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Abergavenny. Abergavenny. Abergavenny. Ashburton Ashby-De-La-Zouch. Leek. Vittoria. Wincanton. Seals and StampsP L AT E L
A B E RG AVE N N Y . A B E R G AVE N N Y .
AB E RG AVE N N Y .
AS H BURTO N AS H BY - D E- LA- ZOUC H .
L E EK.
VITTOR IA. W I N C A N TO N .
S EA L S a n d S TAM P S
USED lN TH E
F R EN C H PN SO N E RS ’
LO D G ES
Twenty=six Lodges and Chapters
F REEM ASON S ,
ESTABL I SH E D AN D C ON DUCTE D
FRENCH PRI SONERS OF WAR
E N G LAN D AN D E L SEW H E R E ,
B ETW EEN 1756 AN D 1814.
I LLUST RAT E D BY E I G H T E E N P LAT E S , C O N S I ST I N G O F
FAC - S I M I L E S O F O R I G I NAL D OC UM EN TS , S EA LS ,
B y JO H N T . T H O R P ,
R M. 523 and 2429 ; of Leicestershire and Rutland ; Honf Mem . of Lodges No. 50, 139 ! and 2433.
Authoe' of “ F ifty Y ears
'
7ohn of G aun t ‘
Lodge , N o. 523 “Anna ls of the C hapter of
‘ F or titude
M emor ia ls of L odge
N o. 9 1 An tien ts " ; “ The E a r ly H istory of the ‘Knigh ts of M a lta '
L odge, N o. G a , (fr o.
LE I C ESTER : P R I N TED BY B R O. G EOR G E G I BBON S, KI N G STR EET.
I 9 o o .
Y .
b JErot ber
s Ib a gba -n
n sxa m. of tbe G ua no l ooge or IE-flg lafno
Sn (Bratetul R ecognition
12n flbasonic S tub? a im mascarcb,
f ree ly manu re-b upon many ®cca-
sions,
ic’ate ‘
TH E ex istence o f Freemasons’ Lodges amongst French
Prisoners of War ha s lo ng been known to the reading
Members of the Fratern ity . Ranging over a period
of about s ixty years , they were establ i shed from time
to t ime in many parts o f Great B ri tain , for wherever
a large number of priso ners were col lected together, there wou ld probably be suffi cien t Freemasons amongst
them to open and wo rk a Lodge .
A con siderable number o f these Prisoners ’ Lodges
were establ ished by the French so ld iers and sai lors
captured during the Napoleo n ic wars, and confined in
Great Britain , in Brit ish Co lo n ies o r i n towns tempo
ra rily occupied by the Brit ish fo rces.
At that t ime Freemaso n ry was ex ceedingly popu lar
i n the French army, many Regiments having Lodges
attached to them , i t wa s therefo re on ly natural , that
during the ir en forced id len ess, th e Freemasons amongst
the prisoners shou ld seek to rel ieve th e mono tony of
their existence , by devo t ing some port ion of thei r
t ime to the work ing o f the Mason ic ceremon ies in
Lodges establ i shed by themse lves.
Many Mason i c wri ters have reco rded the existence
of these French Prisoners ’ Lodges, and have given
6
some few part icu lars o f one and another of them , but
n o attempt has hi therto been made to gather up al l
th e scat tered detai ls , and p lace them toge ther on
permanen t reco rd .
A d i l igent search co nducted by me fo r some years
past , has resu lted i n th e d isco very of many o f these
Lodges hitherto unknown , and although the in fo rma
tion obtained , a nd reco rded i n the fo l lowing pages i s
o f an ex t remely fragmentary character , i t may p ro ve
o f in terest to some , and serve as a bas is fo r furth er
invest igat io n and enqu iry.
There were doubt less many mo re Lodges and Chap ~
ters establ ished than the twenty - six here reco rded , it
may therefore be confident ly ex pected that i n course
of t ime the l ist wi l l be co nsiderably i ncreased .
Wi th o n e ex cept io n , th e Cert ificates represented in
th e various P lates are en t i re ly d rawn by hand wi th
i nk and sep ia , and the ex ce l len ce o f thei r design and
ex ecu t ion , espe cial ly tho se issued by the Lodges at
Abergaven ny , Leek and Va lleyfie ld ,
bears wi tness to
th e sk i l l a s wel l as to th e patience o f some o f th e
French Maso ns.
Amo ngst the Members o f th e Maso n ic Bro therhood
to whom thanks fo r valuable assistance are espec ial ly
due , and h ereby g rateful ly t endered , are Bro thers
Wi l l iam James H ugh a n o f To rquay , Hen ry Sad ler
,
Frederick J . W . Crowe o f Torquay , B . Weddel l of
.
H utchings o f Wincanto n .
Many interest ing detai l s have also been taken from
Bro ther R . F . Gou ld ’
s i nvaluable “ H istory of Free
maso n ry , from the pages o f “ The Freemaso n
acknowledged
M agdeburg. Parfa ite Union .
Abe-rgaven ny.
“ En fants de M ars e t de N eptun e.
Ashbu r t-on .
Ashby - de - la Zo uoh .
“ Vrais Am is de l

e—laaZouch . D e la Justine. 61: de l ’ I
Un iOn .
C htepstow.
M elros-
N ortham pton .
P lym outh .
Tiverto'n . E n fants d e M ars.
Va lleyfield .
Win canton .
F r ance.
g f f u s t r a t i o n s .
Sea ls an d Stam ps used in th e Lodges. F rontispiece.
Abergavenny. — I nterior of L odge- R o om .
Abergavenny. — L audy
Aberga venny. — R ichards’ C hapter
Abergavenny. — C o l lar and
Ashburton . — C arcen ac
Ashby - de - la- Zouch .
Ashby - de - la -Zouch .
s
Leek .
Leek — Endorsem ent on P ingue t ’ s Cert ificate.
P lym outh . — E ndorsem ent o n L escam e la
’ s C er

Vittoria .
Winca n ton .
cfi tt t r o ou ct i o n .
FROM the year 1740 to 1815 Great Brita in and France
were a lmost constan t ly at war with one another . The
co nfli c t raged in Europe, Asia, Africa and America, the victory i n most cases remain ing with the Bri tish .
I n consequence of these successes a vast number o f
p risoners fe l l i n to the hands of the Bri t ish com
manders, who sh ipped them over i n detachments to England , where they were treated more or less harshly
as p risoners of war.
Large n umbers of these un fortunate men were
im prisoned in England in 1746, 1756, 1759 and 1779 .
I n 1759 no less than were located at Knowle ,
near B ris to l , where they suffered much from want o f
food and c loth ing.
* But by far the greater number
were brought over during the Revolut ionary wars of
1797 to 1814, for i t i s computed that between 180 3
and the sign ing of the Treaty of Paris in May , 1814,
upwards of French so ld iers and sai lors were
sen t over to England , many o f whom had been taken
prisoners during the Pen insu lar War. Of th is vast
number , about were either exchanged for Engl ish
men o f correspond ing ran k who were prisoners i n
France ,1' or were i nva l id ed home, over d ied in
Vide “ No tes and Queries, " 8th S .
, XL , p . 453.
M o n s. Ott was th e residen t French Agen t in L ondon for th e ex ch a nge
o f prison ers in the year 180 0 . Vz ’
de Alison ’ s H istory o f Europe ,

I 4
prison , severa l hund reds o f the commiss io ned o fficers
bro ke their paro l e and escaped from the co untry, but
the vast majo ri ty remained in capt i vi ty unti l Napo leo n ’
s
ex i le to E lba gave tempo rary peace to Eu rope .
* I t i s
stated , that between Apri l 1 1 th , 1814, and August 27th
of the same year , no less than o f th e Fren ch
prisoners were sen t back to thei r nat ive land by the
Engl ish autho r it ies t The common so l d iers and sai lors were most ly con
fined in huge barracks or priso ns, si tuated in d i fferen t
parts of the co un t ry, i n some cases , a s at Dartmo or and
Perth , espec ial ly erected fo r the purpo se . Thus
were impriso ned at Fo rton near Po rtsmouth , at
Portchester , a t Perth
, i n Dartmo o r pr iso n , i
in the Norman Cro ss Barracks near Peterbo ro ugh§ on bo ard prison h u lks i n Po rtsmo uth harbour,
and severa l thousands a t Weedo n Barracks in No rth
am pto n sh ire , whi lst the remainder were d ist ributed o ver
the co un try , almost every town , po ssessi ng a ccom
m oda t io n fo r the purpo se, h aving its comp lement . “ The Officers
, and tho se civi l ians who were enti t led to
rank as gent lemen , were al lowed to reside “
o n parole
W i th in assigned l imits and o n certain cond it ions. Th ey
were lo cated mostly i n the smal ler pro vincia l towns, and
being in many cases men o f rank and education ,
“ were

