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CENIC, PACIFIC WAVE, NLR, IEEAF: Infrastructure for Research and Education

Jan 14, 2016

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CENIC, PACIFIC WAVE, NLR, IEEAF: Infrastructure for Research and Education. John Silvester Chair of the CENIC Board Vice-Provost for Scholarly Technology, University of Southern California. LISHEP: Digital Divide and HEPGRID Workshop Rio de Janeiro, Brasil February 19 th , 2004. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • CENIC, PACIFIC WAVE, NLR, IEEAF: Infrastructure for Research and EducationJohn SilvesterChair of the CENIC Board Vice-Provost for Scholarly Technology, University of Southern CaliforniaLISHEP: Digital Divide and HEPGRID WorkshopRio de Janeiro, BrasilFebruary 19th, 2004

  • CENIC HistoryCalREN and DCPCalREN ONICalREN TodayNational LambdaRail (aka Lightrail)Pacific WaveIEEAFPointers

  • Education in California OverviewUniversity of California 9 (10) campuses3 Private Research Universities Caltech, Stanford, University of Southern CaliforniaCalifornia State University 23 campusesCommunity Colleges over 100Other independent institutions of higher education over 100K-12 schools over 9000Various government labs and university affiliated research institutes

  • State of Networking in 19964-CNET connected the CSU system with extension out to community collegesMost institutions had their own commodity internet connectionsUC operated some private leased linesNo statewide K-12 networkSome individual county and school district networks

  • Impetus to Establish R&E Network in CaliforniaExpansion of the NSF Connections program to facilitate access to the super-computer centersBroadened to allow access to the high performance backbone (vBNS) for meritorious researchActed as a stimulus to bring the Research Universities to create a joint proposalTwo initial goals:Reduce costs of access to high performance national networks by a collaborative approachFacilitate communication and collaboration between institutions by building a California REesearch Network

  • How to Proceed?Decision that the network should be funded by the institutions rather than looking for a handout from the state or relying on Federal Government fundingStartup funds came from a joint proposal on behalf of the R-1s to the NSF connections program (12 campuses). This allowed the institutions to ease into the burden of covering the network costs over a 3 year period Founded a non-profit public benefit entity CENIC creating some separation from publicly funded entities (UC, CSU)Lightweight organization (1.5 FTE for first 3 years)

  • CENIC HistoryCalREN and DCPCalREN ONICalREN TodayNational LambdaRail (aka Lightrail)Pacific WaveIEEAFPointers

  • Phase 1 - 1998

  • CENIC Initial 4-Year FundingCharter Associates$16 M42%CENIC Partners $2 M 5%Corporate Discounts$14 M37%Federal Funding $6 M16%

  • DevelopmentsDirect funding from UC for a central valley link to link CalREN-north (SF) and CalREN-south (LA-SD)ISP took advantage of the aggregated buying power to leverage ISP contracts with multiple vendors significant savings (additional savings from Quilt pricing)Peering took advantage of peering opportunities at PAIX and MAE-LADCP Digital California Project extend connectivity to (public) K-12 schools

  • Digital California ProjectFunded from California State in FY 2000/01$32M through University of California Implementation through CENICProgram Steering Committee - Advisory board of involved constituents from K-20Subsequent budget reductions -- $26M -$21M - $14M eliminated as direct funding for 2004-05

  • CENIC HistoryCalREN and DCPCalREN ONICalREN TodayNational LambdaRail (aka Lightrail)Pacific WaveIEEAFPointers

  • California R&E Networks in 2000CALREN-2 advanced services network, owned and operated by CENIC (Corporation for Educational Network Initiatives in California)4CNet owned and operated by Cal. State University DCP K-12 network- owned and operated by CENIC; being implementedLos Nettos dark fiber based CWDM Metro network owned and operated by USC and Caltech - last of the NSFnet regionals.

  • Phase 2 - 2000

  • Redesigning CalRENIn late 1999, with the approaching end of current SONET contracts (late 2002), CENIC began thinking about the next generation CalRENUser demand:Reliable commodity networkHigh bandwidth (IP) network in support of research (Abilene)Some demand for dedicated resourcesSignificant demand for experimental and research networks at level 3, level 2 and even level 1This formed the thinking for an integrated infrastructure built on dark fiber

  • CALREN-DC Digital California IP based network. 2.5-10 GBServes-140 H.E institutions; 8000+ elementary and high schools8.0 million+ student, faculty and staff usersI2 connectivity and commodity ISP services.

