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Om Consulting & Engineering Company

Unit Conversions & ConstantsCONVERSIONSPRESSUREPRESSURE CONVERSIONSINPUTOUTPUT1950.0019.534UNITSN/ Mt.2kg/cm2kg/mm2PSIKSIATMBARmm watermm MercuryMpa ( Nt./ mm2)1950.001950.0001950000000.0019870.500198.71282750.0282.7519246.5019500.00198845400.014626209.0000Nt / Mt.21950.000.0021950.000.0200.000.30.000.020.02198.814.6262Kg / cm21950.00191.364191364082.431950.00019.5027747.827.751888.761913.6419513778.21435349.2640Kg / mm21950.0019136.40819136408243.38195000.0001950.002774779.22774.78188876.35191364.081951377821.4143534926.3984P.S.I.1950.0013.44813448275.86137.0381.371950.01.95132.73134.481371347.6100870.4069K.S.I.1950.0013448.27613448275862.07137037.9311370.381950000.01950.00132734.48134482.761371347586.2100870406.8966ATM1950.00197.568197568389.062013.22220.1328647.428.651950.001975.6820146443.81481885.4103BAR1950.00195.000195000000.001987.05019.8728275.028.281924.651950.0019884540.01462620.9000mm.of Water1950.000.01919122.900.1950.002.80.000.190.191950.0143.4336mm.of Hg1950.000.260259978.512.6490.0337.70.042.572.6026510.51950.0000TEMPERATUREINPUTOUTPUT10012212.00InputC oF oK oR oCentigrade100100.0212.0373.080.0Fahrenheit10037.8100.0310.830.2Kelvin100-173.0-279.4100.0-138.4Reaumur100125.0257.0398.0100.0Linear MeasurementINPUTOUTPUT1.00981000.000InputInchFtYdFurlongMilemmcmmeterKm.Inch1.001.0000.080.0280.000.00002.54E+012.540.030.00003Foot1.0012.0001.000.3330.000.00023.05E+0230.480.300.00030Yard1.0036.0003.001.0000.000.00069.14E+0291.440.910.00091Furlong1.007920.000660.00220.0001.000.12502.01E+0520116.80201.170.20117Mile1.0063360.0005280.001760.0008.001.00001.61E+06160934.401609.341.60934Milimeter1.000.0390.000.0010.000.00001.00E+000.100.000.00000Centimeter1.000.3940.030.0110.000.00001.00E+011.000.010.00001Meter1.0039.3703.281.0940.000.00061.00E+03100.001.000.00100Kilometer1.0039370.0793280.841093.6134.970.62141.00E+06100000.001000.001.0VolumeINPUTOUTPUT1.009235.300InputIn 3Ft 3Yd 3BusPintsQuartsOunceCm 3Meter 3LittersMililittersGallonsCubic Inch1.001.0000.000.000020.000.00.010.5816.40.000020.016416.38698990990.00Cubic Foot1.001728.0001.000.0360.7849.824.92998.8428316.80.0283228.316828316.71856426376.23Cubic Yard1.0048000.00027.781.00021.631383.3692.2427745.66786579.10.76455786.5791786575.515673992173.02Bushel1.002219.0451.280.0461.0063.932.001282.6936363.60.0363636.363636363.47195429688.00Pints1.0034.6770.020.0010.021.00.5020.04568.30.000570.5683568.25873074470.12Quarts1.0069.3550.040.0010.032.01.0040.091136.50.001141.13651136.51736148990.25Ounces1.001.7340.000.0000.000.00.031.0028.40.000030.028428.34949254410.01cm31.000.0610.000.0000.000.00.000.041.00.000000.00100.99960638450.00Meter31.0061023.74435.301.31027.501758.6880.0735273.841000000.01.000001000.0000999995.478743162219.97Litters1.0061.0240.040.0010.031.80.8835.271000.00.001001.0000999.99547874320.22mililitters1.000.0610.000.0000.000.00.000.041.00.000000.001010.00Gallons1.00277.4190.160.0060.138.04.00160.364546.10.000004.54614546.06944595951.00Discharge ConversionsINPUTOUTPUT111.008452.423Discharge ConversionsInputCumecm3 / minm3 / HrLt. / Sec.Lt. / min.Lt./ Hr.CFSCFMCFHCumec( m3 / sec.)111.00111.0006660.00399600.000111000.006660000.04.00E+0848260350.032895621001.76173737260105.52( m3 / Min.)111.001.850111.006660.0001850.00111000.06.66E+0648260350.032.90E+09173737260105.52( m3 / Hr.)111.000.0311.85111.00030.831850.01.11E+0548260350.032.90E+091.74E+11Litters / Sec.111.000.1116.66399.600111.006660.04.00E+054.83E+072.90E+091.74E+11Litters / min.111.000.0020.116.6601.85111.06.66E+034.83E+072.90E+091.74E+11Litters / Hr.111.000.0000.000.1110.031.91.11E+024.83E+072.90E+091.74E+11Cub.Ft. / sec.( CFS)111.003.145188.7211323.3213145.37188722.01.13E+071.11E+026660.00399600.00Cub.Ft / Min ( CFM)111.000.0523.15188.72252.423145.41.89E+051.85E+00111.006660.00Cub.Ft / Hr. ( CFH )111.000.0010.053.1450.8752.43.15E+033.08E-021.85111.00Area ConversionsINPUTOUTPUT56.20230.006Areainputmm2cm2m2km2in2ft2yrd2mile2Sq.Milimeter.56.256.20.560.00005625.62E-110.08711017420.00060493180.00006721460Sq.Centimeter.56.2562056.200.005620.00000000568.7110174220.06049317650.00672146410.0000000022Sq.Meter56.256200000562000.0056.25.62E-0587110.1742203484604.931765419167.21464060210.0000216989Sq.Kilometer5.62E+0156200000000000562000000000.0056200000.00056.287110174220.3484604931765.41908667214640.602120721.6989413101Sq.inch.56.236257.992362.580.0362579923.63E-0856.20.39027777780.04336419750.000000014Sq.feet56.25221150.84852211.515.2211508485.22E-068092.856.26.24444444440.0000020159Sq.Yard56.246990357.632469903.5846.9903576324.70E-0572835.2505.8056.20.0000181431Sq.Miles5.62E+011455573318008831455573318008.83145557331.8008831.46E+022256143155201566766080.0017408512056.2Velocity Conversions1INPUTOUTPUT47.7513.2642VelocityINPUTKm./hourMeter/secMeter/ hourcm./seccm./hourinch / secfoot / secmiles / hourKm./hour47.847.750013.263888888947750.001326.38888888894775000522.200349956343.516695829729.65275Meter/sec47.8171.900047.8171900.004775171900001879.9212598425156.6601049869106.7499Meter/ hour47.80.04780.013263888947.751.326388888947750.522200350.04351669580.02965275cm./sec47.81.71900.47751719.0047.817190018.79921259841.56660104991.067499cm./hour47.80.00050.00013263890.480.013263888947.750.00522200350.0004351670.0002965275inch / sec47.84.36631.212854366.26121.28543662647.83.97916666672.71144746foot / sec47.852.395114.554252395.121455.42523951257347.832.53736952miles / hour47.876.829821.341597222276829.752134.15972222227682975840.220363079670.0183635947.8Density Conversions35INPUTOUTPUT11.000InputMass DensitySpecific Wt.Sp.GravitySp.VolumeGm./cc.Pounds / cftPounds / cub inchSluge / m3Kg / m3m3 / KgMass Density = Sluge / m3 =11.009.810.010.10193679920.010.61243345980.0003544175Specific Weight =Kg / m3 =10.101.000.0010.000.06242950660.0000361282Specific Gravity =1101.941000.001.000.0011.0062.42950660960.0361281867Specific Volume = m3 /Kg =10.101.000.0010.000.06242950660.0000361282gm. / cc.1101.941000.0010.001162.42950660960.0361281867Pounds / cft11.6316.01806668530.020.06242950660.0210.0005787037Pounds / cub.inch12821.5327679.219232130627.680.000036128227.6817281Angular Velocity3INPUTOUTPUT120190.986Angular VelocityInputRPMRADians / MinRadians / Sec.Revolutions per Sec.R.P.M.2020125.663682.09439466670.3333333333Radians / Min.203.1830995241200.33333333330.0530516587Radians / Sec.20190.98597144381200203.1830995241Revolutions per Sec.2012007539.8208125.6636820WeightGramesINPUTOUTPUTKilograme12204.620Metric TonOzPounds3.05.0WeightInputGramesKilogramesMetric TonOzPoundsGrames110.0010.0000010.0352740.00220462Kilogrames1100010.00135.2742.20462Metric Ton1100000010001352742204.62Oz128.34950.02834950.000028349510.0624998747Pounds1453.592370.453592370.000453592416.00001725941Constants151.000Faraday Constant9.64845610^4 C .mol ^-110^3 emu.mol ^-1SIGravitational Constant6.67210^-11 m^3/ s^2 / kg.10^-8 cm^3/s^2/gm.CGSAvogadro Constant6.02204510^23 mol^-110^23 mol^-1Molar Gas Constant8.31441J mol^-1 K^-110^7 erg mol^-1 K^-11.672648510^-27 kgRydberg Constant1.09737317710^7 m^-110^5 cm^-1Molar Volume of Ideal Gas at s.t.p.22.4138310^-3.m^3 mol^-110^-3 cm^3 mol^-1Bohr Radius5.291770610^-11 m10^-9 cmSpeed of Light in Vaccume299792458m/s10^2 cm/sElementary Charge1.602189210^-19 C10^-20 emuGravitational Acceleration9.80665m/s^210^2 cm/s^2Planck Constant6.62617610^-34 J. S10^-27 erg. sBoltzman Constant1.38066210^-23 J. K ^-110^-16 erg .K^-1Electron rest Mass9.10953410^-31 kg10^-28 gmNeutron rest Mass1.674954310^-27 kg10^-24 gmProton rest Mass1.672648510^-27 kg10^-24 gmAutomic Mass Unit1.660565510^-27 kg10^-24 gmPermittivity of Vaccum8.85418781810^-12 F.m^-1Permability of Vaccum12.566370614410^-7 H.m^-1Bohr Magneton9.27407810^-24 J / T10^-21 erg /GElectron Magnetic Moment9.28483210^-24 J / T10^-21 erg /GProton Magnetic Moment1.410617110^-26 J / T10^-23 erg /GStefan-Boltzmann's Constant5.6703210^-8 W/ m^2/K^410^-5 erg/s /cm^2/K^4Viscocity Conversion3INPUTDynamic ViscocityOUTPUT36.60E-020.0660000Dynamic Viscocity1.050Specific GravityViscocity1.050Inputkg.sec./ m2PoiseCentipoisem2 / sec.StrokeCentistrokeNewton .Sec./ m2Dynamic Viscocitykg. Sec. / m2 =0.0660.0666.475647.4606.17E-046.166616.630.65Poise = dyne sec. / cm2 =0.0660.000670.0666.6006.29E-060.0636.290.01Centi poise =0.0660.0000.0010.0666.29E-080.0010.060.00m2 /sec. =0.0667.06422693.00069300.0000.066660.00066000.0069.30Stroke = cm2 / sec.=0.0660.0010.0696.9306.600E-060.0666.600.01Centi Stroke =0.0660.0000.0010.0696.600E-080.0010.070.00Newton .Sec./ m20.0660.0070.66066.0006.286E-050.62962.860.07Temperature Effect on ViscocityWater0CentigradeAlcohol20Fluid10.0066PoiseAt Temp.3Kerosine40Petrol600.03368Intial Temperature =40Centigrade0.000221Intial Viscocity =0.00660Poise0204060Final Temperature =60Celceius0.01790.01010.00660.00480.01770.0120.00830.0059Final Viscocity =0.0037457435Poise0.0320.020.0090.00710.00554.40E-030.0036Reynold's NumberINPUTReynolds Number =1.1V= Velocity =0.3788Mt./sec.0.3788Viscocity =650PoiseSp.Gravity =0.956Dia =200mm.Angle Conversion21803.1421DegreeRadGradDegree180.00180.0003.14200.0Radians180.0010313.242180.0011459.2Gradians180.00162.0002.83180.0VelocityinputIntial Velocity m/sec.Final Velocity m/sec.Time Sec.Accerlation m/sec.2Distance Travelled meterIntial Velocity m/sec.5Final Velocity m/sec.7Time Sec.6Accerlation m/sec.220.3333333333Distance Travelled meter66Friction ConstantDia of Pipe =150mmHydraulic Radius= D/4= R =0.03752165fC0.01858Darcy-Weisbatch Equation = f6565.0001.100.527Chezy s Coefficient = C650.01965.000.009Manning Coefficient = N65990623.4820.0165.000

Unit Conversions & Constants

Reynold's NumberReynold's NumberVelocityReynold' Number

Properties of SectionProperties of SectionAreaCenter of GravityMoment of InertiaRadius of GyrationSection ModulusINPUTSQ.Unitx -- xy -- yM xxM yyr xr yZ xZyB =ELLIPSEH =AREA =1964.29Unit 2Perimeter = 2 PI ( 0.5 ( r12+ r22) )0.5 =157.143C.G.xx =AT CENTERCenter ofC.G.yy =AT CENTERGravityA =B =Ixx =306919.64Unit 4MOMENT OFBC C =Fr.Base2550Iyy =306919.64Unit 4INERTIAH =3rx =12.50unitRadius ofHry =12.50unitGyrationAr1Zxx =12276.79Unit 3SECTION5025Zyy =12276.79Unit 3MODULUSOuter Ht.=At CenterAt Cent.Inner Ht.=BOuter W =TRANGLEInner W =`Semi Perimeter = s = ( a + b + c ) / 2 =38.5012538.50WSide =At CenterAt Cent.A / F =1253525xA / F =HSide =0.00At CenterAt Cent.17AREA =7812.50Unit 2Area =197.77Unit 2Area =(s.(s-a).(s-b).(s-c))0.5B =FromFromC.G.xx =83.33From BaseCenter of6Small SideBig SideC.G.yy =41.67From ApexGravityC.G.xx =1.17From BaseCenter of GravityHH =Ixx =6781684.03Unit 4MOMENT OFIyy =Unit 4INERTIAb =rx =29.38unitRadius ofry =unitGyrationZxx =81380.21Unit 3SECTIONZyy =Unit 3MODULUSRECTANGLEAREA =1212.00Unit 2C.G.xx =AT CENTERCenter ofC.G.yy =AT CENTERGravity4650Ixx =293716.00Unit 4MOMENT OFIyy =436684.00Unit 4INERTIArx =15.57unitRadius ofry =18.98unitGyration28Zxx =11748.64Unit 3SECTIONZyy =17467.36Unit 3MODULUS50HEXAGOANACROSS FLATySIZE :25SIDE143.3012514.433763459525.00Area =2165.06unit2xIxx =23493.97unit4Iyy =23493.97unit4xrx =6.58unitRadius ofry =6.58unitGyrationZxx =1879.40Unit 3SECTION14.43Zyy =1627.71Unit 3MODULUSLong =18mmSp.Gravity =8Weight =0.312kg.Sp.Gravity =7.8518Long =1000mm.Angle =Q=50.0070.16Weight =0.589Kg.0.87263888892.33Area =75.00unit2CG50.352.67Ixx =154.17unit4rx =1.43unit4.20121.80Zxx =57.81Unit 3Slant Height =6.53Slant Heigth=5.32FRUSTUM OF CONEPerimeter =41.84Small Dia =00.000L I & C Section175.69w =55H =1011.1882.19Area =11.93unit23.854.233.8578.57T1=0.770.19C.G.xx =1.70unit2.500.252.500025.23C.G.YY =5.00unit9.625.000.390.5025.23Ixx =189.6Unit 4rx =3.99unitBig Dia =1078.578.460.582.19Iyy =30.0Unit 4ry =1.58unitVolume =261.905254.26Total Surface Area08.460.19Zxx =Unit 310.47Zyy =Unit 3FRUSTUM OF PYRAMIDT2=0.778.02S1 =3(0,0)9.01S2 =412.00550.09Long =1000mm10.47Weight =0.094kg.Height =68.02Sp.Gravity =7.86Sb1 =4BUILT UP SECTIONAreaCG xxCG yyIxxIyyrxry24.400.0015.004804.653.414.031.48INPUT