SUMMER TRAINING REPORT
NTPC LTD. SIPAT
Submitted for the
Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of
Master of Business Administration (MBA)
DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES
GURU GHASIDAS VISHWAVIDYALAYA, BILASPUR (C.G.)495009
(A Central University)
I, Namrata Gupta, a student of MBA II Semester in the year 2010-2011
(Roll No.- ) hereby declare that, I have undergone training at NTPC Ltd.
SIPAT, Bilaspur (C.G.). This report is an original work carried out by me and the report
has not been submitted to any other University for the award of any degree or diploma.
Date: Namrata gupta
Place: MBA II Semester 2010-11
MBA is a stepping stone to management career. In order to achieve practical, positive
and concrete results, the classroom learning need to be effectively fed to the realities of
the situation existing outside the classroom. This is practically true for management.
Human resource is one of the interesting subject which is back bone of every
organization. To develop healthy managerial and administrative skills in the potential
managers it is necessary that theoretical knowledge must be supplemented with exposure
of real environment. Actually it is very vital for the management and it is in the practical
training that the measuring of management is itself realized.
The report on “Employee Benefits at NTPC Ltd. SIPAT” is a study about the benefit
practices prevailing in NTPC Ltd. to boost the morale of employees and to develop a
sense of belongingness and security among them and thereby motivating them to
contribute to the attainment of the objectives of the organization.
I am truly thankful to all the faculties / guides who imparted the lectures on various
subjects/ topics and took us to the plant in a guided study visit along with detailed
explaining about the plant and machinery.
I specially would like to thank Mr. Wilson Abraham (Manager HR), Mr. N. Surenthiran
(Sr. Officer HR), Mr. Abhishek Gupta (ET), Mr.Alok Ranveer (Manager HR) and Mr.
Virendra Pratap (Sr. Officer HR) without them I would not have completed my project
I would also like to thank the human resource department / employee development
for permitting and organizing the training program for us.
1. INTRODUCTION TO NTPC LTD. 1
2. VISSION AND MISSION 2
3. OVERVIEW 3
4. POWER GENERATION AT NTPC 4
5. DIVERSIFIED GROWTH 8
6. SUBSIDIARIES 10
7. FUTURE CAPACITY ADDITIONS 12
8. NTPC LTD. SIPAT 20
9. HRM AT NTPC LTD. 22
10. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS 26
11. OBJECTIVES OF EMPLOYEE BENEFITS 28
12. WHO SHOULD RECEIVE BENEFITS 29
13. TYPES OF BENEFITS 29
14. ADVANTAGES OF EMPLOYEE BENEFITS 35
15. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS AT NTPC LTD. 36
16. ALLOWANCES 39
17. LOANS AND ADVANCES 43
18. SOCIAL SECURITY 49
19. LEAVES AND HOLIDAYS 53
20. PERFORMANCE RELATED PAY 64
21. ADDITIONAL BENEFITS 66
22. CONCLUSION 69
23. BIBLIOGRAPHY 70
NTPC LTD. INTRODUCTION
Type State-owned Public enterprise
Traded as BSE: 532555
Headquarters Delhi, India
Key people Arup Roy Choudhury
(Chairman & MD)
Revenue 50,188.52 crore (US$11.19 billion)(2010)
Net income 8,837.65 crore (US$1.97 billion)(2010)
Employees 25,944 (2010)
Vision And Mission
Vision“To be the world’s largest and best power producer, powering India’s growth.”
“Develop and provide reliable power, related products and services at competitive
prices, integrating multiple energy sources with innovative and eco-friendly technologies
and contribute to society.”
Core Values – BCOMIT
Organizational & Professional Pride
Mutual Respect & Trust
Innovation & Speed
Total Quality for Excellence
India’s largest power company, NTPC was set up in 1975 to accelerate power
development in India. NTPC is emerging as a diversified power major with presence in
the entire value chain of the power generation business. Apart from power generation,
which is the mainstay of the company, NTPC has already ventured into consultancy,
power trading, ash utilisation and coal mining. NTPC ranked 341st in the ‘2010, Forbes
Global 2000’ ranking of the World’s biggest companies. NTPC became a Maharatna
company in May, 2010, one of the only four companies to be awarded this status.
The total installed capacity of the company is 34,854 MW (including JVs) with 15 coal
based and 7 gas based stations, located across the country. In addition under JVs, 5
stations are coal based & another station uses naphtha/LNG as fuel. The company has set
a target to have an installed power generating capacity of 1,28,000 MW by the year 2032.