Jour n a l , 1854, Vo l . I . , p. 330 .
“I“ From Toon e ’
s “ C hron o logica l Reco rd , quo ted in No tes an d
Quer ies, ” August, 1897.
1 Accord ing to Al ison H isto ry of Europe , 1854 Ed it ion , Vo l . IX . ,
p . we re a t D artm oor in th e yea r 181 2 .
Th e Fre nch Bishop o f M ou l ins vo lun ta r i ly took up h is abode n ea r th is pr iso n , in o rder to m in ister to th e sp iritua l n eeds o f th e pr ison ers.
(Ve ’
8th S . , IX . , p . 289 , an d X . , p.
Pa r tly take n from a n a r tic le on “ Prison e r s o f W a r
, in C h am b e rs
'
"
p . 66.
I S
esteemed fo r thei r po l ite and agreeable man ners , and
were received i n al l publ ic assembl ies with h igh con
s iderat ion and a courteous As al ready
stated , several hund reds broke thei r parole and escaped .
The genera l co ndit ions of thei r deten t ion were
probably made as l i tt le i rksome as possible , and a
great deal of conside rat ion was shewn them in many
ways, but in spite of th is, th e s imple fact of thei r being
under restrain t must have been exceed ingly gal l i ng
to so proud a race . That many remained in England
after peace was dec lared is wel l known , and proves that
in some cases at least thei r capt ivity had been neither
severe nor unpleasant.
The fol lowing are some of the towns in which the
French priso ners were located z— Abergavenny , Ash
burto n , Ashby - de - la - Zo uch, Bandon , Basingstoke,
Bedale , Bideford
Carnarvon , Chatham
Pembroke , Penri th
fie ld , P lymouth
Tavistock, Tiverton , Tynemouth , Wakefie ld , Wantage, Wincanton
, Winchester, Wisbech and York . There
is no doubt that many other towns bes ides the fo re
going had thei r complemen t, ei ther temporari ly or
permanently.
Accord ing to S i r Arch ibald Al ison , the h istorian , the
French authori ties never rem itted one farthing for
the main tenance of this host of prisoners, but left
Vzde Thom pson ’ s H istory o f L e icester, 1876 Ed it . , p. 169 .
I 7
Fren ch priso ners from the lo ca l j ai l to h is own house , because they were Masons this Brother was the father
,
and o f Dr. James Burnes , Pro vincia l Grand Master of
Bombay (Sco tch Const itut io n ) i n
I n September, 1842 , Bro . T . H . H al l , Grand Registrar
of the Grand Lodge o f England , was presen t at a
Meet ing o f the Grand Orien t o f France in Paris , on
which occasio n , a Mason named Bessin ex pressed to
him th e reco l lect io n o f benefi ts received from Engl ish
members o f the C raft , when a priso ner o f war in
E n gla ndfi That the Freemaso ns amo ngst the priso ners were
received a s visi tors at Maso n ic meeti ngs in England ,
Sco t land and I reland , th e minutes o f Lo dges at L e ices
ter , Winchester
,
Redruth and o ther towns amp ly test i fy, and in many
cases th ere is n o doub t they became Jo in ing Members
o f these lo cal Lo dges .
I n those towns , however
, where n o Lodge ex isted
,
o r where there were sufficien t Freemaso ns amo ngst the
pri soners to open and wo rk a Lodge by th emse lves, they seem frequen tly to have establ ished o n e of their
own , co nducti ng th e busi ness and ceremo n ia l in their
own language and acco rd ing to the French system ,
and in to which from time to t ime they admitted thei r
fe l low -
priso ners by in i t iat io n . Mo st , probably th e great
majority ,
o f these Lodges were held w ithout any
warran t o r autho ri ty whatever, and although they are
be l ieved to h ave general ly confined themselves to the
admissio n o f thei r own co un trymen , there is n o do ubt ,
Vz ’
a ’ e
“ Freem asons ’
M aga zin e , 1862 , Vol . I I . , p . 3 29 .
‘I‘ Vide “ Freem asons '
18
that in some cases they in it iated , or accepted as Join ing
Members , natives of the towns i n which they had
establ ished their Lodges.
The perusa l of the minute - bo oks,— for they doubt
less kept such— and o ther reco rds of these Prisoners ’
Lodges , wou ld prove ex ceed ingly in terest ing, cou ld
they be obtained , for B ro . R . F . Go u ld , i n his
“ H i story
of Freemason ry ”
(Chap . XXX . , p . refers to the
ex istence , i n the arch ives o f th e Grand Orien t of
France , of a number o f documen ts formerly belong
ing to these Lodges , which co n tain very valuable
in format ion . After repeated app l i cat ion s made in re
cen t years to inspect these records, the French Mason ic
authorit ies at length declared , th at they had no know
ledge whatever o f any such do cumen ts, but prom ised
to communicate any in fo rmat io n o n the subject , which
a classificat ion of the archives, th en in progress , might
bring to l ight . This p rom ise st i l l remains unfu lfi l led , so that it must be taken fo r gran ted that nothing has
been d iscovered .
But although the au tho rit ies o f the Grand Orien t of
Fran ce withho ld any in fo rm at io n they may possess ,
it wi l l nevertheless be usefu l to p lace o n record al l the
detai l s that have been co l lected , together w i th photo
graphs and descript io ns of some of thei r re l i cs , before
they are lost or dest royed . I t is w i th th is object i n
view, that the fo l lowing pages have been prepared , and in the hope that they wi l l prove in terest ing and
acceptable to Engl ish Freemaso ns.
19
gfia s tn gs tofi e . gt ’ eter s fi eté
1 7 5 6 . 1 7 5 8 .
cfleeés .
PROBABL Y th e earl iest reference to Freemaso ns amo ng
the French prisoners in Great Britain , i s co nta i ned in the
reco rds o f the “Antien t Boyne ” Lodge , N o . 84 Bando n
i n to which Lodge n ine French o fficers , l ocated there a s
p riso ners of war, were admit ted a s Jo in ing Members
i n 1746 and
B u t the earl iest acco unt of th e format io n o f Lodges
amo ng th e priso ners themse lves, is co ntained in a
Repo rt made to th e Grand Lodge o f Eng land , early in
the year 176 1 , by the Master o f a Lodge which had
j ust been co nst i tuted at Leeds. The acco un t is a s
fo l lows z— j '
Some t ime si n ce be ing in fo rmed o f some French
brethren (that are here in th is town amo ngst the
p riso ners o f war) having fo rmed a Lodge , some o f us
we nt to visi t them in o rder to ex amine their manner
o f wo rk ing ; and upo n o ur inqu iring o f them what
authority they had to work , o r a t l east to make
Ve '
de B ro . W . J. C h e twode C r awley ’s “ No tes on Ir ish Fre em ason ry , in Ars Qua tuor C o ron a to rum ,
" Vo l . IX . , p . 7.
“I“ Vz '
e “ Freem ason ,
” 1886, p. 556. (An Ar tic le by B ro . W . J. H ugha n . )
20
Masons, we observed they were n o t Const ituted , a s i t
appears by the fo l lowing acco unt , which they related
to us , viz .
declared there were some of our Brethren command
ing French ships that were taken and carried to
Hal i fax , i n No va Sco t ia ; being arrived there , they
made themselves known to some o f o u r Brethren that
reside there , who in t roduced them to thei r Lodge, o f
which B ro . Charles L awre n s , Go vernor o f that P lace ,
wa s then Master. Somet ime after, they were brought
here in England , and Quartered a t Basi ngsto ke , where ,
find ing themse lves a competen t Number, they fo rmed
a Lodge ; making yo u at th e same t ime thei r due
submissio ns , which wa s about th e lat ter end o f th e
year 1756, and to wh i ch you answered , they said , th at
i f they cho sed to have thei r Lo dge co nst itu ted , it
wo u ld co st them such a sum ; but their n o t being
fixed in England in any p lace , and even no t knowing
how lo ng th ei r stay wou ’d be in England , d id n o t
permit th em to be a t the e x pe n ce o f having their
Lodge properly co nst ituted ; h owever, they con t i nued
working and to make Maso ns — Abo ut Eigh teen
mo nths after, Part o f th em were remo ved from B a s
in gstoke and ordered to P e te rsfie ld : These find ing
themse lves a suffic ien t N umber, fo rmed a Lodge there , and presen ted you ,
they said , thei r due subm iss ions
fo r the same , which wa s abo u t th e beginn i ng o f th e
year 1758 ; but they never had an answer to them .
“ No twithstand ing that , th in king, they said , that by
yo ur si lence yo u appro ved thei r wo rk , they co n t in ued
wo rk ing and mak ing Masons unti l l th e midd le o f th e
year 1759 , that they were again changed o f Quarters , as were also tho se remain ing a t Basingstoke
, and
, some were sen t to
2 1
Darby, others to Pon tefract, others here in this town
(Leeds) , and o thers were exchanged and sen t to
France , those that are i n this P lace , being part of
tho se that remained at Basingstoke and part of those
that were made at Pete r sfie ld , formed a Lodge about
the lat ter end o f the year I 759 , and have worked and
made Masons u nti l l the present t ime : This is .
what
they have to ld us upo n ou r asking them if they were
Const ituted , and whi ch we have thought proper and
ou r duty to acquain t yo u with , that you may n o t be
igno ran t of what passes i n this P lace ; the mo re so , because we find that they don ’ t work with good
harmo ny amo ngst themse lves, for we hear that i t i s
fou r months si n ce that th e Master of that fren ch
Lo dge and h is two Warden s fel l out , upon which they
parted — The two Wardens with thei r Secretary fo rmed
a Lo dge by th emse lves, which they held at the Turks
head ; and the Master with the rest of the Members
formed another a t the Talbot . Our B ro .
I Bastide and
other Brethren being acquain ted with thei r Quarrel, used thei r utmo st endeavours to reco nc i le them ; but
to n o purpose for nei ther o f them wo u ’d come to any
reasso c iation , bu t exclude o n e another from each of
their Lodges ; so that no th ing but an imosi ty has
reigned amongst them sin ce ; making Masons in spite
of o n e another i n such a Manner, that Mason ry suffers
much by thei r p roceed ings. And we have proofs as
tho se a t the Turks H ead have made people Masons
whom we wou ’d not have fo r many good reaso ns . ”
The d ifferences between the French Brethren a t Leeds
were subsequent ly sett led , and a comp lete reconci l iat ion
effected . Previo us to thei r qu i tting th e coun try a t th e
peace i n 1763, (the Seven Years ’
War was term inated
2 2
by the Trea ty o f P aris , signed F ebruary l o th ,
1763)
they returned thei r thanks to the Br ethren of the “ Talbot ” Lodge in a ve ry elega n t writ i ng o ut name
of al l the French Bro th er Visitors, this wa s an swe red
in n o less e lega n t manner by B -ro . Thos. W o lr ich , out
name of al l the Brethren o f th is Lodge . French
v isito rs
B rother
These Lodges at Basi ngstoke , P e te rsfie ld and Leeds, see m to ha ve been establ ished and worked without any
proper au tho ri ty, and are be l ieved to be the ea rl iest of
th e Fre nch Prisone rs’ Lodges in England , o f which
any reco rd rem ains. It is pro bable tha t th e v d id n o t
co nfine themsel ves to admit t ing thei r Own coun t rymen , bu t in it iated En gl ishm en also ,
which led. to th e com
p la i n t of th e Leeds Brethren in the fo regoing Report .
Frederick Pain , Od on .la Po rte, Franco is du P rée
Fran co is F o urne t t ,
E tienne la Porte , Dom i n ique Mazet .
2 3
I N th e year 1762 a Warran t was granted by the Grand
Lodge of A l l Englan d , to a number of French priso ners
o f war at York .
The fol lowin g account o f this Lodge appears in the
Reco rds
No . 1 . Anno Secundo . Brother D rake , G .M .
On the 10 th . day of J une 1762 a con st itutio n or war
ran t wa s granted unto the fo l lowing Brethren , French
Priso ners o f War on thei r Parol (viz . ) Du Fresne , Le Pett ier, J u l ian Vilfo r t , Pierre Le Vi l la ine , Louis
Brus le, and Francis Le Grand , Ther eby enabl ing them
and others to open and cont inue to hold a Lodge a t
the sign of the Punch Bowl in Ston egate i n th e City
o f Yo rk and to make New Brethren as from time to
time occas ion might requ i re ,
neverthe less
them and thei r successo rs from making anyo ne a
Bro ther who shal l be a subject of Great Britain or
I reland , wi nk/z sa id L odg e was accord ingly opened
and held on the said l o th . day of J une and to be
continued regu larly on the second Thursday in every

de Gou ld ’ s
“ H istory of Freem ason ry , C hap. XVI I I . , p . 418.

