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DRIVING TOWARDS SELF-RELIANCE The Triskelion is an ancient solar symbol representing the unity of the three elements – land, water and air in a single entity – the sun. It symbolizes the sun’s potential to empower the three fundamentals with infinite energy and the shine of life. DRDO is a dynamic centre of knowledge and development that is determined to empower the nation’s Defence Services – Army, Navy, and Air Force with the radiance of technology. Incorporating over 50 laboratories and more than 7000 scientists, the organisation is engaged in the design and development of state-of-the-art weapons and futuristic technologies. The core principle that runs like a lifeline through the Defence R&D Organisation is to make India’s Defence Systems self-reliant. DRDO is ever evolving to illuminate the way for Land, Water and Air forces to march towards a self-reliant future. Directorate of Industry Interface and Technology Management (DI 2 TM) DRDO Bhawan, Rajaji Marg, New Delhi 110105

DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

Apr 28, 2015




DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure
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Page 1: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

D R I V I N G T O W A R D S S e l f - R e l I A N c e

The Triskelion is an ancient solar symbol representing

the unity of the three elements – land, water and air in a single entity – the sun. It

symbolizes the sun’s potential to empower the three fundamentals with infinite energy and the shine of life.

DRDO is a dynamic centre of knowledge and development that is determined to empower the nation’s Defence Services – Army, Navy, and Air Force with the radiance of technology. Incorporating over 50 laboratories and more than 7000 scientists, the organisation is engaged in the design and development of state-of-the-art weapons and futuristic technologies.

The core principle that runs like a lifeline through the Defence R&D Organisation is to make India’s Defence

Systems self-reliant. DRDO is ever evolving to illuminate the way for Land, Water and

Air forces to march towards a self-reliant future.

Directorate of Industry Interface and Technology Management (DI2TM)DRDO Bhawan, Rajaji Marg, New Delhi 110105

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Make India prosperous by establishing world class science and technology base and provide our Defence Services decisive edge by equipping them with internationally competitive systems and solutions.

n Design, develop and lead to production of state-of-the-art sensors, weapon systems, platforms and allied equipment for our Defence Services

n Provide technological solutions to the Services to optimize combat effectiveness and to promote well-being of the troops

n Develop infrastructure and committed quality manpower and build strong indigenous technology base


cOMbAT VehIcleS & Pg 1-10 eNGINeeRINGMBT Arjun 2Combat Improved Ajeya Tank (CIA) 3Self Propelled (SP) 155 gun (BHIM-T6) 3BLT T-72 4Hydro Pneumatic Suspension Unit 4Sarvatra 5Amphibious Floating Bridge and 5 Ferry System (AFFS) BLT Arjun 5Counter Mine Flail (CMF-72) 6Mat Ground Surfacing (MGS) 6Remotely Operated Vehicle “DAKSH” 7Disrupter Mounted Robot (DMR) 7Netra 8Gun Mounted Remotely Operated Vehicle (GMR) 8Armoured Amphibious Dozer (AAD) 9Armoured Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicle (AERV) 9Wankel Type Rotary Engine 10Four Cylinder Two Stroke Reciprocating Engine 10

ARMAMeNTS Pg 11-22Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher – Pinaka 12Pinaka Rocket 125.56 mm INSAS Weapons 13Rifle 5.56 mm INSAS 13Light Machine Gun 5.56 mm INSAS 135.56 mm INSAS Ammunition 14Under Barrel Grenade Launcher (UBGL) 14Modern Sub Machine Carbine 14Pre-Frag OFAB Bomb 14Mortar Bomb Illuminating 81 mm MK-II 15Shell 105 mm IFG Illuminating 2A 15ADRUSHY MK-II 16120 mm FSAPDS Ammunition for Arjun 16125 mm FSAPDS Ammunition for T90 1684 mm Light Weight Launcher 17PZT-Based Electroceramics 17Geo- Hazard Gallery 17Multi-Mode Hand Grenade 18Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP) Plant 18ABC Powder 18Baffle Range 19Bund Blasting Device 19Semi-Active Mission Homing Missile (SAMHO) 20Portable Water Mist System 20Safe Disposal Of Hazardous Chemicals 21Emergency Escape Chute 21Integrated Fire Detection & Suppression System 22

NAVAl SySTeMS Pg 23-26Torpedo Advanced Light 24Varunastra 24Thermal Torpedo 25Hull-Mounted Sonar (HUMSA) 25Hull-Mounted Sonar System 25 for Surface Ships (HUMSA-NG) Sanjeevani 26Silent Fuel Cell based Generator 26Third Generation Underwater Wireless Acoustic 26 Communication System (3G UWACS)Nagan 26Ushus 26

MISSIleS Pg 27-32Programme AD Ballistic Missile Defence Programme 28BrahMos 29Shaurya 29Akash 30Nag 30Agni-I 31Agni-II 31Agni-III 31Prithvi and its variants 31Fog Based Inertial Navigation GPS System (FINGS) 32MEMS Based INS GPS (MINGS) 32Fog Based Sensor Package Unit (FSPU) 32RLG Based GPS INS (RINS) 32OnBoard Computer (OBC) 32Electro Mechanical Actuators (EMA) 32Electro Hydraulic Servo Valve (EHSV) 32MEMS Sensors 32Active Radar Seeker (ARSEEK) 32

AeRONAuTIcS Pg 33-38Tejas 34Pilotless Target Aircraft (Lakshya) 35Flight Simulator LCA 35Remotely Piloted Vehicle (NISHANT) 36Precision Stabilised Gimbal Payload Assembly 36 (GPA MK-IV)Micro UAV (MAV) 37Kaveri Engine 37Kaveri Marine Gas Turbine Engine (KMGT) 37AHS – Arrestor Hook System 38LEVCON – Leading Edge Vortex Controller 38Aerostat Systems 38

elecTRONIcS & Pg 39-50 cOMpuTeR ScIeNceSROHINI Medium Range 40 Surveillance Radar (3D-CAR)LCA MMR Antenna 40Weapon Locating Radar (WLR) 41Maritime Patrol Radar 41TR Modules 41Situation Assessment Tool (SAT) 42Secure Data Adaptor (SDA) 42Wearable Computer (WC) 42Subscriber End Encryption Device (SEED) 43OnBoard Computer 43 (ABACUS SOC-V1 Processor Based) High Speed Video Tracker 43Indigenous Microprocessors 44Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) 44BHUMIKA – A GIS Application 45Millimeter wave Components 45Cavity Backed Spiral Antenna 45BaseLine Interferometer Array 46Ridged Horn Antenna 46Bi-conical Antenna 46Blade Antenna 46Rotary DF Antenna 46Quadrifilar Helix Antenna 46Log Periodic Antenna 47Airborne Radome 47Submarine Radome 47Constant Beam width Horn Antenna 47ECM Reflector with Auto-track Horns 47Advanced MSS terminal 47Combat Net Radio 47Data Link System for AirBorne Surveillance Platform 48Electro-Optical Fire Control System – Navy 48Day Vision Devices 48Pulsed Coupled Cavity TWT 49Microwave Power Module (MPM) 49Hand-held Portable Laser Dazzler 50Weapon-Mounted Thermal Sight (WMTS) 50Helmet-Mounted Thermal Imaging Camera (HMTIC) 50Passive Night Sight (PNS) for 5.56 mm Rifle / LMG 50Panoramic Surveillance Sight 50

MATeRIAlS Pg 51-56Titanium Sponge Production 52Ceramic Cores 52Turbine Integral Rotor 52Investment Cast components 52High Energy Rare Earth Permanent Magnets 53Titanium Isothermally Forged Disc 53Steel Bulb Bar 53Armour Materials and Modules: 54 Armoured Fighting VehiclesArmour Materials and Modules: Helicopters 54Aluminium Foams 54Tungsten Alloys & Components 54Jacket Wind Cheater 55Trouser Wind Cheater 55Tent Glacier (10-12 MEN) 55Aqueous Foam Generating Device for 55 Multispectral Camouflage ApplicationsSynthetic Life Jacket MK-I 55Conducting Polymer based Antistatic and 56 Radiotransparent Paint RDM-1 for aircraft radomesImaging IR Target with controller 56Aiming Thermal Target 56

lIfe ScIeNceS Pg 57-62Combat Free Fall (CFF) 58Swine Flu Detection Kit 58Resuscitator 58Attracticide 59Alocal Cream 59DEPA 59Woolcare 59Mosquito Repellent Cum Room Freshener 59Herbal Mosquito Repellent Vaporizer 59Bio-Digester 60Carbogen Breathing Equipment 60Electrically Heated Gloves/Socks 60Floor Cleansing Herbal Germicidal Liquid 60Kerosene-Based Space Heating Device (BUKHARI) 61Iron Removal Unit 61Bio-Fertilisers 61Bio-Diesel 61Jatropha Soap 62Cordyceps Sinensis 62Jatropha Fuel Briquette 62Lukoskin 62

Nbc Pg 63-68NBC Over Boots 64NBC Permeable Suit MK-IV 64NBC Gloves with Inner 65NBC Haversack 65Roentgenometer (RM 102) 65Radiation Detection Measurement and 65 Control Unit (RADMAC)NBC Casualty Bag Half 66NBC Casualty Bag Full 66Gamma Flash Sensor 66Beta Light 66Portable Dose Rate Meter (PDRM) 67RadiacMeter Personal Locket (RPL) Dosimeter 67Pocket Dosimeter (PDM) 67Super Heated Liquid Neutron and Gamma Sensor 67RPL Dosimeter Reader 68NBC Water Purification System 68

lOW INTeNSITy Pg 69-74 cONflIcT Holographic Sight 70Hand-Held Thermal Imager 70Passive Night Vision Goggle 71Meals Ready to Eat (MRE’s Ration) 71Passive Night Sight (PNS) 71 for Modern Sub-Machine Carbine (MSMC)Light Weight Foldable Stretcher 72Energy Bars 72Boot Anti Mine Infantry (BAMI) 72Survival Blanket 72Advanced Demolition Devices (ADDs) 73Explosive Detection Kit 73Water Testing Field Kit (WTFK) 73Oleoresin-Based Incapacitating Smoke Grenade 73Blast Protection Suit 7484 mm High Temperature 74 Suffocating Smoke (HTSS) AmmunitionFrangible Bullets 74

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Combat Vehiclesand EngineeringThe quest for self-reliance

The Defence Research & Development Organisation has come a long way since its modest beginning in 1958. Starting with only 10 laboratories, DRDO has grown multi-dimensionally and has evolved to be a core research organisation with a vast network of 50 laboratories and establishments spread across the country, 30,000 knowledge workers including about 7,000 scientists; 12,000 technical personnel; and 11,000 support staff - a strong scientific force to reckon with. With a vision to empower India with cutting-edge technologies and equip our Services with internationally competitive systems, DRDO has proven its competence to produce state-of-the-art strategic and tactical military hardware and related technologies in diverse disciplines such as Aeronautics, Armaments, Combat Vehicles, Combat Engineering, Electronics, Missiles, Life Sciences, Materials, and Naval Systems. At the core of this technological strength of DRDO is its expertise in system design, system integration, testing and evaluation and project management built over the last five decades, which has enabled it in developing indigenous capabilities in weapons and their delivery systems.

Today DRDO has transformed into a highly professional and mature Organisation with strong technology base and management systems to undertake indigenous development of state-of-the-art Defence systems in a comprehensive manner including design, development, integration and production. DRDO has made the country proud through achievement of technological self-reliance in a number of critical areas including ammunition, armoured systems, surface-to-surface missiles, sonar systems, electronic warfare systems, NBC defence and advanced computing.

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ExcEllEnt Mobility

n High performance 1500 HP engine for high power-to-weight ratio

n Robust transmission

n Low specific ground pressure

n Flexible Hydro-pneumatic suspension

n Optimised running gear with high shock energy absorption

Combat Vehicles and EngineeringThe main objective of Combat Vehicles and Engineering cluster of DRDO is the development of technologies for progressive achievement of self-reliance in the area of Combat Vehicles & Engineering. The emphasis is on the development of Combat Vehicle Technology and Engineering equipments/systems, empowering our defence forces with breakthrough technologies. Combat Vehicles & Engineering Group of Labs are striving to ensure high mobility, fire power and protection to troops during military operation with world-class Armoured Fighting Vehicles, Wheeled Vehicles, Bridges and Combat Engineering Support Systems as well as Ground Support Equipments for Missile Systems and airborne platforms.

MBT Arjun SElf ProPEllEd (SP) 155 gun (BHIM-T6)

SupErior FirE powEr

n Fast and accurate target acquisition

n Fast reaction time

n Excellent first hit probability

EnhancEd protEction

n Indigenous lightweight, compact “KANCHAN” composite armour

n Integrated fire detection and suppression system

n Laser warning system

n Improved sight Common stabilised head for Day sight, thermal sight and Laser range finder for improved all-round day and night surveillance and target acquisition

n Fully autonomous turret mated with high mobility chassis system

n Extended Range Full Bore (ERFB) type projectiles

n Modular Charges, high accuracy, long range, high rate of fire, Multiple Round Simultaneous Impact (MRSI), Muzzle velocity measuring radar, fully automatic laying, navigation and ammunition loading

n 81 mm smoke grenade launchers

n High power to weight ratio

SaliEnt FEaturES

Crew 3

Combat Weight 56 t

Power-to-weight Ratio 18.39 kW/ton

Ground Pressure 0.078 n/mm2

Length (Gun Forward) 13.63 m

Width (Over Tracks) 3.53 m

Height (Over Turret Roof) 3.25 m

Maximum Speed – on road: 70 km/h – cross country: 45 km/h

Gradability 35°

Trench 2.43 m

Vertical Obstacle 0.91 m

Ordnance 155 mm

Elevation – 5° to +75°

Ammunition Stowage 50 rounds


Burst 3 rounds in < 20 sec

Intense 8 rds/min for 3 min

Sustained 2 to 3 rounds per min for 60 min

Ajeya tank has been modernized to meet the threat perception of our country by upgrading its ‘Fire power’ enhancing its ‘Mobility’ and strengthening its ‘Protection’.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Crew 3

Combat Weight 43.5 t

Power-to-weight Ratio 17.93 hp/ton

Ground Pressure 0.87 kgf/cm²

Length (Gun forward) 9.53 m

Width (over tracks) 3.37 m

Height (over turret roof) 2.19 m

Maximum Speed – on road: 60 km/h – cross country: 35 to 40 km/h

Gradability 30°

Trench 2.6 m

Vertical Obstacle 0.85 m

Shallow Fording 1.2 m

Ordnance 125 mm Smooth bore

Elevation –6° to +16°

Ammunition Stowage 44 rounds

Rate-of-fire 8 rds/min

Ammunition Loading Automatic

Co-axial MG 7.62 mm

Anti-aircraft MG 12.7 mm


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BlT T-72aSSault bridgE MountEd on ModiFiEd hull oF t-72 tank

n Controls located with commander and driver for convenient operation

n Can be launched without the troops having to dismount

n Can be launched manually or electrically within 3 to 5 min

n Positive launch ensured, with two alternate power sources in the event of main engine failure

SaliEnt FEaturES

Bridge Span (m) 20 m and 22 m

Width (m) 4 m

Load Class MlC 70

Tread Way (mm) 1625 mm

Weight (ton) 46.5 t

Ground Pressure with 0.98 kg/cm² Bridge Loaded (kg/cm2)



Vehicle Load 58.5 t

No. of Station 14 nos

Type of Suspension Hydro gas

Spring Characteristic nonlinear

Oil SAE 10 W 30

Gas nitrogen

Wheel Travel 535 mm

Damping Hydraulic Bi-directional In-built

Axle Arm 550 mm

Road Wheel 660 mm

Ground Clearance 450 mm

n Multi-span mobile bridge

n System comprises of a pre-fabricated bridge in two halves in folded condition mounted on a wheeled carrier vehicle along with a launching mechanism

n Each bridge is 15 m long, 4 m wide, fully decked and provided with a trestle at the far end

n Multiple span up to 75 m can be launched in 90 mins

n Suitable for heaviest military traffic (MLC 70)

SaliEnt FEaturES

Bridge Length 24 m in Steel 26 m in Aluminum Alloy

Load Classification MlC 70

Launch/Retrieval Time 10 min

AMPHIBIouS floATIng BrIdgE And fErry SySTEM (AffS)n Versatile equipment having excellent cross country and aquatic mobility.

n A single unit can be used to ferry traffic across large and deep water obstacles.

n Two or more systems can be joined together in a river to form a continuous floating bridge up to 105 m length, within 30 min. time.

n Wheels retracted the vehicle can also be used as grounded bridge/ ramp to negotiate high banks.