The capacity will have a diversified fuel mix comprising 56% coal, 16% Gas, 11%
Nuclear and 17% Renewable Energy Sources(RES) including hydro. By 2032, non fossil
fuel based generation capacity shall make up nearly 28% of NTPC’s portfolio.
NTPC has been operating its plants at high efficiency levels. Although the company has
17.75% of the total national capacity, it contributes 27.40% of total power generation due
to its focus on high efficiency.
In October 2004, NTPC launched its Initial Public Offering (IPO) consisting of 5.25% as
fresh issue and 5.25% as offer for sale by Government of India. NTPC thus became a
listed company in November 2004 with the Government holding 89.5% of the equity
share capital. In February 2010, the Shareholding of Government of India was reduced
from 89.5% to 84.5% through Further Public Offer. The rest is held by Institutional
Investors and the Public.
NTPC HEAD QUARTERS
NTPC Limited is divided in 8 Head Quarters
Sr. No. HEADQUARTER CITY
1 NCRHQ Delhi
2 ER-I, HQ Patna
3 ER-II, HQ Bhubaneswar
4 NRHQ Lucknow
5 SR HQ Hyderabad
6 WR-I HQ Mumbai
7 Hydro HQ Delhi
8 WR-II HQ Raipur
India, as a developing country is characterized by increase in demand for electricity and
as of moment the power plants are able to meet only about 60–75% of this demand on an
yearly average. The only way to meet the requirement completely is to achieve a rate of
power capacity addition (implementing power projects) higher than the rate of demand
addition. NTPC strives to achieve this and undoubtedly leads in sharing this burden on
POWER GENERATION AT NTPC
Presently, NTPC generates power from Coal and Gas. With an installed capacity of
34,854 MW, NTPC is the largest power generating major in the country. It has also
diversified into hydro power, coal mining, power equipment manufacturing, oil & gas
exploration, power trading & distribution. With an increasing presence in the power value
chain, NTPC is well on its way to becoming an “Integrated Power Major.”
COAL BASED POWER STATIONS
With 15 coal based power stations, NTPC is the largest thermal power generating company in the country.
The company has a coal based installed capacity of 27,535 MW.
1. Singrauli Uttar Pradesh 2,000
2. Korba Chhattisgarh 2,600
3. Ramagundam Andhra Pradesh 2,600
4. Farakka West Bengal 2,100
5. Vindhyachal Madhya Pradesh 3,260
6. Rihand Uttar Pradesh 2,000
7. Kahalgaon Bihar 2,340
8. NCTPP, Dadri Uttar Pradesh 1,820
9. Talcher Kaniha Orissa 3,000
10. Feroze Gandhi, Unchahar Uttar Pradesh 1,050
11. Talcher Thermal Orissa 460
12. Simhadri Andhra Pradesh 1,500
13. Tanda Uttar Pradesh 440
14. Badarpur Delhi 705
15. Sipat Chhattisgarh 1,660
COAL BASED JOINT VENTURES
(Owned by JVs)STATE
1. Durgapur West Bengal 120
2. Rourkela Orissa 120
3. Bhilai Chhattisgarh 574
4. Kanti Bihar 110
5. IGSTPP, Jhajjar Haryana 500
GAS/LIQUID FUEL BASED POWER STATIONS
(Owned by NTPC)STATE
1. Anta Rajasthan 413
2. Auraiya Uttar Pradesh 652
3. Kawas Gujarat 645
4. Dadri Uttar Pradesh 817
5. Jhanor-Gandhar Gujarat 648
6.Rajiv Gandhi CCPP
7. Faridabad Haryana 430
GAS BASED JOINT VENTURES:
(Owned by JVs)STATE
1. RGPPL Maharashtra 1940
HYDRO BASED POWER PROJECTS (Under Implementation)
NTPC has increased thrust on hydro development for a balanced portfolio for long term
sustainability. The first step in this direction was taken by initiating investment in
Koldam Hydro Electric Power Project located on Satluj river in Bilaspur district of
Himachal Pradesh. Other hydro project under construction is Tapovan Vishnugad. On all
these projects construction activities are in full swing.
HYDRO BASED STATEAPPROVED
1. Koldam (HEPP) Himachal Pradesh 800
2. Tapovan Vishnugad (HEPP) Uttarakhand 520
3.Singrauli CW Discharge(Small
Hydro)Uttar Pradesh 8
As per new corporate plan, NTPC plans to become a 75 GW company by the year 2017
and envisages to have an installed capacity of 128 GW by the year 2032 with a well
diversified fuel mix comprising 56% coal, 16% gas, 11% nuclear energy, 9% renewable
energy and 8% hydro power based capacity.
