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Science Glossary Glossary - steinhardt.nyu.edu · Glossary Elementary School Level Science Glossary English / Portuguese Translation of Science Terms Based on the Coursework for Science

Dec 14, 2018

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Science Glossary

English / Portuguese

Translation of Science Terms Based on the Coursework for Science Grades 3 to 5.

Last Updated: October 2018

THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT / THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK / ALBANY, NY 12234

This glossary is to PROVIDE PERMITTED TESTING ACCOMMODATIONS of ELL/MLL students. It should also be used for INSTRUCTION during the

school year. The glossary may be downloaded, printed and disseminated to educators, parents and ELLs/MLLs.

Please click here for the New York State Office of Bilingual Education and World Languages Webpage on "Assessment and Testing Accommodations"

http://www.nysed.gov/bilingual-ed/english-language-learnermultilingual-learner-assessment-testing-accommodations

NYSLANGUAGERBERNATNYU PAGE1 2012

GLOSSARY ENGLISHLANGUAGEARTS ENGLISHSPANISH

THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT / THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK / ALBANY, NY 12234

P16OfficeofElementary,Middle,SecondaryandContinuingEducationandOfficeofHigherEducation

OfficeofBilingualEducationandForeignLanguageStudieshttp://www.emsc.nysed.gov/biling/

THEUNIVERSITYOFTHESTATEOFNEWYORKRegentsoftheUniversity

BETTY A. ROSA, Chancellor, B.A., M.S. in Ed., M.S. in Ed., M.Ed., Ed.D. ............ Bronx T. ANDREW BROWN, Vice Chancellor, B.A., J.D. ......................................... Syracuse NAN EILEEN MEAD, B.A. .................................................................................. Manhattan JOSEPHINE VICTORIA FINN, B.A., J.D. ................................................... Albany BEVERLY L. OUDERKIRK, B.S., M.S. ............................................................................. Saratoga ELIZABETH. S. HAKANSON ........................................................................ Onondaga CATHERINE COLLINS, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. ....................................................................... West New York JAMES R. TALLON, R., B.A., M.A. ................................................................................. Binghamton ROGER TILLES, B.A., J.D.................................................................................................. Great Neck JUDITH JOHNSON, B.A., M.A., Ed.D. ............................................................................ Mid-Hudson LUIS O. REYES, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. ................................................................................. New York LESTER W. YOUNG, JR., B.S., M.S., Ed. D. ..................................................................... Oakland Gardens CHRISTINE D. CEA, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. .......................................................................... Staten Island WADE S. NORWOOD, B.A. .............................................................................................. Rochester JUDITH CHIN, B.S., M.S., ............................................................................................... Queens KATHLEEN M. CASHIN, B.S., M.S., Ed.D...................................................................... Brooklyn JAMES E. COTTRELL, B.S., M.D....................................................................................... New York

Commissioner of Education President of The University of the State of New York MARYELLEN ELIA

Executive Deputy Commissioner ELIZABETH BERLIN

The State Education Department does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, religion, creed, disability, marital status, veteran status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation in its educational programs, services and activities. Portions of this publication can be made available in a variety of formats, including Braille, large print or audio tape, upon request. Inquiries concerning this policy of nondiscrimination should be directed to the Departments Office for Diversity, Ethics, and Access, Room 530, Education Building, Albany, NY 12234. Requests for additional copies of this publication may be made by contacting the Publications Sales Desk, Room 319, Education Building, Albany, NY 12234.

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 1

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE

A absorb absorver acceleration acelerao acid rain chuva cida adapt adaptar adaptation adaptao adjust ajustar air ar air pressure presso do ar air resistance resistncia do ar alto alto amount montante, valor, quantia amphibian anfbio analyze analisar anemometer anemmetro animal animal apply aplicar around ao redor arrange organizar artery artria arthropod artrpode asteroid asteride atmosphere atmosfera atom tomo axis eixo

B balance equilibrar (v.), equilbrio (subst.) balanced forces foras equilibradas bar graph grfico de barras barometer barmetro battery bateria behavior comportamento beneficial benfico best melhor bird pssaro blink piscar block bloco blood tissue tecido sanguneo blood vessel vaso sanguneo body heat calor corporal bone osso bone tissue tecido sseo

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 2

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE brain crebro breathe respirar bronchi brnquios buoyant force fora de empuxo

C calculator calculadora camera cmera camouflage camuflar capillary capilar carnivore carnvoro caterpillar lagarta, larva de inseto cause-and-effect causa e efeito cell clula cell membrane membrana celular cell wall parede celular Celsius (C) Celsius (C) centimeter (cm) centmetro (cm) central nervous system sistema nervoso central change mudana change of direction mudana de direo change of motion mudana de movimento change of speed mudana de velocidade characteristic caracterstica chemical qumico chemical change mudana qumica chemical property propriedade qumica chemical weathering intemperismo qumico chlorophyll clorofila chloroplast cloroplasto choose escolher cinder cone volcano vulco cone de cinzas circuit circuito circulatory system sistema circulatrio cirro- cirro, cirrus cirrus cloud nuvem cirrus classification classificao classify classificar claws garras climate clima cloud nuvem collect coletar color cor

