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SOAPSTone - W · PDF fileSlang, colloquial, jargon, dialect, concrete, ... Read “The Ugly Truth about Beauty ... Barry in groups

Mar 09, 2018

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  • SOAPSTone

  • What is SOAPSTone?

    Speaker: The voice that tells the story

    Occasion: The time and the place of the piece; the context that prompted the writing.

    Audience: The group of readers to whom this piece is directed

    Purpose: The reason behind the text

    Subject: The topic of the piece of writing

    Tone: The attitude of the author

  • Subject

    While reading the text, determine the

    SUBJECT OF THE TEXT.

    Ask yourself: What is this piece of writing

    about? What topic(s) does it concern? Why

    does it matter?

    Are they writing about the war in Iraq? A new

    law that just passed? A hot, new celebrity?

  • Occasion

    While reading, its important to determine WHAT EVENT INFLUENCED THE TEXT.

    Why do we write? Why does it matter? Do we just write about anything and everything, or are we influenced to write?

    Ask yourself: Why is this person writing this text now? What major event or occurrence inspired this piece of writing? Are they writing in response to a new law? An ongoing

    war? A celebrity mishap? A major world crisis?

  • Audience

    While reading the text, it is important to determine WHO THE AUDIENCE IS.

    Dont think an article on the health risks of

    elementary school cafeteria food is an article for just anyone. Who could an article like that be targeting?

    Ask yourself: Who is the intended audience for

    this text? Why write to this specific audience? Is the audience the financial experts of the business

    world? Stay-at-home mothers? College students? Athletes?

    The audience is never anybody

  • Purpose

    While reading the text, it is necessary to understand the PURPOSE OF THE TEXT.

    Ask yourself: Whats the purpose of the writing? What is it intended to do? What is the speaker hoping to achieve? Is there a goal? Are they trying to influence consumers to buy a certain

    product? Vote for a specific politician? Save their money by investing? Send their kids to private school?

    Purpose could be: to entertain, to advocate, to raise awareness, to persuade, to inform, to describe, to reflect on a personal level, to justify, to recommend

  • Speaker

    While reading the text, ask yourself this major question: WHO IS SPEAKING?

    Dont confuse the author with the speaker. They are two different voices; sometimes two different personas. For example, Jim is a reporter for the NY Times, but the

    speaker is a man trying to influence readers to steer clear of a new product.

    Ask yourself: Whats the point of a speaker? Why do we care who is speaking? How does it influence the text? How does it influence the reader? Who is speaking to the reader? Is it an economist? A fashion

    guru? A teacher? A lawmaker?

  • Tone

    While reading the text, one of the most important

    questions is WHATS THE TONE OF THE TEXT?

    How is the author saying what he or she is

    saying? What is his/her attitude towards the

    subject? Toward the audience?

    Is he/she angry? Biased? Persuasive? Neutral?

    Remember, DIDLS can help us create tone and

    analyze tone.

    See next slide

  • DIDLS

    Diction Slang, colloquial, jargon, dialect, concrete, abstract,

    denotation, connotation, formal, informal

    Imagery Sensory details, symbols, allusions, words/phrases, effect

    Details Chosen facts, details left out

    Language Literary devices, figurative language

    What does choice in language tell you about the audience?

    Syntax Sentence structure and patterns: simple, long, parallel

    structures, repetition, juxtaposition, interrogative, declarative, imperative, exclamatory

  • Other Considerations

    Organization Cause/effect

    Compare/contrast

    Chronology

    Classification

    Spatial

    Example

    Degree of importance

    Mode of Writing Expository

    Narrative

    Persuasive

    Descriptive

  • Dave Barry

  • Read The Ugly Truth about Beauty

    Annotate only for your personal reaction

    first.

  • Subject

    Differences in perceptions of beauty

    between genders

  • Occasion

    Written in 2006, still contemporary

    A reflection of common interaction

    between a man and a woman in modern

    American society

  • Audience

    You = male specific for first 9

    paragraphs

    Paragraph 10: YOU is women

    Adults who conform to traditional

    stereotypes in modern America

  • Purpose

    To critique how the medias, and

    therefore out societys, unrealistic

    expectations of female beauty create

    dissonance between male and female

    perceptions of beauty

  • Speaker

    Middle-aged man in America

    Familiar with mainstream cultural beliefs

    about gender roles

    Takes on traditional male perspective

  • Tone

    Humorous, sarcastic, and honest

  • Stylistic Devices continue chart

    together during a second close reading Paragraph # Technique/Device Quotation Effect

    1 Hypothetical

    scenario, 2nd

    person pronouns,

    diction

    If youre a

    man

    Established audience. Use

    of words man and

    woman imply subject

    2 Dialogue How do I look?

    shell ask.

    Generalization about

    women made by man =

    male audience will say

    YES! While female readers

    will squirm. Creating

    opposition between sexes

    to set the scene for an

    essay about their

    differences.

    3 Hyperbole The best

    technique

    collapse on the

    floor

    Creates humor to diffuse

    sensitivity of the upcoming

    topic

  • Other Considerations

    Structure

    Compare and contrast (women v. men

    beauty routines)

    Cause and effect (Barbie + Cindy Crawford

    + other media sensations = women believe

    they are not good enough

    Mode of Writing

    Expository

  • Dave Barry

  • Directions

    Read Lost in the Kitchen by Dave

    Barry in groups.

    Annotate stylistic devices for each

    paragraph.

    At the end, identify all elements of

    SOAPStone.

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