As such, by the year 2032, 28% of NTPC’s installed generating capacity will be based on
carbon free energy sources. Further, the coal based capacity will increasingly be based on
high-efficient-low-emission technologies such as Super-critical and Ultra-Super-critical.
Along with this growth, NTPC will utilize a strategic mix of options to ensure fuel
security for its fleet of power stations.
Looking at the opportunities coming its way, due to changes in the business environment,
NTPC made changes in its strategy and diversified in the business adjacencies along the
energy value chain. In its pursuit of diversification NTPC has developed strategic
alliances and joint ventures with leading national and international companies. NTPC has
also made long strides in developing its Ash Utilization business.
HYDRO POWER: In order to give impetus to hydro power growth in the country
and to have a balanced portfolio of power generation, NTPC entered hydro power
business with the 800 MWs Koldam hydro project in Himachal Pradesh. Two more
projects have also been taken up in Uttarakhand. A wholly owned subsidiary, NTPC
Hydro Ltd., is setting up hydro projects of capacities up to 250 MW.
RENEWABLE ENERGY: In order to broad base its fuel mix NTPC has plan of
capacity addition of about 1,000 MW through renewable resources by 2017.
NUCLEAR POWER: A Joint Venture Company "Anushakti Vidhyut Nigam Ltd."
has been formed (with 51% stake of NPCIL and 49% stake of NTPC) for development of
nuclear power projects in the country.
COAL MINING: In a major backward integration move to create fuel security,
NTPC has ventured into coal mining business with an aim to meet about 20% of its coal
requirement from its captive mines by 2017. The Government of India has so far allotted
7 coal blocks to NTPC, including 2 blocks to be developed through joint venture route.
POWER TRADING: 'NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd.' (NVVN), a wholly owned
subsidiary was created for trading power leading to optimal utilization of NTPC’s assets.
It is the second largest power trading company in the country. In order to facilitate power
trading in the country, ‘National Power Exchange Ltd.’, a JV of NTPC, NHPC, PFC and
TCS has been formed for operating a Power Exchange.
ASH BUSINESS: NTPC has focused on the utilization of ash generated by its power
stations to convert the challenge of ash disposal into an opportunity. Ash is being used as
a raw material input by cement companies and brick manufacturers. NVVN is engaged in
the business of Fly Ash export and sale to domestic customers. Joint ventures with
cement companies are being planned to set up cement grinding units in the vicinity of
POWER DISTRIBUTION: ‘NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd.’ (NESCL), a
wholly owned subsidiary of NTPC, was set up for distribution of power. NESCL is
actively engaged in ‘Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana’ programme for rural
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING: Enormous growth in power sector
necessitates augmentation of power equipment manufacturing capacity. NTPC has
formed JVs with BHEL and Bharat Forge Ltd. for power plant equipment manufacturing.
NTPC has also acquired stake in Transformers and Electricals Kerala Ltd. (TELK) for
manufacturing and repair of transformers.
NTPC ELECTRIC SUPPLY COMPANY LTD. (NESCL)
The company was formed on August 21, 2002. It is a wholly owned subsidiary company
of NTPC with the objective of making a foray into the business of distribution and supply
of electrical energy, as a sequel to reforms initiated in the power sector.
NTPC VIDYUT VYAPAR NIGAM LTD. (NVVN)
The company was formed on November 1, 2002, as a wholly owned subsidiary company
of NTPC. The company’s objective is to undertake sale and purchase of electric power, to
effectively utilise installed capacity and thus enable reduction in the cost of
NTPC HYDRO LTD. (NHL)
The company was formed on December 12, 2002, as a wholly owned subsidiary
company of NTPC with an objective to develop small and medium hydroelectric power
projects of up to 250 MW.
PIPAVAV POWER DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. (PPDCL)
A memorandum of understanding was signed between NTPC, Gujarat Power Corporation
Limited (GPCL) and Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB) in 2004 for development of a 1000
MW thermal power project at Pipavav in Gujarat by forming a new joint venture
company between NTPC and GPCL with 50:50 equity participation. Pursuant to the
decision of Gujarat Government, NTPC Ltd. has dissociated itself from this company.
PPDCL is under winding up.
