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Tellabs ® 8600 Managed Edge System Overview OVERVIEW
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Page 1: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Tellabs® 8600Managed Edge System Overview


Page 2: Tellabs 8600 Overview

IntroductionThe aim of this document is to give the reader a basic understanding of the Tellabs® 8600

Managed Edge System and a vision as to where the platform is developing. It covers the

target market, the main applications and the component building blocks that make up the

system today and in a longer term. As a prerequisite, the reader should have a basic

knowledge of telecommunications and mobile networks. The document is written at a

relatively high level and starts with an overview of access networks from both a wireless and

wireline perspective. This is followed by a more detailed introduction to the Tellabs 8600

system and how it can operate in both of these types of networks. The final section

concentrates on the specific network elements and the network management system,

which is an essential and integrated part of the whole solution.

Tellabs operates globally and is a leading supplier of managed access transport platforms to

service providers around the world. Tellabs has a successful record of providing managed

access solutions to more than 300 customers over the past 15 years. The Tellabs 8600

system is a next-generation packet-based platform that is suitable for both access and

regional networks in mobile transport and converged networks. It is attractive not only to

new customers building long term network solutions but also to existing Tellabs® 8100

Managed Access System customers wishing to extend the capabilities of their current

access networks.

Tellabs knows how important it is to provide our customers with a seamless migration from

their current solutions as they introduce new technology and provision new services. A lot of

effort has therefore been made to integrate all of the network elements under one

management system. A chapter of this guide is dedicated to what this means in practice

and the added value that it provides for the customer.



Page 3: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Table of ContentsIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

Network evolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

The Tellabs® 8600 Managed Edge System in next-generation networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

The Tellabs 8600 system’s benefits and role in wireless transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

The Tellabs 8600 system in GSM and UMTS networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

Customer cases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

The Tellabs 8600 system in CDMA networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Tellabs 8600 system functionality in a mobile network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

The Tellabs 8600 system in wireline transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Network and service deployments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Managed migration path from the Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 systems. . . . . . . . . . .19

Network elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Element architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Network management system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Summary of product features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Acronyms and initialisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34


Page 4: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Network evolutionThe Tellabs® 8600 Managed Edge System has been designed using

feedback from many global telecommunications service providers.

Together they face the following market and technology challenges:

In wireless networks, the 3G and release 5 ratification is

accelerating the move of mobile services to an all-IP network;

mobile service providers are therefore looking for a way to migrate

their current Radio Access Networks (RANs) based on

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) to a manageable Internet

Protocol (IP) implementation.

In wireline networks, business and residential services are

becoming predominately IP- and Ethernet-based; with increasing

bandwidth requirements and new service delivery models, the

current infrastructure is becoming inefficient and expensive to


Fixed and wireless convergence is taking place both in the

services and in the underlying networks; the distinction between

these previously distinct applications is now becoming blurred.

These challenges and the issues they raise are explained in more

detail below. This is followed by a section explaining how the Tellabs

8600 system helps to address them.

Wireless Networks

After years of speculation, mobile network operators are finally

going through the evolution from 2G to 3G. This transition, which

will call for major investments in the mobile network infrastructure,

is taking place globally in both GSM- and CDMA-dominated

markets. In practice, the evolution of mobile networks will mean

upgrades to all mobile-network-specific components – from the

mobile cell stations, through the RAN, and right into the core

network. The underlying transport technologies are expected to

undergo a transformation from Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)

and Frame Relay (FR) to ATM and eventually IP. At the moment, the

use of Internet Protocol / Multiprotocol Label Switching (IP/MPLS) is

restricted to the core of next-generation mobile networks but is

gradually moving out into the RAN and towards the user. Eventually

it will be used to provide an all-IP network, replacing the legacy

ATM systems over the long term.

Because the RAN infrastructure is expected to rely sooner or later

rely heavily on IP, it makes economic sense to converge the fixed

and mobile networks to use the same generic packet-based

architecture. As an example, many mobile operators intend to offer

WiFi or WiMAX as complementary access methods in certain areas

for different services. Additionally, business services such as the IP

Virtual Private Network (IP VPN) or Metro Ethernet can be used to

enhance the service portfolio.

Wireline Networks

The increased utilization of the Internet and the move to IP-based

applications and services is both a business and residential user


One of the most popular business services is Local Area Network

(LAN) interconnection, which is used to build corporate intranets

and share company data and applications across remote sites.

Traditionally, the technology for providing LAN interconnection has

been TDM, FR and ATM. However, these are all limited in their

capacity and are not very cost-efficient when used to transport data

traffic in high volumes. The trend today is towards Ethernet- and IP-

based services, which offer a more natural fit to the predominately

data traffic mix. They are also more economical for the service

provider to deploy, given the ubiquity of Ethernet-equipped network


This unified technology is blurring the boundary between the

customer and service provider networks. It therefore offers service

providers the opportunity to offer more value-added services such

as VPNs, storage backup and outsourced IT applications.

Now that bandwidth is becoming a commodity, users’ service

expectations are rising. Simple connectivity as a service is no longer

adequate; service providers need the ability to differentiate their

services. Users are demanding Service Level Agreements (SLAs)

from their service providers. These SLAs specify, for example, the

service availability, repair time and service quality parameters. To

maintain these service levels, the service provider can also manage

the customer premises equipment directly on the customer’s behalf.

The main force for the growth of IP traffic has arisen from the ever-

increasing use of the Internet. This has been fueled recently by the

now widespread availability of broadband services to home users.

New applications continue to be layered on IP, and legacy systems

are already being replaced with IP alternatives – Voice over IP

(VoIP) being a prime example.

As broadband services become an essential part of everyday home

life, the demand for bandwidth will continue to grow exponentially.

This is creating pressure on the bandwidth available to the end user

and is also creating scalability issues in the wider core network. The

promise of triple-play services, where voice, data and video services

are available through a single access interface, is another challenge

for service providers to deliver cost-effectively.

The Wider Challenge

An IP infrastructure is the ideal choice for quickly and cost-

effectively delivering different types of business and residential

services. However, it is critical that it comply with the traditional

requirements of the service provider: carrier-class operations and

manageability. For instance, wireless service providers need the

Quality of Service (QoS), predictability and reliability that up to now

could be delivered only with connection-oriented networks. The

deployment of converged packet-based networks will enable

wireless carriers to offer higher-value data services, which will

enhance their existing voice services and create new revenue

streams. With the Tellabs 8600 system, Tellabs offers service

providers a scalable and potentially cost-effective solution to this


The Tellabs® 8600 Managed Edge Systemin next-generation networksThe Tellabs 8600 system is a next-generation platform for building

advanced telecommunications networks and services. It has been

designed to meet the requirements of service providers who need

to extend packet switching technologies more and more deeply into

their access networks. While doing so, it provides the reassurance

of a true carrier-class platform on which to build and deploy new


Tellabs understands that any investment made in the access



Page 5: Tellabs 8600 Overview

network has to last for many years. It has therefore designed a

system that is so scalable and extendable that it is intended handle

years of new service deployment and change. Tellabs also

understands the pressures facing today’s service providers. Falling

margins in both fixed and mobile voice revenues, plus increasing

regulatory and competitive pressure, are squeezing profit margins


Working with its global customer base, Tellabs has designed the

Tellabs 8600 system to offer very low operation costs as well as

rapid network and service deployment with an architecture that

facilitates efficient use of the available network resources. Since

existing Tellabs customers have made significant investments in

their current access infrastructure, Tellabs provides a seamless

transition and compatibility between its Tellabs® 8100 Managed

Access System, the Tellabs® 6300 Managed Transport System and

the new Tellabs 8600 system. Full management capabilities across

all of these platforms are provided by a single management system,

the Tellabs® 8000 Network Manager.

The Tellabs 8600 system builds on the extensive experience Tellabs

has gained with managed access platforms in over 300

deployments of fixed and mobile networks worldwide. The addition

of IP/MPLS technology creates a robust, scalable and manageable

platform for delivering next generation voice and data services. The

combination of IP and MPLS provides the predictable properties of

ATM but at the lower cost of Ethernet based devices. Extending

MPLS into access and regional networks makes the entire network

more controllable and efficient for transporting different types of


Figure 1. The Tellabs 8600 system’s position in service provider networks

As is shown in Figure 1, the Tellabs 8600 system is positioned in

the access network to provide four basic applications:

Mobile transport for 2G and 3G RAN

Managed IP VPN and Ethernet services

Multiservice aggregation for existing Tellabs 8100 system and

Tellabs 6300 system services

These applications are described further in the following chapters,

which outline the role of the Tellabs 8600 system in wireless and

wireline networks. In many of these applications, the Tellabs 8100

system and the Tellabs 6300 system solutions currently play an

important role. These are expected to continue to remain in service

provider networks for many years to come. Integration between

these Tellabs platforms is covered later in this document.

The key benefits of the Tellabs 8600 system, explained further in

the chapters that follow, include provision of:

A platform supporting technologies needed for evolving mobile


An intelligent management system

Design for an optimized cost structure

Platform Supporting Technologies Needed for Evolving Mobile Networks

The Tellabs 8600 system when combined with the intelligent

Tellabs 8000 manager is a solution for the needs of evolving mobile

networks. It is a scalable platform that can be positioned anywhere

in the mobile RAN. At the Radio Network Controller (RNC) site it

can provide significant savings for the service provider in the overall

transport cost by improving scalability and optimizing the RNC port

costs. Additionally at the RNC site, the Tellabs 8600 system

platform can act as a Customer Edge (CE) network device.

Positioned at the hub site, the Tellabs 8600 system can bring

significant CAPEX and OPEX savings by optimizing the bandwidth

and improving the management of the transport network through its

testing capabilities and protection solutions. When positioned at the

base station site, the Tellabs 8600 system platform can aggregate

different protocols, encapsulate them into MPLS Pseudo Wires and

statistically multiplex them over various types of backhaul links.

Mobile networks are evolving, and significant changes need to be

made to enable new high-speed data services in the mobile RAN.

In a single platform, the Tellabs 8600 system supports the

technologies needed in mobile transport network evolution. It can

handle the transition in moving from 3G R99 ATM networks to 3G

R5 IP/MPLS and Ethernet networks in a cost-effective manner. At

the same time, the Tellabs 8600 system solution can still also carry

2G TDM traffic, providing a single platform for mobile network


The Tellabs 8600 system platform optimizes network capacity by

using sophisticated Quality of Service and Traffic Engineering (TE)

tools to support the growth of mobile data services. By using

standards-based signaling and network control mechanisms

between the network elements, it is possible to reserve explicit

paths for time-critical, delay-sensitive or bandwidth-intensive

connections through the network. Less time-critical or bandwidth-

intensive connections can be allocated along shared paths, where

bandwidth and delay parameters are more flexibly defined. Wire-

speed forwarding and full resiliency mechanisms are the keys to

very high-speed, predictable performance.

The Tellabs 8600 system is designed for fixed and mobile network

convergence. In addition to the Ethernet connectivity, it can support

any combination of mobile and fixed backhauling, such as E1, ATM

IMA, POS and channelized STM-1 interfaces, in the same network


Intelligent Management System

Because the number of network elements in the access and

regional network is an order of magnitude larger than that in the

core network, effective network management is absolutely essential.

This imposes additional scalability requirements for the

management system.


Page 6: Tellabs 8600 Overview

The Tellabs® 8000 Network Manager is an integral part of the

whole solution. It provides a full set of tools based on an easy-to-

use graphical user interface to manage element-, network- and

service-level configurations. Since the operational management

expenses can be as high as 80% of the overall costs of the

network, this is a key feature of the overall solution.

The Tellabs 8000 manager offers significant advantages for the

service provisioning process and management of large networks.

Traditionally, service provisioning has been performed using

element management systems or even industry-standard

command-line-based tools, which is often a complex and time-

consuming process. Management complexity becomes much

greater when the network grows and several technologies are

involved. According to some service provider statistics, these tools

can result in a first-time success rate of just 60% for provisioning of

individual network elements. This low success rate leads to

significant costs and increased lead times in delivery of new

services. With the Tellabs 8000 manager, service provisioning is a

highly automated process, with the system taking care of creating

all of the parameters and configuring the relevant network elements.

In the same way, making changes to services or network

connectivity is very straightforward and quick. Each connection or

service can even be individually tested before launch or even while

it is operational. For service assurance, the operator can see how

network or element interruptions are affecting individual services,

enabling much faster reaction to changes. Most importantly, with

the Tellabs 8000 manager, monitoring accuracy and management

capabilities are not sacrificed, even when the network scales to tens

of thousands of elements. This can give a huge competitive edge to

a mobile operator with a network facing heavy growth.

The Tellabs manager also operates with open interfaces enabling

data to be retrieved or sent to other Operational Support Systems

(OSS) that are deployed in the service provider environment. All

network- and service-related information is stored in a database,

which is accessible using open Application Program Interface (API)


Design for an Optimized Cost Structure

The network elements of the Tellabs 8600 system solution vary in

size, which facilitates the best fit for every network location. The

platform is flexible, for various applications, and therefore it can

serve essentially all of the transport requirements in the access or

regional network. The modular design of the Tellabs 8600 system

platform provides the flexibility to equip each element with different

capacities and interfaces as required. These are specified according

to the service and network requirements, which typically vary with

the position in the network hierarchy. Depending on the changing

requirements of the data communications infrastructure, the

network capacity and interfaces can be adjusted and upgraded

throughout the service life cycle.

With traditional network element solutions, the cost of separate

switching cards for each platform can become very significant

when one considers the overall cost of the network element. This is

especially true where some network elements are supporting only a

few customer interfaces. This can make the initial network

deployment expensive for new services that may start off with low

customer volumes but require the deployment of many network

elements to reach the target customer market.

With the Tellabs 8600 system, it is profitable build out the network

even with a small initial quantity of bandwidth and services. This is

because the cost of service entry is significantly lower than with a

traditional network elements, which can lead to reduced payback

times and a quicker return on investment. With a distributed

switching architecture, switching capacity is increased as new

interface cards are added. This reduces the service entry cost,

since the basic configuration is very simple, even with full element-

and network-level redundancy features. Expanding the network to

support a larger number of services is achieved by simply adding

new interface cards to the platform. Increasing the scope of the

network to cover denser and larger geographical areas is as easy as

installing new network elements and follows the same “pay as you

grow” principle.

The Tellabs 8600 system’s benefits and role in wireless transportAfter years of speculation as to whether 3G evolution will ever

happen, network deployments have finally started and many

operators have already launched or are currently in the process of

deploying 3G services. The most important 3G standards are UMTS

and CDMA2000. UMTS networks use WCDMA radio technology,

and they are often referred to accordingly as WCDMA networks.

This section of the document discusses how the Tellabs 8600

system can provide a solution for these networks.

When determining the optimal solution and technology for a 3G

network, the service provider should consider at least the following


The investment being made is for the long term, and the network

should be able to scale easily in the future.

The solution must take into account the need for service and

network convergence, where multiple types of service can be

offered on the same platform.

The network management solution must support the business

processes and be able to lower the operational expenses


When compared to the alternatives, the Tellabs 8600 system offers

an attractive and potentially long-term solution to the mobile RAN

transport challenge. Typical RAN transport solutions on the market

today are based on TDM or ATM technologies. These are old

technologies that have limited capacity and do not provide the long

term scalability and flexibility that mobile network evolution

demands. As IP eventually becomes the native transport protocol

throughout the mobile network, new data-rich services will drive the

need for higher-bandwidth services to emerge. Also, with the need

for fixed and mobile network consolidation to reduce operating

costs, service delivery using Ethernet and MPLS will become the

norm. Legacy technologies will not be able to support the

unstoppable move to converged network architectures.

The most significant benefits the Tellabs 8600 system solution

brings to mobile RAN networks can be summarized as follows:

A single-platform solution for 2G/3G architectures and beyond

A potentially long term investment with IP/MPLS support from day


A single management platform for all Tellabs mobile solutions

A highly integrated architecture with carrier-class operations and

low inventory cost



Page 7: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Single-platform Solution for 2G and 3G

In the move from 2G to 3G and beyond, the transport technology

moves from TDM and FR to ATM and eventually to IP. The use of

dedicated solutions for different transport needs is costly from both

a CAPEX and OPEX point of view. The Tellabs 8600 system can

handle the aggregation and transport of all of these protocols in

parallel. This makes perfect sense at, for instance, new or existing

sites where 2G and 3G are collocated. The Tellabs 8600 system is

a vendor independent transport solution that can interoperate with

other vendor’s technology components in the BSS and RAN

infrastructure. And, most importantly, the transport network can be

managed even as a single entity.

