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1 Showing Direct Contrast: While Mary is rich, while John is poor. John is poor, while Mary is rich. While John is poor, Mary is rich. While Mary is rich,

Jan 13, 2016

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  • Showing Direct Contrast: While

    Mary is rich, while John is poor. John is poor, while Mary is rich. While John is poor, Mary is rich. While Mary is rich, John is poor.While is used to show direct contrast: this is exactly the opposite as that.

    All four sentences have the same meaning.

    * When using while for direct contrast, a comma is often used even if the while clause comes second.Compare:The phone rang while I was studying.Reminder:While is also used in time clauses and means during that time.

  • Practice 1 - Direct Contrast: WhileCombine each pair of sentences with the words in parentheses. Some people are tall while others are ____.a. intelligentb. thinc. shortd. large2. A box is square, while ____.a. a rectangle has four sidesb. my village has a town square in the centerc. we use envelopes for lettersd. a circle is round

  • Practice 1 - Direct Contrast: WhileCombine each pair of sentences with the words in parentheses.3. While some parts of the world get an abundance of rain, others ____.a. are warm and humidb. are cold and wetc. get little or noned. get a lot4. In some nations the favorite beverage is coffee, while ____,a. I like teab. it has caffeinec. in others it is tead. they drink tea

  • Practice 1 - Direct Contrast: WhileCombine each pair of sentences with the words in parentheses.5. Some people like cream and sugar in their coffee, while ____.a. others like it blackb. others drink hot coffeec. milk is good in coffee tood. sugar can cause cavities6. Steve is an interesting storyteller and conversationalist, while his brother ____.a. is a newspaper reporterb. bores others by talking about himself all the timec. has four childrend. knows a lot of stories too

  • Practice 2: WhileWork with a partner to complete each sentence. Share your completions with the class. Some people have curly hair, while... Some people prefer to live in the country, while... While some people know only their native language... The climate at sea level at the equator is always hot, while the climate at the North and South poles... Some people..., while... Some countries..., while....

  • Expressing Conditions in Adverb Clauses: If-Clausesifwhether or noteven ifin caseunlessonly if

    If it rains tomorrow, I will take my umbrella.If-clauses present possible conditions. The main clause expresses results.

    A present tense, not a future tense, is used in an if-clause even though the verb in the if-clause may refer to a future event or situation.Words that introduce adverb clauses of condition (if-clauses)

  • Practice 3: IfMake sentences with if using the given conditions. It may be cold tomorrow. The teacher may not be in class tomorrow. you will stay up until two in the morning. Maybe the sun will be shining when you get up tomorrow morning. Predictions about global warming may be correct. Think of something that may happen this year in world politics.

  • Practice: Whether or Not and Even IfSay whether the following sentences are true for Joseph.

    SITUATION: If Joseph gets married, he will be happy. If he doesnt get married, he will be happy. Joseph will be happy if he doesnt get married. If he gets married, Joseph wont be happy. Even if Joseph gets married, he wont be happy. Even if Joseph doesnt get married, he will be happy. Joseph will be happy whether or not he gets married. Whether or not Joseph gets married, he will be happy.

  • Expressing Conditions in Adverb Clauses: Whether or Not and Even If

    Whether or notIm going to go swimming tomorrow whether or not it is cold. OR whether or it is cold or not.Whether or not expresses the idea that neither this condition nor the that condition matters; the result will be the same.If it is cold, Im going swimming. If it is not cold, Im going swimming. It doesnt matter.Even ifI have decided to go swimmingtomorrow. Even if the weather is cold,Im going to go swimming. Sentences with even if are close in meaning to the sentences with whether or not.Even if gives the idea that a particular condition does not matter.

  • Practice: Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete the sentences.

    SITUATION: Cindys uncle tells a lot of jokes. Sometimes theyre funny, and sometimes theyre not. It doesnt matter. Cindy laughs at the jokes whether... or not. Cindy laughs at the jokes even if...

  • Practice: Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete the sentences.

    SITUATION: Maybe you are finished with the exam, and maybe youre not. It doesnt matter. The time is up. You have to hand in your examination paper whether... or not. You have to hand in your examination paper even if...

