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Global disaster Information Network: Portal to a Global Information marketplace

May 16, 2015

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Presents design concepts for a portal to share disaster information around the world.

  • 1. Global Disaster Information Network Portal to a Global Information Marketplace Presented to: TIEMS Conference Sophia Antipolis, Provance, FranceJune 3-5, 2003 Albert J. Simard

2. Challenges in the 21 stcentury Knowledge Economy Diverse Workforce Information Explosion Sustainable Development Finite Resources International Partnerships Globalization Accelerating Change Life- Long Learning Complex Technologies Sources: US National Science Foundation (NSF, 2001), UN Citizen Engagement Safety & Security 3. Outline

  • Knowledge management
  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market infrastructure

4. Knowledge 101

  • Data- What are the Facts?
    • (observations and measurements)
  • Information- What do they mean?
    • (interpretation within a context)
  • Knowledge- How does it work?
    • (relations between things, cause & effect)
  • Wisdom- What should I do?
    • (experience and judgment)

Knowledge Management 5. Data, Information, and Knowledge Knowledge Management GIS-based maps Image Grey scale Digital library Digital documents Bits Expert consultation Voice Signal amplitude Scientific papers Text documents Letters, words EquationsTables, statistics Numbers Knowledge Information Data 6. Knowledge Organization Knowledge Management External Knowledge Sharing Management Preservation Lost Knowledge Use Nature Creation Internal Knowledge 7. Knowledge Processes Value Process Production Stage Knowledge Management Drivers (problems, issues, government) Organization (mandate, resources, culture) People (analyze, reason, decide) Content (facts, meaning, understanding) Systems (information processes) Technology (computers, communication) Data Database Information Knowledge Application Search 8. Knowledge Management Goals

  • Managing Knowledge
  • Integrating Knowledge
  • Sharing Knowledge
  • Preserving Knowledge

single organization: mandate, authority, resources similar organizations: culture, interests, context different organizations: general, few commonalities supports other KM goals Knowledge Management Hierarchy Implementation 9. Linking Past, Present, & Future Capture Preserve Share Integrate Learn Adapt Knowledge Management Past Present Future Infrastructure Content Processes 10. A Definition Developing organizational capacity and processes to capture, preserve, share, and integrate data, information, and knowledge to support organizational goals,learning, and adaptation. Knowledge Management 11. IM and KM Information Technology(infrastructure) Information Management(organization, business) Knowledge Management(products & services) Systems(processes) Knowledge Management 12. KM FrameworkScale Dimension Knowledge Management Inventory assets Science synopsis Access policyCommunications Ecosystems OnLine FireM3 BN databaseS&T Cluster NFIS-Secure channel CFSNet - design Project tracking Project Preservation Sharing Dissemination Integration Synthesis ChangeCulture Monitoring CFS databases Info. repositories Decision support Reporting National Info. System CFS Info. System Management Info.Function KM Processes Content Infrastructure Strategic 13. Outline

  • Knowledge management
  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market infrastructure

14. A Model Sharing Information Agency 1 Information Agency 2 Information Internalcontrols Internalcontrols Externalcontrols Attributes Technology Infrastructure 15. Controlling Information Flow

  • Context-issues, social, economic, nature
  • Institutional-organization, national, international
  • Content-domain, provider, user
  • Technology-computers, communication, networks
  • Infrastructure-interoperability, metadata, systems

Sharing Information 16. Benefits

  • Making information more readily available when, where, and as needed.
  • Lowering the cost of producing, providing, and using disaster information.
  • Leveraging the efforts of existing disaster information and relief networks.
  • Supporting more timely and better coordinated disaster response.
  • Creating synergy to enable the production of new kinds of information.
  • Increasing public awareness of how to plan for and respond to disasters.

Sharing Information 17. Barriers

  • Information is fragmented and hard to find
  • Different languages, cultures, and mandates
  • Lack of methods to integrate information
  • Information is often not formatted to be useful when and where needed

Sharing information 18. Principles

  • People
    • Knowledge must be volunteered; it cannot be conscripted
    • People need time to provide and search for knowledge
    • Sharing must be recognized, rewarded, and facilitated
    • A champion is insufficient; a majority must participate
  • Infrastructure
    • Build a real /virtualplace for exchanging knowledge
    • IT greatly increases market efficiency
    • Dont force fluid knowledge into rigid structures
    • Dont focus excessively on systems; also consider content

Sharing information 19. Mechanisms

  • Talking (real, virtual)
  • E-mail (individuals, list servers, distribution lists)
  • Chat rooms, forums, discussion groups
  • Communities of interest, informal networks
  • Groupware (teams, working groups)
  • Conferences, workshops, knowledge fairs
  • Data bases, information bases, knowledge bases
  • Digital libraries (repositories, search, retrieval)

Sharing Information 20. Finding the Right Information There are some excellent Web sites Some order is emerging , Most sites are hard to find We need a structure for our information Sharing Information 21. Organizing Emergency Information

  • Pre Event
    • prevention, mitigation, planning, preparedness
  • Event
    • monitoring, warning, response
  • Post Event
    • rehabilitation, reconstruction, recovery

Sharing Information 22. Outline

  • Knowledge management
  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market Infrastructure

23. A Business Model: Information market Supply (Providers) Demand (Users) Providers and users connect through an Information Market 24. Attributes

  • Price reciprocity, repute, altruism
  • Trust visible, ubiquitous, top-down
  • Signals position, education, informal networks
  • Inefficiencies incomplete information, asymmetry, localness
  • Pathologies monopolies, artificial scarcity, trade barriers

Adapted from Davenport (1998) Information market 25. Autonomous providers and users

  • Diversity(mandates, jurisdictions, roles)
  • Trust(security, privacy, control)
  • Legal(accountability, responsibility, liability)
  • Certification(inclusion, authenticity, reliability)
  • Quality(completeness, timeliness, accuracy)
  • Infrastructure(standards, networks, systems)

Information market 26. The Provider Face Information market Provider Face Academia NGOs Private Sector Public Sector Governmentdisaster organizations Universities, colleges, institutes, schools Disaster-related businessesNon-Government disaster organizations 27. The User Face Information market Public, educators, youth, seniors, media Policy advisors, decision makers,regulators User Face Public Practitioners Policy Makers Business Businesses for innovation and marketing Scientists, managers, professionals, specialists 28. Information for Business Information market 29. Plant Hardiness Zones General Information (climate + elevation) Information market 30. Information for Practitioners Fire Monitoring, Mapping, and Modeling System Information market 31. Information Facilitator

  • Enable information search and retrieval
  • Support global database search and access
  • Create value-added information products and reports
  • Support networking among communities of interest
  • Assist providers with communication and cataloging
  • Help users with searching, reformatting, and interpretation

Information market 32. Outline

  • Knowledge management
  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market infrastructure

33. Portals:

  • Gateways to cyberspace
  • Links to related sources
  • Limited content
  • Add value to content
  • Search capability
  • Organize information
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