Long Term Investment

Today’s mobile transport solutions are based on TDM and ATM

technologies. These are optimal for 2G and for the first releases in

the 3G UMTS networks. However, the longer-term evolution is

expected to bring IP all the way to the access network and even out

to the mobile terminals. At the same time, with the introduction of

the High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and CDMA

1xEvolution – Data Only (EV-DO) high-speed data services, the

bandwidth capacities will increase significantly. This will pose new

challenges for the access and transport networks. The TDM- and

ATM-based network infrastructure will cease to be cost-efficient or

even capable of meeting these challenges, especially since these

technologies do not figure significantly in most telecommunications

equipment vendors’ product strategies. The Tellabs 8600 system is

already based on IP/MPLS, which does not require leapfrog

investments or forklift upgrades in moving to the all-IP phase.

Additionally, it allows the operator to offer new wireline services,

such as Ethernet and IP VPNs, on the same platform.

Figure 2. 3G RAN solution with the Tellabs 8600 system solution

Figure 2 illustrates the comparison of business cases for an ATM

and a Tellabs 8600 system IP/MPLS-based RAN solution. The main

cost savings in favor of the Tellabs 8600 system solution come from

the reduction in CAPEX, since there is no need to invest in

additional IP routing functionality at each site when moving to 3G

R5 and beyond.

Based on business cases prepared by Tellabs, these savings can

amount to approximately 80% of the cost of the equivalent multiple-

platform network. Approximately 20% savings in OPEX can result

from the reduction in leased line costs due to the simpler transport

infrastructure required by the more scalable Tellabs 8600 system.

Otherwise, with both an ATM and an IP platform to look after,

management and maintenance costs will remain high. The amount

of savings gained in terms of leased line rental is a highly market-

dependent figure and in certain markets can be huge.

Once the Tellabs 8600 system solution is deployed close to the

Node-Bs in the access network, the transport infrastructure can be

further optimized with more cost efficient Ethernet interfaces. Also,

the available bandwidth can be utilized in a more efficient way by

allowing overbooking for data services. Ethernet interfaces can be

used to enable new Metro Ethernet services and Ethernet leased

lines for backhaul. This use of Ethernet devices can further lower

the total cost of the RAN.

A Single Management Platform

Tellabs has over 15 years of experience in developing powerful

service providers’ network management tools in cooperation with

our customers. Network management has always been an integral

part of the Tellabs access platforms and has proven to be a key

differentiator in the market. With hundreds of networks based on

the Tellabs solution, Tellabs is now making network evolution and

transition to new technologies even simpler. With a single network

management system, the service provider can manage the whole

network. Also, the service provider can deploy the solution without

cost-intensive integration work and with minimal investments in the

existing management platform. The ability to use the same

personnel and processes without major retraining makes the

change extremely straightforward.

Integrated Architecture with Carrier-class Operations

The Tellabs 8600 system was initially specified, and has been

continuously developed in partnership, with our service provider

customers. All hardware elements and the network management

system are built with high reliability, performance, scalability and

cost-efficiency in mind. The same highly integrated hardware and

software architecture is used across the whole platform. The

distributed switching architecture is the main factor that can make

the system cost efficient to deploy even at small sites. The basic

configuration of the element is kept very simple yet retains the

flexibility to equip each element with the correct mix of interfaces.

This makes it suitable for very different locations and applications.

A broad range of element- and network-level protection options can

be instituted on the basis of the network availability requirements.

The Tellabs 8600 system in GSM and UMTS networksCurrently, mobile operators are required to build their RAN

infrastructure according to a system that was specified long before

MPLS was considered mature enough to win acceptance in service

provider networks. Today, UMTS Release 99 (R99) is the only

application that requires ATM backhaul for efficient transport in the

service provider networks. However, WCDMA implementations

deployed in the U.S. and Asian markets are already IP-based.


Page 8: Tellabs 8600 Overview

The strict R99 ATM requirements do not go away with the

introduction of MPLS. But, by limiting ATM to the edge of the RAN,

the required level of efficiency and robustness can be achieved with

the deployment of a more modern access network. With a Tellabs

8600 system solution, the RAN network can simultaneously handle

the access for any base station through each of the evolution

phases as illustrated in Figure 3.

Figure 3. Multiple networks v. IP/MPLS in 2G and 3G RAN

Over time, the RAN transport is expected to change to IP. This

change applies from R5 onwards. All communication in the mobile

network should eventually be based on IP, and mobile terminals

identified with IP addresses. The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)

will be the method used to set up and tear down such connections

in the mobile network. With the Tellabs 8600 system, the service

provider can plan this network evolution so that there is no need to

change the transport infrastructure even though the network

includes different locations and different stages of evolution. With

the introduction of the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), the whole

network and all devices will be using the same services,

independent of their access technology. True service convergence

will be enabled. Some of the leading service providers have already

begun implementing an IMS infrastructure. The advancing network

and service evolution also brings new data services, with higher

bandwidth and quality management needs. This poses new

challenges for the network transport as well. No single technology

will meet all of the requirements in terms of cost, scalability or


The Tellabs 8600 system solution covers the transport part of the

mobile access network from the base station sites to the RNC/BSC

sites. The launch of 3G networks is driving the need to build a new

and scalable transport infrastructure for these services. In

particular, the emergence of HSDPA and High-Speed Uplink Packet

Access (HSUPA) services will dramatically increase the bandwidth

requirements from the cell sites. Even though 2G networks are

already built out in the most developed markets, in certain areas

there might be locations where there is a need for adding more

GSM base stations. In these cases, the use of one transport

solution for each site is an advantage. The Tellabs 8600 system can

be used for TDM transport in the same way that it is used for ATM.

In practice, both the ATM and TDM traffic is carried through

tunnels that are provisioned with predefined capacities through the

Tellabs 8600 system network. In a similar way, dedicated paths

with specific priorities can be provisioned for any type of connection

across the Tellabs 8600 system network.

Figure 4 below shows where the different Tellabs 8600 system

network elements can be positioned in the mobile RAN.

Figure 4. Tellabs 8600 system positioning in 2G/3G RAN

RNC Sites

Outside the network core, the first optimal position for a Tellabs

8600 system platform is at the RNC site. This network element is

typically a fully redundant and highly scalable Tellabs® 8660 Edge

Switch. It can also be used to connect RNC sites together in the

mobile core network. In addition to 3G traffic, the same network

element can be used to aggregate traffic from the 2G GSM network

into the BSC. This can handle the case where the 2G network is

being upgraded with new equipment or additional sites and would

avoid the need for investments in a separate infrastructure including

network elements and management systems. With 3G traffic

aggregation the Tellabs 8600 system solution is significantly more

economical and scalable than traditional ATM switches. For R99

applications alone with E1 interfaces and IMA towards the Node-Bs

and STM-1 ATM handoff towards the RNC, the operator can save

50% per E1 (see Figure 5). Additionally, the Tellabs 8600 system

platform today offers direct and potentially extremely cost effective

Ethernet interfaces and routing capabilities, which become essential

at least with the future deployments.

Figure 5. Tellabs 8660 switch at RNC site



Page 9: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Using the Tellabs 8600 system at the RNC site offers the service

provider the following potential advantages:

It improves the network scalability and allows more Node-B sites

to be controlled from one centralized RNC.

It reduces CAPEX by reducing the number of interface ports

needed on the RNC. This is as a result of performing the ATM

inverse multiplexing and VP/VC grooming on the Tellabs 8600

system platform.

It enables the use of lower-cost unchannelized interfaces at the

RNC site.

It can further reduce CAPEX since the same network element

can be used as part of the mobile core.

The same platform used for 3G traffic aggregation can be used

for grooming 2G GSM traffic arriving on TDM links.

Hub Sites

Positioning the Tellabs 8600 system platform closer to mobile base

stations can yield additional business benefits. These include better

bandwidth utilization, more options for backhaul technologies and

improved network management capabilities. The role of the hub site

is to aggregate different traffic streams, including voice and data,

from the access network into the mobile core network over fewer

connections. The introduction of a Tellabs-8600-like MPLS network

infrastructure can significantly optimize the bandwidth utilization,

enable use of cost-efficient Ethernet interfaces and reduce the

number of leased lines required to carry the traffic. It also allows the

traffic to be handled with finer granularity. Depending on the

bandwidth, port density and redundancy requirements, the hub site

can be implemented using the Tellabs® 8660 Edge Switch, the

Tellabs® 8630 Access Switch or the Tellabs® 8620 Access Switch.

The business case for utilizing the Tellabs 8600 system solution at

both RNC and hub sites is persuasive, and this solution can

generate significant savings in both CAPEX and OPEX terms. Use of

the Tellabs 8600 system solution for the hub sites saves on

bandwidth costs, not only because of the number of lines required

but also due to the ability to move from Constant Bit Rate (CBR) to

Variable Bit Rate (VBR) transport. This is the gain from statistical

multiplexing, which makes sense with increasing and bursty data

traffic. From some business case calculations with our customers,

we have determined that distributing only one hub layer to the

network can yield more than 25% cost savings in E1 leased line

costs. Naturally, if alternative, more cost efficient transport

technologies are used, the percentage is higher. The Tellabs 8600

system is flexible in this sense and offers various alternatives, such

as Ethernet connectivity, which is becoming more and more

attractive (see Figure 6).

It should be remarked that in a converged network, customers can

be connected to other services over the same Tellabs 8600 system

platform reaching the hub sites. In fact, the service can even be

implemented with the Tellabs 8600 system and related

management system. Both of these improve the operator’s business

case and service manageability.

Figure 6. Tellabs 8600 system at hub site

In summary, use of the Tellabs 8600 system at the hub sites can

bring the following business benefits:

It allows a smooth network migration from TDM to ATM transport

and eventually to IP.

Bandwidth utilization is improved through traffic grooming and

network overbooking.

The solution is scalable for higher-bandwidth data services such


ATM traffic can be monitored and tested over the whole

connection. This is particularly important when statistical gain is


Low-cost Ethernet interfaces can be used for implementing

Ethernet leased-line transport.

Additional value-added services can be carried and managed on

the same network infrastructure. These can include managed IP

VPN and Ethernet services with differentiated SLAs.

Base Station Sites

When the Tellabs 8600 system platform is used at the base station

sites, traffic can be consolidated onto a single access network

infrastructure, which brings savings in transport costs even in the

local loop. Additional savings are gained through statistical

multiplexing, which is significant when higher-speed data services

are brought into use. It is worth noting that, although there is only

one physical connection, the different traffic streams can be

managed logically as independent connections with their individual

service quality requirements. Locating the Tellabs 8600 system unit

at the cell site, like in Figure 7, allows the access network to be

managed end to end so that modifications – for instance, to the

capacity or service quality settings – can be handled remotely.

When the Tellabs 8600 system is deployed to the cell site, there are

several alternative ways to arrange the access to the network.

Depending on the open infrastructure and service requirements, the

service provider can choose Ethernet, DSL or TDM. PDH and SDH

are the most popular alternatives today, since this infrastructure is

widely deployed and reasonable for voice transport. In the

beginning, the 3G traffic is indeed mainly voice. However, when the

HSDPA-based services are launched, capacity requirements grow

and other alternatives are likely to be worthy of consideration.

From a cost and availability point of view, DSL service is attractive

for connectivity. Because the base station can separate voice and

data traffic, voice can be directed to the TDM transport system and

data to DSL via Ethernet. This seems to be a cost-effective set-up.

For instance, DSL’s cost advantage over E1 when backhauling

HSDPA data traffic in the local loop is about 50%. In the context of

RAN’s transport as a whole, even 59% cost savings can be

achieved over ATM-based RNC application.


Page 10: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Another inviting option is to utilize the Metro Ethernet networks,

which are already widely deployed. Also, the bandwidth cost is

typically significantly lower than that of traditional TDM networks. In

using Ethernet transport in the RAN, it is important to make sure

that the synchronization and service quality management can be

arranged properly. With Tellabs 8600 system functionality, these

important elements are well supported. Synchronization is

discussed later in this document.

Figure 7. Tellabs 8600 system at cell site

The Tellabs 8600 system is very flexible, allowing the service

provider to use any of the mentioned technologies for access.

Naturally, it gives the service provider the choice of using the

platform for some base station sites while using traditional SDH

platforms for the last-mile access for other sites. This, of course,

depends on the bandwidth and service requirements, plus the

growth expectations for each area.

For a base station access solution, the Tellabs 8600 system

provides the following main benefits:

It can aggregate different 2G- and 3G-related protocols and traffic

streams on the same platform.

Connection and service parameters can be changed remotely via

the network management system.

New services can be implemented on the platform to attract new

customers and increase revenue streams.

Cost-efficient and scalable Ethernet links can be used for

backhauling the traffic into the RAN.

Efficient Management in Mobile Networks

Mobile networks are by definition very dynamic in nature and are

growing especially dramatically now. New base stations are often

constructed, and bandwidth links are frequently upgraded or

added. When the network is first built, the sooner it can be put into

service, the sooner the service provider can turn on its revenue

stream. Network management has a critical role in all of these

processes. The sophisticated tools of the Tellabs® 8000 Network

Manager provide major benefits for the service provider throughout

the network life cycle. They support day-to-day operations

throughout the continuous evolution of the network, providing end-

to-end connectivity management.

Managed re-hosting capability is one excellent example of the

Tellabs 8000 manager’s competencies. When a selected group of

connections must be moved from one location to another, the

operator can with one command execute the whole operation. The

Tellabs 8000 manager automatically tears down all of the selected

links and rebuilds all of them at the selected interfaces of another

element. This not only makes the process fast but also facilitates

correct configurations for all of the related network elements. In this

context, the operator can even verify the connectivity remotely with

the management system tools.

The Tellabs 8000 manager can offer the service provider the

following advantages:

Fast response to network changes with remote configuring,

automated provisioning and testing

A single management solution for multiple access technologies,

including TDM, ATM, FR, IP and Ethernet

A carrier-class network manager built on the basis of service

provider needs, supporting 30,000 network elements and tens of

concurrent users

An easy-to-learn and -use management system with a graphical

user interface that hides the network complexity from the user

Potentially significant cost savings for operators through provision

of management for multiple technologies, remote management

and fast troubleshooting

Network Convergence

The boundaries between fixed and mobile services and networks

are vanishing. Deregulation is opening up new opportunities for

service providers. The resulting competition is driving every service

provider to extend its service portfolios.

Ideally, the same network infrastructure and the same management

system should be capable of handling all of these different services.

The Tellabs 8600 system is designed exactly for this purpose and

uses MPLS for convergence, as shown in Figure 8. Convergence

can be executed at various levels and depends greatly on the

organization boundaries. One way to segregate the various levels of

convergence is:

Mobile convergence in terms of providing 2G and 3G services

with the same platform

Fixed and mobile convergence where the service provider not

only offers mobile services but also, e.g., produces broadband or

business services, or just transport from a unified infrastructure

Service convergence, of which the IMS infrastructure and the

same service offering independent of the end-user device is a

good example

The access network is the most expensive part of the service

provider’s overall infrastructure. Therefore, the use of common

multiservice-capable elements and flexible management tools in the

access network offers the best potential savings for service




Page 11: Tellabs 8600 Overview

If we look at network convergence from a mobile operator’s point of

view, the following types of services and access technologies are of


WiFi and WiMAX access used as complementary wireless access


Ethernet and IP VPN services for business customers

Broadband Internet access for residential customers

Wholesale bandwidth to offer to other service providers

Transport for Data Communications Networks (DCNs)

The technology evolution from ATM to Ethernet and IP is taking

place everywhere, not only in mobile networks. For instance,

DSLAMs, which are the primary method for implementing

broadband Internet access services, are moving from using ATM to

Ethernet for their backhaul protocol. The combination of

multiservice interfaces and MPLS PWE tunneling on the Tellabs

8600 system platform makes the evolution path easier for service


Customer casesBefore providing a description of the Tellabs 8600 system’s roles in

the mobile backhaul, we consider two examples of how and why

this solution was chosen for specific networks. These two cases are

chosen because they differ from each other in their drivers and

requirements. This shows the flexibility and uniqueness of the

Tellabs 8600 system solution.

