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Explanation s of Attachment - Behaviourism - Psychoanalytical

Explanations of Attachment

Dec 05, 2014



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Page 1: Explanations of Attachment

Explanations of Attachment - Behaviourism - Psychoanalytical

Page 2: Explanations of Attachment

The Behaviourist Approach - Learning

We are all born a blank slate…..

We learn how to behave or respond, nothing is innate.

Page 3: Explanations of Attachment

Classical Conditioning Learning occurs through

association. Food (unconditioned

stimulus) produces a sense of pleasure (unconditioned response). The person who feeds the infant becomes associated with the response and becomes the conditioned stimulus.

Association between the individual and a sense of pleasure creates attachment.

Page 4: Explanations of Attachment

Little Albert (Watson 1920)

What was the UCS, UCR, CS and the CR?

Page 5: Explanations of Attachment

Operant Conditioning Learning occurs through reinforcement. If we are positively reinforced (rewarded) for

behaving in a certain way, we will repeat the behaviour.

We learn through the consequences of our behaviour.

An experience which is unpleasant is a punishment and should decrease the likelihood that the behaviour will be repeated.

Page 6: Explanations of Attachment


Classical or operant conditioning?

Page 7: Explanations of Attachment

Psychoanalytical Approach Infants are born with an innate

drive to seek pleasure – pleasure principle.

They demand immediate satisfaction and the person providing this satisfaction becomes the love object.

Attachment is therefore formed with this person.

Page 8: Explanations of Attachment

Cupboard Love Theories

Do we only form attachments to the people who

feed us?

Page 9: Explanations of Attachment

Activities – Pages 3-51. How did Dollard and Miller (1950)

explain attachment? 2. Complete an evaluation of the

Behaviourist and Psychoanalytical Approach.

3. Write an overview of Harlow’s (1959) study – why does it challenge the cupboard love view?

4. Copy down key terms.