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Specialities High rate of egg production 300/year Mature rapidly Less feed cost Less space req. 8-10 quail/ chicken 3-4 generations/year

Quail production

Jan 23, 2017



Deepa Menon
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Page 1: Quail production

Specialities High rate of egg production 300/yearMature rapidlyLess feed costLess space req. 8-10 quail/ chicken 3-4 generations/year

Page 2: Quail production

Incubation and hatching

• Incubation period – 18 days• Setter temp- 37.4-37.9 C humidity – 65-70 % at 37.7 C• Hatcher temp- 36.9 C humidity – 75%

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Factors affecting hatchability • Male :female ratio - 1:2• Age• Inheritance • Preferential mating• Nutrition• Health• Managerial factors

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Cage system of rearing

• 12.5 x 20 x 25 c.m for 2 quails

• 60 x 60 x 25 c.m. for 25 quails

• 60 x 120 x 25 c.m for 50 quails

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Cage system

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• Be Careful in choosing waterers• It should be shallow to avoid drowning • Keep pebble in waterers in the first few

days • Should be easy to clean• Water intake 2g/g BW

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Feeders• It should be shallow• Fill the feed till the brim during first few

days• Feed particle size should be small


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Floor • Should not be overcrowd• Floor should not be slippery• Chicks are more susceptible for

slippery floor

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Commercial quail egg production

• Age of maturity – 6 weeks

• Weight of an egg – 10-15 g

• Number of egg/year- 300

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Female Japanese quail

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Quail eggs

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Physical characteristic of quail and chicken egg

Quail ChickenEgg weight g 10.3 56.7Albumen % 56.5 57.1Yolk % 32.6 31.1

Shell % 9.9 10.7Shell thickness mm

0.19 0.31

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Nutrient composition- quail egg

Composition %Water 74.25Protein 13.17Fat 11.04Carbohydrate 1.02Total ash 1.11

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Factors affecting egg production

• Photoperiod – 16 hours• Light intensity• Nutritional factors• Inheritance• Other factors

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Commercial quail meat production

• Tender• Low in fat• More tasty

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• Age of slaughter – 5 weeks

• Weight at 5th week - 250g

• Feed conversion ratio - 3.5-3.8

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Quail products

Quail egg products Quail egg pickle Whole egg powder Brined quail egg

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• Quail meat products Quail meat pickle Quail Tandoori Fried quail Chilli quail

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Bacterial diseases

• Pullorum disease• Ulcerative enteritis• Avian cholera • Botulism• Omphalitis

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Other diseases

• External parasitic diseases• Coccidiosis• Black head• Aspergillosis• Cannibalism