Customer Case for Building a Converged Network

This operator was looking at transport solution that lowers the

capital and operational expenditures when moving to a converged

network. The objectives for the transport network project were:

A single converged network to operate and manage all services

Utilization of Metro Ethernet backhauling to lower the cost of


A long-term solution with R5 support

Halting of investment in ATM platforms

Finding of a cost-effective solution for multiservice aggregation


The Tellabs 8630 switches were deployed to the aggregation sites

to allow utilization of a single platform for both 3G traffic and

residential DSL services. This lowered the CAPEX related to the use

of several devices at the hub sites and optimized the costs related

to the backhauling. With the help of the Tellabs 8630 switches,

operators were able to utilize cost-effective Ethernet backhauling for

RAN and solve synchronization challenges often related to ME

backhauling. The Tellabs 8600 system solution offered superior

QoS features and end to end resiliency as required in large-scale

Metro Ethernet backhauling cases. There are already hundreds of

Tellabs 8600 systems deployed in this network.

Customer Case with RAN Optimization

In this RAN optimization reference case, the operator was launching

3G services with a tight schedule due to the fierce competition in

the market – at the same time, two other operators were also

launching 3G services. The main requirements for the first-phase

implementation were:

Rapid deployment of 3G transport to allow rollout of the first 3G


A scalable platform that can support future growth of the services

and replacement of existing ATM devices that had been

implemented for 3G test sites

Full R5 compatibility from the first installation, to minimize the

cost of the transport network and eliminate future forklift


In terms of network management a smooth migration from the

existing network to the new infrastructure

The proposed solution to meet these requirements was a Tellabs

8660 system collocated with the RNCs to:

Optimize RNC port costs – utilization of unchannelized interfaces

towards the RNC

Enhance the scalability of RNCs and RNC front nodes – a single

device with high-density interfaces and support for all

requirement in a single node

Ease management and connection creation from the very

beginning of the commercial 3G solution

The access transport part of the network relied on the existing

SDH-based transport network and external leased lines. This

allowed rapid launch of the service because only new elements

were located at the RNC sites. At this stage of the implementation,

utilization of existing platforms was seen as the most cost effective


Figure 8. Service convergence enabled by MPLS


Page 12: Tellabs 8600 Overview

It was clear to the operator already in the initial planning of the

commercial 3G deployment that the transport network had to be

capable of accommodating growth in the capacity, number of

Node-Bs and proportion of data in the network. The second phase

of the network implementation was planned to support HSDPA

launch. To support the increasing amount of data traffic in the

mobile backhauling, a second layer of MPLS-aware devices was

implemented for the network. The new sites – aggregation sites –

were designed to address the following issues:

Adding statistical gain to the data traffic and offloading the ATM

at the aggregation point to minimize capacity needs and costs of


Optimizing the utilization of leased connections between cell sites

and RNCs

Enabling low-cost transport alternatives like Metro Ethernet

backhaul and EoSDH transport

Simplifying network building and modifications (one touch re-

parenting) with advanced management solutions customized for

mobile access

Obtaining visibility of leased line quality and enabling testing in

the access part of the network

Offering a common infrastructure for 2G and 3G already at the

aggregation point

Offering the possibility to support additional services like Ethernet-

based WiFi and WiMAX in transport but also IP-based services

for several network locations

The transport between aggregation points is still leveraging the

existing SDH network in part – now in Ethernet over SDH mode.

Ethernet interfaces are used towards the SDH network to optimize

the spares management and to equip the network for the future. As

capacities grow even higher, Ethernet interfaces allow rapid

upgrades to Ethernet leased lines, Metro Ethernet backhauling or

utilization of direct fiber links with GE. Currently, there are

approximately 40 Tellabs 8600 systems deployed in this network.

The Tellabs 8600 system in CDMA networksAnother common way to implement 3G networks is using a

CDMA2000 technology path, which is especially popular among a

number of U.S. operators but also is deployed in certain countries

in Asia and Latin America. It should be noted that in the U.S. some

operators have chosen a GSM and WCDMA path to follow instead

of CDMA. Transition to 3G has been particularly strong in the U.S.

and Asia Pacific region. The air interface is naturally different from

WCDMA. From the transport point of view, the main difference

between WCDMA and CDMA is the protocol carrying the traffic.

Most of the operators have started their transition to 3G with 1xRTT

technology, which could be considered to be a 2.5G phase, and

have now initiated the rollout of the 3G network with EV-DO.

However, some operators have announced a move to EV-DV directly

from 1xRTT. With 1xRTT, all of the traffic is based on FR, whereas

with EV-Dx the traffic from the cell site is IP and carried over PPP

or HDLC. The first step when EV-DO is deployed is to carry only

data over IP, while voice remains in FR (1xRTT). Only with EV-DV is

all traffic IP-based, but that phase remains for the future.

Because the physical connectivity toward a cell site today typically

consists of E1 or T1 links and the total capacity requirement

exceeds that, there are multiple, parallel links. This means that the

IP traffic needs to run over ML-PPP. Ethernet connectivity is another

alternative to multiple TDM links. Some base stations already offer

an Ethernet interface, and many vendors have this on their

roadmaps. Unlike WCDMA, ATM technology is not present at all in

the CDMA access.

Figure 9 shows a typical mobile operator’s network with 2G and 3G

components. It defines the basic building blocks in the CDMA

network as well as the connectivity in the access network. TDM –

more specifically, PDH and SONET –still dominates the access.

Particularly in the U.S., a typical mobile operator leases all of its

transport from another operator and owns only the mobile service

specific parts of the network. Conversely, in Europe the mobile

operators tend to invest in at least some part of the access

transport and they more often utilize microwave links instead of

fixed lines.

Figure 10. Tellabs transport solution for CDMA networks

The role of the Tellabs 8600 system is similar to what was

described for W CDMA. In other words, it covers the mobile

transport network from cell site to the BSC as shown in Figure 10.

The driver for using the Tellabs 8600 system platform for traffic

aggregation is mainly to minimize the operational costs relating to

the cost of bandwidth. This becomes more and more essential with

the growth of data traffic and the increasing capacity.

Figure 9. Overview of the CDMA network



Page 13: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Potential benefits provided are:

Minimized cost of bandwidth

One platform for various traffic needs and services (cost-

efficiency in terms of investments and maintenance)

Improved management, fast response to network growth and

ease of topology changes

Readiness for convergence and flexibility for various technologies

A cost-efficient solution

Tellabs 8600 system functionality in a mobile networkMultiprotocol Grooming and Transport

MPLS technology is an ideal transport solution for evolving mobile

networks. It can handle all of the protocols required in each of the

3G release phases. MPLS can carry traffic over any underlying

transport network. Any Layer 1 or Layer 2 protocol can be

transparently transported over the MPLS network using Pseudo

Wires (PW). These are sometimes referred to more specifically as

Pseudo Wire Encapsulation Edge to Edge (PWE3). The PW

connections can be regarded as permanent connections just like

ATM PVCs. Each PW connection can reserve an explicit amount of

bandwidth from the network and can be protected end to end

through the network if required.

The Tellabs 8600 system platform can combine the functionality of

a number of network elements. For GSM and UMTS traffic

aggregation, the most important facilities that the Tellabs 8600

system provides are TDM and ATM cross-connections as well as IP

routing on a single device. With CDMA, instead, FR and PPP or

HDLC are essential from the transport point of view. The

multiprotocol connectivity available is shown in Figure 11.

Figure 11. Multiprotocol connectivity through the Tellabs 8660 switch network


TDM is the most common access technology used in GSM

networks. Traffic to and from 2G base stations goes over

channelized E1 links or STM-1 links in the SDH network. Instead of

using a traditional TDM cross-connect for this task, the Tellabs

8600 system platform can be used as the first aggregation element

in the mobile access network. It combines the TDM cross-connection

functionality with ATM switching and IP routing. Cross-connections

or traffic grooming can be performed at the timeslot level (DS0).

Traffic can be switched between channelized interfaces as in

traditional TDM cross-connects or towards an MPLS interface on

the same platform. At the MPLS interface, the TDM traffic is

encapsulated by adding an MPLS label and sent through the PWE3

tunnel over a Label Switched Path (LSP). The other end of the

tunnel is terminated at the edge of the MPLS network domain,

where the label is removed and the TDM traffic is passed to the

destination element or out into the TDM network. This process is

illustrated in Figure 12. All TDM traffic is carried transparently

through the MPLS domain, and bandwidth can be reserved for

each LSP that the Pseudo Wires traverse.

Figure 12. ATM and TDM cross-connections, and transport between Tellabs

8600 system elements

This technique makes sense when the service provider is focusing

its investment on long-term transport solutions and wants to

optimize the infrastructure to lower the total cost of ownership for

the network. Instead of using a separate platform for each type of

transport needed, a single Tellabs 8600 system solution with one

management system can fulfill all of the mobile transport


For UMTS networks, the traffic from a Node-B is currently

transported over ATM. ATM VP/VC circuits can be cross-connected

just like TDM timeslots. When these connections are made from

one ATM interface to another, the element looks externally like an

ATM switch. Through implementation of a Tellabs 8600 system

solution at the base station site, ATM connections can be carried

over MPLS Pseudo Wires transparently. These Pseudo Wires are

transported along MPLS LSPs, which can be assigned a traffic

class according to the ATM Class of Service. The Tellabs 8600

system platform also supports ATM IMA functionality in all of its

channelized interfaces. This means that an ATM IMA group coming

from a Node-B can be terminated at the Tellabs 8600 system

element. More cost-efficient interfaces and transport mechanisms

can then be used in the transport network. Typically, the physical

link to the cell site is E1 or channelized STM-1. Over the longer term

and from R5 onwards, the ATM transport will be replaced with IP.

When UMTS R5 is deployed, the RAN starts to migrate to a fully

IP-based network. The Tellabs 8600 system elements are

essentially IP routers with MPLS support for all interface types. In

the R5 specification, the physical connectivity to the Node-B is

either a channelized TDM or Fast Ethernet. If the connectivity is

based on multiple E1 links using Multilink PPP (ML-PPP), these can

be terminated in the Tellabs 8600 system element in a similar way

to ATM IMA. Frame-Relay- or HDLC based traffic, which is often

present in CDMA networks, can be transported via Pseudo Wires.

The Pseudo Wire connections are independent of the protocol

transported and can be provisioned end to end with the Tellabs

8000 manager’s easy-to-use graphical tools. Before going live,


Page 14: Tellabs 8600 Overview

the connections can be tested to ensure that they deliver the

desired functionality. The service provider can also monitor each

connection in the Tellabs 8600 system network in real time and get

statistics and faults mapped to individual connections. This helps

the service provider to understand, for example, the impact that a

network fault can have on specific connections or services.

Synchronization Management

Synchronization plays an important role in mobile networks since

the base stations must be well synchronized to ensure good voice

quality and manage the call hand-overs.

GSM and WCDMA networks typically obtain synchronization with

the cell site from the E1 or T1 leased line or the microwave link to

which they are connected. When the connectivity is TDM,

synchronization is not an issue. However, where Ethernet

connectivity is concerned, timing could become problematic.

Traditional Ethernet networks do not have the ability to provide a

clock-based signal to a cell site. Standardization bodies are

currently working with this issue, and some candidates are already

present. These are IEEE’s 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) and

Synchronous Ethernet. IEEE 1588 was originally specified for Local

Area Networks for use with testing. The second version, which adds

support for the WAN environment, is still in progress. Synchronous

Ethernet is described in ITU-T G.8261, which specifies the method

of distributing the synchronization via the Ethernet line signal.

Tellabs follows closely the standardization progress and has

implemented the Synchronous Ethernet. PTP is intended to be

implemented soon after the specification exists. With the Tellabs

8600 system, the synchronization can also be relayed to the cell

site by means of adaptive timing, where a TDM interface in the

Tellabs 8600 system element can obtain synchronization through a

TDM Pseudo Wire. It is worth mentioning that Tellabs 8600 system

elements are, in fact, part of the synchronization network so it can

distribute the clock to other elements in the network.

With CDMA networks, the synchronization and packet network

issue does not arise from the transport point of view since CDMA

uses GPS receivers at each cell site. This is, naturally, an option

also with WCDMA networks, but it is not widely deployed. More

often, since the 2G and 3G base stations are collocated and SDH is

present as well, one could obtain the synchronization through SDH.

As described for the service provider, Tellabs offers various options

for arrangement of the synchronization in the network and therefore

removes the barriers from migration to packet-based backhauling.

Service Quality Management

Current mobile services are predominately voice-based, a situation

that is likely to prevail until the beginning of UMTS deployments.

However, new types of data and multimedia services will become

more and more popular. This mixture of voice and data services will

set new service quality requirements for the network. It will need to

be able to handle these requirements in an efficient and appropriate


The UMTS specifications define four service classes, which are

listed in Table 1. Each service within a given class has a common

set of characteristics.

The transport network must be able to implement these service

classes in the appropriate way throughout the whole network. They

can be supported using any of various transport technologies or

even with a combination of them.

The Tellabs 8600 system has extensive support for traffic quality

management. Traffic forwarding inside the network element is

performed at the hardware level to facilitate wire-speed

performance for all traffic. For high-priority traffic, bandwidth can

be reserved through the network using the RSVP-TE signaling and

connection admission control (CAC) protocols in the elements along

the signaled path. These protocols facilitate that the requested

connection can be established without disturbing the existing traffic

and that the reserved path is always available for this connection.

Tunnels run over MPLS LSPs, which can be configured to carry

traffic for one QoS class or for a mixture of QoS classes. Each LSP

can be configured with different parameters for path protection and

bandwidth reservation depending on the type of traffic it is carrying.

The Tellabs 8600 system implements QoS management using IP

DiffServ and maps other protocols to the DiffServ traffic classes to

provide end to end service quality.

For ATM service classes, the Tellabs 8600 system platform

supports CBR, VBR, UBR+ and UBR service categories. Traffic

forwarding, queuing, scheduling and shaping is performed on a VP/

VC basis. When ATM traffic is transported across an MPLS network,

each service category is tunneled through an MPLS LSP with the

equivalent DiffServ class. Typically, CBR is mapped to EF and UBR

to BE, whereas VBR and UBR+ are mapped to the chosen AFxy


Traffi c class Conversational RT Streaming RT Interactive best effort Background best effort

Fundamental charasteristics Preserve time relation (variation)

between information entities of

the stream. conversational

pattern (stringent and low delay).

Preserve time relation (variation)

between information entities of

the stream.

Request response pattern.

Preserve payload content.

Destination is not expecting the

data within a certain time.

Preserve payload content.

Example of the application Voice Streaming video Web browsing Background download of emails

ATM Service Category CBR rt-VBR UBR+ UBR

DiffServ Traffic Class EF AF1(*) AF4(*) BE

(*) Use of AF traffic classes is operator dependent

Table 1. Service classes according to 3GPP TS 23.107



Page 15: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Network Resilience

High network uptime is critical for a service provider. Building

resilience comes at a cost that is highly dependent on the

mechanisms used to improve the network reliability. Therefore, it is

vital that the service provider specify the reliability needed. High-

priority services deserve faster protection mechanisms, whereas

lower-priority ones can rely on slower alternatives or possibly no

protection at all.

With the Tellabs 8600 system, connections can be protected in

different ways. Obviously, individual links can be protected between

two network elements. But this same level of protection would apply

to all traffic classes using the link. MPLS provides a protection

mechanism that can be used to enable much finer granularity.

Using these protection mechanisms, individual LSPs can be

protected across the network or even along a selected path in the

network. For instance, only paths that are carrying certain traffic

classes could be protected across the network through allocation of

dual paths. This could represent only a fraction of the interface

capacity and makes efficient use of the available bandwidth. By

contrast, paths with lower-priority traffic classes can be protected

such that the recovery time in the event of failure can be a bit

longer, whereas Best Effort traffic normally does not need any

protection mechanisms and can tolerate some service breaks in the

event of a network outage.