1758 .
th e year 1758 th e Grand Lodg e o f the Three
Globes (z u den drei Wel tkugeln ) in Berl in , granted a
Warran t fo r a French Lo dge to meet in that c ity
*
This Lo dge , wh i ch was d ist inguish ed by th e name
of Fidel ity ,
French priso ners. I ’
t is not kn own h0w lo ng it co n
t in ued to ho l d its Meetings , but i t n o doubt died out
a t the term in at io n of th e Seven Years ’ War in 1763,
i f n o t earl ier.
This Lodge, and the one at Magdeburg, part i cu lars
of which fo l low , are the on ly ones i n Germany, o f
which any t race h a s been d iscovered , but i n a l l pro
bab ility many more were establ ished by th e French
priso ners in that coun try, the ex istence o f which un fo r
tun a te ly can not be ascertained at the present t ime , a lthough in fo rmat io n m ay po ssib ly st i l l be obta ined
by renewed search and enqui ry .
Vide Gould '
s “ H isto ry o f Freem ason ry , C hap . XXVI I . , p . 243 .
26
Q ’ a r fa i t e glu t i o n .
(g ’ e r fect gi rd
176 1
N UM BE R of French pr iso ners o f war were confin ed
in this Prussian fo rtress from th e year 1757 onwards,
and many of them became m embers o f the local Lodge
de la Fel i-ci té ,
” establ ished there in the year
I n the same year the priso ners fo rmed “
a Lodge ther-e

but no in format io n beyond th e bare fact of i ts ex ist
ence can now be obtai ne‘d .1 '
Vide “ Abbi ldungen Fre im aure r ischer D enkm unz en und M eda i l len ,
Vol . I . , p. 141 .
‘I' Via/e Gould '
s H isto ry of Freemasonry , C h ap. XXX p . 406.
AB ERGAVEN NY. — In te r i o r o f Lodge
- R oom .
(Via/e page
ZRBer ga v en n n . (ano n -r
a a n i s be gaa r s et be y ep tu n e .
(t t ‘
br en o f gaa r s a n b y ep tu n e . )
18 13 18 14 .
I N the seco nd decade o f the present centu ry , a num
ber of French prisoners of war , at one t ime upwards
of two hundred , were lo cated at Abergavenny in
Monmouthshi re ; they co nsisted of sold iers and sai lors, a few of them being offi cers.
The “ rank and fi le are bel ieved to have been
lodged in a room in the o ld Cast le , and in severa l

o ccupied private rooms in d ifferent parts of the town .
Amongst these prisoners were sufficient Freemasons
to establ ish and work a Lodge, under the appropriate
name of Enfants de Mars e t de Neptune .
” Trad it ion
poin ts to a large room in Monk Street , about one
hundred yards from the old Priory Church of St . Mary ,
as the place where the Lodge was held ; the room
has a very handsome arched cei l ing, and also served
as a mess—room for the French ofii ce r ssj ' I t i s n ow
used as a so l i c i tor’ s office .
I t i s qu i te impossible to fix the year when this
Lodge was establ ished , but i ts ex istence i n 1813 and

‘I‘ Vz '
28
1814 is proved by the date o f four Cert ificates , issued
by the Lo dge to its members, which together wi th
other Maso n ic re l i cs belo nging to the same Brethren ,
have come down to th e presen t t ime .
These Cert ificates are sp lend id spec imens of pen
manship , th e designs, which in three cases are very
e labo rate , being mo st beau t i fu l ly d rawn by hand .
Th ey are as fo l lows
1 . Craft Cert ificate to Benj . Plumm er, dated Ju ly 2 0 ,
18 13 .
2 . Ro se C ro ix Cert ificate to G . Landy , dated N o v .
2 3, 181 3 .
3 . Craft Cert ificate to Tho s. Richards , dated Dec .
4. R o se C ro ix Cert ificate to Thos. Richards, dated Apri l 20 ,
1814.
They are a l l i n an ex ce l len t state o f preservat io n , th e Seals i n th ree cases being in tact , and are most
in terest i ng a s wel l a s cu rio us do cumen ts. Al l bear ,
amo ngst o th er signatures , that o f De Grasse Ti l ly
, a
very no ted Maso n , wh o brought from America , and
establ ish ed in France in th e year 180 4, th e Ancien t
and Accepted Ri te o f th e 33rd Degree . A sho rt
accoun t o f th is famo us man may pro ve in terest in g .
Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse T i l ly wa s
bo rn a t Versai l les in th e year 1766. H i s father
was th e ce lebrated Admiral de Grasse ,
* who wa s
defeated and taken priso ner by the Engl ish Admi ra l
Rodney, i n a naval engagement off the I sl and o f
Domin ica ' in th e West I nd ies, on Ap ri l 1 2 th , 1782 .
Vide Gou ld ’
s H isto ry of Freem aso n ry , C hap. XX IV.
, pp . 1 24 -
2 9
He was i n i t iated early in l ife in the Scots Mother
Lodge o f the Socia l Contract (du Contrat Social) , Paris,*
and resided for some years in North America and
the West I nd ies, being a t one time a landed p roprietor
i n the I sland of St . D om ingo j While residen t in America he received the high de
grees of F reem ason ry, I and as early as 179 1 wa s Grand
I nspector of the rite of Perfect ion i n St . Domingo .§ On February 2 1st , 180 2
, the Supreme Co unci l at
Charleston granted h im “ a paten t cert i fying that he
possessed the degrees up to Sovereign Grand I n spec
tor General ; that he wa s a member of the Supreme
Co unc i l of the 33rd degree, and Grand Commander
for l i fe of the Supreme Counci l in the French West
I nd ia I s lands, giving h im power to con st i tute, estab
l ish , d i rect, and inspect a l l Lo dges, Chapters, Co unci l s, Col leges, and Cons isto ries o f the Roya l and Mi l i tary
Order o f Ancien t and Modern Freemason ry over the
su rface of two
H e pro ceeded to St . Domingo and organ ised there
a Supreme Counci l of the 33rd degree for St . Domingo
and the French West I nd ia Is lands . This Sup reme
Counc i l had on ly a brief ex istence , for i n th e latter
part of 180 2 , the negroes revo l ted for the seco nd time
against th e French dom in io n , and by the close o f 180 3
they were masters of the island . De Grasse T i l ly and
other prominen t members o f th e Supreme Co unci l fled
to France , and on September 2 2 nd , 1804, establ ished in
Vide Go u ld '
s “ H istory o f Freem asonry , C h ap. XX IV. , p . 1 25.
'I' load , p . 1 24 .
I p . 1 2 4.
Vz '
'
s “ H istoire des Tro is Gra ndes Loges, p. 96.
II Ve ’
de C arson ’
s “ H istory o f th e A. a n d A. Sco tt ish Ri te , I n the
Am erican Append ix to Gou ld ’
s H istory o f Freem aso n ry , p. 641 .
Abergavenny Certificates are evidence that he was
i n terned in that town from Ju ly 2 0 th , 181 3, unti l
Apri l 2 0 th , 1814. The three earl iest in date are signed “ De Grasse Ti l ly
, 33 m ” and the latest Le C i e De
Grasse ,
,
*
Towards the end of the year 1814+ o r beginn ing of
1815 De Grasse T i l ly returned to France , and fo und
h is whole system in con fusio n . He immed iately se t
about i ts reo rgan isat ion ,
“ but befo re he co u ld arrange
matters to h is satisfaction , he wa s compel led to leave
Paris i n 1816, it i s said , to avoid being arrested fo r
deb t ,

i and d id n o t return unti l early i n 1818.
During h is absence mat ters had not impro ved , but he
st i l l hoped to heal a l l the d ifferences and p lace affai rs
,
al l i n vain , there was a divisio n in th e Supreme Co unci l ,
part of the members under Co unt Lal lemand ret i ri ng ,
and establ ish ing a new Supreme Co unci l i n opposit io n .
De Grasse Ti l ly find ing h is autho ri ty go ne , resigned
his o ffice of Sovereign Grand Commander for the
seco nd t ime, Co unt D eca z e s being elected to that
o ffice in September, So on after this “ he d isappeared from publ ic v iew
and was heard of no mo re ; when and where he
d ied is not known .
C e r t i fica tes of the A . and A . Ri te in the L e iceste r C o l lectio n , da ted
June 3rd , 1816, a nd D ecem ber 2 2 n d, 1818, a re a lso sign ed by him as
“ L e C IS8 D e Grasse .
"
1' Vide Gou ld ’
s H istory o f Freem aso n ry , C h ap . XXV. , p . 171 .
1 l l ud , C hap. XX IV . , p . 130 .
Vide R ebo ld ’
s “ H isto ire des Tro is Grandes Loges, pp. 474- 5.
Vi '
de C a rson ’
s “ H istory o f the A. an d A. Sco ttish Ri te , p. 650 .
32
The earl iest in date of the four Abergavenny Cer
t ifica tes was gran ted to Bro ther Benjamin P lummer,
a Join ing Member o f the Lodge . I t is a parchment
document , 16 in ches by 14 i n ches, and was exhibi ted
by Bro . W . J . H ugh a n a t th e Sh ank l in Mason ic Ex
h ibition in the year 1886. I t subsequen t ly came i nto
the possess ion of th e writer , and wa s presen ted by
him to the VV o rsh ipfu l Master and Brethren of the
Phi lanthropic ” Lo dge , N o . 818 Abergavenny . I t now
hangs , a treasured re l ic
, upo n th e wal l s of thei r Lodge
room .
The design of this Cert ificate i s a copy of one of
the ord inary engraved French types of a century ago .
I t is very sim i lar to th at o f Richards (r ide Plate IV . ) but much in ferior to it i n ex ecutio n . French C e r t ifi
cates of that period , although much more varied i n
design than tho se issued by th e Grand Lodge of
England , have however certain characterist ics which
are common to most . At the head is general ly de
picted a c louded canopy, co n tai n ing represen tat ion s
of the Sun , Moon and Stars, together with an i rrad iated
Triangle . On either side of the Certificate is a lofty
Pi l lar , with capital , that on the sin ister side bearing
the letter “B ” and that o n the dex ter side the letter “
J .
At the foot, ascended by three, five or seven steps ,
i s a platform of squares, upon which are spread the
Working Tools and o ther Mason ic emblems . Figures
of M inerva, J ust ice, Truth , a s we l l as Faith , H ope
and Chari ty, are also frequently represented . There
are, of course, very many except ions to th is genera l
ru le.
The fol lowing is a transcript o f th e documen t
35
I n the forego i ng transcript the o riginal spel l ing is
retained , and it is a matter for surprise that there
sho u ld be so few errors . The reference to St . John
o f Scot land is i n teresting, and it wi l l be no t iced that
the Engl ish po rt io n is n o t an ex act translat ion of the
French . There are some o ther pecu l iarit ies to which
atten t ion shou ld also be d i rected , a s they are n o t
genera l ly seen o n Engl ish Ce rtificates. Thus , the date
and p lace of bi rth , together w ith th e pro fessio n o f the
rec ip ien t , are given — the French Maso n ic date is used ,
2 0 th day o f the sth month , ” correspo nding to J u ly
20 th , the year with th e French Masons commencing
wi th th e mo nth o f March — and the Cert ificate is
signed , as wa s customary i n France a t that t ime , by
al l th e Officers and by some , i f not al l
, o f the o rd i nary
members o f th e Lodge . Some o f the Offi cers, such as
th e Orato r , Ex pert
, Keeper o f the Seals, Archivist and
Ho sp i ta l ler, bear names qu ite unknown in Engl ish
Mason ry , but it is very po ssib le that th e wo rk o f
these Brethren , is carried out under the En gl ish C o n
st itu t io n by the Chap l ain , Deaco ns, Sec retary and
Almo ner.
Bro ther P lummer appears to h ave been th e twenty
six th member registered in th e Lo dge, that number
be ing used by th e “ Garde des Sceaux .