BlT Arjunn Slide launch assault bridging system mounted on Arjun tank hull

n Single span, tread way type construction

n Crew of two – Commander and driver

n Independent power unit for bridge launch/retrieval

SaliEnt FEaturES

Load Class MLC-30 (upgradable to MLC-70)

Ground Mobility 40–55 kmph

Aquatic Mobility 2.7 m/sec

Gross Vehicle Weight 42 t

Ferry Length 28.4 m

Roadway Dimensions 10m x 3.6m x 4m

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CounTEr MInE flAIl (CMf-72)n System based on modified T-72 gun tank

designed to clear 4 m wide safe lane through mine field

n Can breach a mine field at a speed of 1 to 3 km per hour up to a depth of 25 cm

SaliEnt FEaturES

no modification to automotive system. Minimum modification to driver compartment

Separate power source for flail operation

Provided with gPS

Multi-barrel smoke discharger enables operation under cover of smoke screen

Capability to rotate flails in both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions

flail controls with commander for convenient operations

Adequate protection to crew against small arms, shell bursts, mine blasts and fire hazards

Extensively tested under extreme weather and rugged terrain conditions successfully

MAT ground SurfACIng (MgS)n Mat Ground Surfacing provides a rugged trackway to the movement of tracked and wheeled

vehicles in marshy terrains, shallow waters and soft soil

n It is an assembly of extruded aluminium planks of length 50 m rolled on to a spool

n Easy mobility

n Fordability in shallow water up to 1 m depth

n Quick laying of mat

n Small crew size

SaliEnt FEaturES oF Mat

Length 50 m

Width 5 m

Weight per sq. m 34 kg

Total Weight 8500 kg

rEMoTEly oPErATEd VEHIClE “dAkSH”A state-of-the-art Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) ‘DAKSH’, capable of being remotely controlled over a range of 500 m line-of-sight (LOS) or up to three walls within buildings, is an invaluable asset in the hands of Bomb Disposal Units of the Army, Police and other Paramilitary Forces. DAKSHA has two more variants Disrupter Mounted Robot (DMR) and Gun Mounted ROV (GMR)

SaliEnt FEaturES

Versatile reach extending below vehicles

Payload lifting capability of 20 kg at 2.5 m / 9 kg at 4m with special extension assembly

In-built brakes to stop the roV in any position and slopes

Electrically operated through compact rechargeable batteries

Continuous operation for three-hours

Wireless operation up to 500 m loS with optional fiber-optic control

Multiple switchable cameras on-board

Steep slope negotiation

Stair climbing capability

Manipulator Arm with Six degrees of freedom

Cameras on motorized pan-tilt platform with zoom and focus controls

Towing capability for suspected vehicles

low power, high intensity lEd based illumination lamps

open interface to connect different payloads as per mission

Incorporation of neutral Mechanism in transmission

Safety alarms provided during firing operations

Weather-proof construction for outdoor applications

dISruPTEr MounTEd roBoT (dMr)This is a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) capable of diffusing IED’s and suspected objects.

SaliEnt FEaturES

range: 500 m

operation: 2 h

Cross Country Mobility

Two recoilless disrupters on-board with built-in aiming devices

lightweight and portable

Backpack-based Master Control Station

Integrated with Stereo Vision System for depth perception

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nETrANETRA is a fully autonomous, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed specifically for anti-terrorist and counter-insurgency operations. Netra is lightweight and portable, constructed using carbon fiber composites, allowing for two-men to carry the system along with the control station to field locations. Netra flies by four high speed propellers (quadrotor) allowing Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) and providing the power to soar through the skies.


Weight (kg) 1.5 kg

Dimensions (cm) 90 cm x 90 cm

Navigation Auto-pilot based with pre-flight mission planning

Battery Compact lithium Polymer

Payload Capacity (g) 400 g

Max Height (m) 150 m

Endurance 30 min per battery charge

Battery Change Quick snap and externally swappable

Range (km) 1.5 km loS

Payload High resolution CCd camera with Pan/Tilt and Zoom facility Wireless video transmitter

Failure Modes Communication loss/low battery – allowing for self recovery

ArMourEd AMPHIBIouS doZEr (AAd)AAD is designed to provide integral engineering support to battle groups in offensive operations by reducing banks of water obstacles to facilitate construction of wet / dry assault bridges and improving mobility of mechanized formations by construction and improvement of existing tracks. AAD is based on re-engineered BMP-II chassis. The Limited Series Production (LSP) placed by Indian Army is being executed by VRDE (DRDO).

SaliEnt FEaturES

GVW 13.5 t

Bucket Capacity Steel bucket 1.13 m3 (normal), 1.43 m3 (heaped)

Prime Mover CI engine, 82 kW @ 2400 rpm, water cooled

Hydraulic System Semi-closed loop

Dual Control System driver’s controls duplicated for dozing operations

Drive Reversal Gearbox To reduce dozing speed below 1 km/h

Hydraulic Winch Ex M/s rotzler , 8 t capacity

Amphibious Capability Amphibious (without preparation), speed > 7 km/h

Hydrojets for propulsion and better maneuverability in water

Rocket Propelled Anchor (RPA) for self-recovery from water obstacle

Suspension Lock Mechanical with easy engage/disengagement

Air Conditioning System 1.5 t capacity

ArMourEd EngInEEr rEConnAISSAnCE VEHIClE (AErV)AERV is designed to carry out terrestrial and riverbed survey to facilitate construction of assault bridges across water obstacles. The vehicle is based on amphibious BMP-II chassis, retaining its mobility and protective features. The Indian Army had placed a Limited Series Production (LSP) order on VRDE (DRDO) which has been executed successfully.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Advanced land navigation System (AlnS)

Picket driving System (PdS) – for route marking

Control Console – Integration of data from recce instruments and processing.

land rEconnaiSSancE inStruMEntS

n Digital Cone Penetrometer (DCP) – For measurement of bearing capacity of soil

n Electronic Distomat & Theodolite (EDT) – For measurement of distance, height and slope of the bank

n Laser Range Finder (LRF)

n Passive Night Observation Device (PNOD)

watEr rEconnaiSSancE inStruMEntS

n Echo Sounder (ES) – To measure water depth, bed profile, etc.

n Water Current Meter (WCM)

n Electronic Distance Meter (EDM) – To measure distance traveled in water

n Handheld water current Meter – Stand alone device for measuring water current

n Depth Measuring Equipment

gun MounTEd rEMoTEly oPErATEd VEHIClE (gMr)This is an ROV designed for offensive operations mainly in urban area for hostage situations and counter insurgency missions.

SaliEnt FEaturES

range: 500 m

Endurance: 3 h

Multiple Armaments on-board with built-in aiming device

Portable Master Control Station

Pan-o-vision capability for 180 deg vision to the operator

Safety features in-built

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WAnkEl TyPE roTAry EngInEThe Wankel type Rotary engine indigenously designed and developed in the country for the first time.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Max Power 55 hp @ 8000 rpm

Displacement 324 CC

Compression Ratio 9.2

Min SFC 250 g/

Idle Speed 2700 – 2900 rpm

Weight (Dry) 28 kg

Fuel System diaphragm Type Carburetors for all position operation

Cooling System Water Cooled Housing and Air Cooled rotor

Ignition System Electronic 28V dual CdI

Lubrication forced type lubrication system

Dimensions 450 x 360 x 320 mm

four CylIndEr TWo STrokE rECIProCATIng EngInESaliEnt FEaturES

Max Power 40 hp @ 7000 rpm

Displacement 684 cc

Compression Ratio 7:1

Min SFC 485 g/kW.h

Idle Speed 2000–3000 rpm

Weight (Dry) 22 kg

Fuel System diaphragm Type Carburetors for all position operation

Cooling System Air Cooled

Ignition System Electronic CdI

Lubrication oil in gasoline

Dimensions 450 x 400 x 400 mm



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ArmamentsArmament laboratories of DRDO are involved in the development of arms and ammunition required for land warfare as well as air delivered bombs. DRDO has made significant contributions in the indigenisation of small arms, mortars, RPG’s, disposable RL’s, mines, bombs and ammunitions. High energy propellants and explosive composition required for missiles, guns and warheads have been successfully developed and technology has been transferred to industries. Multi barrel rocket launcher system (pinaka) and modern sub machine carbines for close combat and bi-modular charge system for large calibre artillery guns have been successfully demonstrated and inducted. It is a matter of great pride that due to the sustained efforts of armament cluster of DRDO, the country has achieved self reliance in these areas, to a large extent.

MulTI-BArrEl roCkET lAunCHEr – PInAkAn Area weapon system to supplement the existing artillery gun at ranges beyond 30 km.

n System comprises of a launcher vehicle carrying 12 rockets in 2 pods, a command post vehicle, loader-cum-replenishment vehicle and Digicora MET radar.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Range 10 to 38 km

Quick reaction time gets into action within 3 min

High rate of fire fires a salvo of 12 rockets in 44 s

High lethality Salvo from a battery of six launchers can neutralise target area of 1000 x 800 m

Circular error probability (CEP): 1 to 2 per cent of the range

5.56 mm InSAS WEAPonSINSAS consists the following Weapons and ammunition

n Rifle Fixed butt and folding butt

n Light Machine Gun (LMG) Fixed and Folding butt

n Ammunition – Ball, Tracer, Blank, Proof and Drill

The highlights of the weapon system are common Ammunition for all the system weapons and have 60-70% common working components. The complete system is designed and developed indigenously and bulk production established at Indian Ordnance factories. So far more than 9 lakh Rifles, 50 thousand LMGs and 120 Crore rounds of Ammunition have been produced and supplied to Indian armed forces and other paramilitary forces like BSF, CISF, CRPF, ITBP NSG, etc.

rIflE 5.56 mm InSASThe Rifle 5.56mm INSAS is the basic weapon of the system. As compared to the 7.62 SLR weapon it is 25 percent lighter, having 70 percent less recoil and more compact and comfortable to handle and fire. A foldable butt version of this rifle has also been developed with reduction in overall length of the weapon when butt folded for Para troopers, Mechanised Infantry and Counter Insurgency (CI) formations.

The Rifle operates on Gas operation principle, close breech and rotating bolt. The rifle can fire in single shot or Three Round Burst . Muzzle velocity is 900m/s and recoil energy of 4.2 joules. The effective range of both versions is 400m.

lIgHT MACHInE gun 5.56 mm InSASn Rifle and LMG designed to fire the same ammunition

n Commonality of components 60-70%

n Available in fixed butt and folding butt versions

n More Compact with much less recoil compared to replaced weapons

n Rifle lighter than 7.62mm SLR by 25%

SaliEnt FEaturES

rifle lMg

Modes of Fire Single Shot Single Shot Burst of three rounds Automatic

Effective Range 400 m 700 m

PInAkA roCkETSaliEnt FEaturES

Calibre 214 mm

Weight 276 kg

Length 4950 mm

Fuze Proximity/ET

Warhead weight 100 kg

Types of warhead Blast-cum-pre-fragmented, High Explosive, A/T minelets and incendiary

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5.56 mm InSAS AMMunITIon The indigenous 5.56mm ammunition is more effective in terms of range and lethality as compared to standard NATO ammunition i.e Belgium SS 109 type 5.56mm ammunition. Because of its higher bullet mass, higher remaining velocity, ballistic shape, the INSAS ammunition has flat trajectory, increase in hit probability, higher remaining energy, better penetration capability as compared to NATO 5.56mm. The tracer round is also developed for trajectory tracing in the night firing. The development of both the ammunition and Blank, Proof & Drill has been completed and are in bulk production at OF’s.

undEr BArrEl grEnAdE lAunCHEr (uBgl)n Add-on attachment to INSAS rifle for

launching 40mm Grenades.

n Can fire a variety of in-service grenades (HE, HEDP, RP, smoke).

n Made of aerospace grade aluminum alloy for strength and light weight.

n Integrated iron sight and beta light sight enable firing by day as well as in low light condition.

ModErn SuB MACHInE CArBInESaliEnt FEaturES

gas operated with rotating bolt

Calibre 5.56 mm

Rate of fire 600 to 650 per min

Magazine capacity 30 rounds

Effective range 200 m

Length of weapon

l Butt Extended: 700 mm

l Butt retracted: 500 mm

PrE-frAg ofAB BoMBn First indigenously developed Pre-fragmented bomb for aerial delivery.

n Has a thin metallic outer casing with a contoured FRP Pre-Frag module (PFM)

n The FRP module is filled with HE and 20,000 steel balls placed between FRP layers.

n Fragments capable of penetrating 6mm MS target up to 40m from the point of burst

n Fragment density - >1 frag / Sqm. at 40 m

n The bomb can be carried on all Russian aircrafts

SaliEnt FEaturES

Mass 125 kg

Length 1048 mm

Max. Dia 272 mm

FRP Module mass 84 kg

Mass of HE filling 23 kg

MorTAr BoMB IlluMInATIng 81 mm Mk-IIThis ammunition is used for illuminating the large target area during night warfare for surveillance. The bomb consists of time mechanical fuze, upper body, lower body, buster charge, candle and parachute assembly. The ammunition can be fired with a minimum range of 800 m to maximum range of 5000 m.

iMportant FEaturES

n Longer duration of illumination

n Larger area of illumination

n Longer range

n Better parachute stability and less drift

n Consistent height of burst and smooth ejection

SaliEnt FEaturES

Total mass 3.85 kg

Total Length 557 mm

Muzzle Velocity 326 m/s

Range 5000 m (with charge 10)

Duration of illumination 30 s

Candle Luminosity 10 lakh Candela

Target illumination 2-5 lux

Area of illumination 400 m radius


Production of the store has been established with Ordnance Factories and store is being used by Indian Army.

SHEll 105 mm Ifg IlluMInATIng 2AShell 105 mm Illuminating is designed for illumination of battlefield. The illuminating shells provide good illumination over wide area during its total burning time. This could facilitate redeployment of own forces for surveillance of enemy movements. The illuminating shell is fired from 105 mm IFG & LFG. It Illuminates the area for minimum 30 secs with light intensity of 7 lakh candela. Height and position of burning candle depends upon the setting of the fuze, muzzle velocity and elevation of gun barrel. For optimum illumination of the area, ignition height of 350 - 400 m above the target is recommended.

novEl FEaturES oF thiS aMMunitionS arE

n It is comparable with similar foreign ammunition of same caliber.

n No failure of any kind in dynamic firing has been reported which in turn ensures functioning reliability

n Anti-rotation Flap Ring mechanism.

n Palletizing of illumining composition to withstand the higher stresses at charge super.

n No gyration effect on candle while descending with parachute.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Fuze Time mechanical 213 P Mk-5 (M-2)

Average mass of shell With Fuze 15.9 kg

Total Length of shell with Fuze 538 mm

Maximum Dia of shell over DB 114 mm

Charge upto Charge Super

Maximum range at charge super 16.5 km

Average Time of burning 30 s

Average Luminosity 7 lakh candela

Radius of Illumination 400 m approx

Rate of descent 8 to 10 m/s

Height of deployment of parachute 350 to 400 m

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Page 11: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

125 mm fSAPdS AMMunITIon for T90n Antitank KE ammunition

n Tungsten alloy penetrator

n Combustible cartridge case

n Assembled with tracer for indication of flight path up to 3000 m

SaliEnt FEaturES

Mk-I Mk-II

Propellant mass 19 kg 19.3 kg

Muzzle Velocity 1500 m/s 1600 m/s

L/D ratio 14 20

Range at which triple 2.5 km 3.5 km NATO target defeated

120 mm fSAPdS AMMunITIon for Arjunn Soft core (Tungsten Alloy Penetrator)

n Wear reducing Additive Liner

n Semi Combustible Cartridge Case

n Steel Obturating Cup

SaliEnt FEaturES

Length of complete Round 944 mm

Weight of complete Round 20.2 kg

Weight of propellant 8.3 kg

Weight of projectile 6.8 kg

Muzzle velocity 1650 m/s

Chamber Pressure 510 MPa

Capable of defeating single, double and triple heavy standard nATo targets at 5000 m range.