The Tellabs 8600 system in wireline transportThe Tellabs 8600 system is adaptable to various applications and

enables mobile operators to broaden their service portfolio into

wireline services. A wide range of interface technologies with

service intelligence, plus a superior network management system,

enables the service provider to build a single platform that meets

both current and emerging business needs. A single upgradable

platform and one network management system is much more cost-

effective than building parallel platforms to satisfy different service


The Tellabs 8600 system is highly flexible. It can be used to

connect end users to multiple services with very different

requirements simultaneously. Multiservice delivery is more efficient

for the service provider since the same physical network and

business management processes can be applied to many services.

In addition to wireless applications, the three main wireline service

applications that can be implemented with the Tellabs 8600 system


Ethernet services

IP VPN services

Broadband Internet access

In a typical service provider network, all of these services can be

offered to satisfy the needs of different customer segments or for

the operator’s internal use. Tellabs believes that it makes the most

sense to utilize the same access and core infrastructure for

implementing all services.

Ethernet Services

With an Ethernet service, the customer manages the end-to-end

routing and the service provider simply provides Ethernet

connectivity between each customer site. In most cases, this

provides a lower-cost, more flexible and scalable alternative to

traditional leased lines. Large corporations, which have their own IT

departments in place, often prefer this type of service since they

wish to retain control of the routing network inside their company.

Using MPLS, the Tellabs 8600 system can deliver Ethernet services

in two ways:

As a point-to-point Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS)

As a multipoint-to-multipoint Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)

Due to its simplicity and similarity to traditional leased lines, VPWS

is currently the predominant service provider offering. VPLS has

gained much interest recently but is still in its infancy in terms of

technology and network deployments. However, it offers an

interesting alternative for current deployments.

For example, LAN interconnection services often use a hub-and-

spoke topology in which the headquarters acts as the hub site. This

kind of network can be created easily using VPWS point-to-point

Ethernet tunnels. However, each VPWS tunnel is terminated at a

separate port on the hub site switch. VPLS can provide a better

alternative since the customer only needs one physical interface to

the service and still provides any-to-any connectivity between the

sites. With VPLS, the service provider network emulates a big

Ethernet switch from the end-customer point of view. All the sites

look like they are physically on the same LAN, making service

cheaper to deliver and easier for the end user to manage.

IP VPN Services

An IP VPN service can be considered the next layer of value-added

service over and above basic Ethernet connectivity since it adds

routing management to the service. But IP VPN services can also

provide the platform for more value-added services, which can give

access to additional revenue and greater profitability for the service


IP VPNs are particularly attractive to customers with limited IT

support skills. They are also requested by companies for whom IT is

not a core competency and who wish to outsource as many

services as possible.

The Tellabs 8600 system implements IP VPNs based on RFC

2547bis. This is the IETF standard that describes a mesh service

model for LAN interconnection and makes use of the Quality of

Service and Traffic Engineering capabilities offered by MPLS. This

IP VPN method uses a peering model in which the customer’s edge

routers exchange their routing messages with the Provider Edge

(PE) routers. MP-BGP is then used within the service provider

network to exchange the routes of a particular customer VPN

among the PE routers that are attached to that VPN. This is done in

a way that ensures that routes from different customer VPNs remain

distinct and separate, even if two VPNs have an overlapping

address space. The PE routers distribute the routes from the CE

routers to the other CE routers in that particular VPN.

This IP VPN model scales well in large customer networks and

supports different network topologies, from hub-and-spoke to full

mesh. Customer routes are propagated in the service provider

network with the help of the MP-BGP routing protocol, which

automatically provides updates of the correct VPN routes in the

respective PE routers. The Tellabs 8600 system introduces a similar

hierarchical model to that specified for VPLS services into the IP

VPN application. This is discussed later in this document, along

with a comparison with the standard IP VPN models.


Page 16: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Broadband Internet Access

Broadband Internet access refers to the volume deployment of

broadband services to residential, SOHO and SME customers.

Today, the majority of broadband services are based on digital

subscriber line (DSL) services, which use existing telephone-grade

copper pairs. Most DSL services are still based on ATM technology,

which prolongs the need for ATM in the access network. However,

ATM is not seen as a long-term solution and is gradually being

replaced with Ethernet and MPLS solutions at the head-end DSL

Access Multiplexer (DSLAM).

Broadband Internet access can also be offered to Multi Tenant Unit

subscribers. In this case, subscriber traffic is aggregated in the

basement of the building with a low-cost Ethernet switch and

transported to the service provider network, usually over a fiber

connection. This model is becoming increasingly common,

especially in urban areas and new buildings. Wireless hotspots are

also becoming popular in public areas. This too is driving the

demand for Ethernet-based transport and aggregation solutions.

The flexibility of the Tellabs 8600 system means that the same

platform is suited as well to aggregating traffic from DSLAMs and

MTUs to the Internet service provider as it is to delivering enterprise

services. In the long term, these services will evolve from their

current “Best Effort” requirements to needing true QoS to support

IP multimedia and voice services. Because of its carrier-class

capabilities, the Tellabs 8600 system is an ideal solution for Internet

access deployments, which will have increasingly strict Quality of

Service requirements. End-to-end service provisioning is extremely

easy and efficient with the provisioning tools provided by the Tellabs

8000 manager. In addition, last-mile connectivity for MTU and

wireless hotspot applications can be based on very cost-efficient

Ethernet access.

Delivery of Value-added Services

The continuing price erosion in basic connectivity services is driving

service providers to look for ways to provide higher-value services to

their customers. Tellabs recognizes that this is one of the key

challenges for service providers today.

Value-added services involve more than simply offering a flexible

SLA. It is the additional services on top of the basic connectivity

that can provide profitable revenue sources and help service

providers to stay competitive. By the service provider taking on

more of the customer’s IT-related needs, a business partnership is

created between customer and service provider. This partnership

can strengthen the relationship over and above a pure bandwidth

supply arrangement. If you are supplying only bandwidth, a

competitor can always offer it more cheaply.

For example, IP VPN services provide an ideal opportunity to add

value. Optional services can be added, such as managed firewalls,

storage backup services, virus protection, traffic encryption, Web

hosting and application management. These services can even be

offered by a specialized third-party service provider who leases

capacity from the network service provider. The key to offering

differentiated services is the ability to treat traffic streams in

different ways throughout the delivery network. This is something

that the Tellabs 8600 system can do both effectively and efficiently.

Network and service deploymentsWith the Tellabs 8600 system, it is possible to create a service

oriented network. The Tellabs 8600 system can function

simultaneously as a reliable transport network for point-to-point

services and a service platform for IP VPNs. In addition, it can

efficiently aggregate and transport traffic from DSLAMs and MTUs

that generate a massive amount of Internet traffic.

The Tellabs 8600 system is purpose-built for the service provider

environment with a complete set of carrier-class features. It is

designed to be cost efficient to deploy for even a small number of

services and to be able to grow with the service provider’s business.

Point-to-Point Services (VPWS)

In a VPWS, end-user traffic is tunneled through the packet-switched

network along Pseudo Wires. An Ethernet PW emulates a single

Ethernet link between two end-points. Typically, the underlying

network is based on IP/MPLS technology. The most common of the

tunneling methods is PWE3, also sometimes referred to as the

“Martini draft” implementation.

Figure 13. Ethernet PWE3 tunnel using the Tellabs 8600 system

As shown in Figure 13, the Tellabs 8600 system implementation of

VPWS implements the PWE3 draft. The encapsulation of different

frames or cells into MPLS labels emulates a leased-line type of

connection. The transported traffic can be Ethernet, ATM, FR or

TDM. PWs are constructed by establishing a pair of unidirectional

MPLS virtual connection LSPs between the PE end-points. One of

these tunnels is used for incoming and the other for outgoing traffic.

These LSPs are identified with MPLS labels, either assigned

statically or provided dynamically using the Label Distribution

Protocol (LDP). Ethernet traffic can be mapped to the PW tunnel on

the basis of its ingress port or by using its VLAN ID information.

An LSP carrying multiple PWs is built across the MPLS network that

connects the PE routers. This tunnel can use either LDP or RSVP-

TE signaling. With RSVP TE, the PWE3 tunnel can have bandwidth

guarantees and traffic class characteristics assigned in the same

way as with an IP VPN. The inner label identifies the physical or

logical interface at the ends of the tunnel connection. This can be

the Ethernet port or VLAN ID, the ATM VC or the FR DLCI,

depending on the original traffic type. The encapsulated traffic is

not examined or inspected by the intermediate routers along the

connection. And since all of the information shared along the traffic

path is at the MPLS layer, the security of the encapsulated traffic is


In addition to offering similar bandwidth guarantees to those of IP

VPNs, VPWS can take advantage of the same MPLS traffic

protection mechanisms found in an IP VPN. The Tellabs 8000

manager makes the provisioning of single Ethernet tunnels very

straightforward. Even a large mesh of tunnels can be provisioned

simultaneously using the same easy-to-use tools.



Page 17: Tellabs 8600 Overview

IP VPN Services

In the traditional IP VPN service deployment model, service

implementation is the responsibility of the PE router at the edge of

the IP/MPLS core. All of the intelligence needed for the IP VPN

service resides in that router. The CE router is normally connected

to the PE via a point-to-point connection, regardless of the network

technology. The CE router is usually an ordinary router, owned by

either the service provider or the end customer.

Figure 14. Traditional IP VPN deployment model

Figure 14 shows the basic working principles of an IP VPN based

on RFC 2547bis. PE routers are located at the edge of the service

provider IP/MPLS core, and traffic from the CE routers is

backhauled to the PE router using any of the available access

networks. The PE router dynamically peers with the CE router using

BGP, OSPF or RIP routing protocols. Alternatively, the service

provider can define a static route in between the CE and PE. The

PE router separates the different customer VPNs into logical VPN

Routing and Forwarding (VRF) tables. These can be seen by only

the corresponding customer part of the VPN. Customer VPN

addresses are propagated over the core network using the MP-

iBGP routing protocol. This inserts the VPN routes in the correct

VRF table corresponding to the VPN on the PE routers.

Usually in a large or growing network, Route Reflector units are

used for BGP communication and scalability. Instead of having a

full mesh of BGP communication between all of the PE routers,

each PE establishes a session with a Route Reflector, which

distributes the routes to the relevant PEs. Normally, the Route

Reflector is duplicated and an additional session is established from

a PE to the secondary Route Reflector.

In this deployment model, a single PE router is typically responsible

for offering services to a large number of end customers. The

processing power and reliability of the router are therefore critical to

the operation of the network. Enlarging the network often requires

adding a new PE router: a significant financial and operational

investment that needs to be cost-justified on the basis of potential

customers and traffic. When some level of redundancy is required,

the cost can become even more significant.

In summary, the limitations of the current deployment model are


Scalability is limited by the cost and complexity of introducing a

new PE router.

The cost per bit in the access network is relatively high since the

legacy network technologies are not optimized for transporting

bursty data traffic.

Metro Ethernet deployments lack the required QoS capabilities

and hence require heavy over-provisioning.

End-to-end service management and monitoring is a challenge

across the disparate platforms and technologies currently

deployed, which often leads to SLAs covering only the PE–PE

part of the service.

Inefficiencies arise from operation of multiple network

technologies, such as TDM, ATM, FR or Ethernet in the access

network and IP/MPLS in the core.

Difficulties occur in mapping IP and Ethernet services to ATM or

FR service models in the access network.

To address these limitations, Tellabs has created a new distributed

architecture to support IP VPN services, which makes scaling a

network easier and faster. The architecture takes the hierarchical

model introduced by the IETF for VPLS services and extends it to

the IP VPN, a natural step since networks often will be used to

deliver both types of service. The Tellabs 8600 system can be used

to deliver the standard IP VPN model as well as this distributed

version. In practice, the two models are likely to coexist in the same

network: larger areas will be implemented with the new distributed

model and smaller areas, with limited growth expectations, using

the existing flat model.

In the distributed model, the same procedure and protocols that

were used in the core between the PE routers are applied in the

access domain. In routing terms, distributing the network improves

the management, scalability and stability of the network. Traffic

Engineering and protection mechanisms can be implemented

optimally within the regional networks, regardless of the core

network configurations and set-up.

Figure 15. Distributed IP VPN enabled with the Tellabs 8600 system

The distributed IP VPN model is shown in Figure 15. PE routers are

divided into U-PE (user-facing PE) and N-PE (network-facing PE) as

is done in the hierarchical VPLS specification. The U-PE router has

a direct connection at IP level with the CE. The N-PE is at the edge

of the core and communicates with the other N-PE routers across

the core as in the existing flat model. MP-eBGP is used for VPN

route distribution in between the U-PE and N-PE as in the standard

model. Where there are Tellabs 8600 system platforms or other IP/

MPLS routers in the network between the U-PE and N-PE, they act

as simple MPLS Label Switch Routers (LSRs) just as P routers do in

the core. They are indicated as “P-a” (P in access network) in the

diagram. P and P-a routers do not need to understand anything

about the VPNs since they only transport traffic on the basis of the

outer labels. It should be noted that, in a typical network, one

element has several roles. For example, for one service the router

can be a U-PE and for another a P-a router.

The limitations of the traditional IP VPN model can be addressed

with the distributed model. Full-mesh connectivity is required only

between the N-PE elements in the network. Also, the addition of a

new U-PE to the network is more straightforward: it only needs

connectivity within the access or regional network. All of the

customer VPN routes are communicated in a consolidated manner

in the regional network between U-PE and N-PE routers using a

single MP-eBGP session. Where customer sites are in the same

region, traffic can be locally routed without loading the core

network. Thanks to the element architecture, network growth can


Page 18: Tellabs 8600 Overview

be achieved with incremental investments making it more

economically attractive. Provisioning services with versatile

resilience mechanisms over the access network or at the edge of

the core adds marginal cost in the distributed model. And MPLS

protections, dual homing and Traffic Engineering can be used in the

regional network since it is a traffic engineered domain on its own.

The basic principle in the distributed model is to move the

intelligence away from the core and closer to the customer

demarcation point. The new access domain utilizes the same

procedures that are traditionally used only in the core. In practice,

this has the added benefit of removing the single point of failure at

the edge of the core network. This is all made possible through the

cost-efficient architecture of the Tellabs 8600 system.

The management components of the Tellabs 8600 system can

automatically set up the required LSPs and parameter

configurations for the network elements along the VPN route. A CE

router or switch in the end user’s LAN is connected to a Tellabs

8600 system U-PE device either on customer premises or at the

Local Exchange (LE) site, typically with an Ethernet interface. The

service provider connects all of the sites, which are part of a

specific VPN, according to end user requirements. The service

provider also sets all of the QoS parameters for each VPN according

to the end-user requirements. With the Tellabs 8600 system,

different traffic types can be classified at the customer demarcation

point before entering the operator’s network. Another option is to do

this at the first LE site using an Ethernet aggregation switch such as

the Tellabs® 8606 Ethernet Aggregator. Alternatively, this function

can be performed by way of a CE router located on customer

premises. This might be the preferred solution in cases where high

bandwidth fiber is used for the local loop or where true end-to-end

management is not an issue. All of the customer traffic is

transported over MPLS LSPs in the regional and core networks.

This results in a single LSP in the core network and separate LSPs

in the regional networks on either side of the core.

In summary, the benefits of the distributed Tellabs 8600 system in

delivering IP VPN services can be:

Improved scalability: a single PE takes care of a larger number of

customers and customer routes are communicated more

efficiently with one BGP session across the access domain.

A cost-efficient entry point for new networks: the system gives the

option of starting with limited services and gradually extending to

a large service delivery platform.

Operational efficiency in service provisioning and upgrade

processes: the Tellabs 8000 manager enables fast service

creation. It is easy and accurate to use since the operator does

not need to configure each element individually or have a deep

technical understanding of each network element.

Better scalability of MPLS Traffic Engineering: with fewer PE

routers in the distributed solution, there are fewer tunnels to

traffic engineer over the core.

Broadband Service Aggregation

All of the applications supported by the Tellabs 8600 Managed

Edge System can benefit from the platform’s broadband service

aggregation capabilities. In provision of Ethernet, IP VPN, Internet

access or value-added services, network traffic can be separated

and aggregated at the edge of the network according to the specific

service needs.

The Tellabs 8600 system in combination with its accompanying

access nodes supports many types of customer network access

technologies, including Ethernet, TDM, DSL and wireless access.

Customer networks can be distinguished from each other by a

combination of port, channel, circuit, VLAN ID and MPLS label at

the Tellabs 8600 system interface used to connect to the chosen

access network.