Benjamin P lummer , to whom this Cert ificate was
granted , wa s a very d ist i nguished Maso n , h is Mason ic
career being a s fo l lows
H e wa s i n it i ated i n th e “ Royal Athelstan Lodge ,
N o . 10 (n ow 19 ) “Antients
,
” Lo ndo n , on June 4th , 1798.
P a r t ly taken from a com m un i ca tio n by B ro . H . Sad ler to “ The
Freem ason , 1 886. p . 51 1 .
36
He presided over the Lodge a s Master, resign ing his
membership in 180 5. He re - jo i ned in 180 9 , and paid
to December , 1818.
He was appointed Grand Swo rd Bearer of the
Ant ien ts ” Grand Lo dge in 1804, J un io r Grand War
den in 180 5, and Senio r Grand Warden in 1806.
At the Union in 1814 he was appoin ted Past Sen ior
Grand Warden of the United Grand Lodge of Eng
land , and was present at th e Meet i ng of the Grand
Lodge held March 8th , 1815.
He joined th e French Priso ners’ Lodge Paix
Désirée ” at Wincanton , h is Certificate be ing dated
November 2 2 nd , 1810 .
H e also joined th e R oya l Naval Lodge , No . 57
(now 59 ) Moderns, Lo ndo n , i n 181 1 , and the French
Prisoners ’ Lodge “ Enfants de Mars e t de Neptune
at Abergavenny , his Cert ificate o f Membership i n the
latter Lodge being dated Ju ly 2 0 th , 181 3.
On October 2 n d , 1799 ,
h e wa s exalted to the Roya l
Arch Degree under the An t ien ts, ” and in 181 2 j oined
the same Order under the Modem s .
He he ld the o ffice o f Superin tenden t Grand Com
mander of Kn ights Temp lar fo r Wales i n 1813,
occupied the po st o f Grand Ex pert of England under
H .R .H . the Duke o f Kent in 1814, and was a
member of the “ Baldwyn ” Encampment at Bristo l ,
his Cert ificate, dated 1816, being in the wri te r’ s
col lect ion .
On two of his Certificates B ro . Plummer is described
as “ Commercia l Agent , ”
many Lodges and Chapters may be accounted for by
the fact , that he was either an agent for, or a deale r
i n , Mason ic c lothing and paraphernal ia . I n the a c
counts o f the fi r st Ph i lan thro p ic Lodge , No . 658
Gasp ard L a udy Commissai re des Guerres, né le
8 J ui l let 1768 a Lunevi l le, départemen t de la Meurthe ,
Reco nnu inst ru it dans l es t ro is h auts Grades prece
den ts, apr ‘
es avo i r j ugé en o ut re de sa capaci té pa r
une scrupu leuse in format io n de sa co ndu ite Macon que
e t de ses moeurs , no us avo ns déclaré e t déclaro ns le
F . . Gaspard L a udy et re é levé a u Grade de
C h ?r de L ’
Aigle Parfai t e t S".11 M . so us lo
Tit re de d ’
h e redo n , pari r, pa r l u i , jo u i r
de to utes les Prérogat ives at tachées a ce grade
respectable su r tou te la Surface de la Terre .
“ A ce s causes , nous l u i avo ns dél ivré le p résent Bref
auquel fo i do i t etre ajou tée po u r lu i servi r e t valo i r ‘ en tan t que de beso i n ; e t po ur éviter to u te surprise
no us l ’avo ns fait accepter e t signer pa r lu i T3 .
e t Gaspard L a udy.
BE N I so it celu i qu i le R e co n n a it ra , l '
ho n o re ra e t
le sou lagera dans ses beso ins e t qu ’e l le fé l ic ité po ur
no us a co prix si dési rable , de po uvo i r so uven t nous
acqu ite r d ’
o b liga t io n s auss i sacrées e t auss i fla t te use s
pour un M
O t d ’
Abe rga ve n ny (M on tm outhsh ire
Angle te r re ) le 30 du Mois nommé Tisri 5574 co r
respo nda n t au 2 3 No vembre 181 3.
D e G r a sse T2717 . D ubou rg .
33 me
Le G 8 I n q ? Subu e
E . P ri sm ! de S t . j zzer r . L a mpo .
3 1 m e
G . L awdy . )
[T RAN SLAT I ON ]
We Alex and re Fran co is Auguste De Grasse Ti l ly
H o norary So vereign Grand Commander a d v z ’
ta m
fo r France 81C . 81 C . 81C . Deputy Grand Maste r o f th e
Grand Orien t o f France , 81C . &c . &c .
FA ITH , HOPE , CHARITY .
On account o f th e zea l and eagerness to pro ceed
to the perfect po i n t o f Maso n ry shewn by ou r Very
Wo rshipfu l and Perfect Bro ther Gaspard L a udy, war
co m m issary , born Ju ly 8th ,
1768 at Lunevi l le depart
men t o f th e Meurthe , al ready wel l versed in th e th ree
preced ing h ig h degrees, and after having fu l ly tested
h is su i tabi l i ty by a tho rough enqu i ry in to h is Mason ic
co ndu ct and genera l behavio ur , we h ereby declare
th e Very Dear Bro ther Gaspard Lan dy ex alted to th e
degree o f Kn ight o f th e Eagle , Perfec t and So vereign
P rin ce Freemaso n , under the t it le o f Ro se Cro ix of
H e r edom , in o rder that he may enjoy al l th e p re roga
t ive s be lo nging to this wo rshipfu l degree througho ut
the world .
F o r this purpose , we have g ran ted him the p resen t
Cert ifi cate , which must be faith fu l ly recogn ised so a s
to be of service to him in case o f need , and to pre
vent any misuse thereo f, we have caused this Cert ificate
to be signed by o u r Very Dear and Perfect Bro ther
Gaspard L audy .
B lessed be he who shal l rece ive , honor a n d assist
h im in case o f need , and what p leasure fo r us , i n
retu rn , to repay frequent ly an. obl igatio n so sacred
and flat tering fo r a Prin ce Mason .
“ Given at th e Orien t o f Abergavenny , (Mo nmo uth
shi re England) th e 3o th day of th e 9 th mo nth cal led
T isri 5574, co rrespond ing to No vember 2 3rd ,
40
The Brother— Gaspard Landy— to whom this Cert i
fica te wa s gran ted , returned to France at the conc lusio n
,
ing o n th e back of the Cert ificate
Le hu it iem e jour du o nz ieme mois 5827, l a
des Phi lo nomes a a ffi lié a ses travaux le L audy
(Gaspard ) .
R a ssie . P a ila . B ompa r d .
M . R x V du de 2
m e
e R + .
(The Lodge “ des Phi lo nomes has accepted a s a
Join ing Member Bro. Gaspard L audy, on the 8th day
of th e l 1 th month
From this endorsement it i s qu ite evident , that the
French Mason ic authorit ies recogn ised the val idity of
these Prisoners ’ Lodge Cert ificates.
Th e pai r of Cert ificates, Craft and Ro se C ro ix .
granted to Thomas Rich ards are very cu rio us and
in terest ing ; they are bo th beaut i fu l ly executed by
,
who is described as a Merchan t, and a native o f Aber
gave n ny, was on ly a Jo in ing Member of the Fren ch
Lodge . He was in it iated in Lodge No . 144 Antien ts ,
E . F. Ba zo t was a d istinguished Fr ench author, an d was m ade a n
Ofli ce r o f the G ra nd Or ie n t o f Fra nce in 1826.
4 1
,
No . on August 3rd , 181 3, tak ing his subsequent
degrees i n September and November of the same year ; he was therefore a Master Maso n before he jo ined the
French Lodge, the 10 th month of his Cert ificate
co rrespond ing with the mo nth of December.
The Craft Certifi cate , which shews that Richards
was N O . 45 on the Lodge Register, is very sim i lar in
design to P lummer ’ s , previo usly described
, but much
superior to i t in exce l len ce of penmanship . I t is a
parchment document , who l ly ex ecuted by hand , 17% i n ches by 14 in ches i n s i ze
, and has the Seal i n tact
,
enc lo sed i n a tin box . I t is s igned by fourteen mem ~
bers , amongst whom are th e fo l lowing Offi cers
, i n
add it io n to those whose signatures are affixed to
P lummer’ s Cert ificate , viz . : Master of the Ceremo n ies,
I nner Guard (Le garde des portes) , and Tyler (Le
p réparateu r) . The fol lowing is a t ranscript o f the
do cument
P O S T T E N E B R A S L U X .
D th e o f th e o f th e
A Répan dus To a ll wh om it m ay con ce rn .
sur la surface de la terre .
SALUT , FORC E , UN ION . GREET IN G , FORT ITU D E
, UN ION .
Nous Vén érab le e t officiers de W e M aster a nd officers o f our Lodge of
la R E : S f Jean sous le free and accepted M a so n s , d ed ica ted
t itre d ist in c t i f des E n fan ts dc to St . Joh n , under th e t it le o f C h ildren M ars e t de N eptun e a D O ?" of M a rs and N eptun e , regu la rl y as
d ’Abe rgaven n y(C om téde M on tm outh ) sem b led in th e Town of Aberga ven n y en Angle te r r e , ce r tifion s e t a tteston s M on tm outhsire in E n g la n d ; do h e reby que le Th om as R icha rds ce r tifytha t B ro th erThom asR icha rdsM er
Vi '
de P la te IV. The origina l be lo ngs to the pr iva te co l lect io n of the wri ter.
n égocian t age de 39 an s n a ti f d ’ Abe rgaven n y, possede lo 3?