  • CALREN-HPRHigh Performance Research NetworkIP network: 10Gb, potentially several wavelengths50+ Research institutions, National Laboratories and San Diego Super-computing Center in CaliforniaCalifornia component of Internet2 with 10G and OC-12 connectionsServes hundreds of researchers, demanding applications

  • CALREN-XDExperimental/Development Network 10.0 Gb Wavelengths and Dark FiberPotential for Wavelength Switching and Special Network ConfigurationsSpecial applications, e.g. TeragridServes Network Researchers in California Research Institutions primarily four UC Institutes; USCs ISI; Stanford; and Caltech

  • CENIC HistoryCalREN and DCPCalREN ONICalREN TodayNational LambdaRail (aka Lightrail)Pacific WaveIEEAFPointers

  • CALREN - today3 backbones one commodity, one production, one research oriented, sharing physical resources where applicableIntegrated at the physical and operations level, separable at the link and network levelsSeparate local solution from long-haul solution (due to different possibilities, players)Combination of dark fiber and wavelengths

  • CalRENBackbone Network

    Phase 3 - 2003

  • CalREN WavesHPRTeragridHPR & DCCalREN DC

  • Digital California Overlay

  • Calren/DC/HPR/XD POP ArchitectureLong HaulOC48/OC192/10GigEDWDMDWDMGig E10 Gig E or OC192CalRen DCHPRXD15500CalREN/DCHPRXD switch/mux

  • Historical Review of CalREN1996- Initial meetings1997- NSF proposal for CalREN2 funded; CENIC incorporated1998- CalREN2 operational, connect to vBNS1999- Connect to Abilene; ISP service launched2000- DCP project launched2001- ONI project launched; First DCP nodes operational2002- ONI vendors selected; DCP 90% completed2003- CalREN-DCP (optical edition) operational2004- CalREN-HPR operational2004- Pacific Wave linkup2004- XD links operational as NLR comes up

  • CENIC HistoryCalREN and DCPCalREN ONICalREN TodayNational LambdaRail (aka Lightrail)Pacific WaveIEEAFPointers

  • Expanding the reach?Multi-State interest in a larger geographic fiber based infrastructureFiber vendor very interested in selling National footprint

  • National Light Rail - conceptDark Fiber National footprintServes very high-end experimental and research applications including network research4 - 10GB Wavelengths initiallyCapable of 40 10Gb wavelengths at build-outPartnership model (including corporate partners)

  • Many different perspectivesNLR aims to reenergize innovative R&D into next generation networking technologies, protocols, services, and apps. is a virtual laboratory. will contribute to the (NSF) Cyberinfrastructure that is critical to progress in every field of science & engineering. will help fuel the growth of the TeraGrid and computational science in general. motivates our planned regional optical network. is a hedge timed to hit the trough of the Internet/telecom economy. is both an experimental facility and a complex, multi-dimensional experiment in and of itself.ALL OF THE ABOVE!

  • Distinguishing features - INLR, Inc. has been established as a non-profit organization (May 2003, 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status being sought)Partnership with industry (CISCO is a major partner/contributor with special interest in promoting network research)Largest higher-ed owned/managed optical networking & research facility in the world~10,000 route-miles of dark fiber (Level 3)Four 10-Gbps s provisioned at outsetFirst & foremost, an experimental platform for researchOptical, switching & network layersResearch committee (with 2 board seats)Experimental support center50% of capacity available for network research

  • Distinguishing features - IISparse backbone topologyUse of high speed Ethernet for WAN transport 1O Gigabit Ethernet LAN PHY is primary interfaceTraditional OC-192 SONET available, tooAdditional s (up to 40 on a given segment) can be provisioned with pricing tied to incremental costUnprecedented level of self-capitalization for national networking initiative by higher ed participants~$80M budget for full national backbone (CapEx + 5-yrs OpEx)Each contribution (typically $5M) assumed to be sunk costEach participant/node has concurrent responsibility for developing optical networking capabilities and sustaining performance in their region

  • Current Members and AssociatesCENICPacific Northwest GigapopPittsburgh SCDuke Univ./NCLRMATP/Va. TechCisco SystemsInternet2Florida LambdaRailGeorgia TechCICPending:Texas ConsortiumNew York Area ConsortiumMountain region consortium

  • NLR Project Segment Deployment Schedule (approx)Chicago to Pittsburgh11/03Sunnyvale to Seattle4/04Pittsburgh to Washington DC3/04Washington DC to Atlanta5/04Atlanta to Jacksonville8/04Seattle to Denver7/04Denver to Chicago8/04

  • Related DevelopmentsO(10k) miles of dark fiber have been acquired by the community for national and regional optical networks by CENIC, FiberCo (via Level 3), and others.ATT makes major donation of fiber to USA WavesThe Abilene Network has been upgraded to a 10-Gbps backbone and supports the research university community through initiatives such as IPv6 deployment and the Observatory. Internet2 plans to use one NLR wave for development of HOPI (hybrid optical packet interconnect)

  • CENIC HistoryCalREN and DCPCalREN ONICalREN TodayNational LambdaRail (aka Lig

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