Customer traffic entering the network is directed to the appropriate

service on the basis of service-specific policy settings for the Tellabs

8660 switch. For example, certain VLANs can be forwarded to a

VPWS while others are directed to an IP VPN service. A customer’s

broadband Internet access traffic can be directed to a dedicated

service network using:

IP routing where the customer Ethernet VLAN or ATM VC is

terminated at an IP router. Traffic conditioning based on the

customer SLA and IP address relaying from the DHCP server is

performed at the first Tellabs 8600 switch.

PW tunneling using either the Ethernet/VLAN ID or the ATM VC,

from the DSLAM to the BRAS.

Figure 16 shows multiple service provider networks with a

centralized BRAS service selection gateway. These services are

provided to customers across a regional network.

Traffic leaving the network toward the customer is combined from

the multiple service networks. It is then queued and shaped

according to the service-specific policies at the Tellabs 8660 switch.

Packet replication for predetermined groups is performed to support

multicast services such as IPTV. Local content servers and caching

can also be supported for additional service networks.

Figure 16. Tellabs 8600 system in broadband service aggregation

In a next-generation broadband access architecture, the primary

application of the Tellabs 8600 system is to support multiple

services such as data, voice and video on a converged regional and

access infrastructure. Quality of Service and bandwidth usage can

be controlled in the metro network, and both business and

residential services are supported by the same regional and access




Page 19: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Managed migration path from the Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 systemsIn today’s telecommunications environment, it takes time to

transition the network to new technologies, services and standards.

Current production networks must operate in parallel with new

developments in order to maintain revenue streams and maximize

the profitability of the existing networks.

Tellabs has made a number of enhancements to its existing

platforms to support a smooth transition to next-generation IP- and

Ethernet-based services and networks. In practice, this means that

new services can be introduced quickly and easily with small

incremental investments while the established business processes

are continuously maintained. This is especially important for the

Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 system solutions, which have a

significant global installed customer base with extensive network

coverage in both wireline and wireless networks.

Ethernet interfaces and switching are already available as add-ons

for the Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 system platforms. An

Ethernet interface is the most cost-efficient and flexible way to build

connectivity today towards IP-capable devices. With Ethernet

switching, the TDM platform can be utilized in the most efficient

manner and with more flexible connectivity for multisite networks.

The service provider can choose the best option from among E1,

STM-1, Fast Ethernet and gigabit Ethernet when connecting to its

Tellabs 8100 and 6300 system elements.

To make the transition to IP/MPLS as seamless as possible for

service providers, Tellabs has ensured that even though the Tellabs

8600 and Tellabs 8100/6300 system platforms are based on

different technologies, they share a common management system,

as shown in Figure 17.

Figure 17. A single management solution for Tellabs networks

The Tellabs 8000 manager provides a single database with

integrated network management tools providing the same “look and

feel” for service management functions. The service provider can

save on CAPEX and OPEX by continuing to use the same servers

and operational environment. The same management logic is

retained, which helps customers to learn quickly how to use the

new tools and to maintain the same business processes. Training

for service personnel is therefore kept to a minimum. Each service

and connection or group of connections can be provisioned,

managed and monitored end to end regardless of the termination or

origination platform for the service. This can be a major benefit

when one is building a network connection, gathering service level

data or troubleshooting the network.

Integration with third-party OSS systems is also faster and easier,

since only one platform instead of two or three needs to be

integrated. Maintenance of the management platform is also much

easier and less costly because there are fewer components to look


Migration in Wireless Networks

In wireless transport networks, a combination of the Tellabs 8100

and the Tellabs 6300 systems is usually deployed for GSM

networks. When starting to deploy 3G networks, the service

provider has two options: to invest in new Tellabs 8600 system

elements or to upgrade the existing elements to provide more

capacity in the network. In high-density areas, it often makes sense

to start immediately with the Tellabs 8600 system, since it is

optimized for ATM and IP and scales easily for future needs. In

areas where the bandwidth capacities are not expected to grow

rapidly, it may be sufficient to upgrade the existing systems. Both of

these scenarios, as shown in Figure 18, give the service provider

various options for building the required connectivity. Both 2G and

3G traffic can be transported over the Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs

6300 system units toward the BSC and RNC site. The Tellabs 8600

system solution can also transport both 2G and 3G traffic; hence,

the operator can choose the most economically feasible network

configuration for each area in the wireless transport network.

Figure 18. Combined 2G and 3G network with the Tellabs 8100, Tellabs 6300

and Tellabs 8600 systems

Mobile networks are growing continuously, and setting up the new

cell sites and building connectivity quickly for them is a challenge –

especially in cases when many technologies are involved. The

Tellabs 8000 manager makes it possible to bring the new sites into

use quickly or remotely manage other network and connectivity

changes, which can be caused by network growth or maintenance.

Connections starting from the Tellabs 8100 portion of the system

solution and ending at the Tellabs 8600 system component can be

provisioned and end to-end tested with the management system.

This is something that normally would require totally separate tools

and management systems and procedures with no interaction in

between. A technologically complex network becomes simple with

the intelligent management software.


Page 20: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Migration in Wireline Networks

Figure 19 shows the role of the different Tellabs platforms in a

wireline service provider network. The integrated Tellabs 8100/6300

system platform is generally used as an access platform for lower-

speed IP VPN, Ethernet service or Internet access tails ranging from

n x 64 kbps to 10 Mbps, whereas the Tellabs 8600 system platform

is optimized for connectivity and services at speeds of 10 Mbps and


Figure 19. Tellabs 8100, Tellabs 6300 and Tellabs 8600 system solutions in the

wireline network

To support new wireline services with minimal investment, the

Tellabs 8100/6300 system platform can be upgraded with Ethernet

interfaces and Ethernet switching capabilities. These allow capacity

to be utilized in a more efficient and flexible way on the TDM

platform. Aggregating traffic through an Ethernet interface is very

cost-efficient when compared to using traditional channelized

interfaces. Furthermore, services can be classified and prioritized

as well as managed end to end. Different customer services are

identified with VLAN identifiers, and they, in turn, can be mapped

to an IP VPN service in the Tellabs 8600 system domain. The

copper access capabilities of the Tellabs 8100 system are

comprehensive and very flexible. This includes high-performance

network terminating units, with an up to 12 Mbps line speed on

copper, that extend full management capabilities to the customer

premises. They can be used for their basic Layer 1 functionality or

extended to use higher, Layer 2 or Layer 3, functionality through the

addition of bridging and routing options. The latter is particularly

useful for a Tellabs 8600 system based service extension. With a

consistent platform and unified management processes, it is easy

and cost-efficient to offer new services or implement branch office

connectivity with either IP VPN or Ethernet services. In areas where

bandwidth demand is currently relatively low and there is an existing

Tellabs managed access network, this can offer a fast and low-cost

option for introducing new data services.

Network elementsThe Tellabs 8600 system comprises several network elements and

an integrated, service-oriented network management system. The

network elements can be located either in the access network close

to cell sites or within the regional network for traffic aggregation and

service provision.

Access equipment typically has less capacity than aggregation

nodes deployed in the regional network. The Tellabs 8620 and the

Tellabs 8630 switches are designed primarily for small hub sites.

The Tellabs 8660 switch is more suited to deployment in the

regional network for aggregating traffic from the RAN network to the

RNC site. Compact and cost-efficient, the Tellabs® 8605 Access

Switch and the planned Tellabs® 8607 Access Switch are optimized

for cell site access. The network elements are based on the same

technology platform, which facilitates interoperability. The managed

access solution may be complemented with a compact Ethernet

switch that can be managed similarly to all of the other Tellabs

8600 system elements.

Tellabs 8660 switch

The Tellabs 8660 edge switch is the largest and highest-capacity

network element in the Tellabs 8600 system family. Usually, this

element resides at large hub sites or next to an RNC within a mobile

operator network. However, due to its intelligent hardware

architecture, the element can also be cost-efficiently deployed for

smaller sites. These are typically sites that have high reliability

requirements and growth expectations; they can operate with only a

fraction of the platform’s maximum capacity, offering excellent

growth potential.

Figure 20. The Tellabs® 8660 Edge Switch

The physical dimensions of the Tellabs 8660 switch are: 440 x 600

x 300 mm (W x H x D). It can be installed in a standard 19-inch

rack, with up to three Tellabs 8660 switch elements per rack.

Figure 20 shows the front view of the Tellabs 8660 switch, with

space for 14 modules. Module slot numbers 1 and 14 are reserved

for the Integrated Control and DC Power Feed Card (CDC) with one

slot for redundancy. The remaining slots are available for a

maximum of 12 line cards (LCs). Different types of LCs may be

freely placed in any slot between 2 and 13 in the switch.

Thanks to the distributed switching architecture, no switch card

upgrades or additions are needed – only line cards need to be

added to meet the service provider’s specific interface and

functionality needs. The backplane contains buses for data, battery,

synchronization as well as a fan module control. Each LC and CDC

is connected to every LC and CDC via the backplane using point-to-



Page 21: Tellabs 8600 Overview

point connections. Switching is performed on the LCs, while the

CDC provides the information that the IFCs require for making their

forwarding and switching decisions.

To increase the flexibility and scalability of the chassis, every line

card can be loaded with up to two Interface Modules as different

combinations. Several interfaces support multiple protocols, which

make usage very flexible and allow having a mixture of protocols

even within one interface. As a result, the entry cost of the device is

very low compared to traditional, centralized switch-based

architectures. The backplane itself is passive and contains no active


This distributed switching architecture gives the following


It simplifies the card/slot placement rules and can radically

decrease the entry cost of the Tellabs 8660 switch network


It eliminates the potential for a single point of failure in the


It provides more space for Line Cards that can deliver services

and revenue.

Each LC contains an Interface Module Concentrator (or IFC, a sort

of baseboard for an LC) plus up to two Interface Modules (IFMs)

and provides a bidirectional interface capacity of 3.5 Gbps. The

total capacity of the node depends on the number of populated

interface slots. When the node is fully loaded, the total bidirectional

interface capacity is 42 Gbps. For future scalability, the backplane

can handle 10-Gbps Interface Modules, such as those for 10-Gbps

Ethernet or STM 64/SONET 192c. Due to the hardware-based

design, all traffic can be forwarded at wire speed.

Figure 21. Interface Module Concentrator

The Tellabs 8660 switch is fully compliant with carrier-class

reliability requirements since it has been built specifically for use in

telecoms service provider networks. Not only can the common logic

be duplicated for resiliency in the element, but traffic protection can

also be added at various layers. MPLS protection mechanisms

deliver failover times that are equivalent to those in protected SDH

networks. All LCs and CDCs are hot-swappable; if an LC fails, it can

be replaced without disrupting the traffic on the other cards. The

system automatically takes care of copying the previous parameters

to the new LC. Embedded software in the CDC can be upgraded

with no impact on the traffic flowing through the element.

LCs can be easily removed and reconnected with the help of hooks

placed at the top and bottom of each card. In the lower part of the

network element there are cable ducts, forced cooling modules with

filters and an air intake gap. Fan trays are also controllable via the


The Tellabs 8660 switch can operate at temperatures between –5°

C and 45° C, which is within the typical climate range of a telecoms

equipment room.

Tellabs® 8630 Access Switch

The Tellabs 8630 switch is a more compact version of the Tellabs

8660 switch and has physical dimensions of 440 x 230 x 286 mm

(W x H x D). Its smaller size makes it ideal for medium-sized hub or

traffic aggregation sites in the mobile RAN, where the compact

physical size saves on valuable rack space. The element is normally

installed in a standard 19” rack. All cards are positioned horizontally

so that the power and control functions reside in CDC cards in the

bottom and top slots for a fully redundant configuration. In between

these, four slots are available for LCs. These can be equipped with

IFMs as in the Tellabs 8660 switch. The same cards and interfaces

can be used in both the Tellabs 8660 and Tellabs 8630 switch

products, making management of spares easier. When all four slots

are used for interface cards, the element provides a maximum

forwarding capacity of 14 Gbps. The functionality and flexibility of

the unit are identical to those of the Tellabs 8660 switch system.

Figure 22 below shows the front view of the Tellabs 8630 switch.

Figure 22. Tellabs 8630 switch

Tellabs® 8620 Access Switch

The Tellabs 8620 switch uses the same technology as the Tellabs

8660 switch. It is designed to be used in a base station or small

hub site and can be installed in a standard 19-inch rack.

Depending on the location, the element can be equipped with the

required IFMs and AC or DC power options; optionally, DC power

supply can be duplicated. The Tellabs 8620 switch, like all other

Tellabs 8600 system network elements, is managed and owned by

the service provider.

The Tellabs 8620 switch can deliver both voice and data services

for wireline or wireless applications. It can handle all of the traffic

classification and prioritization. Since the Tellabs 8620 switch is

managed by the service provider, it is possible to monitor the end-

to-end service or connection quality. This is particularly important

for SLA reporting. Being able to mix the different traffic streams and


Page 22: Tellabs 8600 Overview

services in the access network allows the service provider to deliver

more services using the same network and hence increase

profitability. These different traffic streams can include mobile

network connections as well as business services on the wireline

side. Each traffic stream can be mapped into specific tunnels or

service instances by the Tellabs 8620 switch. This allows the traffic

to be identified and delivered with full end-to-end security.

Figure 23. Tellabs 8620 switch

Figure 23 shows the front view of the Tellabs 8620 switch. The unit

is a compact and modular network element with a bidirectional

interface capacity of up to 3.5 Gbps. It integrates all of the common

logic, such as power, switching and control functions, within the

same element. The two IFM slots can be equipped with a variety of

IFMs. The Tellabs 8620 switch uses the same range of Interface

Modules available in the Tellabs 8660 switch and the Tellabs 8630

switch. The interfaces may be customer-facing or for connecting the

element to the network.

The service capacity of the Tellabs 8620 switch has limits that can

be flexibly specified by the service provider. The service provider

can easily upgrade and test each service and individual connections

by using the management system when needed. This maintains full

control of the network capacity and provides the capability to

charge accordingly. It also allows upgrades to be kept under control.

The network interface must be carefully chosen so that it suits both

the infrastructure and the capacity requirements, at installation time

and in the future. Various types of networking technologies are

supported by the Interface Modules.

Like all other Tellabs 8600 system network elements, the Tellabs

8620 switch offers a diverse range of network protection features,

such as LSP Fast Reroute, to meet even the toughest availability


Tellabs 8605 and 8607 switches

The Tellabs 8605 switch as well as the Tellabs 8607 swicth are

excellent for cell site access where a number of E1/T1 interfaces

and Ethernet are required in a compact and cost-efficient form.

The elements are primarily optimized for 2G and 3G traffic

aggregation but could just as well be used as a CPE when the

provider offers, e.g., business services. From the Tellabs 8605 or

8607 switches at the cell site, the traffic is switched or backhauled

towards the network and eventually typically to a BSC or RNC

through TDM, ATM or Ethernet Pseudo Wires. Regardless of the

small physical size, there are full MPLS and QoS capabilities and

the maximum capacity towards the network is 150 Mbps. As with

the other Tellabs 8600 system elements, TDM cross-connections

and ATM switching help to improve the bandwidth utilization.

Element configuration, as well as connection provisioning and

verification via end-to-end testing, are performed easily via tools

that are part of the Tellabs 8000 manager.

The elements have an identical appearance, the only difference

being the interface offering. Both products are configured with two

gigabit Ethernet interfaces and additionally a fixed number of T1/E1

and Fast Ethernet interfaces. The Tellabs 8605 switch, shown in

Figure 24, has a combination of 16 T1/E1 and two Fast Ethernet

ports, whereas the Tellabs 8607 switch has a combination of eight

T1/E1 and eight Fast Ethernet interfaces. The power supply is

selectable between 24 VDC, 48 VDC and AC. Due to their typical

role in the mobile network next to cell sites, the switches are

environmentally hardened so that they sustain a wider temperature

range than normal telecoms equipment.