d e ses m oeurs l ’on t fa i ts ch érir de ses en fo i
de quo i n ous lui a von s dél ivré lo présen t C e r tifica t e t po ur qu
’ i l n e puisse servir qu’
au dit
R ichards n o us lui a von s fa it appose r sa sign a ture en m a rge n e va r ietu r
, afin qu’ i l r eco ive
jo ie sa t isfac t ion e t secours s ’ il
se trouva it da n s le beso in , ofi '
ran t
le m em e re tour a chaque qui
se présen te ra d e vo tre pa rt . Fa it e t d él ivré dan s un l ieu
éc la iré ou r egn en t la P a ix , lo
S i len ce e t la C harité le 2 2 ?
jour du m o is de l ’an de
la 5813.
E . D epr z '
42
ch an t is a Regu lar M aste r M a so n and
th a t during h is stay w ith us h as Be
h a ved in eve ry re spe c t a s a true a n d fa ith ful bro th er. I n
wh ereo f, we h ave de l ive red h im the
presen t C ert ifica te a n d tha t it
m igh t n o t B e m ade an im proper use
o f , have caused our sa id B ro ther
'
etur ,
B e g g i n g y o u t o
g ive h im Joy, sa tisfa c t ion and
a ssistan ce a n d prom isin g to do
th e sam e to every lawfu l B ro
th e r who m ay com e from your part.
G i v e n u n d e r o u r h a n d an d sea l th is 2 2?h day of the
m on th 5813 .
R .
Pa squ ier .
Le M fre des C érém ies
L ’h ospita lie r . de B a r r ed .
A zjg n er ot. R .
'
E . P a sca l de S t .j uerjy.
1a
In righ t m arg in : P a r M an dem en t de la SB ” Le Secréta ire . M en a r d.
I n le ft m arg in : Sce l lé e t t im bré pa r n ous ga rde des Sceaux e t Arch ives. (N 0 . G . L a udy .
N e Varie tur. l om as R ic/ta r dy.
L ’U
Si ." des E n fa n s de M a rs de N eptun e a PO ? d ’Abe rgaven ny
(M on tm outhsire , Angle ter re ) réguliérem e n t co n st i tué sous les Auspices du S .
e t du grand d irec to ire des rite s réussis e t a ccepte ’
s de Fran ce a
con n us sur la surfa ce du G lobe .
SALUT, UN ION ,
Nous M M .
con voqués e t assem b les dan s un l ieu o ii regn en t la F o i, l’E spéran ce e t la
C harité ; vu le zele e t l ’ em pressem en t

.
Thom as R ich ard Négocian t N é a
Abergaven n y ( M on tm outh sire ) R e
con nu in struit dan s les tro is h auts Grades précéden ts, apres avo ir jugé en outre de sa capac i té
par une scrupu leuse In fo rm a t ion de sa condui te M acon e t de
ses m aeurs tan t qu’a u dehors ; n ous d
’ un com m un accord soussign és
a vons déc la ré e t déc la ron s le T R ich ard etre m em bre de n o tre
STE} e t C h e.r de l ’ Aig le P a rfa it
e t SIS } M . . sous le t itre de R d ’H e redon ; pour lui jouir de tou te s
les preroga tive s a t tach ées a cc grade respectab le sur toute 1a surfa ce de la Te rre .
A ces ca uses n ous lui a von s dé l ivré le présen t Bre f, auque l fo i
do it étr e ajoutée pour lui servir e t va lo ir en tan t que de b eso in e t pour éviter toute surprise nous l ’avon s fa it accepte r e t sign er
par lui T e t P R ich ard .
W e Free P ' M M
Sum m on ed and assem b led in a p lace Whe re in re ign Fa ith , Hope a n d C h a rity ; see ing th e Zea l and
eage rn e ss th a t our m ost D " and
P B Th om as R ich a rd M e rch and
bo rn a t Abe rgaven n y (M on tm outhsh ir e ) h a s to a tta in th e degree an d pe rfect
po in t o f m ason ry h e be ing ackn ow ledged by us to be in struc ted in th e
th re e preceden t degrees, hav ing be
side s judged of h is ab i l it ies by a
scrut in ised en quiry of h is m ason ic con duc t a nd m ora l parts both
w ith in an d w ith out th e C } W e whose n am es a re h ereun der writ ten h a ve de c la r ed a n d do h ereby un an im ousl y dec lare our M D B Thom as R ica rd to be a
m em be r o four S'F‘C h J .Kn igh t o fth e P erfect E ag le an d Free S‘j:P under th e Tit le of R . o f H e redon , th a t h em ay
e njo y a ll the preroga t ives a t tached to tha t re spe c tab le degre e a ll over th e wor ld.
With regard to th e said causes, we h ave de l ivered un to h is own h and the
pre sen t certifica te to wh ich Fa ith m ust
be added so as to be of serv ice an d va
lidity to h im in al l n eed fu l cases, and
to avo id a ll k ind of surprise or tha t
a n im proper use m ay be m ade
45
Bén it so it ce lui qui le re
con n a it ra , l ’hOn oxe ra e t le sou la
gera dan '
s ses beso in s e t que l le f'é l icité p our n ous a ce prix si désir ab le d e pouvoir souven t n ous ac
quite r d ’ obliga t ion s aussi sacrées
e t aussi fla tteuses pour un M
D On né a l ’ O t . d
’ Abe rga ven
e M o is M “8 °
l’An de la 5814.
.e n E x erc ice. Le le Sur v i
32 0 10 M 1. G .
3 1 " g d S R .

G“. Ora teur. des 2 ? E xp
t
6 . R
G 8
P a r m an dem en t du S‘ .
u C h ap .
Sce l lé e t t im bré pa r L e Se ct.e G il

n . R .
le ft mar g in Accepté le pre sen t B re f.
of it ; we ha ve caused th is cert ifica te to be a ccepted a n d sign ed by o ur
M '
D ’
B ‘ Th oma s R ich ard .
B lessed be h e l wh o sh a l l accept hon our an d assist h im in h is Wa n ts
an d Wha t a fe l ic ity for us a t so “
de
sir ab le a price to be offe n ab le of
a cqu itt in g ourse l ves in ob l iga tions so sacred a nd fla ttering fo r a free. P M
G iven un de r our h an d a n d sea l a t th e O ?
ofAbe rgaven ny th is 2 0 ‘.h day of th e M on th 5814.
L e rep résen ta n t . pa r ‘ t icu lie r
du (34 M e . an 0 5 de G? Tres .
Fran ce dans son G ‘i C h ap f
f.’ e
e t S i.“ G ‘l C om m a ndeur hono ra ire ad vita '
m .
L e C {5 D e G r a sse.
46
The Seal* on this Cert ificate is of red wax , co n
ta in ed i n an oval t i n box 2% by 2 in ches, and
suspended by six narrow ribbo ns of the fol lowing
colours , viz . : white
, l ight blue
, black , scarlet , dark
green and crimson . I n the cent re are a cross, com
passes and sector, surro unded by the words “ Chapitre
des E n fans de Mars e t de Neptune. ”
Du ring the years 181 2 - 1814 there was no Lo dge
on the Engl ish Register i n the town of Abergavenny,
but some of th e residen ts had al ready been i n it iated
i n Lo dges establ ished i n th e adjo in ing towns of Po n ty
poo l and Merthyr Tydv il. Many of these Brethren
seem to have joined the French Prisoners ' Lodge , whi le
i t is confident ly asserted that o thers were in i t iated in
that Lodge .
At the conclus ion of peace in May , 1814, the French
priso ners were at l iberty to return home , of which
privi lege no doubt the majo rity avai led themselves.
The Engl ish members of th e Lo dge , e leven i n number,
immed iately formed themselves in to a Lodge of I n
,
unt i l , as thei r m inutes o f Ju ly 2 2 nd
, 1814, state,
“ a d is
pe n sa t ion or a Dorman t Warran t cou ld be procu red .
A Petit ion to the Un ited Grand Lodge of Eng
land was accord ingly prepared , being signed by ten
Abergavenny Brethren , recommended by Lo dges
175 Merthyr Tydv il and 195 Pontypool , and sup
po rted by the Provincial Grand Master o f Monmo uth
shire , Col . Harnage . The Pet i t ioners nominated the
Rev . J ames Ashe G abb , a s the fi rst Master
, James
Vz '
47
Jones, Gentleman , as the fi rst Sen ior Warden , and
Thomas Richards , Gent leman
, a s the fi rst J un io r
Warden . The Pet it ion wa s endo rsed “ The part ies
are al l known to B ro . P lummer , who wi l l vouch for
thei r respectabi l i ty.
On December 27th , 1814, a Dispensat ion to meet
fo r twe lve months wa s granted to th e Peti t io ners , and
under this they met for about s ix months , the M inutes
o f thei r Meetings being st i l l preserved . I n these
M inutes, under date o f J une 9th , 1815, the fo l lowing
ent ry o ccu rs
The Rev‘.i Charles Powel l wa s t ransferred from a
Modern Maso n in the French Lo dge to an Ancient
i n th is , and regu larly in it iated in the fi rst seco nd and
thi rd Degrees o f Maso n ry , and admitted a Mem ber
o f this Lodge .”
I t would seem from this extract , that the Reverend
Bro ther had been i ni t iated i n the French Lodge ao
co rding to the French system , but that Lodge not
bei ng recognised by the Grand Lodge o f England ,
i t wa s necessary that h e sho u ld take his deg rees again
o n jo in ing th e Eng l ish Lodge . The reaso n fo r the
seco nd batch o f degrees being “An t ien t , may be fo und
in th e fact, that a ll th e o ther Brethren had been
made in Antien ts Lodges . N o fees seem to have
bee n ch arged fo r the re - i n it iat io n .
The Lodge was du ly consecrated on June 1 2 th
1815, a s the “ Phi lan thropic ” Lo dge , No . 658, by
Bro s. Benj . P lummer, P .G .W . of England , and F. C .
H usen be th , D ep . Pro v . G M . o f Bristo l . The Vicar of
the town , Rev . Wil l iam Powel l ,* was instal led as the
Th is B r o th er was st i l l l iving in th e yea r 1862 , be ing then n early a
cen tury o ld . (Vz '
a ’ e
48
fi rst Master , B ro . Thomas Richards being appo in ted
Sen io r Deaco n , and n o t Jun io r a s nomina ted
i n the Pet it io n . The Lodge h ad o n ly a brief ex istence ,
having been erased in 182 8.
Down to th e year 1860 , two Brethren were st i l l
l iv ing in Abergavenny , wh o claimed to h ave been
in it iated in th e French Prisoners’ Lo dge, so that i f
i t were a ru le with these French Masons n o t to in i t iate
Engl ishmen in thei r Lodges , th e ru le wa s certain ly
broken in th e case o f Abergavenny . This in fo rmat ion
is o btained from an o ld resident Maso n o f th e town , who had frequen t co n versat io n with th e two Brethren
referred to , o n th e subject o f the o ld French Lodge .
Th e p r esen t Phi lan th rop i c Lodge , N o . 818 Aber
gave n ny , h a s st i l l in its po ssessio n some o ld co l lars*
blue , w ith bro ad si lver lace— wh ich were wo rn by
the Officers i n the French Priso ners ’ Lodge , also a
number o f swo rds ,
* used in thei r Rose C ro ix ceremo ny .
Besides these , there h angs upo n th e wal l o f th e p re
sent Lodge - room , an emblemat ical wo o d — carv ing ,
the
mean ing o f which is n o t quite c lear. These are a l l
undo ubted ly re l ics l eft beh ind by th e French p riso ners , abou t who se l i fe i n Abergavenny a great many in terest
ing detai ls are st i l l t rad it ional ly repo rted . The Rev .
Wil l iam Powe l l , previously referred to , wa s a sincere
friend to the priso ners, who were indebted to him fo r
very many acts of k indness and co nsiderat ion .
Vz ’

