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Mesopotamian Society

Feb 23, 2016

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6 th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Mesopotamian Society. Mesopotamian Society. Preview. Mesopotamian Religion - Mesopotamians were polytheists. They worshiped many different gods connected to nature and to particular aspects of life. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mesopotamian Society6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Mesopotamian SocietyPreviewMesopotamian Religion- Mesopotamians were polytheists. They worshiped many different gods connected to nature and to particular aspects of life.A Social Pyramid- Mesopotamian society was organized into a social pyramid. Your place on the pyramid was determined by your work. Most people stayed at the level they were born at for their entire lives.A Series of Conquests- Mesopotamia was a rich land that many people sought to conquer.

Reach Into Your BackgroundIn Mesopotamian society people had many different roles. This created a vibrant civilization. How does religion and gender influence life today? (5 minutes)

Partner ActivityWork with a neighbor and compare your answer with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)

Key Ideas- Mesopotamian Religion Mesopotamia was one of the earliest civilizations to have an organized religion. Their religion helped to shape their society and culture.Mesopotamian city-states built ziggurats to worship their gods. Mesopotamians believed that their kings were chosen by the gods. Religion in MesopotamiaReligion played an important role in the daily life of ancient Mesopotamians. The Mesopotamians believed in polytheism.Each god or goddess was in charge of a part of nature or daily life.

Religion in MesopotamiaThe Mesopotamians wanted to honor their gods and goddesses and make sure they stayed in the city. So the people built large religious monuments called ziggurats.

Religion in MesopotamiaTo keep the gods and goddesses happy, Mesopotamians left offerings, or gifts, for them. The gifts also were given to ask the gods to send blessings.

Key TermCivilization- A ancient religious structure built in the major cities of Mesopotamia that are similar to the pyramids.

Mesopotamian ZigguratsReading Handout- Mesopotamian ZigguratsKey Ideas- A Social PyramidPeople from all levels of Mesopotamian society were important to the success of the civilization, but different groups had different amounts of power.The king was the most important political and religious figure.Enslaved people were at the bottom of the social pyramid. They had no power.Key TermSocial Pyramid- A way of illustrating the social organization of a particular society. The people with the most wealth are at the top. The people with the least money and the lowest social position are on the bottom.

Marks of CivilizationThere are several marks of civilization. One of them is that work is specialized. Everyone contributes in some way to help meet societys needs, but people do not have to do everything for themselves.

A Social PyramidMesopotamian kings held a great deal of political and religious power. They determined the laws, collected taxes, and organized labor for large projects such as digging irrigation ditches.

A Social PyramidMesopotamian people viewed their kings as conduits to their gods, so kings were also responsible for religious ceremonies. Religion gave kings the authority to rule, and in return kings fulfilled religious obligations.

A Social PyramidMesopotamia developed a stratified social-class society.A persons work determined his or her place in Mesopotamian society. The higher social levels had the fewest people.

A Social PyramidThe king, priests, and other important leaders made up the top tier of Mesopotamian society. Scribes and other merchants were a step below the top tier, and peasants and slaves were found at the bottom layer of the social pyramid.

ArtisansArtisans specialized in making various goods. Mesopotamia had bakers, iron workers, potters, and weavers.

How It's Made BreadVideo- How It's Made BreadScribesScribes were also important members of society. They were the record keepers. They spent years learning to read and write cuneiform, the writing system used in Mesopotamia.

Key TermCuneiform- A system of writing that was widely used in the ancient Middle East.

FarmersPeasants farmed the land surrounding the cities. They sold their extra food to people living in the cities. Farmers also gave a certain amount of their crops to the king.

The Role of WomenIn all social classes, men held more rights and responsibilities than women.Most of Mesopotamias religious and political leaders were men.

The Role of WomenIn addition, men made household decisions. Men decided everything from what work would be done to whom their children would marry.Women had little power in Mesopotamian society, although they were granted some rights.

The Role of WomenWomens roles in society were those of daughter, wife, or mother. Women usually did not learn to read or write. Instead, mothers taught their girls how to be good wives and mothers.

Mesopotamian WomenReading Handout- Mesopotamian WomenKey Ideas- A Series of ConquestsMesopotamia many natural resources made it a good place to live. It was also a valuable land for leaders to conquer and rule.The history of Mesopotamia is marked by four great empires. Between each empires rule and the next, there were moments of disorder before another leader conquered the region.

Conquering MesopotamiaMesopotamia was conquered by many empires, from the Akkadians all the way through the Neo-Babylonians. Mesopotamia was a valuable land for conquerors due to its rich land and well-traveled trade routes.

A Series of EmpiresThe Akkadian Empire was the first major empire in Mesopotamia. Sargon was the first king of the Akkadian Empire.The Babylonian Empire conquered much of Mesopotamia after the fall of the Akkadian Empire.

A Series of EmpiresThe Assyrian Empire was the largest of the four empires. The Assyrians conquered other lands easily, but they had difficulty controlling their vast empire.TheNeo-Babylonian Empire, replaced the Assyrian Empire. Although it was not as large as theAssyrian Empireit was very powerful.

Conquering MesopotamiaBecause Mesopotamia had rich agricultural land and a lively culture, many different empires conquered it. Each empire had an effect on the culture of Mesopotamia while also adopting certain parts of Mesopotamian culture.

Independent Activity What has been the muddiest point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains the least clear to you? (4 minutes)

Partner ActivityWork with a neighbor and compare your muddiest point with theirs. Compare what things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)

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