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Ppt. developing a conceptual framework

Aug 19, 2014




  • The structure of the presentation What is conceptual frame work? What are the purposes of conceptual framework ? What are ingredients of a conceptual framework?
  • The structure of the presentation What are the steps in Developing a conceptual framework. How will you present a conceptual framework? What are the pros and cons of conceptual frameworks. Conclusion. 2/18/2014
  • Introduction Conceptual framework represent ways of thinking about a problem. It deals with abstractions ( concepts) that are assembled by virtue of relevance to a common theme. 2/18/2014
  • INTRODUCTION CF is an explanation of how a researcher sees the different concepts and outcomes of study and its relations with each other. It can be developed from the researcher's personal experience, previous studies, or from more than one theory or models 2/18/2014
  • A written or visual presentation that: explains either graphically, or by narration, the main things to be studied the key factors, concepts or variables - and the presumed relationship among them. (Miles and Huberman, 1994, P18) 2/18/2014
  • A CF provides a coherent, unified and orderly way of seeing related events or processes relevant to a study/ research and less formal than theories. It can be : Rudimentary or elaborate, Theory driven or commonsensical , Descriptive or casual (Miles, and Huberman cited Veal p.54) 2/18/2014
  • It broadly presents understanding of the phenomenon of interest and reflects the assumptions and philosophic view of the designer It is researchers own position on the problem- the way the researcher shapes it together. 2/18/2014
  • What it does? Conceptual frameworks serve as the springboard for theory development CF shows the relationship of the stated hypotheses with central factors or key concepts. Part of CF offers a synopsis of the study's main points. 2/18/2014
  • What it does?? Each framework highlights or emphasizes different aspects of a problem or research question. Any one conceptual framework presents only a partial view of reality. Focuses attention on and amplify certain elements of a problem like a magnifying glass 2/18/2014
  • Purposes Conceptual Framework Keeps research on track Provides clear links from the literature to the research goals and questions Helps the researcher to see clearly the variables of the study Clarifies concepts and propose relationships among concepts 2/18/2014
  • Purposes Provides an organizing structure for the research design and methods. Useful to prepare research proposal using experimental or descriptive methods Guides the development and testing of interventions and hypotheses 2/18/2014
  • Purposes Provides general framework for data analysis The interpretation of findings flows from the conceptualization represented by the framework Makes research findings meaningful and generalizable 2/18/2014
  • Purposes Provides reference points for discussion of the methodology and analysis of the data. Explains observations Contributes to the trustworthiness of the study. Encourages theory development that is useful to practice 2/18/2014
  • Ingredients A conceptual framework is composed of concepts and the relational linkages between them ( called propositional statements) Concepts abstractly describes and names an object or phenomenon, thus providing it with separate identity or meaning. It is actually the intellectual representation of some aspect of reality, derived from observations made from phenomenon. Example: Anxiety, stress or pain 2/18/2014
  • Concepts Basic elements Relational statement as propositions. 2/18/2014
  • Concept synthesis Conceptual definition Concept derivation Concept analysis 2/18/2014
  • Concept synthesis Process of describing and naming a previously unrecognized concept Eg:- Selye performed concept synthesis to identify and define the concept stress. Concept derivation Meanings are derived from other disciplines may be modified and carefully evaluated to fit in the nursing knowledge 2/18/2014
  • Conceptual analysis A strategy through a set of characteristics essential to the connotative meaning of a concept is identified. A strategy that involves examining the attributes characteristics of a concept. (Walker & Avant 1983) 2/18/2014
  • A philosophical inquiry Researcher explores various ways the term is used and try to identify set of characteristics that can be used to describe the concept. How? By search of literature personal experience and thought Walker & Avant Reasoning 1985. 2/18/2014
  • Types of concepts Three types of concepts According to level of abstraction: 1. Abstract concepts or theoretical concepts 2. Empirical or descriptive concepts 2/18/2014
  • According to level of categorization: 1. Global or domain concepts 2. Middle range concepts 3. Empirical concepts 2/18/2014
  • According to levels of measurements 1. Nominal 2. Ordinal 3. Interval 4. Ratio 2/18/2014
  • Concepts are important because they provide a road map Give the big picture ideas (the concepts) up front, and then fit in the smaller facts and details Provide the context for the researcher 2/18/2014
  • Next steps is to state Relations with concepts. ? Relational statement- declares that a relationship of some kind exists between two or more concepts. (Walker & Avant 1980) 2/18/2014
  • Importance of relational statements/ propositions Core of frame work Relational statement are tested through research. Relational statements determines the - Objectives - Research questions and hypothesis - Research design - Statistical analysis - Type of findings expected. N.B: For critiquing a study too the link between the hypothesis, design and frame work are examined. 2/18/2014
  • Special features It describes * Direction * Sequencing * Shape * Probability of occurrence * Strength * Necessity * Symmetry * Sufficiency Depicted with diagrams or by literary means. 2/18/2014
  • What inputs go into developing a conceptual framework? Experiential knowledge of researcher and supervisor Literature review Technical knowledge. Research background. Personal experience. Data (particularly for qualitative). 2/18/2014
  • How might a conceptual framework be developed? 1. Explore/ explain relationship between concepts 2. Identify the concept 3. Define concepts 4. Operationalise concepts 2/18/2014
  • Identify concepts Identify the concept and categorize them It can be abstract or concrete. For an abstract concept it is broad and may not be readily observable and the meaning of which are more far from time, space and referent group and is not easily measurable Specific or concrete concepts are amenable to measurements 2/18/2014
  • Define concepts This is the main function of a conceptual framework in descriptive study/ research Example Quality of life Accessibility of care Regular users Visitor demand 2/18/2014