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Cars a to z

Sep 09, 2014

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Automotive

 

  • Cars A to Z | Fahrzeuge von A bis ZABARTHAbarth was an Italian racing car maker founded by Carlo Abarth, of Austrian origins.On the 1960s, Abarth was quite successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc up to 2000cc,competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning etc. the 500kmNrburgring.Later, Johann Abt was promised by Carlo Abarth that he could drive a factory car for free if hed won all races he enters - whatAbt nearly did, winning in 29 of 30, plus a second.Along with its racing cars Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes. Later Abarth diversified in producing various tuningkits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. Abarth was also associated associated in producing sports or racing cars with Porsche andSimca.Abarth was sold to Fiat in 1971 and the racing team sold to Enzo Osella. Abarth became the racing department of Fiat, managedby famed engine designer, Aurelio Lampredi. Some models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, the most famous being the Autobianchi A112 Abarth.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AbarthACAC Cars Group Ltd. is a British specialist car manufacturing company and one of the oldest independent car marques in Britain.Based in Weybridge, Surrey.In 1903 Weller Brothers in West Norwood, London, planned to produce an advanced 20hp car. This looked economically unviableso their financial backer John Portwine proposed a simpler 3 wheeled vehicle. Autocars and Acessories was founded to makethis in 1904. This company became Autocarriers Ltd in 1911 using the AC logo. The company moved to Thames Ditton, Surreyin 1911 and grew into a substantial car manufacturer. S F Edge, who had been behind Napier, joined the board in 1921 and in1922 both John Weller and John Portwine left.In 1922 the name changed again to A.C. Cars Ltd. Edge bought the company outright for 135,000 in 1927 and re-registered itas AC (Acds) Ltd but sales, which had been falling, continued to decline. In 1930 production ceased and the company was soldto the Hurlock family who ran a successful haulage business. They wanted the factory as a warehouse but allowed the serviceside of AC to continue...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_CarsACMAThey also made a Vespa car, but it was a completely different vehicle from the scooter or Ape, not utilizing a single one of thescooter parts. Manufactured in France from 1958 through 1961 by a Piaggio division called ACMA, these little cars competedwith Fiats, giving the Italian giant a run for its money, especially among women drivers because of its style and magical Piaggionameplate. But only about 34,000 Vespa cars were manufactured...In 1950, just four years from its debut, the Vespa was manufactured in Germany by Hoffman-Werke of Lintorf; the following yearlicensees opened in Great Britain (Douglas of Bristol) and France (ACMA of Paris); production began in Spain in 1953 at MotoVespa of Madrid, now Piaggio Espaa, followed immediately by Jette, outside Brussels. Plants sprang up in Bombay and Brazil;the Vespa reached the USA, and its enormous popularity drew the attention of the Readers Digest, which wrote a long articleabout it. But that magical period was only the beginning. Soon the Vespa was produced in 13 countries and marketed in 114,including Australia, South Africa (where it was known as the Bromponie, or moor pony), Iran and China. And it was copied: onJune 9, 1957, Izvestia reported the start of production in Kirov, in the USSR, of the Viatka 150 cc, an almost perfect clone of theVespa...see also VESPAACURAAcura is a Japanese brand name used by Honda in the US, Canada, Mexico, and Hong Kong since March 1986 to marketluxury automobiles and near-luxury vehicles. The brand will be expanded to the Chinese market in 2006 and the Japanesedomestic market in 2008. Acura is credited with creating or being the first to tap into a market for luxury Japanese cars outsideJapan. Before Acura, automobiles from Japan were primarily economical and were seen as reliable above all else.Other Japanese luxury brands (Toyotas Lexus and Nissans Infiniti) sprang up in North America shortly after Acuras introductionof the Legend, a V6-powered coupe and sedan, and the Integra, which was offered with a 4-cylinder engine only. Automotivejournalists were impressed particularly by the Acura Legend...http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AcuraADLER The Adler was a German automobile produced from 1900 to 1940. Adler is the German word for eagle.The Adler factory produced bicycles, typewriters, and motorcycles in addition to cars. Before the World War I, the companyused De Dion two- and four-cylinder engines in cars that ranged from 1032 cc to 9081 cc; beginning in 1902, they used their ownengines as well. These cars, driven by Erwin Kleyer and his brother Otto (sons of the company founder, Heinrich Kleyer) and byAlfred Theves won many sporting events.In the 1920s, Karl Irion raced