AdruSHy Mk-II (The Indian Influence Mine)Adrushy – the intelligent A/T mine is India’s answer to increasing threat caused by the MBT’s of nineties. With the introduction of this mine with shaped charge and magnetic influence fuze, a new dimension has been given to the mine warfare. Sophistication, simplicity in handling and indomitable kill capability makes the mine invincible and user friendly.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Armour Penetration 85 mm causing ‘k’ kill

full width attack capability

Tank trawl discrimination

non-actuation under ‘B’ vehicles

difficult to breach

reusable with three field settable Sn periods of 10, 40, 80 days

Magnetic mode of operation of fuze

Immunity against ClMC (V) blast

All weather and terrain resistant

Electronic cum mechanical safety

Length 330 mm

Width 240 mm

Height 140 mm

Total weight 7.6 kg

Explosive 2.3 kg

Body 10% grP Polycarbonate

Liner Copper

Battery cells liSoCl2 (lithium Thino Chloride)

84 mm lIgHT WEIgHT lAunCHEr

SaliEnt FEaturES

Effective anti–tank, anti–bunker Infantry weapon

useful against soft and hard targets

light weight and recoilless

Man portable and Shoulder–fired, effective under adverse conditions and temperature ranging from –40°C to + 55°C.

Calibre 84 mm

Mass Launcher 10.5 kg ± 0.5 kg Carrier System 3.5 kg

Penetration > 400 mm on rHA

Rate of Fire 6 rounds / min

Type of Ammunition HEAT, HE, TPT, Illuminating, HEdP and HEAT rAP

Effective Range 400 m for HEAT 700 m for HEAT with rAP

Crew Two

Range 30 to 300 m

Elevation ± 30°

Azimuth ± 180°

Sight Telescopic day Sight, Passive night Sight

Firing Mode Manual / Auto

PZT-BASEd ElECTroCErAMICSModified Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Piezoelectric Ceramics, a class of polycrystalline oxide materials, exhibit excellent piezoelectric properties and find wide ranging applications in electro-mechanical / mechano-electrical energy conversion transducers.

It is a strategic energy converting material that finds applications in :

n Impact initiation of Hollow Charge (HC) warheads.

n Electro-acoustic transducers for SONAR systems.

n Sensors for sea mines, torpedoes and imaging arrays.

There are many places across the Himalayan region where highways are prone to number of geo-hazards such as avalanches, floods, landslides and debris flow etc. One such site is located at about 20 km from Manali on the approach road to South Portal of upcoming Rohtang tunnel. To protect the highway from all such geo-hazards a special type of structure known as “Geo-Hazard Gallery” is designed with provisions to pass flowing water, flash flood, debris and avalanche without disturbing the flow of traffic. It is basically a box type of structure in which there are provisions to allow the flowing water to pass underneath the carriage way while flash flood and avalanche over the top of roof. A folded grating is provided on the upstream side of structure to avoid damage to main structure from the impact of flowing boulders and for safe rolling down of these boulders, a grating is also provided on the downstream side. Some other features of this unique structure are - ogee spillway for smooth passage of flowing water, retaining wall to take care of active pressure of soil.

gEo- HAZArd gAllEry

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BAfflE rAngEConventional small arms practice firing ranges occupy a large area for reasons of safety

n Baffle range designed to drastically reduce real estate requirement

n Uses a system of ground barriers, side walls, baffle walls and stop butt to arrest the misdirected bullets.

n Enables construction of small arms practice ranges close to camp, built-up area, making them more accessible

Bund BlASTIng dEVICEn Device used for breaching canal banks. Can also be used to clear snow covered roads and to

trigger planned avalanches in snow bound areas

n Based on the principle of ‘Follow through’ tandem warhead. On activation the pilot charge drills a hole in the earth. The rocket assisted main bursting charge follows the pilot charge, enters the hole and bursts after a delay of 3 seconds to create a crater

n Several devices can be joined together to form an array

n Time taken for deployment of an array of six devices : 15 to 20 min

SaliEnt FEaturES

gross weight 20.5 kg

Explosive charge weight:

Hollow charge 2.75 kg

Main bursting charge 5 kg

Crater dimensions Single device Array of six devices

depth 2 to 2.25 m 2 to 2.25 m

diameter 3.5 to 4 m

length of breach 9 m

Width of breach 4.5 to 5 m

harnESS bag For carrying

Frp packing box For tranSportation

MulTI-ModE HAnd grEnAdEn Additional safety in storage, transportation including

para dropping provided

n Grenade for use in offensive mode comprises of a plastic cup containing pre-cast pellet of RDX/TNT

n A pre formed cylindrical fragmenting sleeve of mild steel is screwed on for use in defensive mode

n Shape, size and weight convenient to handle and use

SaliEnt FEaturES

Effective range 8 to 10 m from point of burst for defensive grenade 3 to 5 m for offensive grenade

Weight offensive grenade 260 g defensive grenade 490 g

Detonation delay 3 s

AdVAnCEd oXIdATIon ProCESS (AoP) PlAnTDRDO has developed this technology for destruction of all types of toxic & hazardous organic and cyanide compounds from effluents for its safe environmentally acceptable discharge.

The Process uses UV radiation in combination of oxidants to produce powerful hydroxyl radicals to facilitate the oxidation process which is much faster than conventional processes.

FEaturES oF thE tEchnology

n End products are CO2, H2O and inorganic salts

n No production of secondary toxic by-products & sludge and thus eliminates the need for further solid handling.

n The treated water meets the stringent discharge limits as per CPCB norms.

n Zero discharge process & recycling and reuse of treated water possible

n Clean and user friendly plant

n Modular construction

potEntial uSErS oF aop tEchnology

n Dye industries

n Electroplating mining and metal processing industries

n Electronic and semiconductor

n Paper and pulp industries

n Distilleries

n Pesticide industries

n Drug and pharmaceutical

n Petrochemicals

n Explosives industries

n Organic chemical industries

portablE aop pilot plant oF 200 lph

ABC PoWdEr (CHEMICAl PoWdEr SuITABlE for EXTInguISHIng ClASS A, B & C TyPE of fIrES)DRDO has successfully developed a Multi-Purpose Dry Chemical ABC Powder for extinguishing all types of fire. It has excellent fire extinguishing properties, high fluidity, high humidity resistance, high electrical insulation, non-toxic, non-corrosive, eco-friendly and long shelf life. The powder is suitable for use in all types of portable fire extinguishers, mobile extinguishers and fixed installations. Both nitrogen and carbon dioxide can be used promisingly as dry propelling agents. It conforms to EN-615, EN-3, UL-299, UL-711, ISO-7202 and IS-14609 standards. Technology is available with DRDO for commercial exploitation.

abc powdEr itS tESt and uSE

18 19

Page 13: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure


back-pack SyStEM

MiSt gun


SEMI-ACTIVE MISSIon HoMIng MISSIlE (SAMHo)n A versatile tube-launched antitank Laser-

guided Missile.

n Can be launched from multiple platforms

n Engages ground and low-flying aerial targets up to 5km range

n Has a tandem HEAT warhead that can defeat MBTs and helicopters

n Modular architecture for greater design flexibility

n Gas generator based ejection followed by boost-sustain rocket propulsion after a safe distance from the launch post

SaliEnt FEaturES

Range 1.5-5 km

Diameter 120 mm

Length 1000 mm

Missile mass 18.5 kg

SSKP 0.8

CEP 0.75 m

Kill mechanisms Tandem HEAT and HEf

Propulsion Ejection Charge followed by Boost – Sustain rocket propulsion

Cruising speed 250 m/s

Guidance (a) Midcourse – Inertial-MEMS based (b) Terminal – Semi-Active laser Homing

Control Aerodynamic tail control with electromechanical actuation

Target Designation (a) direct – By the missile launching platform (b) Indirect – By external laser designator

SAfE dISPoSAl of HAZArdouS CHEMICAlS Technology for disposal of cresylic acid by polymerization using phenol-formaldehyde polymerization process and converting it into non toxic solid cresol formaldehyde polymer has been developed.

A bulk disposal plant of 100 kg/batch capacity has been designed and fabricated, based on the data generated through lab scale process incorporating all safety measures. The polymerization of unserviceable cresylic acid to non-fusible and non-soluble thermosetting plastic was followed by disposal into RCC pits. Detailed design techno-commercial aspect for plant and SOPs have also been worked out.

EMErgEnCy ESCAPE CHuTEThe emergency escape chute is a tubular fishnet made of strong fire resistant Kevlar fibre which is kept extended by incorporation of aluminium alloy rings in the net at an interval of one meter.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Provides a safe & effective method of evacuation from high-rise buildings & oil rig platforms

Simpler & safer to use and requires no training or practice

Can be made up to 50 m length

Can take load up to 5 t

Can be used in conjunction with auto inflatable raft

Modification as per requirement is possible and the same can also be used for rescue operations where it can be attached to helicopter or aircraft and person can jump into it and land safely on to the ground

Can also be used for climbing from ground to the helicopter or vice versa

The system, weighing less than 23 kg, uses a low pressure twin fluid technology to create a spray of water mist with a lancing distance of 17-18 m.

The critical component of this system is the mist gun which has three parts viz. mixing chamber, atomization chamber and acceleration chamber.

The mist gun system is effective against class A, Class B and electrical fires. The system is useful as a first aid fire fighting on naval platforms, POL stations, defence stores, trains, process industries, civilian buildings, hotels, warehouses, village farm stockyards etc.

7. Control panel

8. Polymerized waste

9. other reactants

10. Metering pumps

11. Waste in pit

12. final disposal pits

1. Plant building

2. Main plant

3. Scrubber

4. Toxicant filled drums

5. oil based Heating

6. Toxic chemical

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Page 14: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

InTEgrATEd fIrE dETECTIon & SuPPrESSIon SySTEMA micro controller based fire detection and suppression system for armoured fighting vehicles. The system automatically detects the fire and suppression of fire is carried out either automatically or manually.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Built-in-Test facility (BITE)

Continuous checking/monitoring of detector units, fire wire, Alarm & flasher unit and fire Extinguishers

lCd display

data logging facility

real Time Clock

detection of fire within 50 ms

response time for complete of fire suppression is within150 ms

Easy maintenance and repair

Environmental specification as per jSS 55555

low power consumption

false free operation

Auto cut off voltage below 18 V and above 36 V

Electromagnetic compatibility as per MIl Std. 461 C

low power consumption

false free operation

Auto cut off voltage below 18 V and above 36 V

Electromagnetic compatibility as per MIl Std. 461 C


Operating Temperature – 20º C to + 55º C

Storage Temperature – 20º C to + 70º C

JSS 55555 Class l3

Relative Humidity 95% Max. at 40º C

EMI/EMC MIl Std. – 461 C

POWER 18-36 V dc @ 0.4A (Max. in no fire condition) & @ 2.0A (Max. in fire condition)

Main control unit

Dimension 180 x 150 x 65 mm

Weight 1.0 kg (Approx.)

dEtEctor unit

Dimension 54 x 42 x 30 mm

Weight 0.3 kg (approx.)

alarM cuM FlaShEr unit

Dimension 100 x 90 x 73 mm

Weight < 1.0 kg (approx.)

FirE wirE

Length 6 m (20± 0.05 feet)

Diameter 2 mm

Type nTC

FirE ExtinguiShErS

a) aSSy. FirE ExtinguiShEr 3.5 kg, btM (halon-1301) Squib opEratEd

Dimension diam. 140 mm, overall length –300 mm, Thickness – 3.5 mm

Wt. of Gas/ water capacity 3.5 kg / 3.6 ltrs.

Working Pressure 52.5 kg/cm2 (750 psi.)

b) aSSy. FirE ExtinguiShEr 2 kg, bcF(halon-1211) portablE

Dimension diam. 108 mm, overall length –400 mm.

Wt. of Gas 2 kg

Weight of filled Extinguisher 6 kg (approx.)

cablE harnESS

Temp Rating – 65º C to + 250º C for Teflon coated

Conductor Material – 20º C to + 70º C for complete cable including sleeve

Wire specification PTfE/fEP/19/0.2

to 24 voltpowEr Supply


FirE wirE

halon cylindErS with prESSurE gaugEir dEtEctorS

alarM unit


naval Systems

Page 15: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

Naval SystemsNaval warfare is highly complex and technology intensive due to its dynamism and geographical & environmental challenges. Therefore distinct approaches and specialized technologies are required to create state of the art Naval Defence Systems. DRDO has specifically set up the Directorate of Naval Research and Development (DNRD) to coordinate activities of Naval Physical Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) Kochi, Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL) at Visakhapatnam and Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL) at Ambernath. These three laboratories function with a single mission: self-reliance of the Navy in underwater weapons.

DRDO has made path-breaking accomplishments in the field of underwater weapons, Stealth, Corrosion Protection, Marine Steel Weld consumables, Underwater Paints and Bio degradation. Moreover the superior performance of Sonar systems designed and developed by DRDO have led to their installation in newly constructed Naval ships.

TorPEdo AdVAnCEd lIgHTAnti submarine torpedo with a maximum speed of 33 knots.

SaliEnt FEaturES

High power seawater activated battery

Contra rotating motor

Made of lightweight high strength material

dynamic frontal sealing system makes it more reliable at higher depths and less noisy

operating depth 450 m

Weight (War head version) 220 kg

Can be launched from ships as well as from helicopters. Parachute system ensures touch down velocity of 30 to 40 m/s during helicopter launch. Parachute gets automatically released once the torpedo touches water.

Equipped with state-of-the-art sensor packages, on-board computer, hybrid controller, acoustic sensors and BldC actuation motors, all indigenised and comprehensively proven in sea trials. Hull-MounTEd SonAr SySTEM

for SurfACE SHIPS (HuMSA-ng) n HUMSA (NG) is an advanced integrated ship sonar system designed to be installed on a variety of Naval Surface platforms,

corvetts, frigates, destroyers, etc.

n It is primarily an active sonar with enhanced passive and intercept capabilities

n It has modular third-generation feature with user-friendly MMI

SaliEnt FEaturES

Simultaneous Active-cum-Passive operation

Multiple Transmission Waveforms

omni & directional Transmission

Beam Tilt / Stabilisation

Multi-Static operation

Contact Motion Analysis

Early Warning Through Intercept function

Passive / Active Target Classification

Torpedo detection

Integrated Bathy-Thermograph, Sonar Performance Prediction and underwater Communication

fault detection & localisation Aids (BITE)

Enhanced displays / graphical Interfaces

raw data and Video recording

open Systems Architecture

dimensions in mm : 570 (W) x 645 (H) x 560 (d)

Weight: 60 kg

VArunASTrAn Ship launched anti-submarine torpedo

n Speed above 40 Kts with electrical propulsion

n Long range with multi maneuvering capabilities

n Acoustic homing with wide look angle capable of tracking silent targets

n ACCM features and multiple-signal tracking system

n Advanced guidance algorithms

n Low drift navigational systems

n Warhead with acoustic proximity fuze

n Centralized mission control with distributed functional units

n Dual redundant communications bus for interface between intelligent systems

n Self tests and testability features for all intelligent systems


Hull-MounTEd SonAr (HuMSA)n Presently operating on around 20 Naval Ships

n Single array, hull mounted, medium range sonar system

n Capable of simultaneous active and passive panoramic search

n Bow mounted version also available

THErMAl TorPEdon High power propulsion system for Torpedoes packaged and integrated

in Torpedo configuration

n Has hydraulic fin control system and a low noise pump jet propulsor

SaliEnt FEaturES

High energy mono propellant fuel

digital controlled fuel Management

Prime Mover – Supersonic Turbo Expander

Thruster – Silent Pump-jet Propulsor

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Page 16: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

SIlEnT fuEl CEll BASEd gEnErATorn Designed for field use and meant for continuous operation

n Comprises of phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) stacks that consume hydrogen to generate dc power

n A methanol fuel processor (reformer) produces the required hydrogen from methanol (methyl alcohol)

n dc power generated is regulated to 100 V stabilised dc for use.

n 220 V ac or any other dc voltage required can also be provided

n Suitable heat recovery devices installed to achieve high conversion efficiency.

n Low flue temperature, absence of heavy moving parts ensure low IR and acoustic signature

n Capacity 2 kw

n Size 1200(L) x 685(W) x 985(H) mm

n Weight 350 kg

SAnjEEVAnIn This equipment is used

to detect and save human beings trapped under the debris of collapsed buildings due to earthquake or landslide.

