Top Banner

Click here to load reader

1300 – 1600. Renaissance Renaissance means rebirth or revival. Strong influence of the ancient Greek and Roman styles

Jan 03, 2016

ReportDownload

Documents

Renaissance

Renaissance1300 1600RenaissanceRenaissance means rebirth or revival. Strong influence of the ancient Greek and Roman styles.

RenaissanceVocal music was more important than instrumental music.

Sacred music was more important than secular music. Music continued to develop in a polyphonic style. Two vocal parts were more likely to sing independently of each other. Two melodies completely independent of each other is called counterpoint.

Composers began to write for three or more voice parts. Each voice sang its own melody. No voice was more or less important than the others.

Vocal FormsThe golden age of the a cappella styleA cappella vocal music without instrumental accompanimentSmoothly gliding melodiesPolyphony multiple voicesContinuous imitationMotives are exchanged between vocal lines imitating each other6RenaissanceThe sequence of events in a Catholic church service is called the Mass. Composers began to focus on the Mass as a main form for vocal music.They also wrote motets, an unaccompanied vocal work based on a sacred Latin text.

Gregorian ChantOrganized and approved melodies for use at Mass and other liturgical celebrationsMonophonicDriven by the textNo implied meterConjunct motion

8

RenaissanceInstruments of the Renaissance were essentially the same as the Medieval era.Some instruments were introduced in the mass. Usually, instruments would double the voice, meaning they would play the same thing the voice part was singing.

RenaissanceThe written notation of neumes developed into todays musical staff, clefs, and notes. This system allowed composers to write music that was more complicated.

RenaissanceGreat cathedrals were built in Europe, and organs were built in them. The organ became the primary keyboard instrument.

RenaissanceAnother primary keyboard instrument was the harpsichord. This instrument is like a piano, but has strings that are plucked , and it does not have the dynamic range of a piano.

Virginal13Clavichord

14

15Strings

Lute

Viol de braccia16Viola de gamba

17European royalty hired musicians to entertain at special events. Traveling musicians continued to perform secular music for average citizens.

Rise of the Merchant ClassNew group of music patronsEmergence of the amateur musicianPrinted music books become availableMusical literacy spread dramatically

19

Both professionals and amateurs took part in music making.

Music was considered part of a proper upbringing for a young girl.20Professionals entertained noble guests at court and civic festivitiesWith the rise of merchant class, music making at home became increasingly popular.Most prosperous homes had a lute of keyboard instrumentRenaissanceThe primary secular music from the Renaissance was the madrigal. This was a type of secular vocal music set to a poem. Sacred music, however, was still the dominant type of music during this era.

Josquin des PrezFAMOUS COMPOSERSPalestrina

Thomas MorleyFAMOUS COMPOSERSJohn Dowland

Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.