VALUES2402.29352SECT.126.712.200.001.54192.0026.70Sb2 =520.002402.29352SECT.226.712.200.0028.46192.0026.700SECT.300.000.000.000.000.00Volume =94.980SECT.400.000.000.000.000.000SECT.500.000.000.000.000.00DeductionAREA TO BE DEDUCTED0SECT.a00.000.000.000.000.000SECT.b00.000.000.000.000.000SECT.c00.000.000.000.000.00SPHEREHemi SphereDiameter =12Diameter =12Volume =905.14Volume =452.57Area =452.57Center of GravityCGFrom BaseFrom Curve2.253.75Zone of SphereSmall Dia =0a = Small Radius0ab = Big RadiusH = HeightH =4.375Volume =1/3 p R H2 ( 3 R - H) =7606.48r = RadiusVolume =(p H ) (3a2+3b2+h2)/61718793.86Radius of Sphere =12Surface Area =(2 p r H )+ p (a2+b2)786029.99Big.Dia =1000500bELLIPSOIDALa =RadiusVolume =65.9736576`= 4/3x p x a x b x ca =1.6b =4.1c =2.4SPHERICAL SECTORH =2Volume=2 pi r2 H /3150.85unit3Area =159.76unit24.47aRadius =6SECTOR OF RINGSECTOR OF CIRCLE5910.14R =8900C.g. FromCenter =5825.42unitC.G.5825.0980.3319029339Cross Sect.Area =26289261.50unit2RIncludedR =8900Angle =38.03DegreeIncluded Angle =380.3317460317Cr =0C.G.from Center =2 R ( SIN Q / 2 ) / ( 3 Q / 2 )5800Segment of Circlec/s area=113097312Considering Cylindrical Tank is Horrizontal7704.5raduis =6000Length of Tank =8500mm.ENTER Value > 0.5 Dia.Diameter Internal Dia.=12000Volume of Tank =961327.152LittersArea =101592730.37Area =11504581.63-4600center line to water level dist.04100center line to water level dist.3852.2720568516half water level distance-46004380.64half water level distance-1.39432626732.44442951.6369556913-25097872.8111204Included Angle =280.0029465202.443022414001900-7377421.349602811504581.6296986-62708.081471623897788.94385243791024035.2338761.397788.944Volume of Fluid =Height filled < 0.5 DiaLittersVolume of Fluid =97788.944LittersEmpty Space =0.000LittersEmpty Space =863538.208LittersFILLETCenter of GravityArea ofX =11.20Single Fillet =536.51Unit2Y =11.20Z2 =54.9010000Z1 =15.807853.982146.02R =50YXZ1Paraboloid12Volume = b2 x a x PI /2 =353.888a=b=4.333

1 Sluge = 0.981 Kg (mass)R = Area / Wetted PerimeterZ 2I = Area * rx2I = Moment of Inertiarx = Radius of Gyration

Materials & FluidMaterialsELEMENTSTemperature o KRadiusElectroAutomicSymbolElementAutomicSp.GravityMeltingBoilingBondingAutomicNegaAutomicNumberWeighttivity82PbLead207.211.4600.620231.471.812.339393Neptunium237.048220.49100001.3656Ba8137.333.5100221711.982.780.891H1.00794+-7Hydrogen0.0000898714.02520.2680.320.792.289Ac227.0278Actinium10.07132334731.12He4.00E+00Helium0.00017870.954.2150.930.4913Al26.98154Aluminium2.7933.2527401.18131.613Li6.941Lithium0.53453.5716151.232.050.9895Am243Americium13.6126828801.34Be9.01218Beryllium1.85156027450.91.41.5751Sb121.75Antimony6.6890418601.41.532.055B10.81Boron2.34230042750.821.172.0418Ar39.948Argon0.00178483.8187.30.980.886C12.011Carbon2.62410044700.770.912.5533As74.9216Arsenic5.7210918861.21.332.187N14.0067Nitrogen0.00125163.1477.350.750.753.0485At210Astatine5756101.451.432.28O15.9994Oxygen0.00142950.3590.180.730.653.4456Ba137.33Barium3.5100221711.982.780.899F18.998403Fluorine0.00169653.4884.950.720.573.9897Bk247Berkelium1.310Ne20.179Neon0.00090124.55327.0960.710.514Be9.01218Beryllium1.85156027450.91.41.5711Na22.98977Sodium0.9737111561.542.230.9383Bi208.9804Bismuth9.8544.5218371.461.632.0212Mg24.305Magnesium1.7492213631.361.721.31107Bh262Bohrium13Al26.98154Aluminium2.7933.2527401.18131.615B10.81Boron2.34230042750.821.172.0414Si28.0855Silicon2.33168535401.111.461.935Br79.904Bromine3.12265.9332.251.141.122.9615P30.97376Phosphorus1.82317.35501.061.232.1948Cd112.41Cadmium8.65594.1810401.481.711.6916S32.06Sulfer2.07388.36717.751.021.092.5855Cs132.9054Caesium31.87301.559442.353.340.7917Cl35.453Chlorine0.000317172.16239.10.990.973.1620Ca40.08Calcium1.55111217571.742.23118Ar39.948Argon0.00178483.8187.30.980.8898Cf251Californium9001.319K39.0983Potassium0.86336.3510322.032.770.826C12.011Carbon2.62410044700.770.912.5520Ca40.08Calcium1.55111217571.742.23158Ce140.12Cerium6.78107136991.652.71.1221Sc44.9559Scandium3181231041.442.091.3617Cl35.453Chlorine0.000317172.16239.10.990.973.1622Ti47.88Titanium4.5194335621.3221.5424Cr51.996Chromium7.19213029451.181.851.6623V50.9415Vanadium5.8217536821.2250.94151.6327Co58.9332Cobalt8.9176832011.161.671.8824Cr51.996Chromium7.19213029451.181.851.6629Cu63.546Copper8.961357.628361.171.571.925Mn54.938Manganese7.43151723351.171.791.5596Cm247Curium13.51116131.326Fe55.847Iron7.86180931351.171.721.83105Db262Dubnium27Co58.9332Cobalt8.9176832011.161.671.8866Dy162.5Dysprosium8.54168228351.592.491.2228Ni58.69Nickel8.9172631871.151.621.9199Es252Einsteinium1.329Cu63.546Copper8.961357.628361.171.571.968Er167.26Erbium9.05179531361.572.451.2430Zn65.38Zink7.14692.7311801.251.531.6563Eu151.96Europium5.26109018701.852.561.231Ga69.72Gallium5.91302.924781.261.811.81100Fm257Fermium1.332Ge72.59Germanium5.321210.431071.221.522.019F18.998403Fluorine0.00169653.4884.950.720.573.9833As74.9216Arsenic5.7210918861.21.332.1887Fr223.0197Francium1.87300.29500.734Se78.96Selenium1.164949581.161.222.5564Gd157.25Gadolinium7.89158535391.612.541.235Br79.904Bromine3.12265.9332.251.141.122.9631Ga69.72Gallium5.91302.924781.261.811.8135Kr83.8Krypton3.74115.78119.81.121.0332Ge72.59Germanium5.321210.431071.221.522.0137Rb85.4678Rubidium1.53312.649612.162.980.8279Au196.9665Gold19.31337.5831301.341.792.5438Sr87.62Strontium2.6104116501.912.450.9572Hf178.49Hafnium13.1250048761.442.161.339Y88.9059Yttrium4.5179936111.622.271.22108HsHassium40Zr91.22Zirconium6.49212546821.452.161.332He4.00E+00Helium0.00017870.954.2150.930.4941Nb92.9064Niobium8.55274050171.342.081.667Ho164.9304Holmium8.8174329681.582.471.2642Mo95.94Molybdenum10.2289049121.32.012.161H1.00794+-7Hydrogen0.0000898714.02520.2680.320.792.243Tc98Technetium11.5247345381.271.951.949In114.82Indium7.31429.7623461.4421.7844Ru101.07Ruthenium12.2252344231.251.892.253I126.9045Iodine4.92386.7458.41.331.322.6645Rh102.9055Rhodium12.4223639701.251.832.2877Ir192.22Iridium22.5271647011.271.872.246Pd106.42Palladium12182532371.281.792.226Fe55.847Iron7.86180931351.