2. APPLICATION OF SANITARY/PHYTSOSANITARY (SPS) MEASURES UNDER WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures necessaryforprotection of human, animal or plant life or health. Members shall ensure application of SPS measures basedupon scientific principles. SPS measures shall not be applied in a manner whichconstitute a disguised restriction on International trade. 3. STATUS OF SPS MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN Pakistan lacks coherent strategy for SPS Management inrelation to its trade. Non-compliance with food safety/quality standards inexport trade. Frequent rejection of agricultural export consignments,results into huge loss of foreign exchange earnings, whilepoor quality imports are also equally harmful. Imposition of ban(s) on exports due to non-compliance ofSPS Standards. Lack of SPS Management capacity in Agricultural LineDepartments/Labs. SPS Acts/ Laws/ Quality Standards require review. Lack of SPS Management/inspection andqualitycertification system for meeting International traderequirements. 4. EXISTING LEGAL/REGULATORY FRAMEWORKON SPS The Pakistan Animal Quarantine (Import and Export of Animaland Animal Products) Ordinance, 1978. The Pakistan Plant Quarantine Act, 1976. The Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking ) Act, 1937. The Pakistan Fish Inspection and Quality Control Act, 1997. The Exclusive Fisheries Zone (Regulation and Fishing) Act,1975. The Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance, 1971 (Ordinance No. IIof 1971). 5. NAPHIS AIMS AND OBJECTIVES CapacityBuilding of Federal Agricultural LineDepartments/Labs for SPS Management / Int. Accreditation. Ensure compliance of national/international food safetystandards for better trade in agriculture produce/livestock. Designate National Enquiry Point/Contact Point for SPSManagement System. Develop an Integrated National SPS Management/ Inspection& Quality Certification System for exports/imports.Co-ordinate Provincial SPS Control System with Federalfunctions. Establish NAPHIS, as a National Food Safety, Animal and PlantHealth Regulatory Body/Authority. 6. NAPHIS COMPONENT UNIT/RELATED BODIES Ministry of National Food Security and Research GQTL (M/Food Security) AQD (M/Food Security) DPPNVL (M/Food Security) (M/Food Security)NAPH IS FSC & RD MFD (M/Food Security)(M/Ports & Shipping)DALPMG(Devolved) Other Related Agencies:(a)Local: MOC, MOH, M/Food Security, M/Ports & Shipping, Provincial Agr/Food Departments/PDDBs, M/Science & Technology (PNAC , PSQCA) etc(b)Foreign: Codex Alimentarius Commission/Committees FAO, WHO, UNIDO, WTO USDA/APHIS and Foreign Trading Partners. 7. NAPHIS - ACHIEVEMENTS NAPHIS role has been largely recognized both nationally andinternationally (FAO, EU, UNIDO, CSF, USDA / APHIS etc). TECHNICAL:MOUs /Bilateral Trade Agreements : Framework for Equivalency Work Plan signed with USDA,allowing import / export of irradiated food / fruits /mangoes etc. Operational Work Plan for Domestic Irradiation of Mangoessigned with APHIS/USDA. Joint survey of Mango Orchards by DPP and PHDEC helpedachieve compliance procedures for mango export. 8. Analytical Reports: NAPHIS APHIS Cooperation Gelatin Units , Fish / Fisheries Products Citrus Exports Slaughter Houses NAPHIS Inventory / Regulatory Framework Food Safety, NAPHIS, TA Requirements, Analysis ofConfiscated Export Consignments etc. 9. TECHNICAL: Risk analysis carried out in 35 districts of Punjab /Sindh by NVL forFoot & Mouth Disease (FMD). Pest Risk Analysis carried out by DPP for Mangoes, Apples, CitrusFruits, Dates and Cherry exports to meet USA/Australia /Chinaconcerns. Compiled data for EU-TRTA-II Program on inspection and certificationsystems of component units and related bodies for SPS compliance. Developed Risk Analysis Framework for Import/Export of animals andanimal products, fish and fish products, including Halal MeatCertification. Framework of Pest Risk Analysis for plants and plant material,prepared for NPPO (DPP). Import Risk Analysis conducted for heavy metals in fish. 10. Instituted regular feedback system for benefit of exporters, regulatorybodies and TDAP for remedial measures to check confiscation ofexport consignments under European Commission Rapid Alert Systemfor Food and Feed (RASFF). NAPHIS was instrumental in approval of 7 slaughter houses in Karachiand Lahore, which are currently exportingmutton and beef toMiddle Eastern countries, as per World Animal Health Organization(OIE) standards. Upon NAPHIS initiatives USDA sponsored visit of APHIS Experts toPakistan to assist in Mango Export Programme to US. 11. LEGAL: Drafted Bill for conversion of NAPHIS into RegulatoryAuthority after consultation with Federal and ProvincialMinistries / Divisions / Departments / Agencies and with theassistance of an international SPS Specialist hired by UNIDOunder EU TRTA-II Program. Bill shall be submitted to the Parliament i.e. after clearance bythe Council of Common Interest, the Cabinet, and vetting byMinistry of Law. Initiated review of SPS Acts/Laws/RegulationsandGrades/Quality Standards. Drafted Food Safety /Quality Standards for SAARC. 