18 10 48 14 . (12)
A CERTIFICATE granted to an in it iate o f th is Lo dge ,
15 th e on ly record of its ex istence th at h a s been
d isco vered up to the present t ime . Un fo rtunate ly ,
altho ugh th e do cumen t is signed and sealed , it is n o t
dated , but i t was
, i n al l probabi l i ty
, i ssued between
This interesting documen t , the design o f which is
ro ughly drawn by hand on parchm en t, is 17 in ches
by I 4 i n ches in s ize , and is en t i re ly in the French
language . As a genera l ru le , these Priso ners’ Lodge
Cert ificates were who l ly written in Fre nch when , as
,
shewing c learly that they were in tended to be used
i n French Lodges o n ly . Bu t whenever they were
granted to an Engl ishman , a s i n the case o f P lumm er
and Richards o f the Abergavenny Lodge , they were
m ade out bo th in French and Engl ish , that they might
serve as recommen datio ns in both French and Engl ish
Lodges . An exception , i n the case of the Wincan to n
Lo dge , wi l l be referred to later.
Although unfo rtunate ly somewhat faded , the Cer
t ificate is i n an ex cel len t state of preservatio n , the
50
large red wax Sea1 ,
* in an o val t in bo x 2% i nc hes
by 2 in ches , at tached to th e documen t by a nar row
ligh t blue ribbo n , being part icu larly fine .
The rec ip ien t , Pau l Carcenac , appears to have take n
the two fi rst degrees o n ly , whi le the let ter “ C ap
pended to four of th e signatures , deno tes that these
Brethren also had only attained th e s imi lar rank o f
Fel low - Craft (Compagno n ) .
I t wi l l be no t i ced , th at i n this Certificate the rec ip ient
i s obl igated to affi l iate himse l f to some regu l arly war
ranted French Lodge , immed iate ly o n h is retu rn to
h is nat ive land , thus recogn ising the L odge at Ash
burton as an i rregu lar o r tem porary o n e. o n ly .
A t ranscript and ro ugh trans latio n o f th e do cument
A LA G 3 . DU . D E
J . so us le t it re d ist in ct i f de
la D e s amis réun is séante a d ’
Ashbur to n
en Angle te r re 21 Tous le s M ago n s régu l iers répandus
sur la surface de la Terre .
F . .
Nous ve ’ nerable , Offic ie rs d ign itai re s e t m ‘embres
de la J. . so us le t i t re d ist i nct i f de
la D e s am is réun is séan te a d ’
Ashbur to n
en An gle te r re , ce r t ifio n s attesto ns a to utes le s
Vz '
1 Vz '
de P late V I I . Th e or igin a l be longs to th e pr ivate co l lect ion of th e wr i te r .
51
régu lieres e t a tous les M ago n s régu l iers
e t répand '
u s su r la su rface de la terre , que le F
P au l Carcenac , aide com missaire , est membre de no tre
a t te lie r , qu
’ i l possede le s deux premiers grades
de la m agon n e r ie App re n t if e t ' Compagno n e t qu’ il
a t ravai l lé parm i nous a l ’
e n t iere satisfact io n de to us
l es mai tres ; C ’est pourquo i n ous prions to us les
81 toute s les de l ’un ive -
r s de le recon
n a it re e t l ’
adm e ’

usage , l u i p ro cu rer to us le s secours do nt il po urrait
avo i r beso i n , o ffran t le réciproque en pareill e c i rc-on
stance , en l ’oblige a n t de se faire a ffi lie r a ussito t so n
ar rivée en France a une reg u l iere reco nnue du
de F ‘rance . En foy de quoi lui avons dél ivré
le p résen t ce r t ifica t signé de no us, co ntresigné de no tre
secrétai re sce l l é des sceaux de no t re afin
qu ’ i l n e pu isse et re d ’
a ucun usage a d ’
aut re qu ’au d it
Pau l Carce nac,, no us lu i avons fait appo ser sa signa
ture en ma rge Ne varietur. Dél i vré en regu l iere
men t assem blée le 2 9 1!19 J o ur du Mois de l
’an de
n e
Sce l lé t imbré pa r nous L . M a tké. B r a n d s.
garde de s sceaux e t t imbre
A uber t .
(I n le ft margin : Ne Varietu r, C a r ce na c
52
[TRANSLATION ]
TO T H E G LO RY O F T H E GRE AT
ARCH ITECT OF THE UN IVERSE .
The very wo rshipfu l Lodge o f St . John , under th e
distinct ive name o f Un ited Friends, a t th e Orien t of
Ashbu rto n , Eng land , to al l regu lar Maso ns spread
o ver th e surface o f th e earth .
GRE ETING . FORTITU D E . UN ITY .
We Master , O fficers and members o f th e very
wo rsh ipfu l Lodge o f St . John , under th e d ist i n ct ive
t i t le o f th e Lodge o f Un ited Friends, a t th e Orient
of Ashburto n , England , cert i fy and at test to al l
regu lar Lodges and to al l regular Maso ns spread
o ver th e su rface o f th e earth , that ou r very dear
Bro ther Pau l Carcenac , assistan t commissary, i s a
member o f ou r wo rsh ipfu l Lo dge, that he h a s received
th e two fi rst degrees of Maso nry, Appren t ice and
Fel lowcraft , and h a s wo rked amo ngst us to the enti re
sat isfact io n o f al l th e Master—Maso ns. We therefo re
pray al l Breth ren and al l Wo rshipfu l Lo dges i n the
Un i verse to receive and admit him a s such after
the usual proo f, and obtai n fo r him such assistance
a s h e needs, o ffering to recip ro cate in sim i lar c i rcum
stances, and ob tain ing a promise from him that he
wi l l affi l iate himsel f a s soo n a s po ssib le after h is
retu rn to France , to a regu lar Lo dge , du ly recognised
by th e Grand Orient of France . I n witness whereo f ,
we have del ivered to him the presen t cert ificate , signed by us, co u n tersigned by o u r Secretary
, and

sealed with the Seal o f our wo rship fu l L o dge— and
in o rder that it may n o t be used by any other
gli s fifi n z b e z f a z éii o u cfj .
gfir a is Clll rn is be I ’
Qr ér e .
(g r u e E r ien bs o f we Queer . )
18 10 : 18 11.
A NUM BE R of French priso ners of war resided in
this Leicestershi re town from the year 1804 unt i l the
peace o f 1814. The fi rst detachment , consist ing of
fo rty - two officers , arrived o n September 26th ,
1804,
others so o n fo l lowed , unti l they reached a to tal of
two hundred . Most o f them were officers o f th e
Army o r Navy , but there were also amongst them
abou t th irty civi l ian s , probably “ merchants sei zed by
the au th o ri t ies , i n retal iatio n for simi lar sei zu res in
France by Napoleon . The o ffi cers were a l lowed ten
shi l l i ngs and S ix pence , and th e civi l ians seven shi l l ings
and S ix pence a week fo r their main tenance, which was
paid to them by a Mr. Farnel l on behal f o f the B ri t ish
Go vernment They were, a s usual i n such cases ,
“ on paro le, and were al lowed to wa lk a m i le in any
d irect io n outside the town , thei r favourite walk being
what is now cal led “ the Moun t Walk .
” During the
ten years these prisoners were i n Ashby , some of them
escaped , others were exchanged for Engl i sh officers
impriso ned in France, but the p laces of those who
55
left were a lways soon fi l led , and the fu l l n umber of
two hundred kept up . They lodged in private houses
i n the town , and accord ing to the registers o f Ashby
Parish Church , ten wedd ings took p lace between
French officers and residents in Ashby from 1806 to
June I st , 1814. Some of th e prisoners d ied , a nd were
buried i n the Parish Church - yard , e.g .
, Et ienne Lenon
on November 2 nd , 1806, Francois Rabin on Apri l
15th, 180 7, and Xavier M a nde lie r on October 19th ,
180 8. At least two due ls with fata l resu lts are a lso
recorded as hav ing been fought amongst them , the
vict ims be ing Capt . Colvin and Mons . D e n egres, the
latter being ki l led on December 6th ,
Two Lo dges , to one o f which a Rose C ro ix Chap
ter was at tached , were opened and wo rked during the
res idence o f the prisoners at Ashby , but whether they
were work ing contemporaneo usly , i t i s impossib le now
to ascertain .
The earl ier of these two Lodges, “Vrais Amis de
l ’
O rdre , ”
(True Friends of th e Order) wa s wo rk ing in
the year 1810 , but when it was started
, and when
d iscon t inued , i s not now known . There is a trad ition
i n Ashby, that the French o fficers celebrated its con
st itut ion by a Bal l , to which a number o f th e in
habitan ts were i nvi ted , the ho sts present ing to each
of thei r fa ir guests, two pai rs of white k id gloves , one pai r lo ng and the other short .
Two Cert ificates, i ssued by the members of this
Lodge , are st i l l i n ex i stence
, o n e for the Craft degrees
,
the other fo r the degree o f Kn ight o f the East
M a ny of th ese de ta i ls are taken from an Artic le by R e v . C an o n D cn ton , in Andrews’ “ Bygo n e L e icestersh ire
56
(Cheval ier d ’
O r ie n t ) con ferred i n a Ro se Croix Chap
ter at tached to the same Lodge. These do cuments
are in ex cel len t preservation , bo th having oval Seals *
i n t in bo x es st i l l attached to them . They are ent ir e ly
i n manuscript , and a s usual with French Lodge Cer
t ifica te s , are signed by th e Officers and members o f
the Lo dge . One pecu l iarity abo ut these two Cert i
fica te s , is the fact
, that th ey declare the Lodge to
be under th e pro tect ion o f Lo rd Mo i ra, the Acting
Grand Master o f the Grand Lo dge of E n gla ndj ‘
who se seat of Do n ington Park wa s i n th e immediate
neighbo urho od o f Ashby. I t may fai rly be assumed ,
that th e pro tect io n o f Lo rd Mo i ra wo u ld o n ly be
granted , o n th e understand ing that no ne but French
men shou ld be admit ted members o f the Lodge , and
a s far a s is known , n o Engl ishman wa s ever received
into its ranks.
A 3 .
sous les Auspices du G 3 . de
France .
E t so us la pro tect io n im m ed ia t e de sa seigneurie
le e t F. Lo rd Mo i ra , agissan t
comme Mait re de toutes le s R égu liere s du
Royaume de la Grande Bretagne .
No us Venn. e t Membres de la
R égu lierem en t Const ituée pa r le s francais prisonn iers
Vz '
d e Fro n t ispiece .
1 N o t “ o f Grea t Br ita in , as sta ted in th e docum e n ts.
1 Vz '
P L AT E V I I I .
AS H BY- D E- LA- ZOUC H . — J e a n
’ s Lodge C e r t ifi cate .
(Vz ’
. D '
Ashby de la Zouch
C om te de Leicester en Angle te r re sous le
des Vrais Amis de L ’
O rd r e . A Tous les M ago n s
Répandus su r la Globe .
UN ION . P R OSPER ITE. SALUT .
APRES avo i r ép rouvé qu ’ i l en était d igne No us
avo ns adm is aux Grades Mags. Comps. e t
Mait re le F . . Louis J ean nat i f de Rouen ,
Département de la Seine I n férieure, age de Trente
neuf an s, so us Lieutenant 31 la 1 l ‘331.l e demi Brigade
“ d ’
in fa n te r ie legere , e t a fin de le mettre a meme de
fai re de p lus grands prog rés dans les Vertus en lu i
fac i l i tan t l ’
en t rée des ou el les se prat iquen t
no us l ’avo ns mun i de cette p lanche signée de nous
e t co nt resignée pa r lu i Ne Varietur pa r laquel le nous
prio n s tous le s F F . . MM . 21 qu i il la présentera de
seco uri r ce F . dans le besoin e t de lu i fai re l ’a ccue il
fraterne l que no us rese r vo n s a ceux qui no us vien
d ro u t de leu r part , lu i enjo ignan t de la fai re e n
“ registrer en s ’
a ffi lia n t a une Regu l iere de L ’
o .