171.721.8347Ag107.8682Silver10.5123424361.341.751.9335Kr83.8Krypton3.74115.78119.81.121.0348Cd112.41Cadmium8.65594.1810401.481.711.6957La138.9055Lanthanum6.7119337301.692.741.149In114.82Indium7.31429.7623461.4421.78103Lr260Lawrencium50Sn118.69Tin7.3505.0628761.411.721.9682Pb207.2Lead11.4600.620231.471.812.3351Sb121.75Antimony6.6890418601.41.532.053Li6.941Lithium0.53453.5716151.232.050.9852Te127.6Tellurium6.24722.6512611.361.422.171Lu174.967Lutetium9.84193636681.562.251.2753I126.9045Iodine4.92386.7458.41.331.322.6612Mg24.305Magnesium1.7492213631.361.721.3154Xe131.29Xenon5.86161.36165.031.311.2425Mn54.938Manganese7.43151723351.171.791.5555Cs132.9054Caesium31.87301.559442.353.340.79109Mt266Meitnerium56Ba137.33Barium3.5100221711.982.780.89101Md258Mendelevium1.357La138.9055Lanthanum6.7119337301.692.741.180Hg200.59Mercury13.53234.286301.491.76258Ce140.12Cerium6.78107136991.652.71.1242Mo95.94Molybdenum10.2289049121.32.012.1659Pr140.9077Praseodymium6.77120437851.652.671.1360Nd144.24Neodymium7128933411.642.641.1460Nd144.24Neodymium7128933411.642.641.1410Ne20.179Neon0.00090124.55327.0960.710.5161Pm145Promethium6.475144127331.632.621.1393Np237.0482Neptunium20.49101.3662Sm150.36Samarium7.54134520641.622.591.1728Ni58.69Nickel8.9172631871.151.621.9163Eu151.96Europium5.26109018701.852.561.241Nb92.9064Niobium8.55274050171.342.081.664Gd157.25Gadolinium7.89158535391.612.541.27N14.0067Nitrogen0.00125163.1477.350.750.753.0465Tb158.9254Terbium8.27163034961.592.511.2102No259Nobelium1.366Dy162.5Dysprosium8.54168228351.592.491.2276Os190.2Osmium22.4330052851.261.922.267Ho164.9304Holmium8.8174329681.582.471.268O15.9994Oxygen0.00142950.3590.180.730.653.4468Er167.26Erbium9.05179531361.572.451.2446Pd106.42Palladium12182532371.281.792.269Tm168.9342Thulium9.33181822201.562.421.2515P30.97376Phosphorus1.82317.35501.061.232.1970Yb173.04Ytterbium6.98109714671.742.41.178Pt195.08Platinum21.4204541001.31.832.2871Lu174.967Lutetium9.84193636681.562.251.2794Pu244Plutonium19.891335031.2872Hf178.49Hafnium13.1250048761.442.161.384Po209Polonium9.452712351.461.56273Ta180.9479Tantalum16.6328757311.342.091.519K39.0983Potassium0.86336.3510322.032.770.8274W183.85Tungsten19.3368058281.32.022.3659Pr140.9077Praseodymium6.77120437851.652.671.1375Re186.207Rhenium21345358691.281.971.961Pm145Promethium6.475144127331.632.621.1376Os190.2Osmium22.4330052851.261.922.291Pa231.0359Protactinium15.41.577Ir192.22Iridium22.5271647011.271.872.288Ra226.0254Radium597318090.978Pt195.08Platinum21.4204541001.31.832.2886Rn222Radon9.912022111.3479Au196.9665Gold19.31337.5831301.341.792.5475Re186.207Rhenium21345358691.281.971.980Hg200.59Mercury13.53234.286301.491.76245Rh102.9055Rhodium12.4223639701.251.832.2881Tl204.383Thallium11.8557717461.482.082.0437Rb85.4678Rubidium1.53312.649612.162.980.8282Pb207.2Lead11.4600.620231.471.812.3344Ru101.07Ruthenium12.2252344231.251.892.283Bi208.9804Bismuth9.8544.5218371.461.632.02104Rf261Rutherfordium84Po209Polonium9.452712351.461.56262Sm150.36Samarium7.54134520641.622.591.1785At210Astatine5756101.451.432.221Sc44.9559Scandium3181231041.442.091.3686Rn222Radon9.912022111.34106Sg263Seaborgium87Fr223.0197Francium1.87300.29500.734Se78.96Selenium1.164949581.161.222.5588Ra226.0254Radium597318090.914Si28.0855Silicon2.33168535401.111.461.989Ac227.0278Actinium10.07132334731.147Ag107.8682Silver10.5123424361.341.751.9390Th232.0381Thorium11.7202850611.651.311Na22.98977Sodium0.9737111561.542.230.9391Pa231.0359Protactinium15.41.538Sr87.62Strontium2.6104116501.912.450.9592U238.0289Uranium18.9140544071.421.3816S32.06Sulfer2.07388.36717.751.021.092.5893Np237.0482Neptunium20.49101.3673Ta180.9479Tantalum16.6328757311.342.091.594Pu244Plutonium19.891335031.2843Tc98Technetium11.5247345381.271.951.995Am243Americium13.6126828801.352Te127.6Tellurium6.24722.6512611.361.422.196Cm247Curium13.51116131.365Tb158.9254Terbium8.27163034961.592.511.297Bk247Berkelium1.381Tl204.383Thallium11.8557717461.482.082.0498Cf251Californium9001.390Th232.0381Thorium11.7202850611.651.399Es252Einsteinium1.369Tm168.9342Thulium9.33181822201.562.421.25100Fm257Fermium1.350Sn118.69Tin7.3505.0628761.411.721.96101Md258Mendelevium1.322Ti47.88Titanium4.5194335621.3221.54102No259Nobelium1.374W183.85Tungsten19.3368058281.32.022.36103Lr260Lawrencium92U238.0289Uranium18.9140544071.421.38104Rf261Rutherfordium23V50.9415Vanadium5.8217536821.2250.94151.63105Db262Dubnium54Xe131.29Xenon5.86161.36165.031.311.24106Sg263Seaborgium70Yb173.04Ytterbium6.98109714671.742.41.1107Bh262Bohrium39Y88.9059Yttrium4.5179936111.622.271.22108HsHassium30Zn65.38Zink7.14692.7311801.251.531.65109Mt266Meitnerium40Zr91.22Zirconium6.49212546821.452.161.33110271110271111272111272112277112277113282113282British Standard 970 :1955248Chemical CompositionEn No:Carbon Spring oil HardenedMinMaxPhysical PropertiesCarbon %0.7000.850Silicon %0.1000.4002% PS =0Manganese Mn%0.5500.750Tensile Stress =0Tons / in2Sulfer S %0.0000.050Elongation % =0MinimumP %0.0000.050Impact test =0IzodNickel Ni%0.0000.000Hardness BHN =0Cromium Cr%0.0000.000Mo %0.0000.000V %0.0000.000Others0.000C%Si%Mn %S%P %Ni %Cr%Mo%V%Others2 % PST.S.Elongation%IzodBHN1A-Free Cutting0.70.1500.10.81.20.20.300.723 to3210 to 261BFree Cutting0.70.1500.111.40.30.600.627 to2310 to 242Mild cold forming00.20000.800.600.620282AMild cold forming00.120000.500.0500.052A/1Mild cold forming00.10000.500.0400.042BMild cold forming00.150000.500.0500.052CMild cold forming0.150.25000.40.600.0500.052DMild cold forming0.150.3000.40.700.0500.052EMild cold forming(Fully Killed)00.150.10.3500.500.0500.052028120max320 Carbon00.250.050.350100.0600.0625 to 35253A20 Carbon0.150.250.050.350.40.900.0600.0628253B20 Carbon00.2500.350100.0600.0628173C20 Carbon0.170.230.050.350.6100.0600.0528253D20 Carbon(Higher Tensile)0.150.250.050.350.6100.0600.0628 to 3515425 Carbon00.30.050.350100.0600.0628 to 3825201204A25 Carbon00.30.050.350100.0600.0632 to 4212530 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06322520143 to 193530 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06352220152 