of the Company. Furthermore, only one representative of a Member group may be elected as Trustee of the Company. GENERAL MEETINGS 12. The Company shall hold a General Meeting in every calendar year as its Annual General Meeting at such time and place as may be determined by the Board of Trustees and shall specify the meeting as such in the notices calling it, provided that every Annual General Meeting except the first shall be held not more than fifteen months after the holding of the last preceding Annual General Meeting, and that so long as the Company holds its first Annual General Meeting within eighteen months after its incorporation it need not hold it in the year of its incorporation nor in the following year. 13. All General Meetings, other than Annual General Meetings, shall be called Extraordinary General Meetings. 14. The Board of Trustees may whenever they think fit convene an Extraordinary General Meeting, and must convene one within twenty-eight days of receipt at the Office of a valid requisition. To be valid, such requisition must be signed by not less than whichever is the greater, five members or twenty-five per cent of the membership of the Company, must clearly state the objects of the meeting and must be deposited at the Office. The requisition may consist of several documents in like form each signed by one or more requisitionists. If any of the objects stated by the requisitionists requires to be determined by Special Resolution, the Board of Trustees must give not less than twenty-one clear

days' notice of the meeting in writing. 15. Twenty-one clear days notice in writing at the least of every Annual General Meeting and of every meeting convened to pass a Special Resolution, and fourteen clear days' notice in writing at the least of every other General Meeting, specifying the place, the day and the hour of meeting, and in the case of special business the general nature of that business, shall be given in manner hereinafter mentioned to the members and to such persons or bodies as are under these Articles or under the Act entitled to receive such notices from the Company; but with the consent of all the members having the right to attend and vote thereat, or of such proportion of them as is prescribed by the Act in the case of meetings other than Annual General Meetings, a meeting may be convened by such notice as those members may think fit. 16. The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting to, or the non-receipt of such notice by, any members, persons or bodies entitled to receive notice thereof shall not invalidate any resolution passed at or proceedings of any meeting. PROCEEDINGS AT GENERAL MEETINGS 17. All business shall be deemed special that is transacted at an Extraordinary General Meeting, and all that is transacted at an Annual General Meeting shall also be deemed special, with the exception of the consideration of the income and expenditure account and balance sheet, the reports of the Board of Trustees and of the Auditors, the fixing of the annual subscription, the election of members of the Board of Trustees in the place of those retiring, and the appointment of, and the fixing of the remuneration of, the Auditors. 18. No business shall be transacted at any General Meeting unless a quorum is present when the meeting proceeds to business. Save as herein otherwise provided, five members entitled to vote upon the business to be transacted, each being a member or a proxy for a member or a duly authorised representative of a member, shall be a quorum. 19. If within half an hour from the time appointed for the holding of a General Meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened on the requisition of members, shall be dissolved. In any other case it shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week, at the same time and place, or at such other day, time or place as the Board of Trustees may determine. 20. The Chairman of the Company shall preside as Chairman of all meetings, but in his or her absence members of the Company present shall choose one member of the Company (or an authorised representative thereof) who shall be present to preside as Chairman of the meeting in question. 21. The Chairman of the meeting may, with the consent of any meeting at which a quorum is present (and shall if so directed by the meeting) adjourn the meeting from time to time, and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than business which might have been transacted at the meeting from which the adjournment took place. Whenever a meeting is adjourned for thirty days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given in the same manner as for an original meeting. Save as aforesaid, the members shall not be entitled to any notice of an adjournment, or of the business to be transacted at an adjourned meeting. VOTE OF MEMBERS 22. Each member of the Company shall have one vote. 23. No objection shall be raised to the qualification of any voter except at the meeting or adjourned meeting at which the vote objected to is tendered, and every vote not disallowed at the meeting shall be valid. Any objection made in due time shall be referred to the Chairman of the meeting whose decision shall be final and conclusive. 24. At any General Meeting a resolution put to the vote of the meeting shall be decided on a show of hands. Ordinary business and ordinary resolutions shall be determined by simple majority, whilst Special Resolutions shall be determined by a majority of not less than three-fourths of the members attending and voting in person or by proxy at the meeting to which the resolution is put.

25. In the case of an equality of votes, the Chairman of the meeting shall be entitled to a casting vote in addition to a deliberative vote. 26. Subject to the provisions of the Act, a resolution in writing signed by or on behalf of the appropriate majority (as set out in Article 24 above) of all the members for the time being entitled to receive notice of and to attend and vote at General Meetings shall be as valid and effective as if the same had been passed at a General Meeting of the Company duly convened and held. Such resolution may consist of several documents in the same form, each signed by one or more members. 27. A member shall not be entitled to appoint more than one proxy to attend on the same occasion. A proxy need not be a member. A proxy appointed to attend and vote at any meeting instead of a member shall have the same right as the member who appointed him to speak at the meeting and to vote thereat. 28. The instrument appointing a proxy shall be in writing under the hand of the appointing member or his attorney duly authorised in writing, or if such appointing member is a corporation under its common seal, if any, or under the hand of some officer duly authorised in that behalf. 29. The instrument appointing a proxy and the power of attorney or other authority (if any) under which it is signed or a certified copy thereof shall be deposited at the Office not less than forty-eight hours before the time appointed for holding the meeting or adjourned meeting at which the person named in the instrument proposes to vote, and in default the instrument of proxy shall not be treated as valid. No instrument appointing a proxy shall be valid after the expiration of twelve months from the date of its execution, unless it expressly states to the contrary, in which event it shall be treated as valid until rescinded by the grantor in writing at the Office. 30. A vote given in