1. PARADISE IS HERE (Sunrise States: Realizing the growth potential of North-East) Team Members Abhijit Duarah Bikram Baruti Debjeet Mazumdar Nayandeep Phukan Prachujya Saikia JORHAT INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
2. NORTH-EAST INDIA: PRESENT SCENARIO Indias North East Region (NER) is endowed with huge untapped natural resources. The region is endowed with vast natural resources in terms of forests, biological diversity, hydro- electricity, the region has remained largely underdeveloped. A key constraint to the growth has been poor infrastructure and limited connectivity, both within the region as well as with the rest of the country. The region, connected to the rest of India by a narrow stretch of land called the chickens neck, needs infrastructure to support and ensure significant investments and developmental aids. The region has witnessed series of insurgent activities and is alienated from the mainland India in terms of both economic and physical attributes. According to World Bank NER has a low-level equilibrium of poverty, non-development, civil conflict and lack of faith in political leadership. Contribution of each state to the net GDP of North- East India Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura The total GDP of India is 8,53,495 crores according to Planning Commission of India for the financial year 2011-12. The contribution of North-East India is minimal, only 2.3%. The Pie diagram below shows the contribution of each state to the net GDP of North-East India. In the following slides plans have been proposed showcasing the growth potentials of NER. From the various potentials we have chosen some areas and come up with a plan/project for its development. The ideas shown can be implemented in similar other regions/areas for the overall growth and development of NER.
3. KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK DEVELOPMENT PLAN Kaziranga national park is widely known as the only home of the great one horned rhinoceros. It comprises of one of the most dense forest in the world and is a World Heritage Site. But still, lack of proper exposure is a key constraint to its large scale development. Proposal of a ropeway system inside the park within 3 km connecting Mihimukh and Kathpar. Similarly plan can be made to facilitate boating on Difloo river flowing through the Kaziranga National Park (KNP). A proposed plan for the construction of over-bridges crossing the NH 37 at those places which are used by the animals as corridors for seasonal shifting of habitat to Burhapahar area especially during the floods. Daily Helicopter rides catering to the tourists over areas where wild life especially the one horned rhino is usually found. Eco resorts showcasing local indigenous culture, cuisine ,tradition with modern amenities available to attract tourists. Wildlife festivals like The Great Kaziranga Mahotsava , Hastimahotsava where wild tamed elephants give delight to spectators. This will also accompany various local troupes who will showcase their culture and various events will be organized for the participation of wildlife lovers. Golaghat will be the nearest Wildlife Information centre featuring Assam Tourism cabs and caravans, tourist guides, tickets, lodging, fooding for domestic as well as international tourists. Motorized paragliding facility near Kaziranga National Park will be a good prospect for tourists recreation. Publishing a booklet which will act as information brochure for the above mentioned plans to the tourists. Helicopter Ride by Pawan Hans Limited ( Dauphin SA- 365N) Per Ride Expenditure- `1,00,000 approx; Per Ride Income- `80,000; Minimum rides- 10 (2 Helicopters); Annual income-` 16,00,00,000 approx. State Govt Ropeway plan ( Kaziranga Cable Car Project ) Investment- ` 10 crores ( 3 km stretch); Per ride Income- ` 3,600; Minimum Rides- 20 ( 2 cable car); Annual income - ` 1,44,00,000 approx for 3 km ride. Government undertaken Eco Resorts Plan - It includes the establishment and development cost of eco resorts, tourism complex, Assam tourism cabs, Yatriniwas, Upgradation of Golaghat as nearest information centre. Investment- 33.30 crores rupee; Revenue generated 8 crores approx. per year from resorts only. Establishing a animal welfare centre and undertaking an initiative to help the local dwellers from the income generated from the above plans. SNAPSHOT OF THE PLAN PROPOSED INVESTMENT AND INCOME GENERATED