12. LAB. ACCREDITATION Accreditation of two labs each of GQTL and MFD(Microbiological & Chemical) got extended up to 2012 byNorwegian Agency.Pre-assessment study for accreditation of Laboratories.Prepared Accreditation Work Plan for the labs of Agricultural Line Departments/Labs ( e.g. NVL & FSC & RD Lab has applied for accreditation and MFD & GQTL labs already re-accredited).Designation of Quality/ Technical Managers by Line Departments for Dev. of Quality /Technical Manuals (ISO 17025).Survey Report on Public Sector Lab Testing facilities for Processed/Semi-Processed Food Products (Accredited/Non- Accredited), November, 2008.Construction of two additional lab buildings for GQTL (Islamabad and Karachi) and NVL building is at design stage.Supply of additional lab equipment etc. to NVL, GQTL, FSC & RD, and MFD. 13. INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION: Advised TDAP / REAP (MOC) to initiate action againstexporters, failing to meet International quality requirements. Sensitized Rice and Chillies Growers (Punjab & Sindh) onAflatoxin issues and advised for adoption of Modern DryingTechniques/ GAP. On NAPHIS initiative, four Codex meetings approved forfinancial support through Codex Trust Fund (2012) includingCODEX Committee on pesticide residues. NAPHIS member of National TBT Committee. 14. ADMINISTRATIVE:(NAPHIS) has been designated as National Enquiry Pointon SPS issues. NAPHIS designated as Contact Point for Codex AlimentariusCommission. Reconstituted National Codex Committee and four SubCommittees. 15. FOOD SAFETY HAZARDSBIOLOGICAL Bacteria, fungi, virus, worms, insects and rodentsCHEMICAL Mycotoxins,marinetoxins, environmentalcontaminants (mercury, lead), radionuclide and dioxins. Pesticides and Veterinary drugs 16. ACTION MATRIX Food Safety policy at National level Enforcement of pesticide legislation for import, registration,formulation & distribution. Establish a network of pesticides residue testing laboratories inthe country. Initially one in each of the Provinces and designatea National Pesticides Reference Lab (NARC). Accreditation of laboratories Update Analytical standards Revise existing grades and standards of quality of agriculturalproduce to include MRLs, as per Codex standards. 17. Inspection and certification of agricultural produce for assuranceof compliance with international MRL standards. Introduction of Good Agricultural Practices at farmer / growerslevel, including judicious use of pesticides on need basis. Establish a risk analysis system based upon pesticide risk analysis,pesticide risk management and information sharing withstakeholders. Impart training to growers on adoption of G.A.P. Assist farmers in pest and disease management (Integrated PestManagement IPMS) 18. IMPACT ON INTERNATIONAL TRADEi. Help ensure supply of safe food to the consumers.ii. Remove health hazards associated with indiscriminate use of excessive pesticides.iii. Help gain market access to potential markets through SPS compliance.iv. Minimize chances of rejections of export consignments at destination.v. Increase export earnings through increase in per unit price due to better quality produce. 19. CONCLUSION Various case studies conducted by differentorganizations / departments conclude that;excessive pesticides are being used inPakistan which has aggravated pestproblems and has imposed substantialexternal cost on the stakeholders. Indicating institutional failure in thecountry, which requires policy decision onestablishment of a regulatory authorityto protect health of consumers and growers. 20. PROPOSED MODULE OF SPS CONTROL AUTHORITY National Food Safety, Animal & Plant Health AuthorityIntegrated SPSBorder ControlFederal Level. Provincial Level Food Safety Animal HealthPlant Health (PCA)(PCA)(PCA) 21. NAPHIS - WAY FORWARD Implementation of a Systematic program to monitor the use ofdifferent pesticides. Clarity in role of public sector institutions responsible for pesticideresidue analysis and dissemination of information. Amendment of existing grades and standards of quality of exportableagricultural commodities to include MRLs. Introduction of pest risk management regime and traceabilityprotocols to protect health of consumers and growers. Encourage growers for Global G.A.P. Certification. Trade PolicyDecision on Pak G.A.P. System may be expedited. Pesticides testing laboratories may be established, at least one ineach province. A national pesticide reference lab may be designated preferably inNARC (PARC).