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 3

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE column coluna comet cometa common comum community comunidade compare comparar compass bssola competition concorrncia composite volcano vulco composto compost pile pilha de compostagem compound composto compound microscope microscpio composto computer computador conclusion concluso condensation condensao condition condio conduction conduo conductivity condutividade conductors condutores conservation conservao consumer consumidor contain conter container recipiente content contedo convection conveco crest crista, cume crust crosta crystal cristal cubic centimeter centmetro cbico cycle ciclo cytoplasm citoplasma

D dam barragem data dados data table tabela de dados decomposer decompositor decrease diminuir define definir definite definido density densidade deposition deposio derived derivado describe descrever

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 4

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE design desenhar development desenvolvimento diagram diagram die morrer difference diferena digestive system sistema digestivo direction direo directly diretamente discuss discutir disperse dispersar distance distncia distribute distribuir draw desenhar

E earth terra earthquake terremoto earthworm minhoca eat comer echo eco ecosystem ecossistema effect efeito efficient eficiente egg ovo electric eltrico electric current corrente eltrica electrical energy energia eltrica electromagnet eletromagntico electromagnetism eletromagnetismo electron eltron elements elementos elevation elevao eliminate eliminar emit emitir energy energia energy resources recursos energticos environment meio ambiente equal igual erosion eroso error erro eruption erupo esophagus esfago establish estabelecer

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 5

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE estimate estimar estimation estimativa evaluate avaliar evaporate evaporar evaporation evaporao evidence evidncia example exemplo exercise exerccio exoskeleton exoesqueleto experiment experimentar explain explicar external externo eyes olhos

F fact facto, fato factor fator Fahrenheit (F) Fahrenheit ( F) fault falha feather pena feature caracterstica features caractersticas fins barbatanas fish peixe fixed pulley polia fixa float flutuar flood inundar (v.), inundao (subst.) flowers flores food chain cadeia alimentar food web teia alimentar force fora form formato former anterior formula formula fossil fossil fossil fuel combustvel fssil frequency frequncia friction atrito fruit fruta fulcrum fulcro function funo fur

pele

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 6

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE

G galaxy galxia gas gs generation gerao generator gerador germinate germinar germination germinao glacier geleira graduated cylinder cilindro graduado gram (g) grama (g) graph grfico graphic grfico, plotar (v.) gravity gravidade greatest maior green plant planta verde ground cho groundwater lenis freticos grow crescer growth crescimento

H habitat habitat hail granizo hair cabelo hand lens lentes de mo hardness dureza harmful prejudicial health sade healthy habit hbito saudvel hearth lareira heart muscle msculo cardaco heat calor heat energy energia trmica herbivore herbvoro hibernation hibernao host hospedeiro human humano humidity umidade, humidade hurricane furaco hygrometer higrmetro Hypothesis

hiptese

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 7

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE

I identify identificar identical idntico igneous rock rocha gnea illuminate iluminar illustrate ilustrar inclined plane plano inclinado increase aumentar Independent variable varivel independente indicate indicar inference inferncia information informao inherit herdar inherited adaption adaptao herdada inherited trait trao herdado inquiry Inqurito insect inseto insulator iIsolador interact interagir internal interno interpret interpretar interval intervalo invertebrate Invertebrado investigate investigar

J jaw mandbula jellyfish gua-viva joint articulao journal dirio

K kilogram (kg) quilograma (kg) kiloliter (kl) quilolitro (kl) kilometer (km) quilmetro (km) kinetic energy energia cintica kingdom reino kitten gatinho knowledge

conhecimento

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 8

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE

L label rtulo land terra landslide deslizamento de terra large intestine intestino grosso larva larva latitude latitude lava lava leaf folha learned aprendeu learned adaptation adaptao aprendida least pelo menos leaves folhas leg perna length comprimento levee barragem, barreira lever alavanca, p-de-cabra life cycle ciclo da vida life span vida til light luz lighting iluminao line graph grfico de linha lines of force linhas de fora liquid lquido list lista liter (L) litro (L) live viver living vivo living thing coisa viva location localizao lunar eclipse eclipse lunar lungs pulmes luster brilho

M M magma magma magnet magntico magnetic field campo magntico magnetic force fora magntica magnetism magnetismo magnifier lupa maintain manter major principal

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 9

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE mammal mamfero mass massa mates companheiros matter matria measure medida mechanical mecnico mechanical energy energia mecnica metamorphic rock rocha metamrfica metamorphosis metamorfose meter (m) metro (m) meter stick metro method mtodo metric ruler rgua mtrica microscope microscpio migration migrao milligram (mg) miligrama (mg) millimeter (mm) milmetro (mm) mineral mineral mitochondria mitocndria mixture mistura models modelos moisture umidade molecule molcula mollusk molusco motion movimento motor motor mouth boca movable pulley polia mvel muscle tissue tecido muscular muscular system sistema muscular

