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The Igloo A Dome of Many Wonders. Outline Igloo basics Igloo science Construction of an igloo An igloo in Hyde Park

Apr 01, 2015

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The Igloo A Dome of Many Wonders Slide 2 Outline Igloo basics Igloo science Construction of an igloo An igloo in Hyde Park Slide 3 What is an igloo? Comes from Inuit word for house Usually means a dome-shaped dwelling made of snow Not a quinzhee Slide 4 Igloo Culture Igloos were built by Inuit in the Canadian central arctic and Greenlands west shore Used mainly as temporary shelter on hunting trips Larger semi-permanent igloos were also built that could house several families Design of igloos varies between Inuit cultures Slide 5 Igloo Physics A hemisphere is not a good dome shape Ideal dome shape is a catenary Innuit design is very close to this ideal Height/Diameter = 0.3 for minimal stress But compression shrinking so its best to make H/D > 0.3 Theoretical maximum size of igloo is: D = 34 ft., H = 12 ft. Slide 6 Slide 7 Igloo Physics A hemisphere is not a good dome shape Ideal dome shape is a catenary Innuit design is very close to this ideal Height/Diameter = 0.3 for minimal stress at base But compression shrinking so its best to make H/D > 0.3 Theoretical maximum size of igloo is: D = 34 ft., H = 12 ft. Slide 8 Slide 9 More Igloo Physics Rate of heat flow through igloo given by where Q/t = heat flow per unit time, k = thermal conductivity, A = area of interior/exterior of igloo, T i = interior temperature, T o = exterior temperature, L = thickness of igloo Can calculate Q/t in the interior making simple assumptions about people Using reasonable values, temperature difference between inside and outside can be about 60 C Slide 10 Construction of an Igloo Snow must be packed Cut wedge shaped snow blocks using snow saw Lay blocks in helical pattern, cutting block thinner as you go up Dig a trough leading into igloo and cover with snow blocks Terrace interior to so that inhabitants are elevated Cut ventilation holes Slide 11 Block laying pattern Slide 12 Construction of an Igloo Snow must be packed Cut wedge shaped snow blocks using snow saw Lay blocks in helical pattern, cutting block thinner as you go up Dig a trough leading into igloo and cover with snow blocks Terrace interior to so that inhabitants are elevated Cut ventilation holes Slide 13 Igloo Side View Slide 14 Igloos of the Future Slide 15 Building an Igloo in Hyde Park Problem: snow is not well packed Solution: pack it into buckets Problem: snow is cold and not fun to touch Solution: buy a shovel Problem: people throwing shit at your igloo Solution: none Slide 16 The location: 60 th and Drexel Slide 17 Igloo Nick Slide 18 STAGE 1: COMPLETE Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 The Finished Igloo!