n It is based on highly sensitive acoustic sensor and audio signal processing to clearly listen to the victim’s low frequency sound signals like hitting, tapping, scratching or moaning sounds made by the victims trapped under debris.

n The sensors and related equipment are hermetically sealed and hence it can be used in wet/rainy weather.

n The sensor can detect human beings trapped 6 to 8 m below the debris

THIrd gEnErATIon undErWATEr WIrElESS ACouSTIC CoMMunICATIon SySTEM (3g uWACS)n Used for wireless communication underwater especially at sea

n Supports remote operations and monitoring through standard technology

n It incorporates advanced modulation and coding techniques

n Comprehensive GUI providing flexibility in operation maintenance

n Uses ruggedized COTS platform and open architecture, data recording and analysis

SaliEnt FEaturES

Backward Compatibility with Existing uWT System

Tunable Carrier frequency for Multiple Standards (nATo/EkM)

Multi-mode operation n Voice n Pinger n Morse n fSk n ofdM (High data rate) n CSk (long range)

ranging facility

Transmit Power Control

linear Power Amplifier with very low Harmonic distortion

38cm (15) Touch Screen display

Synchronization with other Systems using IEEE 1588

optional gPS Interface

Sector / omni operation

Modular System Architecture

dimensions in mm: 570 (W) x 645 (H) x 560 (d)

Weight: 60 kg

ucS SyStEM

ucS opEration

ucS tranSducEr ElEMEnt

uSHuSn Sonar system with target classification facilities

n Can be interfaced with onboard weapon system

n Range more than 30 km

nAgAnn Active-cum-passive towed array sonar

n Equipped with advanced microprocessor-based systems

n Range more than 30 km



Page 17: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

MissilesThe glorious story of ‘Guided Missiles’ in India started at the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) in Hyderabad. Missiles developed under India’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme got success all the way. While Prithvi-I and Prithvi-II have already been inducted into the Services, the ship Launched Dhanush (Naval version of Prithvi) has been weaponised. Development of Trishul, Akash, and Nag has been completed; Akash is being productionised for the Air Force, and Nag user trials have been completed. The development of re-entry technology gave impetus to Agni class of long range missile systems (Agni-I, Agni-II, & Agni-III). Agni-I and Agni-II have already been inducted into service and Agni-III has entered the induction phase. BrahMos, developed as an Indo-Russian joint venture for development of a supersonic cruise missile system, has been inducted into the Services. AD programme, wherein exo and endo-atmospheric interception of incoming ballistic missiles has been demonstrated successfully and has further proved the ballistic missile interception capabilities of the nation.

DRDO has also undertaken development of beyond visual range air-to-air missile Astra, Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV), and joint venture projects like LRSAM (70 km surface-to-air missile). DRDO successfully flight tested state-of-the-art 750 km canisterised surface-to-surface missile system named ‘Shaurya’. This developmental flight trial of ‘Shaurya’ missile system is a part of ongoing technology development work undertaken by DRDO. These successful developments have given India the capability to design, develop and produce all classes of Missiles as required by defence services.

SHAuryADRDO successfully flight tested state-of-the-art 750 km canisterised surface-to-surface missile system named ‘Shaurya’. This developmental flight trial of ‘shaurya’ missile system is a part of ongoing technology development work undertaken by DRDO.

The Shaurya Missile system has a unique feature of simplicity of operation and maintenance. The canisterised missile system can be easily handled, transported and stored within the canister for longer shelf life. The high manoeuvrability of the missile makes it less vulnerable to anti-missile defence systems.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Missile Canisterised surface to surface Missile

Weight 6.5 t

Length 10.22 m

Diameter Φ740 (Canister Φ620 x Φ740 x 12 m glass Composite)

Range 750 km

2 Stage Solid Propulsion

BrAHMoSn Supersonic cruise missile capable

of being launched from multiple platforms based on land, sea, sub-sea and air.

n Primarily an anti ship missile. Can also engage shore based radio contrast targets.

n Can be launched in either vertical or inclined position. Will cover 360° azimuth.

n Configuration identical for land, sea, sub sea platforms. Air launched version has smaller booster and additional tail fins for stability at launch.

n Launched from the canister that also serves as storage cum transportation container.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Maximum Range 300 km

Maximum Velocity 2.5 to 2.8 Mach

Cruise altitude up to 14 km

Terminal Altitude 10 to 15 m

War head mass 200 to 300 kg

ProgrAMME Ad BAllISTIC MISSIlE dEfEnCE ProgrAMMEn Twin Layered Defence

n EXO and Endo-atmospheric interceptors

n Wide area defence

n Multi stage hypersonic vehicles

n Advanced kill vehicle

n Automated multiple launches through C4I

n Robust and secure communication network

n Very high kill probability

padn Exo-atmospheric interceptor

n A twin stage vehicle

n Guidance Mid Course Inertial with target update Terminal RF seeker based End Game Twin axis gimballed warhead

n Propulsion Liquid booster

n Control Thrust vector Aerodynamic Reaction control

n Divert Liquid

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Page 18: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

PrITHVI And ITS VArIAnTSn Tactical surface to surface missile for battle field support

n Air force version (Prithvi-II) developed for deep interdiction

n Naval version (Dhanush) can be launched from ships. Stabilisation platform designed for ships enables launching of missile even during sea state 4.

n Features of stabilisation platform:

l Stabilisation controller interfaced with launch computer

l Launch stabilisation achieved: +/- 1º

l Missile Range and payload:

rangE payload

Army Version 40 to 150 km 1000 kg

Air force Version 250 km 500 kg

navy Version 250 km 500 kg

nAgn Third-generation anti-tank guided missile system with “fire-and-forget”

and “top-attack” capabilities

n Passive homing guidance achieved through Imaging Infrared (IIR) system for autonomous (fire and forget) and day and night operation.

n Digital autopilot for automatic trajectory shaping ‘top attack’ capability

n Tandem shaped charge warhead

n Nitramine based propellant

n High strength composite airframe with foldable wings and fins

n Compact sensor package and electric actuation systems

n High immunity to countermeasures

n Range: 4 km

AgnI-In Medium-range surface to

surface missile

SaliEnt FEaturES

Single-stage solid propulsion

Carbon composite re-entry vehicle

Closed-loop explicit guidance

road-mobile system

range 700 km

launch Weight 12 t

length 15 m

AgnI-IIn Intermediate-range

ballistic missile

SaliEnt FEaturES

Two stage solid propellant rocket motors

Carbon composite re-entry vehicle

Strap-down inertial navigation system

rail mobile launcher system

range 2500 km

launch Weight 17 t

Pay load Weight 1 t

length 20 m

AgnI-IIIn 2 stage solid propulsion

n 3500 km range

AkASHn Medium range air defence system for area defence with a

multi-target, multi directional capability

n Can simultaneously engage several targets in fully autonomous mode of operation

n Low reaction time

n Uses high-energy propellant based booster and ramjet-rocket propulsion for the sustainer phase

n Rajendra, the multi function phased array radar, forms part of the Battery Control Centre. It carries out surveillance, target tracking, missile acquisition and tracking, missile guidance and launcher control. State-of-the-art ECCM features have been incorporated in the radar

SaliEnt FEaturES

Maximum intercept range 25 km

Fragmentation warhead weight 55 kg

30 31

Page 19: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

fog BASEd InErTIAl nAVIgATIon gPS SySTEM (fIngS)n Provides Pure GPS and Hybrid

Navigation Solution

n Better Position Accuracy

n Interface – High Speed Rs 422 Communication Channel Sub-systems

l Sensor Packages

l Processing Card

l dc – dc Converter with voltage output

MEMS BASEd InS gPS (MIngS)n MEMS based sensor (Gyro,

Acceleration, Pressure transducer etc.)

n Range - +/- 50 g

n Better position Accuracy

fog BASEd SEnSor PACkAgE unIT (fSPu)n Developed FOG based 3 axis FSPU

and tested successfully in NAG

n Developed FOG based 2 axis FSPU and tested in Main Battle Tank (MBT) – ARJUN trials

rlg BASEd gPS InS (rInS)n Provides Inertial, pure GPS and

hybrid Navigation solution for Navigation and Guidance.

n Provides output of linear and angular acceleration, velocities, three dimensional position co-ordinates, heading, attitude (Roll and pitch), body angular rates and time lags.

on-BoArd CoMPuTEr (oBC)n Dual ADSP based OBC

n Miniaturized OBC

n High Speed Serial Communication

ElECTro MECHAnICAl ACTuATorS (EMA)n Linear Actuators with different capacities and linear speeds & Rotary

Actuator for ASTRA

n Actuators use State-of-the Art brush-less DC Motor technology and incorporate compact high capacity satellite roller screw mechanism

ElECTro HydrAulIC SErVo VAlVE (EHSV)n High precision flow Control Valves

n Assembly, Testing as per SAE standards

ACTIVE rAdAr SEEkEr (ArSEEk)n All weather Ku-band Radar Seeker

n It detects, acquires and tracks the target

n It improves target information for Missiles guidance and improves miss distance and enables hit-to-kill capability



SMArT PIEZo ACTuATor, 500 µm

50 BAr PrESSurE SEnSor

ACCElEroMETEr ±30g



Page 20: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

TEjASTejas (LCA) is state-of-the-art, lightweight, multi-role supersonic aircraft designed to meet the stringent demands of Indian Air Force. LCA integrates modern concepts and the state-of-the-art technologies such as tail-less compound delta planform with relaxed static stability, fly-by-wire Flight Control System, Advanced Cockpit, Multi-Mode Radar, Integrated Avionics System, Advanced Composite Material for Structures and a Flat Rated Engine. It is capable of short take-off and landing, has high maneuverability, excellent maintainability and a wide range of weapon fit.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Wing Span 8.2 m

Length 13.2 m

Take-off clean weight 9790 kg

flIgHT SIMulATor lCAn Built using COTS components

n Configured around a cluster of high-end PC systems interconnected with high-speed data links and work in LINUX environment

n The three channel out-of-the window scenery is generated by PC systems using high performance graphic processor boards

n A generic head-down LCD display is driven by a PC based system to provide HIS, ADI, Flight plan and other navigational pages for situation awareness

n The cockpit environment is generic and is provided by a FRP based cockpit shell with typical fighter control stick and throttle. The cockpit has been wired with typical membrane switches for functional simulation of aircraft systems. The presentation of the out-the-window visual scenery can easily be configured with Projectors or Collimated displays for providing realistic visual cues.

AeronauticsDRDO’s flagship programme, India’s own fourth-generation multi-role Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas is almost ready for induction into the Indian Air Force. Tejas compares with the best ones in the world. Other variants of LCA (Tejas), namely, the trainer and the naval version, are also being progressed concurrently. The Electronics Warfare (EW) technology too has become a DRDO forte. Its indigenous EW technology is already installed in most of the Indian military aircraft and helicopters.

An Advanced Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) System is also indigenously developed by DRDO. DRDO has also successfully developed and productionised Pilotless Target Aircraft (Lakshya) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV Nishant), and efforts are on to develop long-endurance and medium altitude UAVs. DRDO’s other achievements have been pilot’s life saving parachutes, aircraft brake parachutes, free-fall combat parachutes, spin-recovery parachutes and the space-capsule recovery parachute. Aerial Delivery Platform, DDS (Duck Drop System) for Navy, Aircraft Arrestor Barriers and Aerostat for reconnaissance and surveillance has also been developed by DRDO. With this incredible array of technologies, DRDO can boast of a high degree of self-reliance achieved through the efforts of the Aero cluster laboratories.

PIloTlESS TArgET AIrCrAfT (lAkSHyA)n Cost effective, re-usable, high sub-sonic aerial target system

n Carries two tow targets having radar, IR or visual signature augmentation

n Tow bodies deployed in flight to train land or ship based gun and missile crew and combat aircraft pilots in weapon engagement

SaliEnt FEaturES

Maximum manoeuvrability 3 g

Structural limit load factor 6 g

Maximum All-Up-Weight 705 kg (including two tow bodies)

Booster Thrust 3750 kgf

Sustainer engine thrust at sea level 420 kgf

Fuel capacity 190 kg

Endurance at 1.5 km at 0.56 Mach 50 min.

Maximum speed in clean configuration 0.65 Mach

Maximum speed (one stow + one tow) 0.5 Mach

Maximum altitude – clean configuration 9 km

Maximum altitude with Tow bodies 5 km

Minimum altitude 300 m

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Page 21: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

rEMoTEly PIloTEd VEHIClE (nISHAnT)n Multi mission Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) with Day/

Night capability

n Used for battlefield surveillance and reconnaissance, target tracking & localization and artillery fire correction

n Launched using a mobile hydro-pneumatic launcher.

n Has autonomous flight capabilities and is controlled from a user friendly Ground Control Station.

n Carries electro-optic payloads mounted on a stabilized steerable platform.

n The aircraft has a jam resistant command link and digital down link for transmission of imagery.

n Ground Image Exploitation system is used for analyzing the images transmitted from the UAV

n Highly mobile, compact and easily deployable system.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Length 4.63 m

Span 6.64 m

Cruise speed 125 – 150 kmph

Max. speed 185 kmph

Min. speed 110 kmph

Altitude ceiling 3600 m AMSl

Endurance 4 h 30 min.

Command range 160 km

Payload link 100 km

Recovery Parachute + landing Bags

PrECISIon STABIlISEd gIMBAl PAyloAd ASSEMBly (gPA Mk-IV)Electro-optical (EO) payloads are used in air vehicles to perform battle field surveillance, reconnaissance, target acquisition, artillery fire correction, laser designation and damage assessment.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Target Acquisition Range 17 km (for detection)(3 m x 3 m target) 6 km (for recognition)

Spectrum 0.4 – 0.7 µm (visible) and 3-5 µm (Ir)

Payload NFOV 1 deg (approx.)

TV Resolution 400 TV line /Picture Height

Stabilization Accuracy Better than 30 µrad rms

Size 400 m dia

Weight (approx) 43 kg (incl. of payloads and electronics)

Environmental As per MIl-STd 810E (Tailored)

kAVErI EngInEIndigenously designed Gas Turbine Engine under Development at GTRE

kAVErI MArInE gAS TurBInE EngInE (kMgT)Kaveri Marine Gas Turbine is a spin-off of aero-version of Kaveri engine. During technology development, the engine has demonstrated a power output of 15 MW


dESign i – black kitE

gEoMEtric dEtailS

Planform Shape Modified Inverse Zimmerman

Span 300 mm

Area, S 0.0618 m2

Aspect Ratio, AR 1.45

Weight 300 g

Wing Loading (WIS) 47.62 n/m2

aErodynaMic data

Airfoil Mean Camber of S4082

Camber% 3.45%

CLoss 1.3

Re 1,90,000

L/D (Lift to Drag Ratio) 7.5

prototypE FabricationS

Airframe flute Board, composite CfrP & gfrP

dESign ii – goldEn hawk

gEoMEtric dEtailS

Planform Shape Cropped delta

Span 300 mm

Area, S 0.06 m2

Aspect Ratio, AR 1.5

Weight 245 g

Wing Loading (WIS) 40.05 n/m2

aErodynaMic data

Airfoil SM-4308 Airfoil

Camber% 3.69%

CLoss 1.26

Re 1,60,000

L/D (Lift to Drag Ratio) 9.7

prototypE FabricationS

Airframe foam & Balsa Wood

dESign iii – puShpak (puShEr)

gEoMEtric dEtailS

Planform Shape dihedral delta

Span 300 mm

Area, S 0.0566 m2

Aspect Ratio, AR 1.59

Weight 270 g

Wing Loading (WIS) 46.696 n/m2

aErodynaMic data

Airfoil Modified MH-49

Camber% 0.7%

CLoss 1.05

Re 2,00,000

L/D (Lift to Drag Ratio) 7.7

prototypE FabricationS

Airframe foam & Balsa Wood

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Page 22: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

AHS – ArrESTor Hook SySTEMRecovery on the ship will be by using aircraft arrestor hook engaging ship’s arresting gear with 90 meter wire pull. The aircraft will experience a deceleration of nearly 4.5g during deck landing. Also, nose landing gear will experience higher loads due to a larger pitch down moment at the instant of hook engagement.

lEVCon – lEAdIng EdgE VorTEX ConTrollErLEVCON (Leading Edge Vortex Controller) is a deflectable aerodynamic device in wing apex region. LEVCON surface is deflected 20º (down) to 30º (up) from its neutral position. Upward deflection of LEVCON is used for reducing approach speed for carrier landing.