N nail prego, cravo natural events eventos naturais negative negativo nervous system sistema nervoso neuron neurnio niche nicho nimbus nimbo nonliving thing coisa sem vida nonrenewable no renovvel nonrenewable energy resource recurso energtico no renovvel nose nariz

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 10

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE nucleus ncleo number nmero nutrient nutrient

O object objeto objective lens lentes objetivas observable observvel observation observao observe observer obtained obtido occur ocorrer odor odor offspring descendncia omnivore omnvoro opinion opinio orbit rbita order ordem organ rgo organ system sistema de rgos organism organismo organize organizar original original ovary ovrio overabundance superabundncia ozone oznio

P parallel circuit circuito paralelo parasite parasita path caminho pattern padro percent, percentage porcentagem, porcentagem period perodo permanent magnet m permanente phases fases phenomena fenmenos photosynthesis fotossntese physical fsico physical change mudana fsica physical environment ambiente fsico physical property propriedade fsica physical weathering meteorizao fsica pie graph grfico de pizza

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 11

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE pistil pistil pitch papo planet planeta plant planta (subst.), plantar (v.) polar polar pollen plen pollinate polinizar pollution poluio position posio positive positivo potential energy energia potencial precipitation precipitao predator predador predict prever prediction predio presence presena previous anterior prey presa primary primrio probable provvel procedure procedimento process processo produce produzir producer produtor properties propriedades protect proteger proton prton provide providenciar pull puxar pulley polia pupa pupa puppies filhotes push empurrar

R rabbit coelho radiation radiao rain chuva rearrange rearranjar reason razo receive receber record registro rectum reto

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 12

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE recycle reciclar reduce reduzir refer referir reflect refletir refract refractar relationship relao relative humidity humidade relativa relevant relevante remain the same permanece o mesmo renewable renovvel renewable energy resource recurso de energia renovvel repair reparar, consertar repel repelir represent representar reproduce reproduzir reproduction reproduo reptile rptil required requeridos respiratory system sistema respiratrio respond responder response resposta responsible responsvel result resultado rest descansar reuse reuso revolution revoluo revolve revolver riding a bicycle andar de bicicleta rock rocha rock cycle ciclo de rochas role funo root raiz rotate girar rotation rotao rubbing frico ruler (metric) rgua (mtrica) runoff

escoamento

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 13

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE

S saliva saliva salivate salivar scale escala scientific inquiry inqurito cientfico scientific investigation investigao cientfica scientific thinking pensamento cientfico screw parafuso seasonal sazonal seasonally sazonalmente seasons estaes secondary secundrio sediment sedimento sedimentary rock rocha sedimentar seed semente seedling muda select selecionar senses sentidos sense organ rgo sensorial sequences sequncias series circuit circuito em sries sewage esgoto shadows sombras shape forma shells conchas shelter abrigo shield volcano vulco de escudo shiver arrepio significant significativo similarity semelhana simple machine mquina simples sink pia situation situao size tamanho skeletal muscle msculo esqueltico skeletal system sistema esqueltico skin pele sky cu sleet chuva com neve small intestine intestino delgado smooth muscle msculo liso snow neve

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 14

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE soil solo soil texture textura do solo solar cell clula solar solar system sistema solar solid slido solidification solidificao solubility solubilidade solute soluto solution soluo sound som sound recorder gravador de som source fonte space espao species espcies specific especfico speed rapidez spine coluna vertebral spinal cord medula espinhal sponge esponja spore esporo spring scale escala de primavera sprout brotar stages estgios stamen estame stalks talos star estrela state estado static charge carga esttica static electricity eletricidade esttica stem tronco stigma estigma stimulus estmulo stomach estmago storms tempestades stopwatch cronmetro strategy estratgia strato estrato stratus cloud nuvem de stratus streak raia, estria structural adaptation adaptao estrutural structure estrutura subsoil subsolo substance substncia

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 15

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE summarize resumir sun sol sunny ensolarado support apoio, suporte surface superfcie survive, survival sobreviver, sobrevivncia surviving sobrevivendo sweat suor, transpirao switch interruptor system sistema

T tadpole girino tape measure fita mtrica teeth dentes temperate temperado temperature temperatura temporary magnet m temporal theory teoria thermometer termmetro thrive prosperar, florescer thunderstorm trovoada tissue tecido tongue lngua tool ferramenta topsoil camada superficial do solo tornado tornado trachea traquia trait trao transfer transferir transport transporte trial tentativa, prova, experimento tropical tropical troposphere troposfera trough calha, depresso trunks troncos turbine turbina type

tipo

SCIENCE GLOSSARY - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Language RBERN 16

ENGLISH PORTUGUESE

U unbalanced forces foras desequilibradas unequal desigual under abaixo de, embaixo universe universo

V vacuole vacolo variable varivel vegetable vegetal vein veia vertebrate vertebrado visible visvel volcano vulco voltmeter voltmetro volume volume

W waste desperdcio water gua water cycle ciclo da gua water vapor vapor de gua wavelength comprimento de onda weather clima weathering intemperismo wedge cunha, calo week semana weight peso wheel and axle roda e eixo width largura wind vento wind vane cata-vento wings asas

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