Figure 24. Tellabs 8605 switch

Tellabs® 8606 Ethernet Aggregator

The Tellabs 8606 aggregator is a compact Layer 2 switch that can

be managed using the Tellabs 8000 manager in the same manner

as all of the other Tellabs 8600 system network elements. It is

specifically targeted at network applications where traffic from

multiple end users must be aggregated to the Local Exchange site

using Ethernet links over a fiber connection. As is shown in Figure

25, the main applications are:

MTU access aggregation applications

Port extension shelf for Tellabs 8600 IP/MPLS routers

The switches are simple to configure, and services can be fully set

up and managed using the Tellabs 8000 manager. Where multiple

customers each with partially filled interfaces need to be connected

to the network, these Ethernet aggregators can offer a very low-cost


Figure 25. Tellabs Ethernet aggregation solution



Page 23: Tellabs 8600 Overview

The Tellabs 8606 aggregator (see Figure 26) supports 24 100Base-

TX Fast Ethernet ports and 4 1000Base-X gigabit Ethernet ports, of

which two can be replaced with optical SFP connectors. The switch

is designed to act as a multiplexer where the aggregate bandwidth

is well below the maximum bandwidth of the link. This avoids

network congestion along with any consequent impact on service

quality. At the first Tellabs 8600 system switch element in the

network, all traffic can be classified and any required QoS-related

procedures initiated.

Figure 26. Tellabs® 8606 Ethernet aggregator

When the switch is used for port extension, the Tellabs 8606

aggregator is collocated with the Tellabs 8600 system platform to

support more Fast Ethernet or gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

Element architectureThis chapter describes some of the important architectural features

that are implemented in the Tellabs 8600 system platform


Hardware-based Forwarding Plane

The Tellabs 8600 system has been designed to support a wide

variety of services, from business connectivity to mobile

transmission and even residential service aggregation. Each of

these services has very different requirements, necessitating a

combination of hardware-based implementation and a distributed

architecture for functions such as forwarding. Without a hardware-

based forwarding plane, it is not possible to satisfy the wide range

of requirements applying for different types of connectivity services.

For instance, traffic-aware QoS treatment, specific protection

systems and guaranteed bandwidth per application cannot be

handled efficiently at software level alone; the volume of packet

processing needed would overload a central-processor-based


To achieve the best combination of performance and cost-

efficiency, all router elements that are part of the Tellabs 8600

system solution rely on the same core architecture. To implement

this architecture, Tellabs has designed a custom ASIC: the

Broadband Routing ASIC for IP Networks (BRAIN). This is the

central building block for all of the customer premises equipment

and plug-in units. Within each network element, the BRAINs are

connected in a full-mesh topology: the BRAIN in each plug-in unit

is connected to every other plug-in unit using point-to-point

connections through the backplane. The architecture also allows the

use of general network processors to provide differentiated packet

processing for added flexibility.

The BRAIN handles all of the routine functions for data forwarding

and QoS procedures and enables the Tellabs 8600 system to

operate at wire speed. This intelligent design plays a significant role

in delivering network resiliency mechanisms. It helps service

providers to build demanding, QoS-aware services with a high

degree of flexibility. A unique feature of the BRAIN is the inclusion

of a test generator with which the service provider can test the

service or connection functionality. Test metrics supported include

connectivity, delay, delay variance, packet loss and throughput.

These testing procedures can be executed with ease using the

Tellabs 8000 manager.

Control and Power Card

The CDC card is responsible for the following basic functionality:

Control plane

DC power feed for the element


Due to its fundamental role, it can be duplicated to reduce the risk

of network outages.

Tellabs has taken a long-term approach in the development of the

software for the Tellabs 8600 system. The platform control plane

implements the latest network protocols, and the layered and

modular architecture allows for flexible upgrades. All of the MPLS-

capable elements that are part of the product family are built from a

common software base. From the start, the platform has been

designed to allow the easy addition of new features and support the

portability of these features to new products.

The control plane implements the IP stack functionality, the routing

protocols and the configuration function for all routing and service-

related parameters. The actual traffic forwarding is performed by

the hardware-based forwarding plane; any traffic that cannot be

handled by the hardware is forwarded to the control plane software

for processing.

The control plane software supports both IPv4 and IPv6. In order to

support QoS aware services and connections, it includes a range of

routing and signaling protocols plus traffic extensions. For example:

For IP routing, the system supports static routing, OSPF(-TE), IS-

IS(-TE) and (MP-)BGP.

For MPLS signaling, either LDP or RSVP-TE can be used to build

LSPs through the network.

The basic IP stack functions include IP forwarding, TCP, UDP,

ICMP and ARP modules.

The control plane supports hot swapping, which means that any

card can be changed without the need to power down the entire

unit. The configuration information from all of the Interface Modules

is stored on the CDC. If one Interface Module should fail, it can be

replaced with a new one, which automatically copies the

parameters from the control card. New firmware versions can be

downloaded easily to the control and line cards without disturbing

the traffic forwarding. The CDC software can be upgraded without

disruption to the current traffic and services.

The Tellabs 8600 system software supports graceful restart

mechanisms for OSPF, IS-IS, LDP, BGP and BGP with MPLS labels.

When two redundant CDCs are present, they copy data between

each other while operating. Should a CDC fail, graceful restart

allows traffic forwarding to continue. The protecting CDC does not

maintain a synchronized set of routing tables; therefore, the routing


Page 24: Tellabs 8600 Overview

tables cannot be used immediately in a failure situation. Instead,

the CDC obtains the up-to-date routing information from the


IP routers are susceptible to various types of denial of service (DoS)

attacks. The Tellabs 8600 system has multiple methods for

protecting against such attacks. For instance, the system can

relieve the effects of a possible disturbance by dynamically

restricting the traffic traversing an element. Additionally, all of the

incoming and outgoing traffic in an element can be filtered using a

hardware based access control list (ACL) that is defined by the

system administrator. The system administrator can also restrict the

number of routes propagated by the routing protocols learned from

the VRF tables.

Interface Module Concentrator

For the Tellabs 8660 and Tellabs 8630 switches, the Interface

Module Concentrator is a universal baseboard for all LCs. As shown

in Figure 27, the IFC can be equipped with two Interface Modules

to form a line card. The IFC is 28 mm wide and can hold any two

IFMs from the range available. The line card can then be placed in

any available Interface Module slot in the network element. The

Tellabs 8620 switch can also be configured with two IFMs that are

plugged directly into the fixed module slots of the network element.

The advantage of this mechanism is that there is no need to buy

different types of line cards for each service. Use of a single line

card type reduces the total quantity of spare parts that must be

held in inventory and simplifies the service provider’s field


Figure 27. Line card with two Fast Ethernet Interface Modules

Currently, the following Interface Modules are available for the

Tellabs 8600 system platform:

Eight-port Ethernet 10/100Base-TX

Eight-port Fast Ethernet 100Base-X

Two-port gigabit Ethernet 1000Base-X

Eight-port gigabit Ethernet 1000Base-X

2+6-port (2 x 1000Base-X + 10/100/1000Base-TX) Ethernet

combo module

Eight-port STM-1/OC-3 POS

Four-port STM-4/OC-12 POS

One-port STM-16 POS

One-port STM-16/OC-48 POS

Four-port STM-1/OC-3 ATM

Eight-port chE1/chT1 Multiservice

24-port chE1/chT1 Multiservice

One-port chSTM-1/chOC-3 Multiservice

The platform is open for broadening to new interface types, which

are added on the basis of customer requirements. All of the optical

Interface Modules can be equipped with standard SFP (Small

Form-Factor Pluggable) connectors, responsible for transmitting and

receiving the optical signals. This modularity means that interfaces

can be upgraded when needed and supports a “pay as you grow”


Multiservice interfaces offer further flexibility for the service provider

since a single interface can be configured to carry a mixture of


Quality of Service Management

The Tellabs 8600 system uses IP DiffServ mechanisms for QoS

management. When non-IP protocols such as ATM service

categories are transported over the network, they are mapped to IP

DiffServ traffic classes. In this way, end-to-end QoS can be

provided in a transparent manner.

Certain components are essential for delivering Quality of Service in

an IP/MPLS network. The following features must be taken into

account and are supported in the Tellabs 8600 system design:

The network elements must support the Traffic Engineering

extensions of the IGP routing protocols, such as OSPF-TE or IS-

IS-TE. These extensions are used to advertise, for instance, the

link bandwidth for each traffic class.

Support should be provided for the Constrained Shortest Path

First (CSPF) algorithm, which can select the most feasible paths

in a network, utilizing the network-related information from the

TE-enabled routing protocols.

Label distribution and signaling with RSVP-TE is required when

specific resources of a network need to be reserved. With

DiffServ aware Traffic Engineering, it is possible to reserve

capacity on a traffic class basis. This provides QoS for premium


The connection admission control mechanism can check that

resources along the path can be allocated before the reservations

are made. If a link does not have the bandwidth available in the

requested service class, then the request is rejected. The use of

CAC is optional and can be set up on a link and service class



Page 25: Tellabs 8600 Overview

basis in each network element. The LSPs created with the LDP

protocol are never subjected to CAC.

Support for Strict Priority and WFQ scheduling enables efficient

delivery of real-time, premium data and Best Effort services in a

single network. With advanced traffic conditioning features such

as policing and shaping, it is possible to define CIR, PIR, CBS

and PBS settings for each service. In fact, CAC combined with

priority-based queuing forms the key component for hard QoS.

Figure 28. Scenarios for QoS implementations in wireless networks

As shown in Figure 28, a service provider utilizing the Tellabs 8600

system can use either L-LSPs or E-LSPs to carry differentiated

service classes through the network. Either LDP or RSVP-TE can be

used to signal the LSP through the network. The Tellabs 8600

system supports both L LSP and E-LSP signaling. The Tellabs 8600

system is able to forward traffic on the basis of traffic class to the

correct LSPs.

When E-LSPs are used, multiple traffic classes can be carried over

the same LSP. The service provider may decide to carry certain

traffic classes in one E-LSP and others in a different E-LSP, which

can mean that not all E-LSPs in the network are equal. For

instance, traffic classes for data traffic may be carried in one E-LSP

and all delay-sensitive traffic in another E-LSP.

LSPs can be provisioned automatically with the Tellabs 8000

manager. The Tellabs 8000 manager supports automatic updating

of the LSPs in the service provisioning process. If the LSP for the

required traffic type already exists, its bandwidth can be increased

if so required. This simplifies the workflow and reduces the number

of errors possible in the service provisioning phase. Manual route

set-up is allowed also. If resource reservations are not needed or

the traffic-engineered paths are not available, the LDP can be used

for setting up the path. When explicit resource reservations are

required and Traffic Engineering is enabled, LSPs should be

provisioned using RSVP-TE. LSPs over the core network can be

provisioned with the Tellabs 8000 manager in a similar fashion.

Again RSVP-TE is used when resource reservation is needed.


The Tellabs 8600 system platform has been designed from the

outset to maximize network reliability and to conform to SDH

standards for quality and reliability. Obviously, any service protection

has to be justified on a cost/benefit basis, so networks are usually

built with a mixture of various protection mechanisms to best match

the individual service requirements. The Tellabs 8600 system can

meet even the most demanding service requirements through a

mixture of element-level resilience and network-level protections.

In the Tellabs 8600 system, all of the internal buses through the

backplane are protected. These include power, battery and auxiliary

voltage, as well as synchronization buses. The backplane is passive,

which means that it is highly reliable. The data links between all of

the line cards are also duplicated, providing two serial buses

between each card.

The slot for the CDC can be protected by equipping the chassis

with two CDC cards. When the unit is thus protected, both the DC

feed for the element and the synchronization are protected, in

addition to the control plane functionality. When one of the two

units is in active mode, the other is in passive or standby mode.

However, the standby unit holds identical information to the active

one. The software continuously controls the state of the units and

dynamically makes changes if needed. Any changes made do not

affect the data traffic flow. The CDC includes graceful restart

mechanisms for protocols such as OSPF, BGP, BGP with MPLS

labels and LDP. These mechanisms are critical for service provider

networks that carry services with high availability requirements.

Graceful restart helps to minimize the impact of a routing protocol

failure on traffic forwarding; the forwarding plane continues working

for a certain time even though there is a problem in the control


All cards in the network element are hot-swappable. When a card is

changed and replaced with an equivalent one, all of the original

parameters are automatically copied to the new card. It is also

worth noting that a failure in a single line card in the system does

not have an impact on any other traffic in the network element. The

control unit maintains up-to-date information on all of the

parameters of the line cards, which can be requested when


For network protection, the Tellabs 8600 system supports both link-

and MPLS level protection to provide very fast recovery times. At

the lowest level, the Tellabs 8600 system elements support

Multiplex Section Protection (MSP) for SDH interfaces. With MSP,

one line is reserved for protecting an identical line. This method is

called MSP 1+1 or APS protection and provides very fast SDH-layer

protection with less than 50 ms of switch-over time. MSP 1+1 and

APS protection options for SDH interfaces are enhanced with

equipment protection. In practice, this means data travel via an

interface on a separate line card to the one offering the protected

connection. With Ethernet interfaces, link aggregation can be used

to provide two basic benefits. Firstly, it can be used to increase the

link capacity by combining several physical Ethernet links to form a

higher-capacity link bundle. Secondly, if one of the links in the

Ethernet bundle fails, the traffic can automatically be transported

over the remaining links.

LSP protection can be implemented in several ways supported by

the Tellabs 8600 system:

RSVP-TE-based 1:1 LSP protection

1+1 LSP protection based on MPLS OAM (ITU-T)

BFD-based 1:1 LSP (IETF) protection

Which is the best protection mechanism depends on the


Page 26: Tellabs 8600 Overview

interoperability requirements as well as on the required network

availability. The RSVP-TE-based protection enables an approximate

switch-over time of 400 ms to three seconds for the selected LSP in

the network. The other three alternatives are capable of meeting the

standard SDH 50-ms switch-over time.

Path protection based on RSVP-TE is implemented using RSVP

Hello messages, providing a 1:1 protection mechanism. This means

that in normal circumstances the traffic is only sent along the

working LSP. If a failure is detected, the traffic is forwarded to the

protecting LSP. The switch-over time in this case is highly

dependent on the frequency of RSVP Hello messages sent between

the end-points of the protection group.

MPLS-OAM-based 1+1 LSP protection uses MPLS OAM packets,

which are sent at a given frequency over the LSPs. Transported

traffic is sent to both LSPs simultaneously, and the receiving end

selects the best source. The OAM packets inform the remote end

about the prevailing path conditions. The OAM packet sending

frequency can be set by the service provider. When a 10-ms

frequency is used, a 50-ms switch-over time can be achieved. A

lower OAM packet frequency results in a longer switch-over time.

The benefit with this model is that the intermediate nodes do not

take part in the protection mechanisms. When the working and

protecting LSPs are terminated by different line cards in the same

element, protection is provided also against the potential failure of

one line card.

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) is a protocol that can

detect faults in the bidirectional path between two forwarding

engines. It operates independently of media, data protocols and

routing protocols. One potential application of BFD is to monitor the

availability of an MPLS LSP. As such, BFD is a lightweight protocol

that can be used to detect a data plane failure in the forwarding

path of an MPLS LSP.

Management Plane

All of the elements of the Tellabs 8600 system solution implement a

full range of SNMP MIBs and support command-line interface (CLI)

network management applications as well as the GUI-based

Tellabs® 8000 Network Manager. However, within the Tellabs 8600

system solution, the Broadband Management Protocol (BMP) is

used for communications between the Tellabs 8000 manager and

the elements. BMP was chosen for its scalability, security and


The software architecture allows simultaneous use of the different

management interfaces: SNMP, CLI and BMP. Several concurrent

Telnet or SSH sessions can be made to a single element. Both

Ethernet and serial interfaces are available on the CDC for local

management access of each network element. The Ethernet

interface can also be used to build an external management

network where required. The management plane is protected

whenever the CDC is duplicated for redundancy, which is typically

the case.

Online Core Network Monitoring

Online Core Network Monitoring enables the partial management of

third-party network elements in the same management domain with

Tellabs 8600 system elements. It collects information on network

topology and capacity reservations by means of the OSPF-TE

routing protocol. The topology and bandwidth information is then

displayed graphically in the Network Editor tool of the Tellabs 8000

manager. This information can be used for Traffic Engineering

purposes for LSPs routed through the Tellabs 8600 system and

third-party network elements.