to 207530 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06402020179 to 229530 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06452040201 to 2555K30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0500.0520352220152 to 2075K30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0500.0526402020179 to 2295K30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0500.0530452040201 to 2555A30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.30.050.350.70.900.0600.065B30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.280.330.050.350.70.900.0600.065C30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.30.350.050.350.70.900.0600.065D30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06452040255 max5D30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06401820229 max5D30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06351515229 max5D30 Carbon Medium Carbon0.250.350.050.350.6100.0600.06351510229 max6Bright carbon00.40.050.350.50.900.0600.0635 to 4512206Bright carbon Cold Drawn00.350.050.350.50.900.0600.0635 to 4512156KBright carbon00.40.050.350.50.900.0500.0535 to 4512106KBright carbon Cold Drawn00.350.050.350.50.900.0500.0532 to 4515106ABright carbon00.40.050.350.50.900.0600.067Bright carbon Semi Free Cutting0.10.300.2511.30.10.1800.0640 to 50157Bright carbon Semi Free Cutting0.10.300.2511.30.10.1800.0635 to 4515207Bright carbon Semi Free Cutting0.10.300.2511.30.10.1800.0635 to 4515157Bright carbon Semi Free Cutting0.10.300.2511.30.10.1800.0635 to 4515107Bright carbon Semi Free Cutting0.10.300.2511.30.10.1800.0630 to 4012107A15 Carbon0.120.1800.2511.50.10.1800.0628257A15 Carbon0.120.1800.2511.50.10.1800.0635 to 4515207A15 Carbon0.120.1800.2511.50.10.1800.0635 to 4515157A15 Carbon0.120.1800.2511.50.10.1800.0630 to 401510840 Carbon ( HTC) with out grain size control0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.063520152 to 207840 Carbon ( HTC) with out grain size control0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06402210179 to 229840 Carbon ( HTC) with out grain size control0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06452010201 to 255840 Carbon ( HTC) with out grain size control0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.063517152 to 207840 Carbon ( HTC) with out grain size control0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.064017179 to 229840 Carbon ( HTC) with out grain size control0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.064517201 to 255840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06352020152 to 207840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06352015152 to 207840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06402225179 to 229840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06452040201 to 255840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06452025201 to 255840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.063517152 to 207840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06401725179 to 229840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06401715179 to 229840 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.450.050.350.6100.0600.06451725201 to 2558A40 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.330.380.090.350.70.900.0600.068B40 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.40.050.350.70.900.0600.068C40 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.380.430.050.350.70.900.0600.068D40 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.40.450.050.350.70.900.0600.068E40 carbon ( HTC) controled grain(McQuaid-Eha grain sizeof 6.0)0.350.40.050.350.81.100.0400.068K40 Carbon Special Application0.350.450.060.350.6100.0500.0517352010152 to 2078K40 Carbon Special Application0.350.450.060.350.6100.0500.0517352015152 to 2078K40 Carbon Special Application0.350.450.060.350.6100.0500.0525402225179 to 2298M40 Carbon Free Cutting0.350.4500.2511.30.120.200.0603520-152 to 2078M40 Carbon Free Cutting0.350.4500.2511.30.120.200.0625402225179 to 2298M40 Carbon Free Cutting0.350.4500.2511.30.120.200.0630452040201 to 2558M40 Carbon Free Cutting0.350.4500.2511.30.120.200.0603812229 max955 Carbon (ESC: A.31)0.50.60.050.350.50.84518201 to 255955 Carbon (ESC: A.31)0.50.60.050.350.50.84518201 to 255955 Carbon (ESC: A.31)0.50.60.050.350.50.85018223 to 277955 Carbon (ESC: A.31)0.50.60.050.350.50.85515248 to 302955 Carbon (ESC: A.31)0.50.60.050.350.50.858 to 6512223 to 3029K55 Carbon0.50.60.050.350.50.8-4518-201 to 2559K55 Carbon0.50.60.050.350.50.8284518201 to 2559K55 Carbon0.50.60.050.350.50.8315018223 to 2779K55 Carbon0.50.60.050.350.50.8345515248 to 3029K55 Carbon0.50.60.050.350.50.8-50 to 6512223 to 3021055 carbon 3/4 % Ni0.50.60.050.350.50.80.50.81160 C-Cr (ESC:BCTB)0.50.70.10.350.50.80.50.8551525248 to 3021160 C-Cr (ESC:BCTB)0.50.70.10.350.50.80.50.8651212293 to 341121 % Ni (ESC:HTCN)0.30.450.10.3501.50.61-352015152 to 207121 % Ni (ESC:HTCN)0.30.450.10.3501.50.61-352020152 to 207121 % Ni (ESC:HTCN)0.30.450.10.3501.50.6127402225179 to 229121 % Ni (ESC:HTCN)0.30.450.10.3501.50.6127402235179 to 22912A1 % Ni0.30.350.10.350.70.90.6112B1 % Ni0.350.40.10.350.70.90.6112C1 % Ni0.40.450.10.350.70.90.6113Mn_Ni_Mo(ESC:Supertough C.20)0.150.250.10.351.41.80.40.70.150.3527402240179 to 22914AC-Mn(ESC:Supertough C.20)0.150.250.10.351.31.700.400.25-352015152 to 20714AC-Mn(ESC:Supertough C.20)0.150.250.10.351.31.700.400.2526402030179 to 22914AC-Mn(ESC:Supertough C.20)0.150.250.10.351.31.700.400.2530452025201 to 25514AC-Mn(ESC:Supertough C.20)0.150.250.10.351.31.700.400.25-451515-14A/1C-Mn Special Pupose00.230.050.351.2200.60Mn + Ni,Cr,Mo shall not exceed 2 %2135 to 411814A/1C-Mn Special Pupose00.230.050.351.2200.60Mn + Ni,Cr,Mo shall not exceed 2 %1933 to 391814BC-Mn(ESC:Supertough B.25)0.20.30.10.351.31.700.4-382015170 to 22314BC-Mn(ESC:Supertough B.25)0.20.30.10.351.31.700.436402035179 to 22914BC-Mn(ESC:Supertough B.25)0.20.30.10.351.31.700.430452030201 to 25514BC-Mn(ESC:Supertough