KANTI BIJLEE UTPADAN NIGAM LIMITED, (formerly known as
Vaishali Power Generating Company Limited)
To take over Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Station (2*110MW), a subsidiary company
named ‘Vaishali Power Generating Company Limited (VPGCL)’ was incorporated on
September 6, 2006 with NTPC contributing 51% of equity and balance equity was
contributed by Bihar State Electricity Board. This company was formed to renovate the
existing unit and run the plant. The second unit has been successfully re-synchronised on
October 17, 2007 after 4 years of being idle. Renovation and modernisation of the first
unit is under progress. The company was rechristened as ‘Kanti Bijlee Utpadan Nigam
Limited’ on April 10, 2008.
BHARATIYA RAIL BIJLEE COMPANY LIMITED (BRBCL)
A subsidiary of NTPC under the name of ‘Bharatiya Rail Bijlee Company Limited’ was
incorporated on November 22, 2007 with 74:26 equity contribution from NTPC and
Ministry of Railways, Govt. of India respectively for setting up of four units of 250 MW
each of coal based power plant at Nabinagar, Bihar. Investment approval of the project
was accorded in January, 2008.
FUTURE CAPACITY ADDITIONS NTPC has formulated a long term Corporate Plan upto 2032. In line with the Corporate Plan, the capacity
addition under implementation stage is presented below:
PROJECT STATE MW
1.Indira Gandhi STPP- JV with IPGCL & HPGCL ( 3
x 500)Haryana 1000
2. Sipat I (2 x 660) Chhattisgarh 1320
3. Simhadri II Unit - IV( 500) Andhra Pradesh 500
4. Vallur I -JV with TNEB ( 2 x 500) Tamilnadu 1000
5. Vallur Stage-I Phase-II -JV with TNEB ( 1 x 500) Tamilnadu 500
6. Bongaigaon(3 x 250) Assam 750
7. Mauda ( 2 x 500) Maharashta 1000
8. Rihand III(2X500) Uttar Pradesh 1000
9. Vindhyachal-IV (2X500) Madhya Pradesh 1000
10. Muzaffarpur Expansion (2x195) – JV with BSEB Bihar 390
11. Nabinagar TPP-JV with Railways (4 x 250) Bihar 1000
12. Barh II (2 X 660) Bihar 1320
13. Barh I (3 X 660) Bihar 1980
1. Koldam HEPP ( 4 x 200)Himachal
2. Tapovan Vishnugad HEPP (4 x 130) Uttarakhand 520
3. Singrauli CW Discharge(Small Hydre) Uttar Pradesh 8
NTPC LTD. SIPAT
NTPC Sipat is located 22 Kms from the city of Bilaspur, Chattisgarh. NTPC Sipat is
situated in Sipat Village which comes under the jurisdiction of Sipat Kotwali Police
Station. The following are the major facts about NTPC Sipat:-
Capacity : Installed Capacity of 2980 MW
Source of Coal : Dipika Mines of SECL Korba.
Transportation of Coal : By dedicated Merry Go Round System
Source Water : From Hasdeo Right Bank Canal ( 22 KM)
Other Special Features :
Higher Thermal Efficiency of Boiler over sub critical boiler for lower fuel
Conservation of Natural Resources& Ecology.
State of the Art Technology for Environment Management.
ESP with high efficiency of 99.98%
275 meter High Chimney.
100 meter wide green belt around the project site.
Sub-merged ash dyke.
Plantation of 15 lakh trees on different stages.
Private 2282 acres + Govt. 2050 acres = Total 4332 acres
Investment Approval : Rs123.6305bn (Stage I – Rs83.2339bn & Stage II –
MADHYA PRADESH 23%
DAMAN AND DIU 0.60%
DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI 0.40%
State-run power major NTPC has started the first super critical 660 MW (not
commercialized) unit at Sipat plant in Chhattisgarh. The plant, located in Bilaspur, has an
installed capacity of 2,980 MW.
With the commissioning of 660 MW, NTPC's installed capacity has increased to 34,854
MW, while the total operational capacity at Sipat plant is now 1,660 MW.
The Sipat project has three units of 660 MW in stage I and 2 units of 500 MW in stage II,
which are already operational. "The project shall have an installed capacity of 2,980 MW
on completion of both the stages. NTPC has an operational capacity of over 8,000 MW in
Western Region and work is progressing for over 4,000 MW capacity at Mouda,
Vindhyachal, Sipat and Solapur. According to the statement given by the company, the
company is focused on introduction of high efficiency supercritical and ultra super-
critical coal-based power plants. The entity has floated tenders for 9 units each of 660
MW and 800 MW for its upcoming projects in 12th plan. "These supercritical units will
achieve much higher generation efficiency and are critical components of NTPC's low
carbon growth strategy," it added.