il choisi ra so n dom ici le , ce a quo i i l s’est engagé
sur sa parole Macs.
Dél ivré a d ’
Ashby de la Zouch en la Sea n ce

Le Vénérable. D e M a r com zay :
du de Jean du Désert , de
Valen cien nes .

B ouvam ’
; de la Loge de s Vrais “ amis de l ’o rd re .
“ L ? P z
Suf m ;
S apam ’
j ul z '
a r a ' e ;
Cog n et ; C ‘l ’ du 2 7 9 ; P sse du
G 2?de France . M em bs. fonds.
de la de la Régulari té de Lyon .
Memo “

R on et ; M .
R ayer s ;
Pour le B u r det . Ch ? P“ ; M . de la de Taren te du rg
f d ’
f‘ .
a de la de l ’Un io n du rg fi Polonais ;
M . de du de Naples ; Vén".le de la de la Bonne Un ion de

Ash
by de la Zouch , en Angle te r re . D e M a r con nay .
(I n left margin : “ Scel lé e t t imbré par nous garde
“ des sceau e t t imbre e t An toin e.
(I n left margin : “ Ne Varietu r. A f ea n .
(I n right margin ; “ E n rég
i sous le N?
14 par nous “ Secret “
give him th at fraternal welcome which we accord
to al l those who come to us from them , enjo in ing
him to have it registered on a ffi lia t ing himse l f to a
regu lar Lodge in the Dist rict where he may cho ose
h is domici le, and to which he has bou nd himself by
h is Mason ic wo rd .
“ Given a t the Orient O f Ashby- de - la - Zouch , at the
Meeting held o n the l gth day of the 9th mo nth of
the Mason ic year 5810 .
The Rose Croix Certificate is i n favour of the same
Bro ther , and is as fo l lows
Au Nom e t sous le s Auspices du de
France . E t sous la p ro tect ion imméd iate de sa
Seigneurie le e t Lo rd
Mo i ra agissant comme Maitre de toutes les
régu lieres du Royaume de la Grande Bretagne.
“ A Tous les Macons R e ’
gulie rs Répandus su r le
Globe .
. SALUT .
pouvoirs attachés aux subl imes grades que nous pos
sédo ns, e t assistés des e t FF .

a ctivité, le s ta len s e t les
vertus Macon “
. dép loyés pa r le Lou is Jean
nati f de Rouen , département de la Seine I n férieu re
Vz '
P L AT E I X .
ASHBY- D E - LA- ZOUC H . — J e a n
’ s C h a pte r C e r t ifi c a te .
(Vz ’
61
age de Trente neuf a n s , sous Lieutenan t a l a H
em e
d em i Brigade d ’
in fa n te r ie legere , dans le s t ravaux de
la R . de s Vrais Amis de l’O rd re , régu lierem en t
const ituée pa r les Macons fran cais prisonn iers de
guerre a PO “
. d ’
Ashby de la Zo uch en Ang le te r re , e t
dans les vues de co ntribuer de tout no t re po uvo i r a
do r mer chaque jo ur un no uveau lust re a l’o rd re auguste
no us avo ns l a faveur d ’

im po ssibilité de commun iquer, so i t avec le Grand
so it avec aucun autre Chap i tre Régu l ier de
France , co n féré au sus d it Jean le grade de
l ’
in v ita n t pa r t icu lierem e n t a se faire regulariser en cette qual ité aussito t que possible, apres sa rentrée

Prio ns en co n seque n ce cel u i de s Chaps. O iI il sera
dans le c a s de se présenter po ur fai re légal iser le grade “ at l u i pa r nous co n féré, de vo u lo i r bien approuver e t

accue il favo rable e t d ist i ngué que nous réservons a
tous les vrais qu i , comme lu i , posséde n t le s p lus
rares qual ités e t le s p lus ém inentes vertus. En fo i de
quo i nous lu i avons dél ivré le p résen t auquel nous
avo ns po ur plus d ’
au th e n t ic ité fait appo ser les sceau e t
t imbre de la de s Vrais Amis de l ’O rd re , e t
pou r éviter tou te surprise , avo ns a u d it F . . Jean fait ,
en notre présence apposer sa signature en marge Ne
Varietu r , supp l io n s le de l ’avoir
toujours en sa sainte garde .
Fait a d ’
Ashby de la Zo uch en An gle te r re le
z 3 em e Jo ur du 1 2 Mo is de l ’an de la V “
. 58 10 (Style
D e M a r eon n ay ; M . du
“ de Jean du Désert, de Valencienn es ;
62
Vemb l e de la des Vrais Amis de l ’
O rd r e ,
d ’
Ashby - de - l a - Zouch en Angle te r r e.
“ L ? P ita aée
S ig '
fier t ,
Amis de l’o rd re .
f on r n z ’
er ;
Cog n et ; du P S=e M ‘E; du
G a? de France. Memo “
. fo nd “
. de la


B ier ; d ’
o “
Adr ien 1 9 ? Su rv . de la D de s vrais
“ am is de l’O rd re , d

An gle te r re .
P z '
o r
Po ur le N . B a r ds! C h r P D “
M r . de la de Tarente du 1 9 ?
rg t . d
de la d-e l ’
de p lus “

n b le de la de la Bo nne Un io n de
N o rthampto n en Angle te r r e ; M de la

Ashby
de la Zouch “en Angle te r re . D e .ll a r rom m i ' .
V “
(I n left margin : Scel lé e t t imbr é pa r no us garde
des Sceau t imbre e t Arch “
. A fr/ “ a im :
(I n left margin : Ne Varietu r. L . j a m .
63
[TRANSLATION ]
TO T H E G LO RY O F T H E GREAT
“ ARCH ITECT OF THE UN IVERSE .
I n the name and under the auspices Of the Grand
Orien t of France .
And under the immed iate protect ion of his Lord
ship, the very powerful , very i l l ustrious and very
worship fu l B rother Lo rd Moira, Acting Grand Master
of al l the regular Lodges of the Kingdom Of Great
Bri tain .
“ To al l Regu lar Maso n s spread over the Globe .
UN ITY. PROSP E RITY. GREETING .
WE th e unders igned So vereign Princes Rose Croix ,
by vi rtue Of the powers belonging to the subl ime
degrees which we possess , and ass isted by the very
clear and very worshipfu l Bro thers undersigned equal ly
exalted to the h igh degrees, wishing to reward the
zeal , activi ty
, talents and Maso n ic vi rtues d isp layed by
the very dear Brother Lo u is Jean , nat ive o f Ro uen ,
Department of the Seine I n ferieure, age thi rty - n ine
years , Sub - Lieutenant in the l 1 th ha lf~b r igade of
Light I nfantry , in the wo rk of the Lodge o f ‘True
Friends of the Order, ’ regu larly con sti tuted by Fren ch
Masons , p risoners of war, at the Orient of Ashby- de
la - Zouch , England
,
to the utmost of our power, to shed each day new
lustre upo n the august Order to which we have the
privi lege to belong , h ave , i n con sequence o f the
impo ssibi l i ty of commun icat ing ei ther with the Grand
Orien t , or with any regu lar Chapter of France, con
ferred upo n the said Bro ther Jean the rank of
64
Ch eval ier d ’
o r ie n t , request ing h im part i cu larly to
have himse l f p roperly reg istered in th is degree a s
soo n a s possible after h is retu rn to France , to which
he h as bo und him sel f by h is Maso n ic o ath .
therefo re p ray those So vereign Chapters where he
may presen t him sel f , to have th e rank which we
have co n ferred upo n him legal ised , to approve and
co nfi rm this promo t io n , and to acco rd to th e said
Bro ther a favo rab l e and ho no rab l e recept io n , such as
w e acco rd to al l t rue Breth ren , wh o , l i ke him
, po ssess
th e rarest qual i t ies and m ost em i nen t vi rtues. I n
to ken O f wh ich we h ave del ivered these presen ts, to
which fo r greater secu rity we have added th e Seal and
S tamp o f th e Lo dge ‘True Friends o f th e
Order ,
’ and to prevent its misuse , we h ave requ ired th e
said B ro ther J ean to p lace h is signatu re Varietu r ’
in o u r presence in th e margin , supp l i cat ing th e Great
Architect O f th e Un iverse to have h im a lwa v s i n H is
ho ly keep i ng .
,
th e 2 3rd dav O f the 1 2 th mo n th o f the vear O f th e
True Ligh t 5810 . (Commo n stv le , February 2 3rd ,
181 1 )
Severa l o f th e Brethren who se signatures appear o n
these Cert ificates , were M asons O f high rank , notably
Bro . B urde t , an Ho no rary M ember , Cognet who signs
as Past Master, and De M a rcon n ay th e
Master ; it i s n o t surprisi ng, therefo re , that they sho u ld
seek to begui le th e weary ho urs Of thei r capt ivity, by
asso ciat ing together and wo rk ing tho se ceremo n ies in
which they had been in terested in happ ie r t imes.
I t is probable that the Lodge had n o t been long
establ ished , when B ro . Jean wa s adm itted , i nasmuch a s
on the sale o f wh i ch , i n Lo ndo n , he had to make a
heavy sacrifi ce . They resided at Ashby for some
years , Louis Jean being great ly esteemed , and there a
daughter wa s born . Later on , they returned to Ro uen ,
where , after twen ty—two years, Lo u is Jean d ied , leaving
h is w idow and daughter in great ly reduced circum
stances , ow ing to h is mo ther
, du ring h is absence i n
England , bel ieving him to be dead , having left th e
who le o f th e fami ly property to her daugh ter, wh o
dying yo ung , bequeathed it to her a ffia n ced lo ver.