AEroSTAT SySTEMSAn Aerostat is a lighter than air system that can stay stationary in the air and are tethered to ground. Aerostat balloon derives a lifting force mainly by the buoyant effect that results from displacement of the higher density air surrounding it. The gas used is helium because it is safest as being inert and does not burn. Ground based sensors have limited Line Of Sight (LOS) range due to the limitations posed by earth’s curvature. Mounting these sensors on elevated platforms could increase the LOS range. Aerostats are excellent platforms for these sensors especially in surveillance and communication role for a variety of civil and military applications.


Electronics & Computer Sciences

Page 23: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

roHInI MEdIuM rAngE SurVEIllAnCE rAdAr (3d-CAr)n 3-dimensional radar capable of detecting

and tracking several air-borne targets simultaneously

n 3D Surveillance of designated volume of space

n Height computation using stacked multiple beam technique.

n Track while scan (TWS) facility, 150 targets handling capability in TWS mode

n Pulse compression for high range resolution

n 360° azimuth and 20° elevation coverage

n Detection range more than 120 km at 15 rpm and 150 km at 7.5 rpm

n Effective operation under heavy clutter and ECM environment

n 3-vehicle configuration – Radar Sensor Vehicle (RSV), Data Center Vehicle (DCV) and Generator Vehicle based on high mobility TATRA vehicles

n Extensive system BITE, Independent BITE for antenna

WEAPon loCATIng rAdAr (Wlr)n Coherent, electronically scanned, C-Band,

Pulse-Doppler radar

n Slew-able phased array antenna

n Two-vehicle configuration. Sensor on a single vehicle.

n Automatic projectile acquisition and data transmission

n Weapon location in high-density fire environment

n Adaptive radar resource scheduling

n Coherent traveling wave tube based transmitter

n Low phase noise, multi-channel source

n Highly sensitive three-channel, gain and phase matched receiver

n Programmable digital signal processor

n Mono-pulse tracking with pulse compression

n Remote display with the facility to change sector of coverage

n Target simulator for training of operator

n High-resolution multi-mode display with digital map overlay

lCA MMr AnTEnnA n Slotted waveguide

array antennae are ideally suited for critical, airborne applications owing to their excellent attributes such as:

l Compactness and light weight

l High power handling capacity

l Broad band operation

l Low side lobe levels

l High gain

l Low cross polarization

n Slotted waveguide arrays have been developed in S-Band, X-Band and Ku-Band for specific applications

Tr ModulESTransmit Receive Module (TR Module) is the basic building block of Active Electronically Scanned Array. It contains low noise receiver, power amplifier and digitally controlled phase/ delay and gain elements.

SaliEnt FEaturES

l band S band

Transmit (Tx) power 200W per module 200W per module

Duty cycle 10% (max) 10% (max)

Overall Tx Gain 10 dB 53 dB

Receive Noise Figure 3.5 dB 3.6 dB

Receiver gain 20 dB 30 dB

Phase shifter 6-bits 6-bits

Attenuator 5-bits 6-bits

Operating – 40°C to – 40° C to Temperature + 55°C +55°C

Environmental MIl STd MIl STd Specifications 810 f 810 f

Power supply +40V dc, +40V dc, 5A (Max) 5A (Max)

Package I Individual Two Tr T/r module Modules packaged in a unit

Electronics and Computer Sciences (ECS)DRDO exhibited its capability by developing the state-of-the-art electronic systems, which include Communication, Command and Control Systems, Radars, Electronic Warfare, and Electro-optical systems. There is also significant achievement of technology development in the areas of Advanced Computing, Image Processing, Microwave Tubes, Solid-state Materials, Devices, and Lasers. Over the years DRDO has developed many outstanding technologies and product. Some of them are the Rohini Radar, 3D-CAR, Weapon Locating Radar (WLR), Bharani (Low Level Lightweight L Band 2D Radar), Ashlesha (3D Low Level Lightweight Radar), Maritime SurveillanceAirborne Radar, SAMyUKTA and SANGRAHA EW Systems. The domain in electronics, communications and computers include R&D on radars, electronic warfare, communication, optical and electro-optical instrumentation, crypto analytical tools, cryptography, microwave tubes, sensors (FPAs, SAW), radars, artificial intelligence, robotics, solid-state devices and subsystems, directed energy weapons (Lasers, MPMs), knowledge management, avionics, and geographical/terrain information systems. The efforts of ECS cluster laboratories have made the country self-reliant in these technology areas.

MArITIME PATrol rAdAr n Light weight (100kg), compact, X-band maritime patrol radar

n High performance slotted wave-guide array antenna

n Continuous and sector scanning

n Platform motion compensation

n Automatic pitch and roll correction

n Programmable PRF and frequency

n Pulse to pulse frequency agility

n ECCM features

n Open system architecture based processors

n MTI and Doppler processing

rolE PrIMAry Anti ship/ submarine surveillance SECondAry Navigation, Weather, and Beacon

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Page 24: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

SECurE dATA AdAPTor (SdA)A Secure Data Adaptor (SDA) designed and developed to secure Data that is sent directly over any wired and wireless communication media or transported using any portable storage device.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Porting of Indigenously designed high-grade encryption algorithm

Provision for algorithm update by reprogramming through configuration port

Robust automated synchronization

User authentication using rugged Security Token

Secure Data for transmission over wired/wireless communication media

CPU High speed 75 dMIPS rISC processor

Maximum packet size 6000 bytes

Maximum data communication throughput 115.2 kbps

Interface ports a) uSB 1.1 (12 Mbps) b) rS232 Port (115.2 kbps)

Power <1W uSB Powered


SAT – Designed to assist commanders in assessing the current enemy courses of action. It is developed to enable combination of evidence, based on text-based intelligence inputs.

n It is a semi-automatic tool with the knowledge capture being done manually and evidence computation done automatically.

n Capture of knowledge and domain expertise from the user

n Computation – Evidence Combination

n Display of the results such as to allow the user to gain a situation assessment.

n Support for Different Types of Operations

n Multi-user stand-alone model or client-server architecture based model.

n Hardware platform: Desktop and Laptop

n User-friendly Graphical User Interface evolved through extensive user trials

n Hierarchical knowledge presentation

n Importing of Int Report and Indicators from external databases and CSV files

n GIS integration via common database

n Spatial and temporal based triggers to accelerate knowledge capturing process

n On demand generation of summary of Result and Backtracking

n Advance report generation and database options for expert users

n Online help system

n Supports multiple concurrent exercises

WEArABlE CoMPuTEr (WC)The Wearable Computer is a compact, low power, high performance computing platform capable of providing Desktop Computer like performance on palm size platform. The system is capable of executing Windows XP/ Linux operating systems.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Intel ATOM 1.1 GHZ processor


16 GBytes of Solid State HDD

Dual display interface (VGA / LVDS)

10/100/1000 Ethernet Interface

Audio interface

Built-in GPS receiver

Built-in Bluetooth Transceiver

Optional Wireless LAN IEEE-802.11 b/g

RS-232 serial Communication port

Operates on single +12V dc power supply

Consumes less than 9.5 W


A Subscriber End Encryption Device (SEED) to secure Voice, Fax or Data transmission over insecure telephone lines of the Public Switched Telecommunication Network (PSTN). SEED works off 230 Volts AC mains/24V DC and it consumes less than 6 Watts.

SaliEnt FEaturES


Indigenously designed high-grade encryption algorithm

Algorithm updatable by reprogramming through configuration port

Robust automated synchronization

User authentication using rugged Security Token

User Transparent session Key Exchange




Security Token


Secure transmission of Voice, G3 Fax and Data

User transparent call establishment

Pulse/DTMF and abbreviated dialing using Phone book

onBoArd CoMPuTEr (ABACuS SoC-V1 ProCESSor BASEd) This is a ruggedized environmentally qualified computer for onboard applications. Developed using ABACUS SOC-V1 32-bit RISC processor from ANURAG, this computer has CPU card and power supply card mounted onto 160 pin airborne connectors on a passive motherboard. Operating at 200 MHz frequency, the processor has two serial ports, two 16-bit timers and one 1553B bus controller on chip. The CPU card has 16 MB of SRAM, 256 KB of NVRAM and 16 MB of flash memory. The card provides for additional programmable timer and an external DDC 1553B controller. The signals from the OBC are brought out onto the chassis through a 40 pin round shell connector.

The software environment includes a monitor program for OBC, ‘C’ Compiler suite for Abacus Soc-V1 microprocessor and an open source RTOS standalone-rtlinux (sa-rtl). With its small foot print and low latencies this RTOS is ideal for OBC applications.

HIgH SPEEd VIdEo TrACkErn Single 6U VME board with 72 processors on board

n Peak performance 200 Gflops

n Track RPV/UAV/Drones-EO sensors for high energy LASER gun

n Tracking algorithms

n Centroid

n Correlation

n SDRAM 3GBytes

n Flash 96Mbytes

n Interchip communication throughput of 1 Gbps

n Video Processing @ 100 frames/sec (640 x 512 pixels)

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Page 25: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

IndIgEnouS MICroProCESSorSANURAG has a series of microprocessors and System-on-Chips (SoC) – based on them. Latest in this series are Abacus SoC-V1, Soc-Flash and MIGA Core processors.

To miniaturize the hardware for Onboard computing applications system on chips SoC-V1 and SoC-Flash asics have been realized.SoC-V1 is a system on chip based on 32-bit ABACUS integrated with 10/100 ethernet MAC controller and 1553B controller for on-board-computing applications. SoC-Flash is a System-On-Chip based on dual 32-bit RISC processor ABACUS along with on-chip peripheral controllers like PCI Rev.2.3, 10/100 Mbps Ethernet, 1553-B BC/RT/MT, 400 MHz DDR2, Flash, SIO/Timer and on-chip SRAM. To target for high-end applications MIGACore processor is designed and is working at 800 MHz. Software suite for the microprocessors is based on GNU C Compiler (GCC 2.95.3) suite. Various GPOS and RTOS kernels such as Linux kernel 2.4.20, RTLinux, RTAI and saRTL are ported and available on Abacus SoC-V1 processor.


Saw diScrEtE chEMical SEnSorSSaliEnt FEaturES

Hand-held Sensor for CW agents and Explosives

Microcontroller based

Threshold alarm

PC interface

User interface through keypad

Online PC data acquisition

Suitable for Laboratory Use

Saw Multi-SEnSor E-noSESaliEnt FEaturES

Hand-held Sensor for CW agents

Four Sensors and One Reference

PLD + MCU + Graphic LCD based

Text and Image Display

Threshold alarm

User interface through keypad

Online PC data acquisition

Suitable for Laboratory Use


paraMEtErS E-noSE 1

tESt vaporS dMMp

SEnSitivity Hz/ppm 200-600

rESponSE tiME sec 15

rESEt tiME sec 60

driFt Hz/min 0.5

warM-up tiME min 15

powEr Watt 0.3E-noSE rESponSE For Four SEnSorS


paraMEtErS SEnSor 1 SEnSor 2 SEnSor3

tESt vaporS Sarin dMpp dMMp dnt tnt

SEnSitivity Hz/ppm 1400 1300 12 206 2400

rESponSE tiME sec 15 15 60 120

rESEt tiME sec 60 60 300 300

Min. dEtEctEd lEvEl Hz/min 3 (60) 120 (50) 5 (25) 117 (130) 45 (450)

driFt min 0.5 0.25 5

warM-up tiME Watt 20 5 30

powEr Watt 0.5 0.3 0.7

SEnSor rESponSE

BHuMIkA – A gIS APPlICATIonBHUMIKA is a customized Geographical Information System (GIS) for the analysis and visualization of tactical geo-spatial information. BHUMIKA can be used as an effective tool for viewing and analysis of map data (vector/raster) and user-created layers over the maps, known as overlays. It supports different types of map interaction and viewing functionalities like zoom, pan, measure distance/perimeter/area, thematic layer wise display, etc., through highly user-friendly interfaces.

User can perform spatial/non-spatial analysis on the displayed data through spatial/attribute query interfaces. User can create layers over the existing map layers or modify the existing editable layers, using the rich set of Military symbols provided with BHUMIKA. Operation plans can be prepared or observed activities and terrain changes can be marked using the user-friendly marking interfaces. The user can also annotate marked features to make it more readable.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Import spatial data from varied military sources

Map search by Sheet Ref, Place Name, Latitude/ Longitude, etc.

Multilayer integrated display of raster, vector and elevation data

Map reading - Indian Mil Grid, Lat-Long, Height

Overlays supported by extensive Military Symbol Library

2D & 3D Terrain Analysis, Fly through creation and visualization

Tools for operation planning with spatial decision support aids

Spatio-temporal Query analysis

Programmed Briefing Sequence

Exchange of tactical and terrain data in the form of overlays across geographically separated users, in real time

MIllIMETEr WAVE CoMPonEnTSSome critical active and passive components such as Gunn Oscillator, Balance Mixer, Twist, Cross guide coupler, Potter Horn, Pyramidal horn, Short slot coupler and Circulator at 140 GHz have been developed including realization of narrow and broadband components. These components are useful to realize experimental systems to carry out scientific experimentation to characterize the atmospheric propagation conditions and for short range imaging applications.


Frequency ultra Broad Band

VSWR 3:1

Beam-width 75° x 75° (E x H planes)

Gain 0dB (nom.)

Polarisation Circular (rHCP/lHCP)

Axial Ratio 4dB (Max.)

Size 142 x 47 mm (dia x Height)

Weight 0.760 kg

44 45

Page 26: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

BASElInE InTErfEroMETEr ArrAySaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Broad Band

VSWR 2.5:1

Coverage ±45°

Phase tracking ±10° (on axis) ±15° (±45° off axes)

Gain tracking ±1 dB (on axis) ±1.5 dB (±45° off axes)

No. of elements 4

Antenna element Spiral Antenna

Size 154 x 55 x 30 mm (lxWxH)

Weight 0.325 kg

rIdgEd Horn AnTEnnA SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Broad Band

VSWR 1.5:1

Beam-width 50° x 120° (nom.)

Gain 6 dB (nom.)

Polarisation Circular

Size 130 x 60 x 50 mm (lxWxH)

Weight 0.130 kg

BI-ConICAl AnTEnnA SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency ultra Broadband

VSWR 3:1

Beam-width 360° x 30° (Az x El planes)

Gain 0 dB (nom.)

Polarisation Slant linear 45°

Omni variation 3 dB (nom.)

Size 82 x 94 mm (dia x Height)

Weight 0.625 kg

BlAdE AnTEnnASaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency V/uHf

VSWR 2.5:1

Beamwidth 360° x 30° (Az x El Planes)

Gain 0 dBi (nom.)

Polarisation Vertical

Omni variation ±3 dB

Size 120 x 138 mm (l x H)

Weight 0.140 kg

roTAry df AnTEnnASaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Millimetric Wave Band

VSWR 3:1

Beamwidth 360° (Az.) >3° (El.)

Gain 15dBi

Polarisation linear

Size 270 x 270 x 230 mm (lxWxH)

Weight 2.5 kg

QuAdrIfIlAr HElIX AnTEnnA SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency C – Band

VSWR 1.5:1 (Max.)

Beam Width 1800

Gain –3 dB (Min.)

Polarisation Circular

AIrBornE rAdoME SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Broad Band

Configuration ‘A’ Sandwich

Transmission loss <3 dB

Shape Hemisphere

Size (Dia x Height) 70 x 78 mm

Weight 0.085 kg

SuBMArInE rAdoMESaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Broad Band

Configuration ‘C’ sandwich

Transmission loss <3 dB

Ultra High strength 60 Bar

Size (Dia x Height) 144 x 67 mm

Weight 0.540 kg

log PErIodIC AnTEnnASaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Broad Band

VSWR 3:1

Beam Width 1000 X 600

Gain 6 dB (nom.)

Polarisation linear

ConSTAnT BEAM WIdTH Horn AnTEnnA SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency mm wave Band

VSWR 2:1

Beam width 20±5° Azimuth & elevation

Gain 17dBi

Polarization linear

Size 60 x 35 x 45 mm

Weight 150gm

ECM rEflECTor WITH AuTo-TrACk HornSSaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency mm wave Band

VSWR 2:1

Beam width 3° x 3°

Gain >28 dBi

Polarization Slant linear

Size Ø 300 mm

Weight 3 kg

AdVAnCEd MSS TErMInAlMSS terminal is a compact communication equipment capable of providing secure voice and data services from remote areas using indigenous GSAT-2 satellite.