The NTPC official said the Chhattisgarh government has begun supplying 120 million
cusecs of water from its Hasdev Bango canal. This will continue for three years and in
return the company would pay Rs.720 million annually to Chhattisgarh as water tax.
In the meantime, the Central Water Commission will do a survey and submit the
feasibility report for construction of an anicut on river Mahanadi, about 50 km from
Sipat, to help the NTPC find a permanent solution to its water problems.
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AT NTPC LTD.'People before PLF (Plant Load Factor)' is the guiding philosophy behind the entire
gamut of HR policies at NTPC. The entire organization is strongly committed to the
development and growth of all its employees as individuals and not just as employees.
Currently NTPC employ approximately 26,000 people .
Competence building, Commitment building, Culture building and Systems building are
the four building blocks on which its HR systems are based.
NTPC’S HR VISION
"To enable our people to be a family of committed world class professionals."
NTPC believes in the philosophy of 'Grow your own timber'. Its 'Executive Trainee'
scheme was introduced in 1977 with the objective of raising a cadre of home grown
professionals. First Division Graduate Engineers/ Post graduates are hired through
nation-wide open competitive examinations and campus recruitments. Hiring is followed
by 52 weeks of fully paid induction training.
CAREER ADVANCEMENT & OPPORTUNITIES
NTPC has a well established talent management system in place, to ensure that it deliver
on its promise of meaningful growth and relevant challenges for our employees. Its talent
management system comprises PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT, CAREER PATHS
and LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT.
REWARDS & RECOGNITIONS
NTPC has, from inception, created a culture of rewards and recognitions through
celebration of various achievements and events and recognising the contributions behind
INNOVATE, CREATE, COMPETE
NTPC has introduced numerous initiatives which seek to enhance the creativity,
innovation, functional aptitude and teamwork of our employees. These initiatives include
National Open Competition for Executive Talent (NOCET), Professional Circles, Quality
Circles, Business Minds and Medha Pratiyogita (a quiz for our employees). A
management journal called “Horizon” is published quarterly to enable the employees to
share their ideas and experiences across the organisation.
QUALITY OF WORK-LIFE
NTPC is proud of its systems for providing a good quality of work-life for its employees.
In addition to providing beautiful and safe work places, NTPC encourages a culture of
mutual respect and trust amongst peers, superiors and subordinates.
Away from hectic city life, NTPC townships provide an environment of serenity, natural
beauty and close community living. Numerous welfare and recreation facilities including
schools, hospitals and clubs are provided at the townships to enhance quality of life & the
well being of employees and their families. An entire range of benefits, from child care
leave to post retirement medical benefits are extended to employees to meet any exigency
that may arise in a person's life.
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN NTPC
To meet the ultimate objective of becoming a learning organisation, an integrated
Knowledge Management System has been developed in NTPC, which facilitates tacit
knowledge in the form of learning and experiences of employees to be captured and
summarized for future reference.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
NTPC subscribes to the belief that efficiency, effectiveness and success of the
organization, depends largely on the skills, abilities and commitment of the employees
who constitute the most important asset of the organization.
Our Training Policy envisages a minimum of 7 man days of training per employee per
year. We have developed our own comprehensive training infrastructure.
EDUCATION UP-GRADATION SCHEMES
To meet the academic aspirations of employees and match them with the needs of the
organization, NTPC has tie-ups with institutes of repute like MDI, Gurgaon; IIT Delhi;
BITS Pilani, etc. NTPC sponsors fixed size batches of employees who are inducted into
these courses based on their performance rating in the company and their performance in
the entrance exam conducted by the respective institute. Unlike other study leave and
sabbaticals, employees undergoing these courses do not forego their salary or growth
during the duration of the course.
NTPC actively seek and encourage employee feedback to ensure that its HR interventions
and practices remain relevant and meaningful. IT regularly conducts Employee
Satisfaction and Organizational Climate Surveys.
NTPC derives immense satisfaction from the awards it receives and the resulting
recognition they bestow. The awards are key indicators and milestones on its HR journey,
and reinforce its HR philosophy and practices. NTPC has been awarded No.1, Best
Workplace in India among large organizations for the year 2010, by the Great Places to
Work Institute, India Chapter in collaboration with The Economic Times. The concept of
Corporate Social Responsibility is deeply ingrained in NTPC's culture. Through its
expansive CSR initiatives, NTPC strives to develop mutual trust with the communities
that surround its power stations.