B.25)0.20.30.10.351.31.700.4-45151515C-Mn Higher Tensile(ESC:Supertough B.35)0.30.40.10.351.31.726402225179 to 22915C-Mn Higher Tensile(ESC:Supertough B.35)0.30.40.10.351.31.726402235179 to 22915C-Mn Higher Tensile(ESC:Supertough B.35)0.30.40.10.351.31.732452030201 to 25515C-Mn Higher Tensile(ESC:Supertough B.35)0.30.40.10.351.31.736502030223 to 27715AC-Mn Higher Tensile0.30.40.050.351.31.7402225179 to 22915AC-Mn Higher Tensile0.30.40.050.351.31.7452025201 to 25515AC-Mn Higher Tensile0.30.40.050.351.31.7502025223 to 27715AMC-Mn Free Cutting0.30.400.251.31.70.120.200.06452025201 to 25515BC-Mn Higher Tensile0.350.40.050.351.11.3402025179 to 22915BC-Mn Higher Tensile0.350.40.050.351.11.3452025201 to 25515BC-Mn Higher Tensile0.350.40.050.351.11.3502025223 to 27715BC-Mn Higher Tensile0.350.40.050.351.11.3551825249 to 30216Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.20.3532452240201 to 25516Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.20.3536502040223 to 22716Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.20.3541551840248 to 30216Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.20.3546601735269 to 32116Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.20.3550651635293 to 34116AMn Mo0.250.30.10.351.31.80.20.3516AMn Mo0.30.350.10.351.31.80.20.3516AMn Mo0.350.40.10.351.31.80.20.3516MMn Mo Free Cutting0.30.400.251.31.80.120.200.050.20.3517Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40M)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.350.5532452240201 to 25517Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40M)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.350.5536502040223 to 27717Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40M)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.350.5541551840248 to 30217Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40M)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.350.5546601735269 to 32117Mn Mo (ESC: Supertough C.40M)0.30.40.10.351.31.80.350.5550651635293 to 341181% Cr (ESC : CR)0.350.450.10.350.60.950.851.1532452240201 to 255181% Cr (ESC : CR)0.350.450.10.350.60.950.851.1536502040223 to 277181% Cr (ESC : CR)0.350.450.10.350.60.950.851.1541551840248 to 30218A1% Cr0.270.320.10.350.650.80.851.1518B1% Cr0.30.350.10.350.650.80.851.1518C1% Cr0.350.380.10.350.650.80.851.1518D1% Cr0.380.430.10.350.650.80.851.15191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.432452240201 to 255191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.436502040223 to 277191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.441551840248 to 302191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.446601735269 to 321191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.450601635293 to 341191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.455701530311 to 375191% Cr - Mo (ESC:CROMOL)0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.50.20.464801010363 to 41519A1% Cr - Mo0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3532452240201 to 25519A1% Cr - Mo0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3536502040223 to 27719A1% Cr - Mo0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3541551840248 to 30219A1% Cr - Mo0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3546601735269 to 32119A1% Cr - Mo0.350.450.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3550651635293 to 34119B1% Cr - Mo0.350.40.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3519C1% Cr - Mo0.40.450.10.350.50.80.91.20.20.3520A1% Cr - Mo High temp.Bolts(ESC:HCRS)0.20.30.10.350.40.70.510.50.841551840248 to 30220A1% Cr - Mo High temp.Bolts(ESC:HCRS)0.20.30.10.350.40.70.510.50.846601735269 to 32120A1% Cr - Mo High temp.Bolts(ESC:HCRS)0.20.30.10.350.40.70.510.50.850651635293 to 34120B(ESC:HCRS.2)0.350.450.10.350.40.711.50.50.941551840248 to 30220B(ESC:HCRS.2)0.350.450.10.350.40.711.50.50.946601735269 to 32120B(ESC:HCRS.2)0.350.450.10.350.40.711.50.50.950651635293 to 341213 % Ni (ESC:3NS)0.250.350.10.350.350.752.753.2500.332452240201 to 255213 % Ni (ESC:3NS)0.250.350.10.350.350.752.753.2500.336502040223 to 27721A3 % Ni Sheet &strip0.20.30.10.3500.62.53.5223 1/2 % Ni (ESC:3 1/2 NS)0.350.450.10.350.50.83.253.7500.336502040223 to 277223 1/2 % Ni (ESC:3 1/2 NS)0.350.450.10.350.50.83.253.7500.341551840248 to 302233 % Ni-Cr(ESC:Super VNCA)0.250.350.10.350.450.72.753.50.5100.6536502040223 to 277233 % Ni-Cr(ESC:Super VNCA)0.250.350.10.350.450.72.753.50.5100.6541551840248 to 302233 % Ni-Cr(ESC:Super VNCA)0.250.350.10.350.450.72.753.50.5100.6546601735269 to 321233 % Ni-Cr(ESC:Super VNCA)0.250.350.10.350.450.72.753.50.5100.6550651635293 to 341241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3536502040223 to 277241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3541551840248 to 302241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3546601735269 to 321241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3550651635293 to 341241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3555701530311 to 375241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3559751425341 to 388241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.3564801422363 to 415241.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VAGS)0.350.450.10.350.450.71.31.80.91.40.20.358010088444 Min252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.741551840248 to 302252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.746601735269 to 321252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.750651435293 to 341252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.750651635293 to 341252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.755701530311 to 375252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.759751425341 to 388252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.764801425363 to 415252.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC VIBRAC V.30)0.270.350.