4. SIKKIM HIGH SPEED RAILWAY NETWORK PROJECT Sikkim has many untapped natural resources and ancient Monasteries which are hidden at the backdrop of dense forests and high mountainous terrain and needs an urgent proper connectivity mechanism to ensure full utilization of their tourism aspect. Sikkims geography is comparable to that of South Korea. South Korean railway network system is one of the best in the world which consist of High speed train connectivity in the nation. Sikkim high speed railway network is a proposed initiative to connect important cities in the region and is one of the first step to introduce railway network in the Himalayan state. The plan will consist of following objectives and ideas- ** SNAPSHOT OF THE PLAN Four important cities will be covered in this project which includes Lingdong( North Sikkim), Lingtam( East Sikkim) , Yuksam( West Sikkim), Keozing( South Sikkim). North Bengal ( New Jalpaiguri Station) will be connected to these cities via Gangtok. These four cities are the places where Home stay tourism are going on. Home stay tourism is an initiative by Sikkim State government to make tourist realize the lifestyle of local villagers during their short span stay in the village or Eco village. A display of local cuisine, culture, important monuments will be presented to the tourists . This will also aid local people to earn livelihood and prosper economically. The High speed train network will encompass length and breadth of the state which will attract lakhs of tourists both domestic as well as international. The alongside map show the proposed plan to introduce the railway network. The blue lines depicts the railway tracks and the green dots are the railway stoppages. These network will be interconnected to each other thus it will provide an easy mechanism to travel in the region. The above mentioned cities are connected to other cities via roads and offer numerous opportunities to view the unexplored paradise.
5. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 GDP in percent The cities mentioned are the important sites for cultivation of Herbal and Medicinal plants and is one of the major sources of income for local inhabitants. The home-stay tourism featuring the rich cultural heritage of the tribal area particularly West Sikkim is a great prospect for tourism which will attract tourists in large numbers. Ancient Buddha Monasteries and Shiva temples are the key tourist destinations in this connectivity project. INVESTMENT PLAN The investment will be under the Railway Ministry which is approx. ` 175 crores for a track length of 354 km. This project will be constructed on those areas which are important locations as already shown in the Sikkim map above. The project will be a boon to the local people as it can become the first step in connecting the region to mainland India via railways. Exposure of enchanting monasteries, monuments to the outside world will generate revenue and help Sikkims tourism to flourish. As a matter of fact that the people of Sikkim are highly optimistic about railway projects, the proposed plan will be a stepping stone in the future of Sikkim Railways. The proposed high speed train service if undertaken as per specifications of South Korean train services, will surely boost economic growth. ** The graph below shows the GDP of Sikkim in % for a period of 10 years. It is expected that the GDP will increase @ 5 % per year if proper development in tourism is planned and executed. Special focus on the Railway Project will generate high revenue for the state.
6. STILWELL ROAD ONE ROAD, NUMEROUS OPPORTUNITIES The Stilwell road or Ledo road is a famous transborder road of World War II era connecting Ledo in Assam and Kunming in China via Myanmar. Until 1958 the road was functional but after the 1962 Indo-China war the government of India closed down the Indian part of the road. The road is now in a very worn out state due to a number of reasons including government negligence and natural causes. Reopening of the road will connect the NER of India with South East Asian nations and will transform the region to a major commercial and tourism hotspot. Excluding the Indian part of the road the Chinese and Myanmar authorities have already reconstructed their part of the road and are using it for trade and commerce purposes. **POSITIVES OF THIS PLAN Border trade would get a major boost with the opening of Stilwell Road; Indian automobile components, fruits, grain, vegetables, textiles and cotton yarn could witness strong demand in almost all the Southeast Asian countries. At the same time, Indian traders can import electronic gadgets, synthetic blankets, teak, gold and semi-precious stones. The opening of Stilwell Road could cut costs of Chinese exports to India and vice versa by as much as 30%. Currently Sino- Indian trade is worth $74 billion annually; this cost-cutting could result in a new surge in trade. This will also boost the tourism sector as the tourists will have a lo