SaliEnt FEaturES

RF band: S-band (2500-2520MHz Rx and 2680-2700MHz Tx)

One voice/data channel at 4.8 Kb/s

Built-in planar antenna

Battery operated with Talk time of ~ 3 h

Weight ~ 10 kg

SCPC DAMA based robust networked communication between terminals through central Hub, including access to any landline / cellular terrestrial user

Built-in software-implemented encryption for signaling and traffic

Elaborate authentication and key management mechanism

Easy and quick alignment with satellite (setup time <2 min.)

CoMBAT nET rAdIoDevelopment of frequency hopping technology for CNR is a major break through in the field of anti jam secure communication. It provides reliable secure voice and data communication to our armored forces in tanks and other fighting vehicles. This radio set can be operated with legacy sets as well with advanced sets.

46 47

Page 27: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

dATA lInk SySTEM for AIrBornE SurVEIllAnCE PlATforM


Data Links are the backbone of communications between the Ground Control Station (GCS) and the Unmanned Airborne Vehicles/Remotely Piloted Vehicles (UAVs/RPVs) that provide real-time battlefield Surveillance and Reconnaissance information.

The flight critical Command and Telemetry Links employ anti-jamming technique. The Payload Link incorporates Digital Video Bandwidth Compression Technique for transmission of real time high-resolution digital video. The Data Links also provide the range and position of the air vehicle through PN ranging and mono-pulse tracking system.

rf PACkAgE



Mpc 5070The MPC 5070 is a coupled-cavity TWT with a two-stage depressed collector, non-intercepting gridded gun, PPM focusing and capable of operating at two duty cycles, 2.5% with liquid cooling and 0.5% duty without cooling (for 10 minutes). It is high gain, high efficiency, light weight tube suitable for Airborne radar applications.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency ku Band

Peak Output Power 10 kW (Min)

Gain (rated Power) 45 dB

Gain Equalization ±2 dB

Cooling liquid

Modulation non-intercepting grid

Duty Cycle 2.5 % (0.5% for 10min. without cooling)

Pulse Width 10 µs (max)

Focusing PPM

Connectors Input Wr 62

output Wr 62

Application Airborne radar

Mpc 2081The MPC 2081 is a coupled-cavity TWT with non-intercepting gridded gun, PPM focusing, single stage depressed collector and liquid cooling. It has a high gain, high power, wide band width, high efficiency and suitable for surveillance radar applications.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency S Band

Peak Output Power 130 kW (Min)

Gain (rated Power) 47 dB (Min)

Band Width 400 MHz

Duty Cycle 4.5%

Modulation non-intercepting grid

Pulse Width 100 µs (max)

Focusing PPM

Connectors Input Type n

output Wr 284

Application Surveillance radar

Collector Single stage

Beam Voltage 45 kv

Beam Current 16 A

Mpc 4068The MPC 4068 is an inverted slot-mode coupled-cavity (inter-digital) TWT with non-intercepting gridded gun, PPM focusing, single-stage depressed collector and liquid cooling. It’s main features are high gain, high efficiency, small size and light weight. It is suitable for air-borne radar application.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency X Band

Peak Output Power 6.5 kW (Min)

Gain (rated Power) 38 dB

Gain Equalization ±0.5 dB

Band Width 200 MHz

Duty Cycle 10 %

Modulation non-intercepting grid

Pulse Width 80 µs (max)

Focusing PPM

Connectors Input SMA

output Wr 90

Application Airborne radar

Collector Single stage depressed

PulSEd CouPlEd CAVITy TWTElECTro-oPTICAl fIrE ConTrol SySTEM – nAVy It is the first indigenous developed EOFCS, capable of providing surveillance, acquisition and tracking of targets up to 20 km range both during day & night and provide fire control solution for naval guns.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Passive, long range surveillance system

Capable of target detection, acquisition, and auto tracking for ships up to 20 km

3rd gen. MWIr Camera

Colour CCd camera with optical zoom

High repetition rate lrf

Two-axis Stabilization

Steerable line of sight

Supports different types of guns/ammunition

dAy VISIon dEVICESIt is a compact and lightweight sight. It has been developed for day time aiming & viewing the target with higher magnification. It has variants for LMG and Rifle.

day light tElEScopE For 5.56 lMg SaliEnt FEaturES

Magnification 4X

Field of View 90

Effective Focal Length 131.2 mm

Type of Eye Piece fixed focus, Monocular

Range 800m for human target

Physical Dimension n length 288 mm n dia 73 mm n Weight 610 g

day light tElEScopE For 5.56 riFlE SaliEnt FEaturES

Magnification 2.5X

Field of View 150

Effective Focal Length 66.7 mm

Type of Eye Piece fixed focus, Monocular

Range 400 m for human target

Physical Dimension n length 255 mm n dia 65 mm n Weight 530 g

MICroWAVE PoWEr ModulE (MPM)n Indigenously developed super component comprising a solid-state power amplifier, a highly

efficient power booster TWT and an electronic power conditioner assembled on a compact base plate cooled chassis

n Built-in micro controller for monitoring functions of the various sub systems

n Under evaluation

SaliEnt FEaturES

Frequency Band C-X-ku

Power output 80 W

Gain 50 dB

Duty Cycle CW

Weight 3 kg

48 49

Page 28: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

HAnd-HEld PorTABlE lASEr dAZZlEr It is a non-lethal Laser weapon system, which can be effectively used to disorient or dazzle an armed soldier of adversary without causing any collateral damage.

SaliEnt FEaturES

laser type diode pumped laser

operational range 50 m

Safety lock digital

Activation Trigger-based

Self-contained rechargeable battery pack

low battery indication

PAnorAMIC SurVEIllAnCE SIgHT n Hunter- Killer Mode of IFCS

n Firing through Ballistic Graticule

SaliEnt FEaturES

Magnification 2X 8X

Field of View 28º 7º

LOS Freedom n Elevation ±20º n Azimuth n x 360º

Stab Accuracy 0.2 mil

Slaving Accuracy 0.2 mil

HElMET-MounTEd THErMAl IMAgIng CAMErA (HMTIC) It is an uncooled camera developed for Indian NAVy for fire fighting application. It is to be used as visual aid for fire fighting operations.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Detector Type uncooled Microbolometer

Detector 320 x 240 amorphous Si

Spectral Range 8–12 µm

Field of View 45° x 34°

Power 6W

Battery endurance 90 min.

Range 50 m for human target

Video CCIr-B

Display olEd display

Weight ≤1.2 kg (with battery)

PASSIVE nIgHT SIgHT (PnS) for 5.56 mm rIflE / lMgIt is a compact and lightweight sight using micro channel image intensifier tube for accurate weapon aiming and surveillance at night by the infantry personnel.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Magnification 4X

Field of view 10°

OG Aperture 60 mm

II Tube 2nd gen 18 mm proximity focused

Eye Piece Monocular, focusable within ±5d

Range 200 m for man size target

Power Supply Two ‘AA’ size 1.5 V cells

Weight 1 kg

WEAPon-MounTEd THErMAl SIgHT (WMTS)n Based on advanced 3rd Gen 320 x 256

InSb FPA cooled detector (3-5 μm)

n Developed for infantry applications

SaliEnt FEaturES

Spectral Range 3-5 µm

Field Of View 2.6° x 2.0°

E –Zoom X2

Detector In Sb fPA 320 X 256

Cooler Integrated Stirling cooler

Video O/P CCIr 625 lines, 50 Hz

Power Supply 12 V dc, 10 W (li-ion rechargeable battery/ endurance 4h)

Weight 1.8 kg (with battery)

rangE (ΔT=:2°C, V=10kM, T=27°C, rH=85%)

Detection 8.0 km (against Vehicle)

Recognition 2.0 km (Group of person)

rEcognition 2.0 km 1.5 km



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MaterialsMaterial Science Laboratories of DRDO are engaged in R&D in frontier areas such as advanced alloys, ceramics, composites, nano materials and high performance materials for diverse applications such as camouflage, stealth, advanced armour and NBC Defence for the Defence Services. A range of advanced materials have been developed and successfully introduced into service to address a wide range of requirements for protective clothing, habitat and logistics in extreme environments.

Several technologies developed over the years have been transferred to industries for bulk production. Naval materials developed by these laboratories have reduced the nations dependence on import for critical material and has contributed significantly towards self-reliance.

DRDO has developed core competence in several advanced technologies related to processing, testing and evaluation and infrastructure. It is well poised to take up challenges for developing next generation material technologies, particularly for use in aerospace and missile systems.

TITAnIuM SPongE ProduCTIon A state-of-the-art combined process technology has been developed at DMRL for production of premium quality titanium sponge from indigenous raw material (TiCl4), on an industrial scale of 3000 kg/batch.

arEaS oF application

Aerospace, Defence, Chemical, Petrochemical, Oil exploration, Power, Biomedical implants.

prESEnt StatuS

n Pilot scale production established at DMRL

n Technology Transfer underway to KMML, Kollam, Kerala

TurBInE InTEgrAl roTorThe turbine rotors have been developed using Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) technique that consolidates pre-alloyed gas atomized stainless steel powders in a single step into complex near-net shapes of full density. The shaft, the disc and all the blades in this component are one integral piece and the blade profile is net shape requiring no further machining for the intended application (the shaft and the disc are only marginally machined to meet the drawing dimensions).

SaliEnt FEaturES

Homogenous and fine grained microstructure

Improved mechanical properties

Significant cost reduction potential over conventional manufacturing processes

CErAMIC CorESA viable process based on ceramic injection moulding (CIM) has been developed. It is used in making highly complex and intricate ceramic cores required for making critical Kaveri gas turbine engine blades and vanes. These cores meet the stringent dimensional and other quality requirements needed for their use in the investment casting / directional solidification process.

intEgral coMponEntS oF JFS

hollow bladES and vanES oF kavEri EnginE

InVESTMEnT CAST CoMPonEnTSInvestment casting technology has been developed to produce state-of-the-art hollow columnar-grained blades and vanes for aero gas turbine engines. DMRL has produced components for Kaveri engine, Jet Fuel Starter (JFS) for LCA (Tejas) and Pilotless Target Aircraft Engine (PTAE) for Lakshya, high-pressure turbine blade for Adour engine of Jaguar aircraft.

This technology has also resulted in a civilian spin-off for the manufacture of large sized blades used in land-based turbines for power generation (BHEL and NTPC).

HIgH EnErgy rArE EArTH PErMAnEnT MAgnETSTechnology development for magnetic components of SmCo5, Sm2Co17, Nd-Fe-B with high energy product (18-35 MGOe), thereby enabling device miniaturisation. The technology involves powder compaction in a magnetic field followed by sintering / annealing treatment in vacuum / inert atmosphere.

prESEnt StatuS

n Nd-Fe-B magnet technology transferred to MIDHANI

n SmCo5 technology is available for transfer

Smco5 coMponEntS

Sm2co17 prototypE coMponEntS For twtS

STEEl BulB BAr (Speciality Steel for naval Applications)To cater to the needs of the Indian Navy, DMRL has successfully developed the technology for indigenous production of AB class of steels.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Continuous casting technology to make the steels cost effective

Controlled rolling of dMr-249A steel to get the required properties in the as-rolled condition itself obviating the need for heat treatment and thereby eliminating size limitation of plates arising from infrastructure limitation

TITAnIuM ISoTHErMAlly forgEd dISCIsothermal Forging Technology for manufacturing critical components (Discs and Shafts) using titanium alloys, Titan 26A & 29A, for Adour (Jaguar) and Kaveri (Tejas) engines has been developed.

diScS bladES

diSc ForgingEquivalEnt plaStic Strain diStribution

S I M u l AT I o n o f I S o T H E r M A l f o r g I n g P r o C E S S

tEMpEraturE diStribution

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ArMour MATErIAlS And ModulES: ArMourEd fIgHTIng VEHIClESIntense R & D in the area of armour materials at DMRL has generated totally indigenous materials and solutions and also provided for timely indigenisations/improvements of armour for imported equipments. Nearly 20,000 t of various armours comprising steels, ceramics, titanium alloys and composites have been produced. A modified and concast Spade M1 steel, produced through SAIL, for T-90.

Mbt arJun with kanchan arMour

ArMour MATErIAlS And ModulES: HElICoPTErSCeramic armour for Mi-17 helicopter that is substantially lighter than imported steel armour.

Mi-17-1v hElicoptEr

TungSTEn AlloyS & CoMPonEnTS Tungsten is one of the heavier metals, with a density 19.3 g/cc, which makes it ideal for kinetic energy penetrators. Indigenous technology for KE penetrator has been established at DMRL and productionised at Heavy Alloy Penetrator Plant (HAPP), Tiruchirapally. This technology has also been extended to the production of pre-fragments and ballasts to meet the requirements of systems laboratories.


AluMInIuM foAMS Their ultra low densities, bending stiffness per unit weight, and high energy-absorption capability distinguish closed cell aluminium foams from fully dense materials. Applications such as light weight structures, and where high crash resistance, sound absorption, bending stiffness and blast-cum-fire resistance are required, are emerging.

FoaM block

pipE FillEd FoaMS

FoaM cEll StructurE

anti-tank aMMunition FSapdS Mk ii

TrouSEr WInd CHEATErSaliEnt FEaturES

Made up of polyurethane coated nylon fabric, white Waterproof and water repellent.

Velcro tape arrangement provided at bottom for tightening purpose.

Elastic tape provided at waist for snug fitting

Provides protection against chilly winds.

Weight 130 g

Sizes Small, Medium & large

TEnT glACIEr (10-12 MEn)SaliEnt FEaturES

rectangular tent made on double layer principle

outer fly: Polyester fabric 650 gsm PVC coated white

Inner liner: Two layers of non-woven polyester fabric 425 gsm along with one layer of aluminized nylon knitted fabric, all encased in closely woven 235 gsm fabric cotton

ground sheet of polyester fabric 650 gsm PVC coated grey attached with inner liner

opening/closing operated by heavy-duty zip fastener

frame structure of cadmium plated mild steel tubing cadmium plated

Controlled ventilation

Length 4.20 m

Width 4.30 m

Height 2.35 m

Wall Height 1.55 m

Weight 290 kg


Made-up of Polyurethane coated nylon fabric, white.

Waterproof and water repellent finish.

Elastic tape provided at the waist for snug fitting.

functions as an over garment.

Provides protection against chilly winds.

double zip arrangement at front to minimize possibility of ingress of chilly winds.

Weight 285 g

Sizes Small, Medium & large

AQuEouS foAM gEnErATIng dEVICE for MulTISPECTrAl CAMouflAgE APPlICATIonSAqueous foam is considered to be the one of the most important disposable multispectral camouflage material. With suitable colouration/pigmentation, it can be made adaptive to any kind of terrain such as desert, forest, snow-bound, mountainous, etc. It provides very good blending with the surroundings and is highly effective means to camouflage/conceal not only military equipments but also large areas static objects such as helipads, runways, etc. for short durations.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Highly effective for temporary camouflaging in multispectral regions

Very good blending with desert, vegetative and snow backgrounds

High absorption of thermal infrared and microwave radiations

Very good stability 48-16 h at temperatures ranging from 0-45ºC

low cost

SynTHETIC lIfE jACkET Mk-IIt is a life saving appliance used by the Army (Infantry & Engineers) personnel by way of preventing the wearer and the equipment carried by him from drowning in water when crossing water obstacles and during bridging operations. Rip stop flame retardant nylon fabric is used as basic material and expanded Polyethylene foam as filling material. A plastic whistle has also been provided for use in emergency, if and when help is needed.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Provide protection from drowning at the time of crossing water obstacles

oil repellant

flame retardant

Weight 1.0 kg (max)

Buoyancy 18.5 kg (min)

Sizes Small & large

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AIMIng THErMAl TArgETThermal targets are night time infrared reference targets; provide differential brightness contrast in 3-5 μm and 81-4 μm bands in desired configuration when viewed through thermal sight. They are essentially training tools for accuracy practice firing and testing of thermal projectiles.

SaliEnt FEaturES:

Size 3 m x 3 m

Minimum no. of persons for assembly 04

Weight 4-6 kg per sqm

Duration of assembly 1 h

Power requirement 12 V/120 AH (2 nos. min.)