death , had married a yo ung man named H an
Engl ishman by bi rth , bu t brought up i n France , who
so o n died , leavi ng h is widow wi th th ree vo ung ch i ld ren .
The two widows and th e chi ld ren left France , and
to o k up thei r abode in England , where M rs. H
d id h e r best to pro v ide for thei r wan ts by teaching
French and by fine need lewo rk . M rs. Jean d ied in
1867, h av ing been ch i ld ish and help less fo r seven
,
that sh e never so ugh t fo r assistance i n h e r sad con
d i t ion , bu t st ruggled o n
, to i l i ng day by day
, to maintain
h e r fami ly . M rs . H wh o is O ver eigh ty v e a rs o f
age , is n ow an inmate o f a Hosp i tal in a M id land town ,
wh ere it is to be h oped sh e w i l l h ave a peaceful end ing
to a t roubled l i fe .
*
P a r t ly take n from a n Ar tic le by th e la te B ro . W . K e l ly , in the
Freem a son , 1886, p . 62 7.
.ZRs fiBwOe i ou clj .
3 k Ca gu s t t ce et be f ’
gltn ion .
(gu s tice a in o gl n i tn . )
18 14 .
LATE i n th e year 181 3, o r early in 1814, severa l French
Officers arrived i n Ash by , who had been taken pr isoners
at Pampe luna i n the no rth Of Spain , which fo rtress , after a siege o f three mo n ths
, had surrendered to
Wel l ingto n ’
s t ro ops i n October, 181 3 . They brought
much money with them , part o f the vast t reasu re
carried away in their retreat to Pampeluna , after the
d isastro us defeat at Vi t to ria i n th e previou s J une.
Th is m o ney wa s co ncealed i n th e so les o f the i r boots
and in th e co l lars and cuffs O f thei r coats , and wa s
n o doubt very usefu l i n eke ing o u t the week ly al low
an ce m ade to the m by the Bri t ish Go vernmen t . One
o f them also brough t a dog wi th him , which was said
*
The o n ly evidence o f th e ex istence O f th e Lodge
De la Just ice et de l ’
Un ion ,
is co nt ained i n an
endo rsemen t o n th e ba ck o f a French Certificate ,
issued in 181 2 to one of the abo ve - mentioned Pam
pe lun a p risoners, by the m embe rs O f a Fr ench Mi l i tary
Pa r tly taken from Andrews’ “ Bygo n e L e ic estersh ire . p . 2 33 .
68
L odge held in the town o f Vit to ria .
* This Cert ificate
is a parchment do cument , who l ly i n French , 17% in ches
by 14% i nches, a n d is prin ted from an engraved plate , the design be ing Of an o rd inary French type . The
text o f the Cert ificate is a s fo l lows
A LA GLO IRE D U DE
A Tous le s Maco ns régu l iers répandus su r la
surface de la Terre .
SALUT . FORCE . UN ION .
No us Ve '
nerable e t Offic ie rs de la D de s Am is
Réun is de S t . Jo seph , a l ’
O r ie n t de Vi to ria (Espagne) , régu lier em en t const ituée en 58 1 1 , ce r t ifio n s e t at tes
to ns que le F “ G r iz/a n t (A n toin e) est Membre
de no t re qu ’ i l po ssede les tr ois grades maco n
n iques , e t qu ’ i l a t ravai l lé parm i no us avec zel e e t
assidu ité : c ’est pourquo i nous p rio ns tous ceu x qu i
so n t a p rier de le re co n n a it re co m m e bo n e t l ég it im e
,
de lu i preter aide e t assistance en ca s de beso i n ,
comme nous no us y som mes ob liges no us - m emes ; e t
po u r que le p rese n t C e r t ifica t n e pu isse servi r qu ’ au d it
F r . G r iv a n z ‘
(A n l oin e) , nous l u i avo ns fai t appo ser sa
signature en marge n e varietu r. Dél ivré en loge , “ régu lierem en t assemblée, d
’un l ieu t res—éc lairé , on
regn e n t la paix , l ’un io n e t la charité
, le 9
" j o ur du “ 6g” mo is de l ’an de la 581 2 ,
répondan t a u
9 Aon t 1 81 2 .
L es Am is Réun is de . Sa in t -Joseph , estab l ish ed in Vi tto r ia in 1 81 1 .
(Vide R ebo ld ’
s H isto ire des Tro is G rand es Loges, ”
p . Th e
C e r tifica te be lo ngs to the L e icester Fr eem ason s ’ Ha l l C o l lec tion .
69
Col . D '
Or a ’ a n . L . H er m a n . M en on .
S . . R . . 2 6 T l et
S cel lé e t Timbré par no us Par mand i de la L
Gardes des Sceaux e t Timbre B efg e r on .
de la Secrétai re .
(Signed in dex ter m argin : Ne Varietu r. G r iva u t .
The Seal— u n fo rtunately damaged— is Of red wax ,
and is con tained i n a c ircu lar t in box two inches in
d iameter , attach ed to the do cument by l ight blue
nbbo n .
[TRANSLATION ]
T O T H E G LO RY O F TH E G REAT “ ARCH ITECT OF THE UN IVERSE .
TO al l regu lar Maso ns thro ugho ut th e Wo rld .
GRE ETING . FORTITUD E . UN ITY .
We Master and O ffi cers o f th e Wo rshipfu l Lodge
U n ited Friends o f St . J o seph , ’ regu larly co nst i tu ted
a t Vit to ria (Spai n ) in 581 1 , cert i fy a nd declare th at our
very dear Bro ther Anto ine G r iva ut is a member o f o u r
Worship fu l Lodge , that he ha s taken th e fi rst th ree
degrees o f Maso n ry , and ha s wo rked amongst us wi th
zea l and assidu i ty : we therefore pray al l those whom
it may co ncern , to receive him a s a true and regu lar
Maso n , to admi t him a s such to the i r cerem o n ies
, and
to aid and assist him in case of need , a s we o n o ur
part engag e to do ; and in order that the presen t
70
Certificate may alo ne be of service to the said Brother
Antoine G r iv aut , we h ave caused him to sign hi s
name in th e margin— n e varietur. Del ivered in
Lodge , regu larly assembled
where peace , un ity and charity reign
, the 9th day Of
the 6th month of th e year o f th e True Light 581 2 , corresponding to August 9th ,
181 2 .
Within ten month s o f th e grant i ng of this C e rt ifi
cate , the French t ro ops were d isast rous ly beaten by
the Brit ish under a t th e batt le of Vi t toria
(J une 2 15t , The town was stormed w ith great
slaughter , whi le many p riso ners and much material of
war fel l in to the hands o f th e victors . Some of those
who escaped too k refuge in th e fo rtresses Of Pampeluna
and San Sebast ian , bo th O f which were subsequen t lv
captured by the Brit ish t ro ops.
*
Among those who escaped to Pampeluna and after
wards surrendered , wa s this Bro ther Antoine G r ivau t ,
who was sen t , probably with m a n v others , as prisoner
of wa r to England , and in Apri l , 1814. was res id ing
on parole in Ashby - de - la—Zo uch . This i n format ion
is Obtained from an endo rsemen t o n the back of the
Cert ificate j ust described , and is a s fo l lows
Am o ngst the spo i ls ta ken a fter o n e o f the ba t t les of th is cam pa ign , was th e M ason ic D iplom a o f M a rsh a l So u l t. Th is docum en t was presen ted in the yea r 152 3 to
“ S t . N a th a lan

s " L odge , Tu l l ich
ia - M a r , Abe rdeensh ire . ve ry possibly by som e H igh la nd ve tera n
re turned from th e wa rs . I t r em a in ed in th e possession o f the Lodge un ti l th e year 1850 , wh e n by th e m ed ia tion o f the Grand L odge o f Sco t land . it was re tur n ed to th e M arsha l through th e h an ds o f the M arquis o f N orm a n by , Brit ish Am bassador a t Paris.
The M arsha l's le tter o f a ckn owledgm en t , when rece ived , was

s " Lodge , and the
preserva tion of tha t docum e n t shou ld prove a fa r m or e va luab le m em oria l of a d ist ingu ish ed B r o ther , tha n th e unwarran ted posses sion of A plundered pa r chm en t . M a r sh a l Sou l t d ied a few days after th e D iplom a was re tur ned to h im . (
" Freem asons ’
'

P L AT E X .
AS H BY- D E—LA- ZOUC H .
E n d o r s e m e n t o n G r ivaUt ’
s C e r t ifi ca te .
Seen by us , Officers o f the ‘En l ightened Men ,
’ at
th e Orient of St . Servan , th e 3o th day Of th e 8th
mo nth O f the year O f the True Light 58 16.
From this second endo rsement it wi l l be seen that
B ro . G r ivau t arrived safely in h is native land and
visi ted a Lodge at St . Servan , near S t . Malo , i n th e
year 1816, after which no thing fu rther is known O f
h is Mason ic career .
Befo re leaving Ashby - de - la - Zouch fo r thei r belo ved
France , th e French Masons wh o had been located
there , d isposed o f thei r Lodge furn iture to some Eng
l ish Bre thren , wh o co n temp lated establ ishing a Lo dge
a t Repto n i n Derbyshi re. Bro . G . M uglisto n — a n
Ashby m a n — o n e of the pet it io ners fo r th e Repto n
Lodge , and subsequen t ly its fi rst Wo rsh ip fu l Master, i n fo rward ing th e pet it io n to the Grand Lo dge on
Ju ly 1 3th , 1815, wro te a s fo l lows : “We have also
Furn iture fo r th e Lodge n ow ready a t Ashby - de
la - Zouch , the same which the F rench priso ners had
when
Th e Warran t fo r the Rep to n Lodge— the Royal
Sussex ,

N O . 690 (n ow N o . 353)— wa s n o t gran ted
u nt i l September, 1817, from which date un t i l the year
1869 , the Lodge contin ued to meet regu larly i n that
town . I n the lat ter year i t wa s remo ved from Repto n
to Winshi l l , a suburb Of Burton - o n - Tren t , where it
sti l l meets.
M in u tes o f “ Roya l Sussex ” Lodge , Septem ber 2 4th , 1817.
73
The furn i tu re O f th e O ld Priso ners ’ L