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.7801001010444 Min262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.746601735269 to 321262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.750651435293 to 341262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.750651635293 to 341262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.755701330311 to 375262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.755701530311 to 375262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.759751225341 to 388262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.759751425341 to 388262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.764801225363 to 415262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.764801425363 to 415262.5 % Ni Cr Mo High Carbon (ESC VIBRAC V.45)0.360.440.10.350.50.72.32.80.50.80.40.7801001010444 Min273 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.350.10.3500.733.750.51.30.20.6541551840248 to 302273 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.350.10.3500.733.750.51.30.20.6546601735269 to 321273 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.350.10.3500.733.750.51.30.20.6550651435293 to 341273 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.350.10.3500.733.750.51.30.20.6550651635311 to 375273 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.350.10.3500.733.750.51.30.20.6555701530363 to 415283.5 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.40.10.3500.734.50.751.50.20.6546601735269 to 321283.5 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.40.10.3500.734.50.751.50.20.6550651435293 to 341283.5 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.40.10.3500.734.50.751.50.20.6550651635293 to 341283.5 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.40.10.3500.734.50.751.50.20.6555701530311 to 375283.5 % Ni Cr Mo0.250.40.10.3500.734.50.751.50.20.6564801425363 to 41529A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.732452240201 to 25529A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.736502040223 to 27729A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.741551840248 to 30229A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.746601735269 to 32129A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.750651635293 to 34129A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.755701530311 to 37529A3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.150.250.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.7801001010444 Min29B3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.250.350.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.736502040223 to 27729B3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.250.350.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.741551840248 to 30229B3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.250.350.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.746601735269 to 32129B3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.250.350.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.750651635293 to 34129B3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.250.350.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.755701530311 to 37529B3 % Cr Mo (ESC:HYKRO)0.250.350.10.3500.6500.42.53.50.30.7801001010444 Min30A4.5 % Ni Cr (ESC:SHNC)0.260.340.10.350.40.63.94.31.11.4801001010444 Min30B4.5 % Ni Cr Mo (ESC:Supper SHNC)0.260.340.10.350.40.63.94.31.11.40.20.4801001015444 Min311 % C Cr (ESC: CRC)0.91.20.10.350.30.7511.632ACarbon Case-hardning (ESC:CHMS)00.150.050.350.40.732204032BCarbon Case-hardning (ESC:CHMS)0.10.180.050.350.610.07 max32204032CCarbon Case-hardning (ESC:CHMS)0.10.180.050.350.6132204032MCarbon Case-hardning (Semi Free Cutting)0.10.180.050.350.91.20.05max0.10.15322040333% Ni Case hardning (ESC:CH.3N)0.10.150.10.350.30.62.753.500.3451840342%Ni Mo lower C case hardning(ESC:CHNM.45)0.140.20.10.350.30.61.520.20.3451840352%Ni Mo higher C case hardning(ESC:CHNM.55)0.20.280.10.350.30.61.520.20.355152235A2%Ni Mo higher C case hardning0.20.250.10.350.30.61.520.20.335B2%Ni Mo higher C case hardning0.230.280.10.350.30.61.520.20.336A3% Ni Cr Case hardning (ESC:CHNC.55)00.150.10.350.30.633.750.61.155153536B3% Ni Cr Mo Case hardning (ESC:CHNC.65)0.120.180.10.350.30.633.750.61.165133036C3% Ni Cr Mo Case hardning (ESC:CHNC.65)0.120.180.10.350.30.633.750.61.10.10.25651330375% Ni Case hardning (ESC:CH.5N)00.160.10.3500.454.55.200.3402050385% Ni Mo Case hardning00.160.10.3500.60.050.054.55.500.30.150.365133039A4.5% Ni Cr (ESC:Supper CHNS)0.120.180.10.3500.50.050.053.84.511.485122539B4.5% Ni Cr Mo Case hardning (ESC:Supper CHNS)0.120.180.10.3500.50.050.053.84.511.40.150.3585122540A3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.10.20.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.732452240201 to 25540A3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.10.20.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.736502040223 to 27740A3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.10.20.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.741551840248 to 30240A3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.10.20.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.746601735269 to 32140B3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.20.30.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.732452240201 to 25540B3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.20.30.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.736502040223 to 27740B3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.20.30.