Temperature control from ambient to 90ºC above

Multiple hit capability 8-10 shots of fSAPdS

Portable, rugged, very long shelf life of 5 years having high thermal inertia

ConduCTIng PolyMEr BASEd AnTISTATIC And rAdIoTrAnSPArEnT PAInT rdM-1 for AIrCrAfT rAdoMESConducting polymer based antistatic and radiotransparent paint RDM-1 is useful for RADOMES of Aircraft and Antenna System for their protection and unhindered communication.

SaliEnt FEaturES

90% MW Transmission over the frequency range of 2-18 gHz

Certified for Airworthiness by rCMA (CEMIlAC)

dgAQA has issued dS Cat no. for the product for use by Indian Air force

Single pack

room temperature drying and curing

fast drying and curing

Antistatic property Surface resistivity 0.5–15 MΩ/

Coating thickness 100 microns

Thermal stability –50 to +150ºC

IMAgIng Ir TArgET WITH ConTrollErIR imaging targets are special class of thermal targets with controlled thermal characteristics, specifically tuned to provide a thermal equivalent to that of an object in 3-5 μm and 8-12 μm wavelength band in the desired spatial configuration.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Can be configured to any shape and size

Capable to generate a variety of thermal images as per use requirements

open loop temperature controller

designed to provide maximum Ir radiations in the forward direction

optimized to provide high emission efficiency in 8-12 µm

low power consumption

light weight and portable structure

Temperature range within the imaging target can be varied from ambient to 90ºC as per requirement


life Sciences

Page 32: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

Life SciencesThe Life Sciences cluster of laboratories is interdependent and interdisciplinary in nature and functions in alignment and assistance with the expertise available in other DRDO laboratories. These laboratories provide life-support systems, detection and protection systems required in modern warfare scenario, logistic backup related to food and nutrition, protective gear/clothing, and personnel health and well-being. For development of these unique military-specific products, the laboratories work in close collaboration with DRDO’s engineering, material, combat vehicles, aeronautical, and naval laboratories. The sustained efforts of these laboratories have over the years resulted in development of specialised and customised products and technologies and promulgation of guidelines/processes required for successful operations by Defence Forces on land, sea, and air.

These laboratories have successfully developed and handed over several tests for personnel selection and trade allocation for both Officers and other ranks. This includes a Computerized Pilot Selection System (CPSS) for the selection of candidates for flying branch of the Indian Air Force. Other notable achievements include development of protection equipment, life support systems, and biomedical technologies to meet the requirements of the Armed forces. The portable HAPO bag and nitric oxide delivery system for treatment of High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPO) developed by DRDO have saved many lives.

rESuSCITATorAn important medical device used for the first aid treatment of soldier with respiratory failure due to chemical warfare agent

WoolCArEIt is ready to use safe insecticidal spray for moth proofing/ beetle proofing to protect carpets and woolen textiles including wool-synthetic blends from insect damage by clothes moths and carpet beetles. It is effective against both beetles and moths and very effective throughout the service life of fabrics. Its effect last beyond 10 washes (dry cleanings).The innovation is very effective in providing complete and durable protection to the woolen textile & clothing, fur & feather lined clothes, upholstery furniture, etc both in store and use.

SWInE flu dETECTIon kITDRDO has developed a rapid and cost effective kit for reliable and early clinical diagnosis of H1N1 patients. This is an alternate real-time test system for rapid detection as well as identification of novel H1N1 Swine Flu virus. One of the most attractive features of this isothermal gene amplification assay seems to have great advantage in terms of monitoring of amplification that can be accomplished by SyBR Green I dye mediated naked eye visualization.

ATTrACTICIdEn A novel technology for surveillance and control of Dengue and

Chikungunya transmitting mosquito Aedes aegypti.

n Experimentally tested in laboratory and field.

n A combination of oviposition pheromone (C-21 hydrocarbon) and IGR

n C-21 oviposition pheromone indigenously synthesized and technology transferred.

n Acts as Lure and Kill

n Attracts female mosquitoes to lay more eggs at application site.

n Prevent development of larvae to adult.

n Ability to monitor the mosquito population at different breeding sites.

n Can reduce application of pesticides, as a component of integrated pest management.

n Effective and environmentally safe.

CoMBAT frEE fAll (Cff)Paratroopers forming a part of the Special Forces need an effective combat free fall life support system along with the parachute to carry out the High Altitude High Opening (HAHO) and High Altitude Low Opening (HALO) operations in combat to gain entry stealthily into the enemy territory. On being dropped from altitudes of 30,000 ft, the paratrooper is exposed to hypoxia and cold temperatures thereby necessitating an effective Life Support System that essentially consists of oxygen system and protective equipment. The developed oxygen system consists of (a) Pre-breather console (PBC) that provides 100% oxygen to the paratrooper in the aircraft to flush out nitrogen in the body while climbing to gain the altitude; (b) Personal Bail-out Oxygen System (PBOS) and Dilution Demand Oxygen Regulator (DDOR) for supply of oxygen/air mix to the paratrooper on being paradropped. Protective equipment consists of helmet with communication facility, oxygen mask, well insulated jump suit, gloves, socks and jack knife. Entire Life Support System has been developed indigenously.

dEPAA broad spectrum insect repellent manufactured using the base drug diethylphenylacetamide developed indigenously to protect human beings from the painful bites of blood sucking organisms such as mosquito, flies, ratflea and land leeches. The spray, cream and lotion formulations have been developed. Extensive studies have been carried out for its bio-efficacy and toxicity including inhalation toxicity. No untoward effect on mammalian systems has been found.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Available as Cream, lotion and Spray

non-toxic and non-irritant

In use with the defence Services as personal protection against insects

Shelf life 2 years

AloCAl CrEAMn Aloe juice (Aloe Barbadensis. Mill) 50% w/w

n Vitamin-E Acetate 0.2% w/w

n Sesame Oil 2.0% w/w

n Suitable base and Preservatives

SaliEnt FEaturES

Herbal (Aloe based) product

non toxic, safe

Easy to use, anti-freezing and anti-flaking

Prevents cold injuries/frostbite at extreme cold conditions

Prevents/cures bacterial infections, burns, ulcers, wound and cuts

Protects from sunburns, chaffing of cheeks, lips and fingersHErBAl MoSQuITo rEPEllEnT VAPorIZErThe Herbal Mosquito Repellent Vaporizer uses some local herbs, the extract of which act as Mosquito Repellent without any harmful side effects. This eco-friendly herbal formulation is 100% natural, cost-effective and evaporates slowly with fragrance to keep humans away from mosquitoes and other biting insects.

MoSQuITo rEPEllEnT CuM rooM frESHEnErIt contains extract of some local herbs which act as Mosquito Repellent without any harmful side effects. This eco-friendly herbal formulation is 100% natural and gives sweet fragrance to keep away mosquitoes and other biting insects for 3-4 hrs. As it is a herbal product, it is eco-friendly, cost effective & has no side effects.

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ElECTrICAlly HEATEd gloVES/SoCkSn Carbon Fibre heating element maintains 22°C (normal) or 15°C(battery saving mode)

n Lightweight rechargeable Li-Ion batteries work efficiently in sub zero temperatures.

n Charging of batteries with foldable thin-film solar panels in remote locations.

kEroSEnE-BASEd SPACE HEATIng dEVICE (BukHArI)n Totally separated flue gas and Air-heating chambers.

n Room air is heated and circulated with the help of a DC fan operated with solar rechargeable battery or directly by a Thermoelectric Module.

n Safe. No build up of harmful gases like CO and CO2 inside the room.

n Safe. No explosive, automatic re-ignition in case of extinguishing with a sudden back draft of outside air.

n Kerosene consumption is almost half in comparison to the existing bukharis.

n Efficient convective heat extraction and dissipation, less wastage of heat at the exhaust.

n The triple burner stove can be used for cooking food.

CArBogEn BrEATHIng EQuIPMEnTn Noise induced hearing loss can be

prevented by inhalation of carbogen (a mixture of 95% O2 and 5% CO2). A device to facilitate inhalation of the mixture has been designed

n In the absence of other protective, preventive or control measures carbogen inhalation provides following advantages:

n Provides significant reduction in hearing loss due to high-level noise

n Hastens recovery from temporary hearing loss after exposure to high level noise

BIo-dIgESTErEcofriendly disposal of human excreta at low temperature. Biodigester for human waste degradation at low temperature and Glacier region.

floor ClEAnSIng HErBAl gErMICIdAl lIQuIdThis herbal liquid is an excellent product for schools, hospitals, restaurants and office buildings for cleaning of floors and tiles. A single application removes dirt and grime and is an effective fungicide. It also inhibits the bacterial growth where odors are a problem. This germicidal herbal liquid gives sweet fragrance lasting for 3 to 4 hours of its use. Some of the salient features of this product are its effective Fungicidal and bactericidal properties; Eco-friendly; highly effective and Cost effective.

Iron rEMoVAl unITThe IRU is designed to bring down the Iron content of ferruginous water to WHO Standard (<0.3 ppm) from water having dissolved Iron up to 40 mg/ltr. The Unit provides 300 liters of clean water per hour. It is easy for installation and suitable to cater to the needs of Army Barracks & small size population residing in remote areas where access to treated drinking water does not exist.

The IRU is cylindrical in shape, 1.75 m in height & 1 m in dia., weighing 490 kgs (approx). It is made of mild steel with four chambers and sludge/backwash outlet valves. An aeration system and double filtration bed have been provided in the Unit for its efficient functioning.

BIo-dIESElBio-diesel, an eco-friendly fuel is the main product for blending with petro-diesel as per norms and will be provided to ASC as per the Bio-fuel policy for its use in defence vehicles which will not only reduce import of diesel but also it will ensure reduce environmental pollution.

BIo-fErTIlISErSJatropha oil cake can be converted into bio-fertilizer which is eco-friendly. Jatropha bio-fertilizer can be utilized for crop cultivation. It is at par with other bio-fertilizers like Neem cake, Castor cake, Mahua cake, Cow dung manure and Poultry manure.

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CordyCEPS SInEnSISIt is pure mycelium culture of high value medicinal fungus Cordyceps sinensis. Cordyceps sinensis acts as performance enhancer and supplement of this medicinal mushroom will help the troops to carry out their duties efficiently at High Altitudes.

lukoSkInLukoskin is a poly herbal product (7 plants), very effective against leucoderma. The main active ingredient of Lukoskin is furano-coumarin. The efficacy of the product is around 80 to 90%.

jATroPHA SoAPJatropha oil has a very high saponification value and is being used for making soap. Jatropha soap being plant origin is biodegradable and environment friendly and can be used for washing and bath.

jATroPHA fuEl BrIQuETTETroops deployed in High Altitude rely on kerosene oil or coal bukhari for heating purposes to combat biting cold. Jatropha fuel briquette prepared by fruit husk can be well utilized in bukhari for heating purpose by troops in High Altitude.

cordycEpS SinEnSiS laboratory culturE oF c. SinEnSiS

lukoSkin ointMEnt

lukoSkin oral doSE



Page 35: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

NBC DefenceThe threat of NBC warfare is a very clear and present danger. DRDO has developed various technologies in the areas of detection and demarcation of contaminated area and transmission of relevant data to strategic planning commanders. DRDO has also developed equipment to test contamination of water, monitoring of gamma radiation doses as well as equipment to detect nerve agents and biological weapons. This has made India self-reliant in NBC defence preparedness.

nBC PErMEABlE SuIT Mk-IVNBC Suit Permeable MK-IV is an upgraded version of existing MK-I suit, It protects the wearer from NBC warfare agents specially hazardous chemicals for much longer period compared to the MK-I suit. This suit consists of jacket (Smock) with integrated hood and trousers. NBC Suit Permeable MK-IV can withstand three wash cycles under specified conditions, without loosing its functional properties.

SaliEnt FEaturES

outer layer – lightweight, disruptive printed fC treated, inherent fr polyester fabric

Adsorbent layer – made of newlys developed active carbon spheres bonded on non – woven fabric with lamination

Suit can withstand up to 3 wash cycles under specified conditions without loosing its functional performance.

Packing – In nitrogen filled specially developed laminated pouches

Weight 3.0 kg (max.)

BTT >24 h (Min.)

Size Small, medium, large & ex. large

nBC gloVES WITH InnErNBC Gloves have been developed for protection of hands from hazardous chemicals. The surface of thumb, fingers and palm is serrated for better gripping of any equipment if needed. It is made from butyl rubber by compression injection moulding system. It is worn over cotton Gloves.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Weight 210 g

Size length Wrist to top of middle finger

Small 168 mm

Medium 191 mm

Large 214 mm

Provides protection to hands in contaminated environment

Seamless cotton gloves for sweat absorption

designed for maximum dexterity

Materials Butyl rubber

Break through time >6 h

Packing In nitrogen filled specially developed laminated pouches

nBC oVEr BooTS NBC Over Boot has been developed for the protection of the foot from toxic chemical materials during NBC warfare. It is worn over normal boot alongwith NBC garments. It is made by moulding butyl rubber and giving an inner lining of cotton stockinette. For tightening over the ankle, three sets of cord elastic and plastic buttons have been provided. The boot is non-porous, homogeneous and fulfils all the required parameters. It is in two different sizes i.e. 5-7 and 8-11.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Provides protection to foot and lower calf portion in contaminated environment

Provided with tying cords for proper fitting

Allows normal combat activities when worn

Available in two sizes covering full range

Material butyl rubber

Break through time > 6 h

Packing In nitrogen filled specially developed laminated pouches

Weight 1300 g

Size At front (mm) At back (mm) Length (mm) Weight (kg) 5-7 330+5 290+5 286+2 1.3 8-11 340+5 300+5 320+3 1.3

nBC HAVErSACkNBC Haversack is a rectangular kit used for keeping respirator mask, medical kit and detector paper, booklet/ personal decontamination equipment carried by a soldier at the event of NBC alert. It is attached at the waist of the individual, fastened with tape nylon and cord nylon. It is made of fabric that is waterproof and resistant to toxic chemicals.

SaliEnt FEaturES


Contains various pockets for housing mask, auto injectors, canister and repair kit, etc.

Provided with adjustable strap and cord

Material fabric nylon Pu coated 250 gsm

Fabric design disruptive printed

Packing In nitrogen filled specially developed laminated pouches

Weight 380 g

Total length (without equipment) 245 mm

Total width 205 mm

Total weight 380 g

rAdIATIon dETECTIon MEASurEMEnT And ConTrol unIT (rAdMAC)The integrated RADMAC unit is a nuclear instrument for the automatic operation of NBC protection systems of tank in a nuclear environment. This instrument measures gamma radiations in a contaminated area and displays them on the instrument panel.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Gamma Dose Rate 5 mr/h to 1000 r/h Auto ranging

Total Dose 0.1 mr to 1000 r

Alarm Activation At 4 r/s in Anti Atomic Mode At 50 mr/h in fallout Mode

Indicators 4 digit 7 Segment display for dose rate 2 x 16 Alphanumeric general Purpose display

32 Segment Bar graph for Analogue dose rate

Visual Alarm - lEd lamps

Audio Warning – Coded Beeps

Size (LxBxH) 215 mm x 195 mm x 95 mm

64 65

roEnTgEnoMETEr (rM 102) It is GM tube based instrument for monitoring the radiation dose rate received by the crew of any infantry combat vehicle operating in a nuclear scenario.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Sensor Energy compensated gM Tube 80 keV to 1.3 MeV

Range 0 to 1000 r/h in four ranges (AnAlog display)

Accuracy ±20%

Power 18-32 V dc (Vehicle batteries)

Mounting Shock proof vehicle mounting

Weight 2.5 kg (approx.)

Size (LxBxH) Main unit – 28 cm x 18 cm x 12.5 cm (approx.)

Probe – 15 cm x 9.5 cm x 8.5 cm (approx.)

Working Temperature –30ºC to +55ºC

Ruggedness Meets environmental test standards

Page 36: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

PorTABlE doSE rATE METEr (PdrM)It is a GM Tube based electronic instrument which measures Gamma Radiation dose rate in a nuclear environment

SaliEnt FEaturES

Sensor Energy Compensated gM Tube

Range 5 mr/h to 1000 r/h in 4 ranges (Analog display)

Accuracy + 20%

Power 4 x 1.5 V (r6/AA size)Battery life > 500 h (for Alkaline batteries)

Weight 950 g (approx.)

