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PHIL 102, Day 1 What is Philosophy? Intro to Plato & Socrates Christina Hendricks, UBC Summer 2015 Slides licensed CC BY 4.0
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PHIL 102, Day 1What is Philosophy?Intro to Plato & SocratesChristina Hendricks, UBCSummer 2015

Slides licensed CC BY 4.0Learning CatalyticsNote info on syllabus about data collectionRegister here, if you wish to use LC: code: given in classSurvey for group formationHave you ever taken any philosophy courses before? If so, which?Why are you taking this course? e.g., interest, need to fulfill a requirement (which?), other reasonsWhat faculty are you in? If you have a major, what is it?What is Philosophy?Based on what you have seen/read/heard for today, how would you answer this question?Get into groups of 3 and discuss your thoughts; the group should decide on an answer.One person from your group write your groups answer here: to Plato & SocratesPlato: c. 428-347 BCE

Socrates: c. 469-399 BCE

Peloponnesian war btwn Athens & Sparta: 431-404 BCE

Rule of 30 tyrants: 404-403 BCE

Trial and Execution of Socrates in Athens: 399 BCE

Map of Greece duringPeloponnesian War, 431 BC, from Wikimedia Commons, licensed CC BY-SA 3.0Democracy in AthensAssembly of Citizens: male, Athenian parents, completed military training (age 20)No women, children, slaves, foreignersMet around 40 times/yr, about 5000-6000 people each mtgAnyone allowed to speak at assemblyDecided on laws & policies from Council of 500

"Pnyx, Athens - Panorama" by Nikthestoned, via Wikimedia Commons. Licensed CC BY SA 3.0AssemblyCouncil of 50010 generals9 ArchonsDemocracy in AthensSignificant equality in rulingmany positions chosen by lottery

Speaking well in public very important

Sophists: teachers of rhetoricwent around Greece teaching for a feeWar Athens-Sparta431-404 BCE; Athens loses

Rule of 30 tyrants (404-403 BCE)Set up by Sparta, anti-democratsExiled democrats, killed people to take their money and landsTried to get Socrates to arrest an innocent person (he refused)Platos uncle and great-uncle were part of the 30 (the latter was their leader)Plato (428-347 BCE)From aristocratic, wealthy family

Did not go into politics because of experience with 30 tyrants and trial of Socrates

Set up a school of philosophy (The Academy) around 385 BCE

Plato Silanio Louvre, via Wikimedia Commons. Public domain.Socrates (469-399 BCE)Wrote nothing, so far as we know

Walked around Athens engaging people in philosophical discussions

May not have been a fan of democracy

Tried and executed for impiety and corruption of the youth (see Apology)

"Socrates Louvre" by Eric Gaba, via Wikimedia Commons. Licensed CC BY-SA 2.5Texts for ThursdayEuthyphro: Socrates speaking with a priest named Euthyphro, shortly before Socrates trialApology: Platos version of Socrates trialThink about: what might Plato or Socrates say philosophy is, and how it might make peoples lives better?