Route Reflector

Route Reflector functionality is used to improve the scalability of the

BGP routing protocol within an autonomous system. Instead of all

routers in the AS running BGP forming a full mesh of iBGP sessions

with each other, each BGP router creates a session to the Router

Reflector, which reflects the BGP advertisements received from one

of the routers to all others. One of the BGP routers in the AS can

function as a Route Reflector. Additionally, the Tellabs 8000

manager system offers the unique possibility of dedicating a

standalone Linux-based server to operation as the Route Reflector.

This solution can increase the BGP scalability further by enabling

flexible upgrades in the processing performance of the Route

Reflector without reconfiguration of the traffic-carrying network


Network management systemNetwork and connection management are becoming more and

more important in today’s networking world. The ability to manage a

complex and large network with limited non-specialized resources is

essential for service providers. An efficiently designed management

system can help to streamline processes and can shorten service

delivery and repair times considerably.

The network management system for the Tellabs 8600 system

follows the same ideology as the widely used and well-received

Tellabs 8100 system. The Tellabs 8000 manager is a single

platform that can manage both Tellabs 8600 and Tellabs 8100

systems network elements, as well as the Tellabs 6300 system

network elements. This service-oriented network management

system is one of the most important parts of a Tellabs solution. It

has been designed on the basis of extensive operation experience

and customer feedback gained with the Tellabs 8100 system’s

previous network manager software. It allows customers with

Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 systems network elements to

continue to use the same management system, which has been

extended with new tools for newer applications. The key benefits of

this graphical-user-interface-based system are ease of use,

scalability and reliability.

Each service type is managed with its own optimized tool. Links

between the tools are designed so that operations staff can handle

complex tasks without the need for a deep understanding of the

network or the management structure. The system has been

purposefully designed for ease of use by hiding the complexities of

the network behind a service-driven point-and-click interface. In a

traditional management environment, setting up each new service

often requires extensive configuration of every network element

involved in the delivery of the service. With the Tellabs 8000

manager, simple actions are translated into a series of commands,

which are then sent automatically to all relevant network elements.

This enables very fast, lower error operations without the need for

in-depth understanding of the underlying technology.

As shown in Figure 30, the normal CLI has been replaced by a

graphical user interface (GUI). This enables service providers to



Page 27: Tellabs 8600 Overview

focus their valuable expertise on the more challenging operational

issues. The tools and applications can be launched by operators at

remote workstations. In this case, highly customizable user

privileges determine the rights of each operator.

Figure 30. Network topology and element management tools

The system has been designed with scalability in mind. It can

support very large networks containing hundreds of thousands of

elements. As the network scales, so does the number of

management servers and workstations. This provides maximum

protection and efficiency.

To allow integration with the existing service provider network

management systems, the Tellabs 8000 manager uses open and

standard interfaces. In some cases, the service provider may prefer

to monitor the Tellabs 8600 system elements using an existing

SNMP manager. For this reason, all Tellabs 8600 system elements

support the standard SNMP MIBs. It is also possible to configure

the elements via a CLI if this is required.

In addition to managing Tellabs elements, the Tellabs 8000

manager also collects information on the operation and topology of

the core IP network elements for monitoring purposes. This allows

the service provider to view the network structure as a unified

entity. With this view, the personnel can understand the network

status and identify any possible bottlenecks that could affect

service delivery.

Benefits of the Tellabs 8000 manager

The provisioning of QoS-guaranteed services and connections is a

complicated task; it involves many steps and requires up-to-date

knowledge of the network topology and resource allocation

situation. This work can be done manually by accessing each

associated network element using Telnet/SSH and issuing the

appropriate CLI commands, but this approach requires an

experienced networking expert. It takes a lot of time and is very

prone to configuration errors.

By contrast, the Tellabs 8000 manager automates these individual

steps and provides an umbrella interface for each process. This

approach does not need anywhere near the same level of network

expertise as the manual method. The end-to-end management of

the network and service life cycle is achieved in less time, at a

lower cost and with fewer errors.

For the service provider, the advantages of the Tellabs 8000

manager can include:

End-to-end service and connectivity provisioning results in fast

time to revenue. Remote configuration, automated processes and

service templates reduce the time for delivering the services and

remove the need for site visits.

Advanced testing tools for connectivity, QoS and throughput

provide that high quality services can be maintained for

customers. These provide accurate service- and connection-level

data for SLA reporting.

Figure 29. Easy-to-learn, simple-to-use management system


Page 28: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Fast troubleshooting with proactive and accurate fault

identification maximizes network availability.

A single management solution for the Tellabs 8100, Tellabs 6300

and Tellabs 8600 system platforms is complemented with

external products from e.g. 3rd party mobile vendors. Support for

TDM, ATM, FR, IP and Ethernet technologies provides an easy

upgrade path from TDM to IP.

Provisioning can be handled by fewer operators since no special

in-depth technology knowledge is needed. The advanced

graphical user interface enables fast operations and is easy to

learn. The system includes comprehensive online help to support

the users.

A significant amount of time is saved over the command-line

approach, especially for large networks. The number of errors can

be reduced dramatically through the use of automated tasks and

service templates.

A central database is maintained by the system and is updated in

real time with modifications made by multiple users using

different tools. A consistency check is made between the different

network elements. The database notifies the user of any mistakes

and so prevents faulty configuration data from being entered.

Service definitions need only be specified at the top level. The

system automatically handles all of the complex element

configuration work. Templates make it easy to learn and use

these processes.

More effective Traffic Engineering can be achieved through

network virtualization. Network elements, links and even services

can be simulated in the database without updating of the physical

hardware involved. This allows different network planning options

to be analyzed. For example, the effect of a new service on

network congestion can be modeled without any actual changes

to the physical network.

Fault and performance data are collected from network elements

and are associated with individual services and connections. The

overall state of a connection can be checked at a glance. The

fault management monitoring covers network elements, links

between the elements, network-wide parameters and the network

management system itself.

The entire Tellabs 8600 system based network – devices,

configurations, services – is automatically documented in the

Tellabs 8000 manager database. For example, service

configuration information is stored in the database when a service

or connection is provisioned. This is then kept constantly up to

date if any changes are made to the configuration.

The distributed architecture facilitates that there is no single point

of failure. It also means that consistency is maintained between

the physical network and its management.

In summary, the Tellabs 8000 manager is designed to be quick to

integrate, scalable and easy to use. It can deliver a reliably running

network with simple service provisioning and monitoring. The

system is equally well suited for managing just the Tellabs 8100,

6300 and 8600 system elements or for integration into the service

provider’s wider umbrella management system.

System Components

The Tellabs 8000 manager is a modular software system. The

system functionality is divided into several, separately licensed

applications or modules. Network management users can select

from these only the ones they need.

The cornerstone of the system is the Basic Package, which contains

all of the tools for planning and building the network, as well as for

element management. The element management tools include all

functionality that is required for monitoring or configuring elements

and their components in a Tellabs 8600 system network. It provides

tools for element configuration and element-level fault and

performance management. In addition, tools for user privilege

management, customer information management tools and the

online help system are included in the Basic Package. All of the

functionality is provided via a graphical user interface.

In addition to the Basic Package, there are a number of network

and service level management applications. With the provisioning

and testing applications, the operator can configure, test and

monitor all of the services and connections in the network on an

end-to-end basis. Each service and connection can be tested

before it is put into active use. The fault and performance

information can be viewed at the service level, which helps the

operator to respond quickly to customer issues. All of these end-to-

end management tools enable an operator to reduce the number of

steps and the risk of errors in the service delivery phase. This can

have a direct effect on delivery time and customer satisfaction.

Using the Tellabs 8000 manager

The basic design principle of the Tellabs 8000 manager is that all

actions can be planned ahead of time. They are then implemented

when the hardware is available, and activated when needed. Once

deployed, the services can be tested to confirm that they are

functioning properly. The activation of an element automatically

triggers the monitoring function. The following sections illustrate

how the Tellabs 8000 manager assists with the daily operations and

service-related management tasks.

Service Provisioning Steps

The first step is to choose the service or connection end-points.

The connection type can be multipoint-to-multipoint or point-to-

point. Point-to-point connectivity is implemented as an MPLS

Pseudo Wire. This can carry Ethernet, ATM, TDM or FR traffic. The

end-points are located in the interfaces/sub-interfaces of the Tellabs

network elements. A sub-interface can be specified by a VLAN tag

in an Ethernet interface or by an ATM VP/VC in an ATM interface.

To speed up the operations, the operator can also create a number

of Pseudo Wires at once. This group operation option applies also

for connection end-point changes.

Once the connection is defined, the operator then specifies the

traffic constraints and traffic rate. The traffic constraints include

information about the traffic classification rules, QoS requirements

and parameters for traffic shaping and policing. These traffic

constraints are then used to determine the DiffServ classification of

the traffic, plus the routing and capacity reservations for the LSPs

assigned to the service.

The next step is to set up the newly created connection or the

whole service. The service is first created only in the database,

using the Tellabs 8000 manager provisioning logic. The operator

can then check the results of this before actually implementing the

connection on the network hardware. If the connection operation

fails for some reason, a descriptive error message is displayed to



Page 29: Tellabs 8600 Overview

the operator. The Tellabs 8000 manager maintains a list of which

configuration steps for the network elements have, and have not,

been completed. With this list, the operation can be redone after

fixing of the problem that led to the failure on the previous attempt.

Alternatively, one can back out of the process completely, with no

incomplete settings left on the network elements. Figure 31 shows

the main service provisioning window displayed in connection of a

Pseudo Wire using the Tellabs 8000 manager.

To test the service or connection, the Packet Loop Testing tool can

be launched directly from the service provisioning window. Service

testing is a logical step for ensuring that any newly provisioned or

modified services are working as expected. Testing at the service

level, including SLA-related parameters, is currently unique to the

Tellabs 8600 system.

Once a service or connection is no longer needed, it can be deleted

from the network and from the Tellabs 8000 manager database in

a single operation. All configurations related to the deleted service

are removed from the network elements.

Packet Loop Testing

End-to-end testing of services and connections is one of the most

important features of the Tellabs 8000 manager. A similar testing

tool, the Circuit Loop Test, is provided for TDM connections built

with Tellabs 8100 system elements. The Packet Loop Test is made

possible by special test and loopback generators and analyzers that

are built into the hardware and software of the Tellabs 8600 system

network elements. Figure 32 shows the Packet Loop Test window in

which the tested service and results are displayed.

The Packet Loop Test tool provides answers to questions such as:

Does basic end-to-end connectivity exist between all or only

some of the chosen end-points of the service?

What are the values for packet loss, delay and jitter (delay

variation) for the connection being tested?

Is the provisioned connection able to perform transfer at full


If necessary, the test can be configured to be performed

automatically for a specified length of time at a given interval. For

example, it can be set up to run every second day between

11:00:00 and 11:00:20 as an additional part of the performance

monitoring of a VPN. Test results can be reported automatically

using email. If an automatically performed test indicates a problem,

an alarm can be generated.

Service-level Fault Monitoring

The Tellabs 8000 manager is designed to provide a coherent fault

monitoring structure that correlates equipment-level issues with the

specific services and individual connections involved. Element-level

monitoring information is mapped against each LSP and the

connections or services carried. This means that when an LSP goes

down, the operator has a complete picture of the equipment fault

that has caused it and of the impact it has on services. This leads

to much faster fault resolution and allows the operator to react to

the most critical service issues first. Service management allows the

operator to monitor faults for a group of objects as one service

entity. The group can consist of, for instance, connections

terminating at a specific element, elements that are part of a special

network or have a special role, or trunks leased from another

service provider. This feature makes it possible to pay specific

attention to certain parts of the network that could require more

attention or quicker responses.

Performance Monitoring

In the Performance Monitoring component, an extensive array of

metrics related to the performance and traffic characteristics of the

links and LSPs is gathered from the network. The information also

includes class-based packet statistics to provide a higher-granularity

picture of network performance. The information collected is

normalized and stored in the database. The performance

management GUI tool includes a basic set of reports that the user

can generate. All stored historical data can be viewed with the tool,

for analysis of the most utilized links and LSPs in the network. This

helps the operator know when a link in the network needs to be

upgraded. The graphical tool can be used also to monitor the

performance of a link in real time when one is diagnosing problems.

Figure 31. Service provisioning tool window

Figure 32. The Packet Loop Test tool enables testing of selected services or



Page 30: Tellabs 8600 Overview

With trend lining, the operator may use historical data to predict

when some links in the network need to be upgraded. The

performance data can also be exported to external systems for

further analysis.

The Performance Monitoring tool is very important in a packet-

based environment, for keeping link utilization at acceptable levels.

It is a key function for compliance with end-user Service Level


Web Reporter

Tellabs Web Reporter offers online information on the network and

services through a standard Web browser (as illustrated in Figure

33). The tool is easy to use for service provider personnel who need

to read current status information or obtain reports at various levels

concerning the Tellabs network. There are a number of predefined

report formats that show the network information in HTML form.

At the client end, no special tools are required, only a Web browser.

In the network management network, instead a separate server is

needed that gathers the information from the database part of the

Tellabs 8000 manager and converts it into the appropriate format

when the report request from the client is generated.

Figure 33. Tellabs Web Reporter client

Management System Interoperability

The Tellabs 8000 manager provides flexible interface options for

communication and integration with other vendors’ Operational

Support Systems. The architecture supports open and documented

northbound interfaces with flexible communication protocols for

OSS integration. A standards-based Java client library is available

for easy access to the Tellabs 8000 manager from any platform.

The architecture also provides an open communication API for use

if other integration options are preferred. In practice, customization

is usually needed in any OSS integration project. However, the

design of the system architecture makes this integration simple and


The Tellabs 8000 manager provides high-level northbound

interfaces that communicate at the service level in order to hide the

lower-level complexity of the Tellabs 8600 system elements and the

underlying network. This shields the integrator from the individual

element management systems and any changes between different

software versions that can significantly increase integration and

maintenance costs. The Tellabs 8000 manager provides support for

the Tellabs 8600, Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 systems’ network

elements through a single northbound interface. This means that

any element version dependencies are completely hidden by the

Tellabs 8000 manager. Therefore, each tool that is part of the

Tellabs 8000 manager platform always has the latest information


Tellabs has many years of experience of integration with a number

of third party OSS systems, including Micromuse Netcool, Cramer,

HP TeMIP, NetCracker, EliteCore and Servion. In addition, some of

our customers have successfully integrated the platform with other

vendors’ solutions, such as Orchestream and Concord.

Management Solution Components

Figure 34 shows the management system, which consists of a

number of servers and workstations connected to the same Local

Area Network.

Figure 34. Management network for the Tellabs 8600 system

The management network is connected to the Tellabs 8600 system

network elements through one or more communication servers. If

there are also Tellabs 8100 and Tellabs 6300 systems elements in

the same network, they will require communication servers of their

own. The number of communication servers required depends on

the network size, the number of connections and the required

reliability level. Should a server fail, the remaining servers

automatically take over the communications on behalf of the failed

one. The network management system can scale to very large

networks with tens of thousands of network elements. One

communication server can typically handle a network with up to

500 elements.

All of the information from the network and services is stored on a

central database server. Information can be extracted from the

database even by external systems. The database server contains

all of the necessary data for the network. This can include elements

from the Tellabs 8100, the Tellabs 6300 and the Tellabs 8600

systems. The network is configured in the database, and the

configuration is downloaded to each element. In this way,

configurations can be checked for errors before the configuration

information is downloaded to the network element.



Page 31: Tellabs 8600 Overview

The management server runs the processing logic for the Tellabs

8000 manager tools, ensuring the proper ordering of all operational

actions. The management servers can be duplicated to increase

network management system scalability and improve availability.

Operations staff can access the network management system from

workstations. Using the workstation, the operator can run all of the

licensed tools for network design, element configuration, service

provisioning, service testing, fault monitoring and network

performance monitoring. The service provider can delegate the

operational responsibilities between different groups by flexibly

defining the privileges for each person or group concerned.

The number of workstations needed depends on the number of

concurrent users. Each can be connected to the management LAN

directly or over a Wide Area Network. The workstations operate as

thin clients with the processing logic hosted centrally. The network

management system enables the operator to easily monitor and

configure the network elements and their respective services. If

communication is lost between the management system and the

network, these functions are suspended while the connections in

the network are not affected. All settings in the network elements

remain unaltered until communication with the network

management system is restored.

