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AP-6000. PRMT Confidential Proprietary 1 2 Main Characteristics & Benefits

Mar 26, 2015



  • Slide 1

AP-6000 Slide 2 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 1 Slide 3 2 Main Characteristics & Benefits Slide 4 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 3 The AP-6000 is designed to analyze the air interface (Uu) in WCDMA Networks DL Downlink UL Uplink Uu UE/UTRAN Interface Iub Node B/RNC Interface Iu CS/PS Node B RNC Iub UL DL UL DL Traced UE AP-6000 Air Protocol Analyzer Node B Does not require any physical connection to UE, Node B or target Network Uu Slide 5 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 4 Displays the signaling and information of Layers 1, 2 and 3 of the UTRAN Air Protocol Provides Control Plane and User Plane information Fully compliant with 3GPP specifications Release 99, 5 and 6 (HSUPA) Slide 6 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 5 UE & BTS vendor Independent Auto & Manual modes Follows UE throughout the whole communication process by decoding RRC messages Slide 7 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 6 Allows a complete analysis of the Uu protocol as well as data for higher level applications Auto mode: a fast way to find a Cell, UE and start analysis Manual mode: parameter setting provides R&D engineers with a flexible and powerful tool to analyze a wide range of scenarios Slide 8 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 7 Provides an independent and reliable source for protocol analysis between UE and Node B Off line analysis provides R&D and IOT engineers critical data: Form L1 signaling to L2, L3 messages, C plane and U plane Reduce testing time & time to market Slide 9 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 8 AP-6000 basics HW and SW Slide 10 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 9 The Main Unit requires the Console PC for configuration and operation Off-line data is analyzed in console PC Full stand alone operation of Main Unit is under development. Itll use the Touch Screen LCD for Main Unit configuration and call capture LAN Connection Main Unit On Board PC & Boards IQ Inputs RF Inputs Touch Screen LCD Console PC Slide 11 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 10 Integrated RF units monitor WCDMA, GSM and InterRAT calls Each RF units captures the UL and DL radio signals between UE and Node Bs RF Unit 2 DL & UL WCDMA RF Unit 1 DL & UL WCDMA RF Unit 3 DL & UL GSM (Optional) Slide 12 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 11 WCDMA: Dual RF / Quad Band units provide the capacity to follow inter-frequency HO GSM Option Slide 13 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 12 The AP-6000 has an on-board PC to control all the Main Units functions 4 Standard WCDMA Boards + 1 Optional GSM Board Call information is stored in Console PC GSM Board (Optional) WCDMA HSDPA Board WCDMA DL Board 2 (RF Unit 2) WCDMA DL Board 1 (RF Unit 1) WCDMA UL Board On-board PC Slide 14 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 13 Boards configuration is stored in CF memories HSUPA option does not require a separate board Each board stores its configuration and code in CF memories On-board PC Slide 15 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 14 The AP-6000 system software consist of five parts Console software running on Windows XP Firmware running on Main Unit FPGA configuration in Main Units Boards DSP code in Main Units Boards On-board Main Units PC Software uploads are made through the Console PC Slide 16 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 15 The AP-6000 provides input and output interfaces to synchronize with other equipments Output: 10msec pulse controlled by DL or UL RRC messages Input: 10msec or 100sec pulse Sync In Sync Out Slide 17 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 16 Understanding AP-6000s operation and basic features Slide 18 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 17 The AP-6000 has three main steps in its operation: Configuration Real Time Capture Off-line Analysis Slide 19 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 18 Configuration Allows to set up parameters on how the AP is going to work Band & Frequency Auto or Manual modes Which UE to follow Slide 20 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 19 Real Time Capture Trace a particular UE following RRC messages Off-line Analysis The console software provides several ways to display signaling information as well as control and user plane data Allows to export data such as SIB, TPC at frame and time slot level, U-plane data Slide 21 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 20 The first step is to create a SCENE and configure basic parameters The SCENE will contain all the calls we record A file is created with each SCENE and the calls are automatically saved Auto or Manual Mode Band and DL Frequency # of cells to be detected (idle mode) Slide 22 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 21 Once the Band and Frequency have been set, the SCH can be detected SCH Profile * Node Bs detected with: SCH strength in dBm * Primary SCR Code * * The information displayed here is from a simulation. Slide 23 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 22 Configure if the call is going to be carried out in one or two frequencies (Inter-Freq HO) In the case of Inter-Freq