many Adlers; popular models of the period included the 2298 cc, 1550 cc, and 4700 four-cylindersand the 2580 cc six-cylinders. Many of the Standard models, built between 1927 and 1934, featured Gropius and Neusscoachwork. These had 2916 cc six-cylinder engines and 3887 cc eight-cylinder engines.Later in the decade the company introduced front-wheel drive Trumpf and Trumpf-Junior models, ranging from 995 cc to 1645cc four-cylinder sv engines. These gained many successes in races, including in the Le Mans race. The 1943 cc Favorit, the2916 cc six-cylinder Diplomat (featuring 65 hp (48 kW) at 3800 rpm, and the 1910 cc four-cylinder and 2494 cc six-cylindermodels (with Ambi-Budd and Karmann bodywork) were all rear-driven; these were built until the World War II.After World War II a decision was made not to resume automobile construction. Motorcycle production resumed in 1949 andcontinued for 8 years leading to the production of the MB 250S. Increasingly, Adler focused on the manufacture of officeequipment. The company associated with Triumph to form Triumph-Adler, and was taken over by Grundig in 1957, laterby Olivetti.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adler_%28automobile%29AEROThe Aero was a Czech automobile, manufactured between 1929 and 1947 by a well-known aircraft and car-body factory ownedby one Dr. Vladimir Kabes.The original model, the Aero Type 500, had a 499 cc single-cylinder two-stroke engine with water cooling. The next model, theType 20, was a 660 cc vertical twin, which was followed by the Type 30, a 998 cc twin-cylinder version. The 1934 Aero was afront wheel drive car with a similar engine and a four-seater body. The last model, the Type 50, also front-wheel-drive, had a1997 cc four-cylinder 50 PS (37 kW two-stroke engine. Many famous drivers won many events in Aero cars.After the war the company made the Type 30 until 1947.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aero_%28automobile%29AHLBORNAgricultural machinery of Eduard Ahlborn AG, 1856 until today, Hildesheim, GermanyEduard Ahlborn Spezialfabrik fr Molkerei und Khlanlagen, Hildesheim, DeutschlandEduard Ahlborn (14.09.1823-22.02.1899) grndete 1856 eine Fabrik fr land- und milchwirtschaftliche Maschinen, die bis zu ihrerVerlagerung nach Sarstedt 1978 ein bedeutender Wirtschaftsfaktor in der Stadt war. ALFA ROMEOThe company that became Alfa Romeo was founded as "Darracq Italiana" in 1907 by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat fromMilan, in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. The firm initially produced Darracq cars in Naples, butafter the partnership collapsed Stella and the other Italian co-investors moved production to an idle Darracq factory in the Milansuburb of Portello, and the company was renamedALFA.The first non-Darracq car produced by company was the 1910 24 HP (named for the 24 horsepower it produced), designedby Giuseppe Merosi. Merosi would go on to design a series of new ALFA cars with more powerful engines (40-60 HP). ALFAalso ventured into motor racing, drivers Franchini and Ronzonicompeting in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24 HP models.However, the onset of World War I halted automobile production at ALFA for three years...http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfa_RomeoALLARDThe Allard Motor Company was an English car manufacturer founded in 1936 by Sydney Allard. The company, based inPutney, London until 1945 and then in Clapham, London, produced approximately 1900 cars until its closure in 1966.Allards generally featured a large American V8 engine in a small, light British sports car body, giving a high power-to-weight ratioand foreshadowing the more famous AC Cobra - in fact, Carroll Shelby drove an Allard in the 1950s, and it was doubtless aninspiration.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AllardALLDAYS & ONIONSAlldays and Onions Pneumatic Engineering Co. Ltd, Birmingham and London, Great Britain, 1898-1918Three wheel cars with De Dion Bouton engines, four wheel car Alldays Traveller.After 1918 Enfield cars and Enfield-Alldays cars as well as Enfield motorcycles.Many thanks to Harald H. Linz - ALPINAAlpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH is an automobile tuning company based in Buchloe, in the Ostallgu district of Bavaria,Germany specialising in BMW cars. Alpina was founded by Burkard Bovensiepen,(b. 1936) who is still the CEO.BMW vehicles modified by Alpina retain their entire BMW warranty. A distinctive feature of Alpina cars are their 20 spoke alloywheels.Most recently Alpina have produced a version of the current BMW E60 5 Series called the B5, which rivals the BMW M5. The B5offers a different take on performance and how to get it: unlike the V10 M5, the Alpina B5 uses a supercharged V8 whichproduces similar horsepower but has far greater torque.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AlpinaALPINEAlpine was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars which used rear mounted Renault engines. The company wasfounded by Jean Rdl in 1952 in Dieppe. The first production model the Alpine A106 powered by a Renault 4