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Growing Soybeans

Feb 22, 2016

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Growing Soybeans Issue 4

  • Watch your crops grow stronger than ever before. The unique Vigor Trigger effect of Cruiser Maxx Beans goes beyond insect and disease control, causing your plants to emerge faster, resulting in stronger plants and a higher return on your investment. Cruiser Maxx seed treatment also combines a powerful insecticide with two fungicides to protect your crop against early season disease, aphids and bean leaf beetle. So, be sure to ask for Cruiser Maxx Beans when ordering your soybeans and edible beans.

    For further information, please contact our Customer Resource Centre at 1-87-SYNGENTA (1-877-964-3682) or visit SyngentaFarm.ca

    Always read and follow label directions. Cruiser Maxx Beans, Vigor Trigger, the Alliance Frame, the Purpose Icon and the Syngenta logo are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. 2011 Syngenta Crop Protection Canada, Inc.

    Beans

    3296_3 CruISer MAxx BeAnS Ad

    QuArry InTeGrATed CoMMunICATIonS n/A

    FeBruAry 2011 GrowInG SoyBeAnS MAGAzIne

    3296_3_CruisermaxxBeans_GrowingSoybeansMag.indd 1 11-02-22 3:53 PM

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  • NorthStar Genetics Manitoba 2011

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  • Get the cleanest fields in the fastest way possible this spring. Tank-mix

    glyphosate with HEAT herbicide and youll get the most complete control

    from your pre-seed and chem-fallow applications. Learn more by visiting

    agsolutions.ca/heat or calling AgSolutions Customer Care at

    1-877-371-BASF (2273).

    For the

    Ultimate Burndown.

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    Client: BASFCANFile Name: HEAT_GrowingSoybeansAd_v1Project Name: Growing SoybeansDocket Number: 110200332AD#: kenna_FP_GS_110200332_HEAT_E

    Publication: Growing SoybeansPage Position: Full PageLive Area: 8 x 10Trim size: 8.5 x 11Bleed: 8.75 x 11.25

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  • The practice of land rolling soy-beans has been gaining ground over the last several years, first in Canada, and then spreading into North Dakota and Minnesota. Generally, rolling became popular as a means to level the ground for harvest by push-ing down rocks and breaking down any soil clumps to ensure greater ease of pod pick-up with less risk to equipment.

    Alberta Agriculture recorded that three trials have been completed in Western Canada on land rolling of pulse crops (one in each of the provinces; however, none on soybeans). These trials determined some of the reasons behind the practice. The greatest reason for rolling being a faster, easier harvest.

    Rolled fields can reduce the risk of breakage to combine guards and sickles due to rocks, as well as easing the adjustment and operation of lifter fingers. Internal combine damage due to rocks may also be reduced.

    We dont really have a lot of stones, but we have a few, says Ed Geisbrecht, of Gies-brecht Seed Farms in Plum Coolee, who rolled his fields for the first time last year. Rolling pushes the stones into the ground so our flex header on the combine doesnt pick them up. It increases harvest speed.

    It doesnt matter what you plant with, wheth-er you row crop or solid seed. The roller is used to level out the field, pushing down rocks and breaking down soil clumps, says Gies-brecht.

    Cal Pitura of Pitura Seed Farms in Domain, Manitoba, has been rolling fields on and off for five years.

    Rollin Rollin Rollin

    By Cheryl Manness

    Why most soybean fields are getting rolled

    We roll to get rid of pesky rocks we call com-bine-killers, fist-sized rocks that can get through the stone traps. We do it for peace of mind at harvest; it allows us to focus on other things while on the combine, than searching for rocks.

    Our goal with rolling is to create a field that is as level as possible, tabletop level, so we roll to smooth out any ridges that are created by the planter, says Pitura. The fewer bumps and ridges, the less our flex header will jump during harvest.

    Pitura says that approximately 60 percent of bean fields in this area get rolled. Some dont want to powder their soil and some just dont have many rocks to worry about, suggests Pi-tura.

    Rolling may also increase seed-to-soil contact resulting in enhanced germination. If condi-tions are very dry, rolling can improve emer-gence by conserving moisture.According to Pitura, rolling in his area isnt usu-ally done to improve seed-to-soil contact.

    Beans do not like compacted soils. We also dont roll when we have overly wet conditions. Sometimes when it is very wet we do damage by rolling because our soil is too easily compacted.

    Alberta Agriculture recommends pre-emergent rolling for pulse crops as the preferred ap-proach, as opposed to post emergent. However, according to the University of Minnesota Crop

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  • News, rolling after the seed has been in the ground for more than a few days may be risky.

    In warm soil with adequate moisture, the germi-nation process happens quickly and subjecting the germinated pre-emergent seeds to ground rolling increases the possibility of pushing the seed further into the ground, breaking the hypo-cotyl arch (the hook) below ground, increasing compaction of the planting layer, and soil crust-ing. Any or all of these factors could seriously impact stand establishment.