HO, AP only needs to know the first DL Freq. Changes in Freq are followed according to InterFreqMeasurmentInfo, or RRC messages containing info on the second Freq. Single or Multiple Freq Slide 24 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 23 There are three ways to trace a UE First FACH First RACH Specify a UE ID by its IMSI, TIMSI, P-TIMSI or IMEI The console SW allows to store the 16 most used UEs Way to trace a UE Slide 25 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 24 AP has built in the KASUMI algorithm used for encryption in UMTS In order to properly decode all messages the AP needs to know the CK used by the UE Four options: Enter the CK values Use a Test USIM and enter the K value Use the RS-232 port in the Console PC to enter the CK values from the UE as they change during the call. This required a special modified UE with access to CK values USIM reader Ciphering Options Slide 26 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 25 Fifth option Using a UE that does not support ciphering Note: If CKs are unknown it is possible to decode the common channels but not the dedicated channels Ciphering Options Slide 27 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 26 Start recording a call Once the configuration is done, it is time to record a call Recording a call is known as a TAKE There can be many TAKES in on SCENE file Each individual TAKE can be saved without the need of keeping the original SCENE file Start a Take Slide 28 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 27 Real time Window Physical and Transport Channel signaling is shown during a Take HSDPA Channels HSUPA Channels WCDMA Channels RRC Messages Slide 29 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 28 Real time Window The yellow vertical timeline advances with every frame, that is every 10msec For WCDMA channels, each line represents a Transport Channel For HSDPA/HSUPA channels, each line represents a 2msec sub-frame Timeline Tr Channels Timeline 2msec sub-frames Note: Green:CRC-OK or ACK* Red:CRC-Error or NACK* Yellow:Data w/o CRC or None* * Depending on the type of channel Slide 30 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 29 The Off-line Analysis give the options to see detailed information in all 3 layers as well as control and user plane RRC Messages Power control PDUs PDU protocol data unit SDU service data unit Slide 31 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 30 Main Screens: Layer 1 Graphic View Layer 1 Data Dump BCH Analysis C-Plane RRC/NAS Analysis U-Plane Analysis Online Messages C-Plane RLC Analysis U-Plane RLC Analysis Slide 32 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 31 Layer 1 Graphic View It provides a similar view to the Real Time Window plus Transport and Physical channels data Physical and Transport Channels signaling Transport Channels Data Physical Channels Data (Control information TFCI, TPC) Slide 33 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 32 Layer 1 Data Dump It provides information on the selected Transport and Physical channels Transport Channels Physical Channels (Control information TFCI, TPC) Filter Slide 34 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 33 C-Plane RRC/NAS Analysis RRC Messages L3 SDU L2 MAC SDU L2 RLC SDU Tr CH Data RRC Messages ASN.1 RB Inf. RRC Messages with RLC sequence No. & RLC Control PDUs RRC/NAS ASN.1 display RRC PDU data RLC & MAC Layer data Transport Channel data Efficient way to Troubleshooting Slide 35 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 34 U-Plane Analysis U-Plane data in units of RLC SDUs & sequence No. IPv4 Header display with Hex and ASCII dump of data payload RLC, MAC, Tr CH layer data TCP/IP analysis (by Ethereal) Detailed TCP/IP Analysis Evaluation for UE application Slide 36 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 35 C & U-Plane RRC/NAS Analysis Statistic information Total Data PDU Total Data PDU with Polling bit Resend Data Reset PDU Reset ACK PDU Status PDU Statistical Information Slide 37 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 36 C & U-Plane RRC/NAS Analysis RRC Messages ASN.1 RLC sequence information Direction (UL/DL) Transaction of RLC PDU Resend data, Ack & Nack PDU Reason of Re-send is estimated Evaluate Service Quality Slide 38 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 37 Options Slide 39 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 38 HSUPA Analysis Software Software upgrade to support HSUPA. No additional hardware required (Based on 3GPP Dec 2005 version) InterRAT Monitoring (GSM/GPRS) Factory upgrade of AP-6000 for InterRAT monitoring. Additional GSM/GPRS module, RF unit and InterRAT monitoring software is required Off-line viewer software license Off line viewer can process AP log files on a local PC. It has the same analyzing features of the console software Slide 40 PRMT Confidential Proprietary 39 U-plane data PCAP format file export File export function. PCAP format file can be created from user plane data in the AP log database LSC format file export File export function. LSC format file can be created form RRC message on the AP log database (Anritsu LSC software can use the file as input) U-plane data PPP on UDI PCAP format file export File export function. PCAP format file can be created from PPP protocol data on UDI user plane in AP log database UDI - Unrestricted Digital Information This is an ISDN (Integrated