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Surrealism & Dada Expression of the Subconscious Mind , Juxtaposition of Images and Concepts Adapted from Ms.Bauer Art Remedios Varo, Tightrope Walkers 1944
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  • 1.Surrealism & Dada Expression of the Subconscious Mind , Juxtaposition of Images and Concepts Adapted from Ms.Bauer Art Remedios Varo, Tightrope Walkers 1944

2. What is Dada? Man Ray, Le Cadeau (The Gift), 1921 The Dada Movement (1916-23) was anti- war, anti-materialistic and anti- nationalistic. Dada rejected traditional art standards and used nonsense to represent the senselessness of war and violence. 3. Tristan Tzara 1896- 1963 Romanian/French Poet, Essayist and Performance Artist He wrote the Dada Manifesto 1918 I destroy the drawers of the brain, and those of social organisation: to sow demoralisation everywhere, and throw heaven's hand into hell, hell's eyes into heaven, to reinstate the fertile wheel of a universal circus in the Powers of reality, and the fantasy of every individual. Every man must shout: there is great destructive, negative work to be done. To sweep, to clean. The cleanliness of the individual materialises after we've gone through folly, the aggressive, complete folly of a world left in the hands of bandits who have demolished and destroyed the centuries. With neither aim nor plan, without organisation: uncontrollable folly, decomposition. Those who are strong in word or in strength will survive, because they are quick to defend themselves; the agility of their limbs and feelings flames on their faceted flanks. DADA DOES NOT MEAN ANYTHING 4. Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Military Guards, 1918 Marcel Duchamp, Bicycle Wheel, 1913 5. Raoul Hausmann, The Critic, 1919-20Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q., 1919 6. Origins of Surrealism Rene Magritte, This is Not a Pipe, 1968 Surrealism developed out of the Dada Movement. Surrealists were also influenced by Abstraction and Expressionism, as well as Futurism and Cubism. 7. What is Surrealism? A 20th century literary and artistic movement that attempts to express the workings of the subconscious mind. It is characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtaposition of subject matter. Rene Magritte, Son of Man, 1964 8. Cultural & Historical Context Surrealism began during WW1, and continued through WW11, beginning in Paris and spreading through Europe and beyond. While Impressionists and Cubists were concerned with painting the way we see, the Surrealists were more concerned with painting how we really think. Surrealists wanted to discover a new reality by mixing dreams with imagination to create strange and unusual works of art that allowed individual artists to express new emotions that would make us think. 9. Andre Breton 1896- 1966 French Surrealism was officially founded in 1924, when Andre Breton wrote Le Manifeste du Surrealisme. He defined Surrealism as Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other matter - the actual functioning of thought. 10. Automatism Automatic drawing was developed by the Surrealists as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move randomly across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed from rational control. Hence the drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche which would otherwise be repressed. Andre Masson, Automatic Drawing, 1896-1897 11. Famous Surrealists Salvador Dali, Apparition of Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach , 1938 12. Max Ernst 1891- 1976 German Painting is not for me either decorative amusement, or the plastic invention of felt reality; it must be every time: invention, discovery, revelation. 13. Max Ernst, Ubu Imperator (Dada Phase), 1923 14. Joan Miro 1893- 1983 Spanish The painting rises from the brushstrokes as a poem rises from the words. The meaning comes later. Miro did not call himself a Surrealist, but he helped start the movement. Practitioner of automatism. 15. Joan Miro, The Tilled Field, 1923-24 16. Rene Magritte 1898- 1967 Belgian It is a union that suggests the essential mystery of the world. Art for me is not an end in itself, but a means of evoking that mystery. Began painting in Surrealist style after viewing Giorgio di Chiricos artwork. 17. Giorgio di Chirico, Love Song, 1914 Rene Magritte, Memory, 1948 18. Rene Magritte, Transfer, 1966 19. Salvador Dali 1904 - 1989 Spanish Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision. 20. Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931 21. Women in Surrealism Surrealism was the first artistic movement of the 20th century in which women were able to explore feminism and stake a place in the art world. Putting psychic life in the service of revolutionary politics, Surrealism publicly challenged vanguard modernisms insistence on art for arts sake. Surrealism also battled the social institutions- church, state, and family- that regulate the place of women within patriarchy. In offering some women their first locus for artistic and social resistance, it became the first modernist movement in which a group of women could explore female subjectivity and give form (however tentatively) to a feminine imaginary. - Whitney Chadwick, from Women, Surrealism, and Self-Representation 22. Frida Kahlo 1907 - 1954 Mexican I paint my own reality. The only thing I know is that I paint because I need to, and I paint whatever passes through my head without any other consideration. 23. Frida Kahlo, Las Dos Fridas, 1939 24. Remedios Varo 1908 - 1963 Spanish On second thought, I think I am more crazy than my goat. 25. Remedios Varo, Useless Science or The Alchemist, 1955 26. Leonora Carrington 1916 - 2011 English/Irish I didnt have time to be anyones muse I was too busy rebelling against my family and learning to be an artist. As a young artist, she married Max Ernst. 27. Leonora Carrington, Untitled, 1942 28. Impact of Surrealism Influenced writing and art, as well as other literary and artistic movements: Expressionism Post-Modernism Magic Realism Surrealism: It defines a range of creative acts of revolt and efforts to liberate the imagination. 29. Dada & Surrealist Games To make a Dadaist poem: 1. Take a newspaper. 2. Take a pair of scissors. 3. Choose an article as long as you are planning to make your poem. 4. Cut out the article. 5. Then cut out each of the words that make up this article and put them in a bag. 6. Shake it gently. 7. Then take out the scraps one after the other in the order in which they left the bag. 8. Copy conscientiously. 9. The poem will be like you. 10. And here you are a writer, infinitely original and endowed with a sensibility that is charming though beyond the understanding of the vulgar. -Tristan Tzara 30. Dada & Surrealist Games Exquisite Corpse: Surrealist founding father Andr Breton claims that several members began to play an old game known as Consequences at a party. One person would write a word on the piece of paper, fold it back to show only the last word, and hand it to the next person to keep the story rolling. Considering that the participants of that game and later ones included figures such as Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Tristan Tzara, Paul luard, and Joan Mir, its not surprising that the normal verbal twists and turns of the game took on a whole new level. When the phrase exquisite corpse turned up in one session, it instantly became the new name for the game. Over time, a visual equivalent evolved in which artists would draw part of a figure, fold back the paper to show just a hint, and hand it to the next artist to carry on the game. 31. Surrealist Music Karlheinz- Helikopter-Streichquartett (Helicopter String Quartet) John Cage - Branches, Six Melodies American composer, music theorist, writer, and artist. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde. Critics have lauded him as one of the most influential American composers of the 20th century. Yoko Ono- Voice Piece for Soprano & Wish Tree 32. Surrealist Dance Martha Graham Lamentation-Choreographed in 1930 American modern dancer and choreographer whose influence on dance has been compared with the influence Picasso had on the modern visual arts,[1][2] Stravinsky had on music, or Frank Lloyd Wright had on architecture.[3] She danced and choreographed for over seventy years. Isadora Duncan The Dancer of the Future Duncans philosophy of dance moved away from rigid ballet technique and towards what she perceived as natural movement. To restore dance to a high art form instead of entertainment, she sought the connection between emotions and movement: I spent long days and nights in the studio seeking that dance which might be the divine expression of the human spirit through the medium of the bodys movement. 33. Surrealist Filmmakers Man Ray Fritz Lang- Metropolis (1:16:32) Robert Wiene, Hans Janowitz & Carl Meyer,The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari Salvador Dali - Dream for Spellbound & Collaboration with Disney, Destino Tarsem Singh - The Fall (21:19) 34. Surrealist Mixed Media Collage Project Using JUXTAPOSITION to engage the viewers subconscious mind