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.741551840248 to 30240B3% Cr Mo Nitriding Case hardning (ESC:HYKRO)0.20.30.10.350.40.650.050.0500.42.93.50.40.746601735269 to 32140C3% Cr Mo Nitriding higher tensile (ESC:HYKRO V)0.30.50.10.350.40.80.050.0500.42.53.50.71.20.10.368851015375 to 44441A1.5%Cr Al Mo (ESC: Nitralloy grade 5)0.250.350.10.4500.650.050.0500.41.41.80.10.25Al 0.91.332452040201 to 25541A1.5%Cr Al Mo (ESC: Nitralloy grade 5)0.250.350.10.4500.650.050.0500.41.41.80.10.25Al 0.91.336501940223 to 27741A1.5%Cr Al Mo (ESC: Nitralloy grade 5)0.250.350.10.4500.650.050.0500.41.41.80.10.25Al 0.91.341551735248 to 30241B1.5%Cr Al Mo (ESC: Nitralloy grade 3)0.350.450.10.4500.650.050.0500.41.41.80.10.25Al 0.91.332452040201 to 25541B1.5%Cr Al Mo (ESC: Nitralloy grade 3)0.350.450.10.4500.650.050.0500.41.41.80.10.25Al 0.91.336501940223 to 27741B1.5%Cr Al Mo (ESC: Nitralloy grade 3)0.350.450.10.4500.650.050.0500.41.41.80.10.25Al 0.91.341551735248 to 30242Carbon Spring oil Hardened0.70.850.10.40.550.750.050.0542BCarbon Spring oil Hardened0.60.700.350.550.80.050.0542CCarbon Spring oil Hardened0.70.800.350.550.80.050.0542DCarbon Spring oil Hardened0.80.900.350.550.80.050.0542ECarbon Spring oil Hardened0.60.7500.350.30.60.050.0542FCarbon Spring oil Hardened0.60.7500.350.60.90.050.0542GCarbon Spring oil Hardened0.750.900.350.30.60.050.0542ICarbon Spring oil Hardened0.750.900.350.60.90.050.0543Carbon Spring Water Hardened0.450.60.10.40.60.843A50 Carbon (ESC:A steel)0.450.550.050.350.710.060.06-4018179 to 22943A50 Carbon (ESC:A steel)0.450.550.050.350.710.060.06284518201 to 25543A50 Carbon (ESC:A steel)0.450.550.050.350.710.060.06315018223 to 27743A50 Carbon (ESC:A steel)0.450.550.050.350.710.060.06-45 to 6012201 to 27743B45 Carbon0.450.50.050.350.710.060.0643C50 Carbon0.50.550.050.350.710.060.0643D60 Carbon0.60.650.050.350.40.60.060.0643E65 Carbon0.650.70.050.350.70.90.060.0643GCarbon Spring Water Hardened0.450.600.350.30.60.050.0543JCarbon Spring Water Hardened0.450.600.350.60.90.050.0544Carbon Spring (higher carbon) oil Hardened0.91.200.30.450.70.050.0544BCarbon Spring (higher carbon) oil Hardened0.9100.350.40.70.050.0544CCarbon Spring (higher carbon) oil Hardened11.2000.40.70.050.0544DCarbon Spring (higher carbon) oil Hardened0.91.05000.30.70.050.0544ECarbon Spring (higher carbon) oil Hardened1.051.25000.30.70.050.0545Si Mn Spring oil hardened (ESC:Si-Mn)0.50.61.520.710.050.0545ASi Mn Spring oil hardened (ESC:Si-Mn)0.550.651.720.710.050.0546Si Mn Spring water hardened0.350.451.520.710.050.05471% Cr V Spring (ESC:Cr V)0.450.5500.50.50.80.050.050.81.2.15 min481% Cr Spring0.450.550.10.50.50.80.050.0511.448ASi - Cr Spring0.50.61.351.650.60.90.050.050.550.8549ACarbon Hard Drawn Wire0.40.8500.3010.050.0549BCarbon Hard Drawn Wire0.450.8500.3010.050.0549CCarbon Hard Drawn Wire0.550.8500.300.750.040.0449DCarbon Hard Drawn Wire0.650.8500.300.750.040.0450Cr -V Valve Spring0.40.50.10.350.50.70.040.0411.50.15 min513% Ni Valve Water or Oil Hardened0.250.350.10.350.350.750.050.052.753.2500.340229max52Si -Cr Valve oil & air Hardened(ESC: S.L.V )0.40.533.750.30.60.040.0400.57.59.5255 to 29353Si -Cr Valve oil & air Hardened0.550.651.41.70.30.60.050.0500.55.756.7512235 to 28554Ni Cr W Valve (ESC:F.V.S.)0.350.512.501.50.0450.04510121216W% 2415302 max54ANi Cr W Valve (ESC:F.V.S.)0.370.47120.50.80.0450.045131513150.40.6W% 24Nb .16 to .2215269max55Ni Cr W Valve (ESC:H.R.CROWN MAX )0.180.4512.5010.0450.04561217W% 2420302 max56ACr rust resisting(ESC:F.I)00.1201010.0450.04501121423352525152 to 20756ACr rust resisting(ESC:F.I)00.1201010.0450.04501121423352545152 to 20756BCr rust resisting(ESC:F.G.(L))0.120.1801010.0450.04501121432452020201 to 25556BCr rust resisting(ESC:F.G.(L))0.120.1801010.0450.04501121432452025201 to 25556CCr rust resisting(ESC:F.G.)0.180.2501010.0450.04501121436501610223 to 27756CCr rust resisting(ESC:F.G.)0.180.2501010.0450.04501121436501620223 to 27756DCr rust resisting(ESC:F.H.)0.250.3501010.0450.04501121441551210248 to 30256DCr rust resisting(ESC:F.H.)0.250.3501010.0450.04501121459758-341 min56AMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)00.12Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.0450112141Zr% 0.6 Max352025152 to 20756AMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)00.12Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.0450112141Zr% 0.6 Max451520201 to 25556AMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)00.12Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.0450112141Zr% 0.6 Max5012-223 to 27756BMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.120.18Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.0450112141Zr% 0.6 Max352025152 to 20756BMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.120.18Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.0450112141Zr% 0.6 Max451520201 to 25556BMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.120.18Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.0450112141Zr% 0.6 Max5012-223 to 27756CMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.180.25Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.750112141Zr% 0.6 Max352025152 to 20756CMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.180.25Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.750112141Zr% 0.6 Max451520201 to 25556CMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.180.25Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.750112141Zr% 0.6 Max5012-223 to 27756DMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.250.35Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.750112141Zr% 0.6 Max352025152 to 20756DMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.250.35Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.750112141Zr% 0.6 Max451520201 to 25556DMCr rust resisting free machining(ESC:F.C.S.)0.250.35Pb% 0.35 Max.01.50.750112141Zr% 0.6 Max5012-223 to 27757High Tensile Cr Ni rust resisting (ESC: S.80)00.250.11011315.52041551515248 min57High Tensile Cr Ni rust resisting (ESC: S.80)00.250.11011315.52041551525248 min58AAustenitic Cr -Ni rust,heat,acid resistance (ESC:F.S.T.)00.160.202710172035305058BAustenitic Cr -Ni rust,heat,acid resistance (ESC:F.D.P.)00.150.202710172035305058CAustenitic Cr -Ni rust,heat,acid resistance (ESC:F.D.P.)00.150.202912172035305058DAustenitic Cr -Ni rust,heat,acid resistance (ESC:D.D.Q.)00.160.2021114111458EAustenitic Cr -Ni rust,heat,acid resistance (ESC:F.S.L.)00.080.20281117.52035305058FAustenitic Cr -Ni rust,heat,acid resistance (ESC:F.G.B.)00.150.2027101720Nb