Size (LxBxH) 16 cm x 9.5 cm x 9 cm

Working Temperature 30ºC to 55ºC

rugged construction to withstand jSS 55555 environmental test standards

EMP Test As Per MIL – STD – 461C/462C, RS 05

PoCkET doSIMETEr (PdM)A GM Tube based instrument that indicates gamma radiation dose and dose rate alternately.

tEchnical SpEciFicationS

Sensor Energy Compensated gM Tube

Range 0.1 to 999.9 r (dose) 0.001 to 999.9 r/h (dose rate) lEd digital display

Accuracy + 15% below 500 r/h + 30% from 500 to 999.9 r/h

Power lithium Battery (r6/AA)

Alarms Audio warning at 50,75,150 r and Battery low, through Micro Controller

Weight 200 g

Size (LxBxH) 96 mm x 64 mm x 28 mm

Working Temperature –30ºC to +65ºC

Ruggedness Withstands jSS 55555 – l2 Tests

EMP As per MIl – STd – 461C/462C AS rS 05

rAdIACMETEr PErSonAl loCkET (rPl) doSIMETEr It is a device designed to record cumulative gamma and neutron radiation doses received by an individual in a nuclear warfare scenario.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Sensor Radiophotoluminescent (RPL) glass and Special P-I-N Diode in Lead Lined Nylon Wrist Locket.

Range 2 to 1000 cGy

Accuracy + 10%

Weight 30 g

Size 40 mm dia, 12 mm thick locket in 280 mm long wrist strap

Repeatability Dose can be evaluated repeatedly without loss of Information

Working Temperature –40°C to +75°C

Ruggedness Withstands JSS 55555 – L2 Tests

nBC CASuAlTy BAg HAlf Used for protection of walking wounded personnel in NBC contaminated areas.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Provides protection in contaminated environment

Provided with observation window

Breathable / air permeable

flame retardant

oil & water repellent

Prevents contact of carbon with skin

Packing – In nitrogen filled specially developed laminated pouches

Weight 900 g

Total Length 118 cm

Total Width 93 cm

BETA lIgHTNight operations by the army across the border requires self illuminating low intensity identification marker to avoid detection by the enemy. Beta Light Devices are ideal choice for this purpose. These devices are based on the principle of Radioluminescence wherein beta radiation from tritium isotopes filled glass capsules strikes ZnS phosphor coated on inner surface of glass capsule, emitting low luminosity light continuously. DLJ has developed a number of such light devices in collaboration with BARC for Armed Forces.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Type Edge Marker & Centre line Marker

Visibility Range 50 m

Colour green

Dimension (LxBxH) 5 cm x 5 cm x 12 cm

Weight 200 g

Power not required

Maintenance not required

Life 10–12 years

gAMMA flASH SEnSorGamma Flash Sensor is meant to sense the INR pulse of the nuclear explosion and to generate an electrical output pulse to activate NBC Protection System of the tank.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Sensor Silicon PIN photo diode

Trigger level 4 R/Sec (± 2 R/s)

Response Time <100 msec

Hold Time >100 msec

Power 18-32 V dc (Vehicle batteries)

Mounting Shock proof vehicle mounting

Weight 500 g (approx.)

Size (LxBxH) 11 cm x 4.5 cm x 5 cm

Working Temperature –30°C to +55°C

Ruggedness Meets Environmental Test Standards

SuPEr HEATEd lIQuId nEuTron And gAMMA SEnSorDroplets of low boiling point liquid held in elastic polymer matrix on exposure to nuclear radiation are converted into visible bubbles. Number of bubbles indicate radiation dose.

SaliEnt FEaturES

nEutron gaMMa

Energy Range <100 keV to>14 MeV 30 keV to > 3 MeV

Response 0.5 keV – 200 keV to 14 MeV (flAT) >3 MeV (flAT)

Dose Range 0.5 mrem – 200 mrem 0.5 mrem – 1 rem

Sensitivity (Typical) 2 – 60 Bubbles/mrem 2 – 50 Bubbles/mrem

Size 120 (l) x 20 (d) mm 120 (l) x 20 (d) mm

Temperature Range 15 – 35°C 15 – 35°C

Weight 45 g 45 g

66 67

nBC CASuAlTy BAg fullDuring the NBC war, on injury, the personnel who is not mobile is wrapped in this bag and removed from the contaminated environment. The individual is encased fully in this casualty bag and is carried for medical aid. This bag is Water repellent, Flame retardant and Oil repellent. For observation, a window of transparent polyester sheet has been provided.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Provides protection in contaminated environment

Provided with observation window

Breathable / air permeable

flame retardant

oil & water repellent

Prevents contact of carbon with skin

Packing – In nitrogen filled specially developed laminated pouches

Weight 2000 g (approx.)

Total Length 240 cm

Total Width 97 cm

Page 37: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

rPl doSIMETEr rEAdEr The RPL Dosimeter Reader Mark-II reads the Gamma and Neutron radiation doses registered by RPL Dosimeter, which are worn by individuals during Nuclear emergencies. It is a state of art instrument with latest electronic circuits, built-in microcontroller, alpha-numeric display, programmable keys, digital calibration, self check and help features.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Range 0-1000 cgy in any combination of gamma & neutron dose

Accuracy reader ±10 % or ±10 cgy (whichever is greater)

Reading Time less than 10 seconds per locket

Weight Instrument: less than 12 kg Carrying Case: less than 3 kg

Size 390 mm x 229 mm x 205 mm (±5 mm)

Power Supply 12 V dc Battery (10–14 volts dc)

Test facility Built in Self check & battery check facility

Calibration digital Calibration facility with reference locket

Environmental Compatibility As per jSS 55555 Specifications

Surface finish Powder Coated olive green

EMI/EMC Compatibility As per MIl Standard 461C / 462

nBC WATEr PurIfICATIon SySTEMIn NBC warfare scenario, the water sources are likely to get contaminated. Purified water is required for drinking, washing, vehicles, and for decontamination purposes. NBC Water Purification System (WPS), designed and developed by Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur, caters to such situations. The system can also be deployed for disaster management.

SaliEnt FEaturES

reverse osmosis Membrane based, Mobile System

Capacity: 2000-3000 l/hr

Feed water salinity: 4000 ppm

Turbidity: 50 nTu

Self supporting system: 15 kVA diesel generator Set

SS-316 construction

Semi-automatic Controls

Pre and post filtration, Treatment using dosing pumps

Back-wash arrangement for coarse filter

flexible SS-316 hoses with quick release couplings

Pillow type collapsible “potable-water” storage tanks

Water analysis kit, firstaid box, Potable decontamination, Apparatus, Water Poison detection kit

running cost rs 60 per 1000 liter of potable water


low Intensity Conflict

Page 38: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

Low Intensity ConflictOver the last few years terrorism and insurgency have become a very important from the point of view of national security. DRDO has developed various technologies in order to engage and mitigate these challenges. The INSAS rifle and Light Machine Gun Carbine developed by DRDO, have been used by para military forces in counter-insurgency operations for many years now. The Remotely Operated Vehicle is also proving to be very useful in hazardous operations like bomb detection and disposal. DRDO is committed to develop many more technologies and products to strengthen the hands of the para-military forces in their fight against the scourge of terrorism and insurgency.

PASSIVE nIgHT SIgHT (PnS) for ModErn SuB-MACHInE CArBInE (MSMC)It is a compact, lightweight electro-optical device based on 18mm double proximity focused Super Gen image intensifier tube, which can be used by infantry personnel for accurate aiming of weapon at night.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Magnification 2.5X

Field of View 100

OG Aperture 30 mm

EFL of OG 50 mm

II Tube 18 mm Super gen

Diopter Setting –5 to +5d

Eye Relief 22 mm

Range 100 m for man target under star light

Weight 600 g

PASSIVE nIgHT VISIon gogglE It is a lightweight binocular system, which can be used for the purpose of surveillance, driving and map reading etc. during night illumination conditions.

tEchnical SpEciFicationS

Magnification 1X

Field of View 400

Objective 31 mm, f/1

II Tube Used 2nd gen 18 mm proximity focused

Eye-Piece focusable

Range 225 m for group of men under starlight conditions

Power Supply Two ‘AA’ size 1.5 V cells

Weight l goggle 550 g l face Mask 325 g

HologrAPHIC SIgHTn Can be mounted on small arms to enable aimed firing with both eyes open.

n Ideal for use in CQB, CI operations where speed of action is critical.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Weight 350 g

Range up to 300 m

Magnification 1X

Window size 30 mm x 25 mm

Field of View Practically unlimited (both eyes open shooting)

HAnd-HEld THErMAl IMAgErSaliEnt FEaturES

Spectral Range 3-5 µm

Optics 50 mm, f/3

Spatial Resolution 0.2 m rAd

Detector InSb fPA (320 x 240)

Cooler Integrated Stirling rotary micro-cooler

Video O/P CCIr 625 lines, 50 Hz

Power Supply 12 V dc, 18W li-ion rechargeable battery

Weight 2.8 kg (without battery) 3.3 kg (with battery)

Dimensions (LxWxH) 233 x 212 x 84 mm

Reliability MTBf > 2000h

Field of View l narrow 3.7° x 2.7° l Wide 7.4° x 5.4°

MEAlS rEAdy To EAT (MrE’S rATIon)Meals-Ready-to-Eat rations have been specially developed to meet the operational needs of the Army and Navy. The ration does not require any cooking since the contents are thermally processed and can be consumed readily after little warming, if required. The MRE packages besides having Indian dishes have specially designed foldable stove and fuel tablets for warming the food items. The total calorific value of the ration is 3150 Kcals and meets the immediate nutritional requirements during operation. Six types of meals-ready-to-eat rations having both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes have been developed to introduce multi-entrée menu system and to meet the tastes of all ethnic groups.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Shelf life of one year under ambient conditions

Based on retort pouch processing technology

Without chemical preservatives or additives

Packed in specially developed multilayer packaging system

Safe, palatable, nutritious, lightweight, and provides adequate calorific value and convenience


vEhiclE MEn

Detection 6.0 km 2.0 km

Recognition 2.0 km 1.5 km

70 71

Page 39: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

lIgHT WEIgHT foldABlE STrETCHErA Light Weight Foldable Stretcher for the Armed Forces made of high strength light weight materials comprising of high strength aluminum and nylon etc has been developed. It folds into four segments and can be brought into operation within one minute. It is capable of all-terrain and weather deployment and does not cause burn or frost bite. It has a provision for keeping some emergency drugs and hanging an IV fluid bottle. Its fabric is washable and resistant to corrosion, bacterial and fungal infestation.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Strong, lightweight (6.6 kg), foldable structure

nylon fabric specifically developed for the purpose replaces duke fabric presently in use. Material is 60% lighter, water repellant, washable and resistant to fungi and bacteria

Can be carried as back pack in folded condition (60 cm)

Has successfully qualified static and dynamic load tests

WATEr TESTIng fIEld kIT (WTfk)The Water Testing Field Kit (WTFK) is useful in remote areas for ascertaining Water quality in order to get rid of Water-borne diseases. The Kit is cheap and suitable to carry to the hill tops and can easily be used by semi-skilled persons.

EnErgy BArSDifferent kinds of bars such as soy fortified oat bar, barley bar, composite cereal bars and other ergogenic bars have been developed which are stable and acceptable for more than 12 months. Barley, wheat, corn flour, soy concentrates/isolates, oat bran, puffed amaranthus seeds, coco-powder, groundnuts, milk powder, dates, corn syrup and other nutritious ingredients have been used for these calorie dense ready-to eat wholesome bars which can be eaten as snack for replenishing energy in times of need. The fibre enriched bars are tasty, nutritious, easily digestible, cost effective and delightful items.

AdVAnCEd dEMolITIon dEVICES (AddS)These devices are used to demolish a variety of soft and hard targets like RCC constructions, buildings, fencing, steel wire ropes etc.


Sheet 850 500 300 4 850 Cut 2 mm M.S. sheet. Explosive

flSC- 4 4 5.0 4.2 0.120 1 flSC- 4

flSC-12 12 8.7 7.6 0.350 2 flSC-12

FLSC-25 25 11.5 10.0 0.460 4 FLSC-25

RCC-85 9.4 85 90 15 85 RCC-85

RCC-100 13.6 100 110 20 100 RCC-100

Modular 350 350 105 73 41 500

Modular 220 220 73 73 41 350

Effective against a wide range of targets. Charge mass to be estimated depending on the target to be demolished.

Type Explosive Charge dimensions gross Performance

mass l W T weight

(g) (mm) (mm) (mm) (g)


FlSc rcc

EXPloSIVE dETECTIon kITAn explosive test kit has been developed for identification of explosives in pre and post explosion field conditions. Explosives in trace quantities (as low as 10–4 g) can be identified using the kit. It is in use by paramilitary forces, home ministry etc.

SaliEnt FEaturES

detection of practically almost all military explosives

no false alarms

Entire process at room temperature

Minimum reaction time required

Sensitive up to 10–4 g level

Cost effective

olEorESIn-BASEd InCAPACITATIng SMokE grEnAdEThe newly developed grenade based on oleoresin plays an important role in incapacitating and flushing out of terrorists from their hideout and camps without harming them, for a possible capture and enquiry.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Smoke dissemination almost immediate

Water wash does not reduce the effect

Effect comes down naturally in about 30-60 min.

Polymer based outer casing

Throwing back to user is not possible since polymer body starts melting

BooT AnTI MInE InfAnTry (BAMI)Boot Anti-Mine Infantry (BAMI) has been developed for infantry troops for use during assault operation. The boot provides protection to leg/ foot from the blast of AP mines. Amputation level injury can be avoided by the use of these boots.

SaliEnt FEaturES

for use of assaulting troops.

Combat/ Ammunition design boot for assault troops.

Safe against blast of APnM M-14 mines.

Multilayered over boot of blast resistant fabric.

Weight 3.0 kg per pair.

Allow comfortable, fatigue free walk and water-resistant.

Indigenously developed technology for the first time for an assaulting soldier to cross mine field with minimum injury to the foot/ leg in case of accidental mine blast.

Performance of boot is the best among similar boots of foreign origin.

SurVIVAl BlAnkETIt is used for evacuation of casualties under sub zero temperature condition by wrapping the body.

SaliEnt FEaturES

It is made of metallised polyester film

Very light weight

less pack volume

Can be kept in pockets

Preserves metabolic heat of the body by reflection from the metallised surface

72 73

Page 40: DRDO DefExpo 2010 Brochure

84 mm HIgH TEMPErATurE SuffoCATIng SMokE (HTSS) AMMunITIon84 mm Incendiary round is a multi purpose round. The round after penetrating target creates incendiary and suffocating smoke. The incendiary fragments burn with high temperature setting on fire combustibles and spews out smoke that suffocates human beings.

SaliEnt FEaturES

Weight of round 3.2 kg (same as for 84 mm HE)

Weight of incendiary composition 1.1 kg

Muzzle velocity 240 m/s (same as for 84 mm HE)

Effective Range 300 m

Maximum Range 1000 m

Sight same as for 84 mm HE

Burning Duration of incendiary +2 min.

Spread diameter of incendiary >25 m

Packing, handling, storage, transportation as well as firing: same as 84 mm HE round

frAngIBlE BullETSn Made of Ceramic or metallic powder by powder Metallurgy techniques

n Bullets fragment into a number of small pieces on impact on any hard target

SpEcial FEaturES

Non-toxic and Eco- friendly

Available in 9mm caliber

Can be fired from standard service weapons without any modification. Disintegrates into powder on hitting hard targets like walls, metallic plates but is very effective against soft targets

Ideal for indoor training shooting ranges

Ammunition effects can be tailored to specific requirements

cEraMic MEtallic

Calibre 9 mm 9 mm

Composition Alumina Tungsten-Copper Wt. of the Bullet 1.2 g 6 g

Muzzle Velocity 360 m/s 380 m/s

Effective Range 30 m 50 m

Feed Magazine Magazine

BlAST ProTECTIon SuITBlast Protection Suit (BPS), developed for mine clearing operation. BPS is lightweight and provides mobility and maximum protection against the blast of APNM-M14 mine even from a short distance of 30 cm.

SaliEnt FEaturES

The BPS consists of Hard Armour Panels (HAP’s) and Soft Armour Quilts (SAQ’s).

The total weight of BPS is 6.5 kg approx.

More than 1500 suits have been produced and supplied to Army