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Jan 03, 2016
Renaissance1300 1600RenaissanceRenaissance means rebirth or revival. Strong influence of the ancient Greek and Roman styles.
RenaissanceVocal music was more important than instrumental music.
Sacred music was more important than secular music. Music continued to develop in a polyphonic style. Two vocal parts were more likely to sing independently of each other. Two melodies completely independent of each other is called counterpoint.
Composers began to write for three or more voice parts. Each voice sang its own melody. No voice was more or less important than the others.
Vocal FormsThe golden age of the a cappella styleA cappella vocal music without instrumental accompanimentSmoothly gliding melodiesPolyphony multiple voicesContinuous imitationMotives are exchanged between vocal lines imitating each other6RenaissanceThe sequence of events in a Catholic church service is called the Mass. Composers began to focus on the Mass as a main form for vocal music.They also wrote motets, an unaccompanied vocal work based on a sacred Latin text.
Gregorian ChantOrganized and approved melodies for use at Mass and other liturgical celebrationsMonophonicDriven by the textNo implied meterConjunct motion
RenaissanceInstruments of the Renaissance were essentially the same as the Medieval era.Some instruments were introduced in the mass. Usually, instruments would double the voice, meaning they would play the same thing the voice part was singing.
RenaissanceThe written notation of neumes developed into todays musical staff, clefs, and notes. This system allowed composers to write music that was more complicated.
RenaissanceGreat cathedrals were built in Europe, and organs were built in them. The organ became the primary keyboard instrument.
RenaissanceAnother primary keyboard instrument was the harpsichord. This instrument is like a piano, but has strings that are plucked , and it does not have the dynamic range of a piano.
Viol de braccia16Viola de gamba
17European royalty hired musicians to entertain at special events. Traveling musicians continued to perform secular music for average citizens.
Rise of the Merchant ClassNew group of music patronsEmergence of the amateur musicianPrinted music books become availableMusical literacy spread dramatically
Both professionals and amateurs took part in music making.
Music was considered part of a proper upbringing for a young girl.20Professionals entertained noble guests at court and civic festivitiesWith the rise of merchant class, music making at home became increasingly popular.Most prosperous homes had a lute of keyboard instrumentRenaissanceThe primary secular music from the Renaissance was the madrigal. This was a type of secular vocal music set to a poem. Sacred music, however, was still the dominant type of music during this era.
Josquin des PrezFAMOUS COMPOSERSPalestrina
Thomas MorleyFAMOUS COMPOSERSJohn Dowland