The management system for the Tellabs 8600 system is built on the

basis of open, standard interfaces. These interfaces are also used

for communication within the Tellabs 8000 manager. Open

interfaces also enable easier integration at several levels with the

third-party management systems that a service provider may be


If required, all of the Tellabs 8600 system network elements can be

monitored with SNMP-capable systems. Standard MIBs are

implemented in all devices. Configuration can be carried out via a

CLI also, if necessary. Whichever method is used, the system

maintains consistency between the database and the Tellabs 8600

system network elements to provide that all information is up to


The Route Master is a separate network element that provides two

important functions – the Online Core Network Monitoring and

Route Reflector as described earlier. The Router Master can be

configured to perform either both functions or only one of them. As

mentioned previously, any Tellabs 8600 system network element

can also function as a Route Reflector. If the Route Master is used

as a Route Reflector, it should always be duplicated, regardless of

network size, due to the criticality of its role. The Route Master

server operates on a Linux server platform.

Windows 2003 and UNIX are available for the database server. All

of the process logic servers and workstations work in a Windows

2003 environment.

The computers associated with the Tellabs 8000 manager can also

be installed in a Tellabs 8100 system network management

configuration. For a current Tellabs 8100 system network manager

customer, the introduction of the Tellabs 8600 system and related

management tools is a simple task. All network data can be

integrated into a single database, with one tool used for monitoring

the network. All of the new tools can be run according to the same

business procedures used with the existing workstations.


The Tellabs 8000 manager is designed to scale with the network

size, number of users and required management capabilities. The

Tellabs 8600 system is designed for use in large national and even

international networks, which may consist of tens of thousands of

network elements, so network scalability is obviously a critical issue.

End-to-end manageability for every single connection and service in

the network is preserved as the network grows.

The Tellabs proprietary communication protocol BMP facilitates

minimal error network management operations since it provides

very efficient communication between the network elements and

the management system. The BMP protocol is similar to the proven

DXX protocol, used for communication with the Tellabs 8100

system elements.

As the number of people operating the network increases, it is

possible to add more workstations to meet the network

management needs. The service provider can also install additional

servers in the management network to add management capacity

or for redundancy. In the latter case, the additional servers can

share the management load and make the system even more fault-


The Tellabs 8000 manager software includes several optional

applications, thus allowing service providers to choose the right set

of tools for their specific management needs. When a network is

small or a limited number of services are provided, the service

provider can start with the basic management functionality. As the

service portfolio is enhanced or the network grows, a wider

selection of applications can be deployed.

Security for Network Management

The protocol used to communicate with the Tellabs 8600 system

network elements can support very large networks and handle a

vast amount of information. The management traffic uses the UDP

protocol at the transport layer. Since the management traffic is

mixed in with the live data traversing the network, it is important to

make sure that the management commands can always get

through, even when the network is busy. This is facilitated by giving

the management traffic a very high priority.

It is also essential to make sure that the management traffic and the

associated applications are accessible only to authorized personnel

who have the appropriate security clearance. The following security

features have been implemented in the Tellabs 8000 manager:

The service provider’s administrator can define the user lists and

specify the privileges for each user. Privileges can be assigned

for, e.g., a certain application only. For each application it is

possible to further limit the information available or the rights to

run certain tasks.

No server or workstation software may be started without entry of

a valid username and password.

Each user is authenticated upon login to the system. The login

and all subsequent management actions performed by the

operator are tracked and logged on the database server.

IPSec can be used to secure the connections between the

network management system and the network elements.


Page 32: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Management of Services across Tellabs Platforms

Tellabs eases the transition from traditional leased-line services to

new packet based services with its integrated approach to network

and service management tools. Simultaneous support for new

platforms and existing deployments helps service providers to

minimize their capital and operational expenditure. A service

provider that already provides services using a Tellabs 8100/6300

systems platform can deploy a Tellabs 8600 system and

immediately offer new services and connection methods. Ethernet

and IP VPN services or ATM connectivity can be offered using the

same management system infrastructure, processes and personnel.

All new and existing tools can be launched using the same Tellabs

8000 manager toolbox. It is very easy to learn to use the new

components because they follow the same logic and have a look

and feel similar to that of the existing tools. All of the licensed tools

are visible and accessible via the toolbox. Information about all

Tellabs products is stored in a single database, which maintains the

consistency of the data. Network Editor is able to show all Tellabs

network elements and thus provide a full picture of the network

topology. Topology changes and element configuration can be

performed with ease for the whole network. Additionally, customer

management and network fault management can be processed for

the whole network from a single window. For large networks, it is

possible to limit the view to only certain areas or levels of the

network at a time.

The management system makes it very straightforward to provision

and maintain connections and services: each step in the process

can be carried out with the same tools. The system automatically

takes care of correctly configuring all of the network elements that

deliver a part of the service. The network management system

automates the process as much as possible and asks for only the

relevant parameters from the operator. In the service creation

process, user-friendly wizards facilitate building cross-platform

connections. This way, the user is guided through the steps that are

needed to implement the task. Using the same system, the operator

can manage various service types and multiple technologies. With

the testing tools, services and connections can be tested

automatically when created or on a regular basis. Moreover, faults

occurring in any of the services are reported through the same fault

management system.

ConclusionsThe Tellabs® 8600 Managed Edge System can be used to provide

access and regional aggregation for next-generation mobile and

converged networks. For a mobile operator, the Tellabs RAN

solution is a very cost-effective and versatile solution alternative to

ATM-based RAN networks. When used in a mobile RAN, it allows

the service provider to migrate from one access technology to

another at its own pace. This allows a gradual transition between

release phases in implementing a 2G-to-3G evolution toward an all-

IP RAN. Its modular architecture, versatile interface support and

scalability make a Tellabs 8600 system solution a potentially good

long-term investment.

The Tellabs 8600 system solution offers a truly convergent platform

that can support multiple applications and services across different

segments of the customer base. Wireless LAN hotspots and WiMAX

are and will remain a part of the network that requires Ethernet

connectivity and high bandwidths. The same Tellabs 8600 system

platform and elements can be used for efficiently transporting

traffic in a mobile RAN, delivering managed IP VPN and Ethernet

services to business customers and aggregating Internet access

traffic from residential users through various access options.

An integrated advanced management solution – the Tellabs 8000

manager allows the service provider to minimize operational

expenses as well as improve network change response times. The

solution is extremely scalable and offers the same capabilities even

if the network grows significantly. The Tellabs 8000 manager

supports multiple Tellabs product families and provides customers

with seamless management across platforms, independent of the

underlying technology.

Figure 35. Tellabs 8000 manager platform integration



Page 33: Tellabs 8600 Overview

QoS functionality DiffServ, DiffServ aware MPLS Traffic

Engineering (RFC 3270 and RFC 3564)

CBR, VBR, UBR+ and UBR ATM service


ATM Forum Traffic Management 4.1

L-LSP and E-LSP support for MPLS

Queuing for up to eight QoS classes per

port for DiffServ traffic and 1000

additional queues for user-selectable

services (e.g., VLANs) per IFC

Traffic classification based on protocol,

source and destination address, source

and destination port and Type of Service

(ToS) field

Policing with Two Rate Three Color


Queue-based RED, WRED and tail drop

for congestion control

SP/WFQ scheduling

Optional traffic shaping per queue

Management Element, network and service

management with Tellabs 8000 Network


CLI as an option for element configuration

SNMPv2 MIB support in network


Power requirements 48-VDC power for the Tellabs 8660 and

Tellabs 8630 products

100 … 240 VAC or 48 VDC for the

Tellabs 8620 switch

Universal VAC or 48 VDC for the Tellabs

8606 aggregator

48 VDC, 24 VDC or 100 … 240 VAC for

the Tellabs 8605 switch

Environmental conditions ETS 300 019-1-3 Class 3.2 (In use)

NEBS GR-63-CORE (In use)

Summary of product featuresThe table below provides a summary of

functionality and products of the Tellabs®

8600 Managed Edge System. It should be

noted that some parts of the system or

functionality listed below are not yet

generally available, but are part of the

planned future development.

Applications Transport for 2G and 3G Radio Access

Network with ATM IMA, ML-PPP, ATM

VP/VC switching and TDM cross-

connections at DS0 level

PWE3 tunnels (Ethernet, ATM, HDLC, FR,


IP VPN (RFC 2547bis)

H-VPLS (Lasserre-Vkompella IETF draft)

Broadband service aggregation

Physical dimensions (W x H x D) Tellabs 8660 Edge Switch: 440 x 600 x

300 mm

Tellabs 8630 Access Switch: 440 x 230 x

286 mm

Tellabs 8620 Access Switch: 440 x 88 x

280 mm

Tellabs 8606 Ethernet Aggregator: 440 x

44.5 x 300 mm

Tellabs 8605 Access Switch: 440 x 44 x

280 mm

Switching capacity Tellabs 8660 switch: maximum of 42

Gbps bidirectional switching capacity (12

IFCs each with 3.5 Gbps switching


Tellabs 8630 switch: 14-Gbps

bidirectional switching capacity

Tellabs 8620 switch: 3.5-Gbps

bidirectional switching capacity

Tellabs 8606 aggregator: wire speed on

all interfaces, 12.8-Gbps switching matrix

Tellabs 8605 switch: 300-Mbps

forwarding capacity

Performance Tellabs 8660 switch: 93.6 Mbps

Tellabs 8630 switch: 31.2 Mbps

Tellabs 8620 switch: 7.8 Mbps

Interface Modules Fast Ethernet, gigabit Ethernet,

multiservice ch. STM-1/OC-3c,

multiservice ch. E1/T1, STM-1/OC-3c

POS, STM-4/OC-12c POS, STM-16/OC-

48c POS, STM-1/OC-3c ATM

Possibility of using all Interface Modules

in the Tellabs 8660, the Tellabs 8630

and the Tellabs 8620 switches

IP/MPLS protocols Static routing, OSPF-TE, IS-IS-TE, (MP)-

BGP4 (RFC 1771 and RFC 2858), LDP

(RFC 3036), RSVP-TE (RFC 3209)

PIM-SM Ipv4 Multicast

Resilience Common logic 1+1 protection, hot-

swappable plug-ins (Tellabs 8660 and

Tellabs 8630 products)

1+1 MSP (APS), 1+1 (MPLS OAM) and

1:1 (RSVP-TE or BFD) LSP protections,

Ethernet link protection

OSPF, BGP, BGP with MPLS labels and

LDP graceful restart mechanisms

Synchronization SEC/Stratum-3 timing module

External clock input and output

Synchronous Ethernet

Adaptive synchronization

IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol

Clock distribution capability


Page 34: Tellabs 8600 Overview

Acronyms and initialisms

ACL Access Control List

AF Assured Forwarding DiffServ PHB

APS Automatic Protection Switching

ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

BE Best Effort

BFD Bidirectional Forwarding Detection

BGP Border Gateway Protocol

BMI Broadband Management Interface

BMP Broadband Management Protocol

BRAIN Broadband Routing ASIC for IP Networks

BSC Base Station Controller

CAC Connection Admission Control

CBR Constant Bit Rate

CBS Committed Burst Size

CDC Control and DC Power Card

CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

CE Customer Edge

CIR Committed Information Rate

CLE Customer Located Equipment

CLI Command Line Interface

CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture

CoS Class of Service

CPE Customer Premises Equipment

CPU Central Processing Unit

CSPF Constrained Shortest Path First

CT Class Type

CV Connection Verification

DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DiffServ Differentiated Services

DMA Deferred Maintenance Alarm

DS Differentiated Services

DSCP Differentiated Services Code Point

DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer

eBGP External BGP

ECN Explicit Congestion Notification

EF Expedited Forwarding DiffServ PHB

EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol


ESW Embedded software

EV-DO Code Division Multiple Access Evolution, Data Only

EV-DV Code Division Multiple Access Evolution, Data and


FDI Forward Defect Indication

FE Fast Ethernet

FEC Forwarding Equivalence Class

FMS Fault Management System

FR Frame Relay

GE Gigabit Ethernet

GPT General Problem Type

GUI Graphical user interface

HDLC High-Level Data Link Control

HTML HyperText Markup Language

HSDPA High Speed Dpwnlink Packet Access

HSUPA High Speed Uplink Packet Access

IBGP Internal BGP

IFC Interface Module Concentrator, interface card

IFM Interface Module

IETF Internet Engineering Task Force

IGP Interior Gateway Protocol

IMA Inverse Multiplexing for ATM

IMS IP Multimedia Subsystem

IP Internet Protocol

IS-IS Intermediate System to Intermediate System

ITU-T International Telecommunications Union –

Telecommunication Standardization Sector

LAN Local Area Network

LAN-IC Local Area Network Interconnection

LDP Label Distribution Protocol

LE Local Exchange

LER Label Edge Router


LSA Link-State Advertisement

LSP Label Switched Path

LSR Label Switch Router

MAM Maximum Allocation Model

MEI Maintenance Event Information

MIB Management Information Base

MP-BGP BGP with Multiprotocol Extensions

MPLS Multiprotocol Label Switching

MSP Multiplexer Section Protection

MTU Multi Tenant Unit

NE Network Element

NMS Network Management System

N-PE Network-facing Provider Edge router

OAM Operation, Administration and Maintenance

OCNM Online Core Network Monitoring

OSPF Open Shortest Path First routing protocol

P Provider router

P-a Provider router in access network

PBS PIR Burst Size

PDU Protocol data unit



Page 35: Tellabs 8600 Overview

PE Provider Edge

PHB Per Hop Behavior

PIR Peak Information Rate

PLT Packet Loop Test

PMA Prompt Maintenance Alarm

POS Packet over SONET

PPP Point-to-Point Protocol

PSC PHB Scheduling Class

PWE3 Pseudo Wire Emulation Edge to Edge

QoS Quality of Service

RAN Radio Access Network

RED Random Early Detection

RFC Request For Comments (IETF documents)

RIP Routing Information Protocol

RNC Radio Network Controller

RR Route Reflector

RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol

RT Route Target

RT Real Time

SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

1 x RTT Single carrier Radio Transmission Technology

SEC SDH Equipment Clock

SFP Small Form-Factor Pluggable

SIP Session Initiation Protocol

SLA Service Level Agreement

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

SONET Synchronous Optical Network

SP Strict Priority

SPF Shortest Path First

SPT Special Problem Type

STM Synchronous transmission mode

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

TDM Time Division Multiplexing

TE Transit Exchange

TE Traffic Engineering

TED Traffic Engineering Database

TLV Type length value

ToS Type of Service

TTSI Trail Termination Source Identifier

UDP User Datagram Protocol

U-PE User-facing Provider Edge router

VBRrt Variable Bit Rate – real-time

VDSL Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line

VLAN Virtual Local Area Network

VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol

VPLS Virtual Private LAN Service

VPN Virtual Private Network

VPWS Virtual Private Wire Service

VRF VPN Routing and Forwarding


WFQ Weighted Fair Queuing

WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

WRED Weighted Random Early Detection

XML Extensible Markup Language


Page 36: Tellabs 8600 Overview



The following trademarks and service marks are owned by

Tellabs Operations, Inc., or its affiliates in the United States

and/or in other countries: TELLABS®, TELLABS and T symbol®,

and T symbol®. Any other company or product names may

be trademarks of their respective companies.

© 2006 Tellabs. All rights reserved.

74.1747E Rev. A 11/06

Latin America & Caribbean


1401 N.W. 136th Avenue

Suite 202

Sunrise, FL 33323


+1 954 839 2800

Fax: +1 954 839 2828

Europe, Middle East & Africa


Abbey Place

24–28 Easton Street

High Wycombe, Bucks

HP11 1NT

United Kingdom

+44 870 238 4700

Fax: +44 870 238 4851

Asia Pacific


3 Anson Road

#14–01 Springleaf Tower

Singapore 079909

Republic of Singapore

+65 6215 6411

Fax: +65 6215 6422

North America


One Tellabs Center

1415 West Diehl Road

Naperville, IL 60563


+1 630 798 8800

Fax: +1 630 798 2000

Statements in this document pertaining to (a) future market or technological trends or developments, (b) future Tellabs products or features, (c) cost-savings, profitability or other

commercial or technological advantages arising from a product, service or technology, (d) possible network or system designs or configurations, or (e) other future, speculative or

forward-looking statements are for discussion purposes only, subject to change and shall not be construed as recommendations, guarantees or warranties (expressed or implied).

Results, outcomes or conclusions may differ.