    For us, our optimum time for rolling is one day after planting, says Pitura. We have about a four day window after planting. Once there is germination, we will not roll until post-emer-gence when the tri-foliates have appeared to minimize plant damage.

    Giesbrecht agrees that the best time to roll the field is right after seeding before the plants emerge.

    But if you have to roll after they emerge, it is best to do it on a warm, sunny day so the stems of the plants are more flexible, says Giesbrecht.

    As cautioned by Alberta Agriculture, if produc-ers roll fields post emergence, rolling should be done during the heat of the day when the plants are slightly wilted and the soil surface is dry as opposed to cooler, dewy mornings when the plants will be more rigid and more prone to breakage and sticking to the roller. If rolling soybeans post emergence, North Dakota State University recommends the unifoliate stage be-cause the plant will be able to recover more eas-ily at this stage than at the first trifoliate stage.

    This past fall we decided to pre-roll our fields. With a perfectly level field this coming spring, planting with our disc planter that doesnt dis-turb the soil much, we shouldnt need to re-roll post planting, says Pitura.

    There may be some downsides to rolling, as well.

    If we have a hard rain after the field has been rolled the rain is more likely to run off and not

    penetrate the surface causing the field to be-come hard and crusted, says Giesbrecht. Rolling will also break down clumps of soil, as well as pushing down rocks, and in dry, windy conditions, the soil could blow.

    Some of the concerns of Mahdi Al-Kaisi, Iowa State University Extension Soil Scien-tist, are the increased potential for soil com-paction, surface runoff, and soil erosion. In his opinion, the big drums crush soil aggre-gates on the surface raising the risk of crust-ing, reducing water infiltration, and increas-ing the potential for soil surface compaction.

    However, with the drums weighing in at a packing force of less than 4 lbs/sq in, it is not much different than planter wheels. GS

  • Nodulator N/T soybean inoculants are BioStacked. BioStacked means greater plant vigour, root biomass and more nitrogen-fixing nodules on every plant. Which in turn means increased performance, superior Return-on-Investment and most importantly, added yield potential.

    Designed for increased crop performance under Manitoba growing conditions, Nodulator brand inoculants are available in BioStacked liquid and BioStacked sterile peat formulations, or our unique Spherical Granules.

    Whichever way you go, Nodulator inoculants are quite simply the best investment you can put into your beans.

    Whichever way you go its BioStacked!

    www.nodulatornt.com BioStacked and Nodulator are registered trademarks used

    under license by Becker Underwood Canada Ltd. The Becker Underwood logo is a trademark of Becker Underwood, Inc. and is licensed to Becker Underwood Canada Ltd.

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  • Opening the Gates to Soybeans in Saskatchewan

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  • In my fields, HEADLINE is king.

    Always read and follow label directions.HEADLINE is a registered trade-mark of BASF Corporation; AgCelence is a trade-mark of BASF SE; All used with permission by BASF Canada Inc. 2012 BASF Canada Inc.

    HEADLINE fungicide pushes crop production to new limits. With superior disease

    control and AgCelence benefits unique to HEADLINE, your crops are better able to grow

    efficiently, tolerate stress and reach their genetic yield potential. Visit your BASF retailer to

    see how you can achieve a high yielding, high quality crop with improved harvestability.

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    Client: BASFCANFile Name: HDLN_GrowSoybeansAd_v1Project Name: Brad AdDocket Number: 110200496AD#: kenna_FP_GS_110200496_E

    Publication: Growing SoybeansPage Position: Full PageLive Area: 7.625 x 10.25Trim size: 8.5 x 11Bleed: 8.75 x 11.25

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    NSG MB 2012 Ad 3-1.pdf 1 11-10-12 11:15 AM

  • Dear Editor,

    After reading the last issue I decided to grow NSC Osborne,

    one of NorthStar Genetics Manitobas RR2Y soybean

    varieties. As a Red River Valley farmer (farming 15 miles

    south of Winnipeg), I know that I will have to deal with lots

    of

    different growing conditions and you claimed that these

    RR2Ys could handle them all.

    Despite the wet conditions at seeding and then no rain to

    speak of after June 15th, the crop looked better from the

    beginning than anything else that I grew, even though it

    was seeded into rougher conditions.

    Anyways, I just harvested and this NSC Osborne yielded

    8.2 bushels/acre more than any RR1 that I grew this year!

    I am one happy customer, thanks for spreading the word abou

    t

    NorthStar Genetics Manitobas Roundup Ready 2 Yield.

    -One Happy Producer

    for more informationcall your local dealer or visit www.weknowbeans.com

    Heres whats on ours...

    Refrigerator doors are fordisplaying the things youreproud of

    cool beans

    G E N E T I C SM A N I T O B

    A

    NorthStar

    NorthStar Genetics Manitoba 2011

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