  • Practice: Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete the sentences.

    SITUATION: It might rain, or it might not. We dont want to go camping in the rain, but it doesnt matter. Were going to go camping whether... or not. Were going to go camping even if...

  • HOMEWORK: Expressing Conditions in Adverb Clauses: If-clausesWrite sentences with if using the given conditions. It may be cold tomorrow.Example - If its cold tomorrow, Im going to stay home. The teacher may not be in class tomorrow. you will stay up until two in the morning. Maybe the sun will be shining when you get up tomorrow morning. Predictions about global warming may be correct. Think of something that may happen this year in world politics.

  • HOMEWORK: Using Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete sentences #1-8.

    SITUATION: Usually people need to graduate from school to get a good job. Maybe Ed will graduate from school, and maybe he wont. It doesnt matter because he has a good job waiting for him in his fathers business. Ed will get a good job whether or not... Ed will get a good job even if...

  • HOMEWORK: Using Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete sentences #1-8.

    SITUATION: Maxs family doesnt have enough money to send him to college. He would like to get a scholarship, but it doesnt matter because hes saved some money to go to school and has a part-time job.3.) Max can go to school whether or not...4.) Max can go to school even if...

  • HOMEWORK: Using Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete sentences #1-8.

    SITUATION: Sometimes the weather is hot, and sometimes the weather is cold. It doesnt matter. My grandfather always wears his gray sweater.5.) My grandfather wears his gray sweater whether or not...6.) My grandfather wears his gray sweater even if...

  • HOMEWORK: Using Whether or Not and Even IfUse the given information to complete sentences #1-8.

    SITUATION: Your approval doesnt matter to me.7.) Im going to marry William whether... or not.8.) Im going to marry William even if...

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using In CaseChoose the sentence that has the same meaning as the given sentence.

    If by chance you have trouble, you can reach me at this number.1.) In case you have trouble, you can reach me at this number.

    2.) When you have trouble, you can reach me at this number.

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using In Case

    Ill be at my uncles house in case you (should) need to reach me.In case expresses the idea that something probably wont happen, but it might. In case means if by chance this should happen.

    NOTE: Using should in an adverb clause emphasizes the speakers uncertainty that something will happen.

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using In CaseCombine each pair of sentences. Begin your new sentence with IN CASE.1.) You probably wont need to get in touch with me, but maybe you will. If so, Ill give you my number. - In case you (should) need to get in touch with me, Ill give you my phone number.2.) You probably wont need to see me, but maybe you will. If so, Ill be in my office tomorrow morning around ten. - In case you (should) need to see me, Ill be in my office tomorrow morning around ten.

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using In Case and IfComplete the sentence with your own words.I have my umbrella with me just in case...Its a good idea for you to keep a written record of your credit card numbers in case...I think Id better clean up the apartment in case...Are you planning to apply for a scholarship? If so... Do you have to work this Saturday? If not...

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using UnlessChoose the logical completions. Ill be at work on time tomorrow if there (is, isnt) a lot of traffic. Ill be at work on time tomorrow unless there (is, isnt) a lot of traffic. Well have the party outside unless it is (rainy, sunny). Well have the party inside unless it is (rainy, sunny).

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using Unless

    Ill go swimming unless its cold.Ill go swimming if it isnt cold.unless = if...notBoth messages have the same meaning.

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using UnlessComplete the sentence with your own words. Im sorry, but you cant see the doctor unless...- Im sorry you cant see the doctor unless you have an appointment. I cant go to university unless... ...unless you put it in the refrigerator. Certain species of animals will soon be extinct unless... Tomorrow, Im going to... unless....

  • Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using Only If

    The picnic will be cancelled only if it rains. If its windy, well go on the picnic. If its cold, well go on the picnic. If its damp and foggy, well go on the picnic. If its unbearably hot, well go on the picnic.Only if expresses the idea that there is only one condition that will cause a particular result.Only if it rains will the picnic be cancelled.When only if begins a sentence, the subject and verb of the main clause are inverted. No commas are used.