ManufacturingProcesses - I
Guided by - A . C .Gohil Sir Created by : - M .M .Rafik . j
The drilling machine is one of the most important machine tools in a workshop.
In a drilling machine holes may be drilled quickly and at a low cost.
The hole is generated by the rotating edge of cutting tool is known as “drill”.
Holes were drilled by the Egyptians in 1200 B.C. about 3000 years ago by bow drills.
The bow drill is the mother of present day metal cutting drilling machine.
Boring machineThe boring machine is one of the most versatile machine tools used to bore holes in large and heavy parts like as engine frames , steam engine cylinders, machine housings , etc.
Which are practically impossible to hold and rotate in an engine lathe or a drilling machine.
Purpose & Applications
Drilling machine In general case drilling machines used to drill holes in light weight and small parts like small metal round bars , small metal sheets , small parts of machines , etc.
Boring machine But, here boring machines used to bore holes in large and heavy parts like engine frames , steam engine cylinders , machine housings , etc. Now day we can perform various operations like screw cutting , turning ,gear cutting on boring machine by help of simple attachments.
Types of Drilling machine1. Portable drilling machine.2. Sensitive drilling machine. a)Bench mounting , b)Flour mounting3.Upright drilling machine.4.Radial drilling machine. a)Plain, b)Universal, c)Semi-universal.5.Gang drilling machine.6.Multiple spindle drilling machine.7.Automatic drilling machine.8.Deep hole drilling machine. a)Vertical , b)Horizontal.
Drilling machines & it’s Mechanism
Types of Boring machine 1. Precision boring machine. 2. Horizontal boring machine. a)Table type , b)Floor type , c)Planer type , d)Multiple head type. 3. Vertical boring machine. a) Vertical turret lathe , b)Standard vertical boring machine. 4. Jig boring machine. a)Vertical milling machine type, b)Planer type.
Precision boring machine The precision boring machine uses single point tools to machine surfaces rapidly and accurately. Cemented carbide and diamond tipped single point tools are operated at a very high cutting speed to produce accurately sized holes with a fine surface finish. The feeding movement may be provided by tool or by the work. The machine may be vertical or horizontal type.
High Precision boring machines
CNC –Precision boring machines
Vertical boring machine
Horizontal Table type boring machines
Horizontal Boring machinesIn this type of machine , the work is supported on table which is stationary and the tool revolve in a horizontal axis.
A horizontal boring machine can perform boring , reaming , turning , threading , facing , milling , grooving , recessing and many other operations with suitable tools.
Horizontal boring machine can be able to held heavy , irregular, unsymmetrical or bulky workpieces.
Different types of horizontal boring machines have been designed for different purposes.