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  • 8/20/2019 SAARC Quiz Unpublished



    SAARC Quiz(Unpublished)

    Compiled by

    Sajid Iqbal

  • 8/20/2019 SAARC Quiz Unpublished



    South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)Introduction/EvolutionDesignated SAARC Years/DecadesSAARC SummitsSAARC Secretary Generals/SAARC SecretariatSAARC Regional InstitutionsSAARC Conventions/Agreements/NGOs

    IntroductionQ: Which South Asian leader wrote firstly promoted idea of regional cooperation?A: President of Bangladesh Zia-ul-RehmanQ: Where foreign secretaries of South Asian countries met in April 1981?A: ColomboQ: Where the Foreign Ministers adopted declaration on South Asian Regional Cooperation (SARC)?A: New Delhi in 1983Q: When South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established?A: It was established when its Charter was formally adopted on 8 December 1985 by the MemberStates.

    Q: What is the name of SAARC magazine?A: SpectrumQ: Who designed SAARC logo?A: Shailendra Kumar Maharjan from NepalQ: Describe the emblem design?A: The design has a pair of hands carrying seven pigeons, which denotes seven nations. The symbolalso depicts image of Lord Buddha, the apostle of peace and an oil lamp. Each pigeon also makes anEnglish alphabet of ‘c’, which stands for cooperation.Q: What is the official website address (URL) of SAARC Secretariat?A:

    Designated SAARC Years/DecadesQ: What was the theme of SAARC Year 1989?

    A: Year of Combating Drug Abuse and Drug TraffickingQ: What was 8 December 1989 observed against?A: DrugsQ: What was the theme of SAARC Year 1990?A: Year of Girl ChildQ: Which year was declared as the SAARC Year of Shelter?A: 1991Q: What was the focus of SAARC Year 1992?A: Year of EnvironmentQ: What was the theme of SAARC Year 1993?A: Year of Disabled PersonsQ: Which year was declared as the SAARC Year of the Youth?A: 1994Q: What was the theme of SAARC Year 1995?A: Year of Poverty EradicationQ: Which year was observed as the SAARC Year of Literacy?A: 1996Q: What was the theme of SAARC Year 1997?A: Year of Participatory GovernanceQ: Which year was declared as the SAARC Year of Biodiversity?A: 1999Q: What was the theme of SAARC Year 2002-2003?A: Year of Contribution of Youth to EnvironmentQ: What was the concept of SAARC Year 2004?A: SAARC Awareness Year for TB and HIV/AIDSQ: What was the theme of SAARC Year 2005?

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    A: South Asia Tourism YearQ: Which decade was observed as the SAARC Decade of the Girl Child?A: 1991-2000Q: What is the theme of SAARC Decade 2001-2010?A: The Rights of the ChildQ: On which date is SAARC Charter Day observed?A: 8 December

    SAARC SummitsQ: In which city the first SAARC summit was held?A: Dhaka. 7-8 December 1985Q: In which Indian city SAARC summit was held in 1986?A: Bangalore. 16-17 NovemberQ: When was third SAARC Summit held?A: 2-4 November 1987 in KatmanduQ: Which country hosted 4th SAARC summit?A: Pakistan (Islamabad). 29-31 December 1988Q: When was 5th SAARC Summit held?

    A: 21-23 November 1990 in Male.Q: When did 6th SAARC summit take place?A: 21 December 1991 in ColomboQ: Which country hosted 7th SAARC summit?A: Bangladesh. 10-11 April 1993Q: Which city hosted 8th SAARC summit?A: New Delhi in 2-4 May 1995Q: Which country was the host of 9th SAARC summit?A: Maldives. 12-14 May 1997Q: Which city was the host of 10th SAARC Summit from 29 - 31 July 1998?A: ColomboQ: Which country hosted 11th SAARC summit?

    A: Nepal from 4 - 6 January 2002Q: Which city was second time the host of SAARC Summit?A: Islamabad from 2 - 6 January 2004 host 12th SAARC Summit.Q: Which country hosted SAARC Summit in city other than her capital?A: India hosted SAARC Summit at Bangalore in 1986.Q: Which SAARC capitals twice hosted SAARC Summits?A: Dhaka, Katmandu, Islamabad, Male, Colombo.

    SAARC Secretary Generals/SAARC SecretariatQ: Who was first SAARC Secretary General?A: Abul Ahsan from Bangladesh. 16 January -15 October 1989Q: Which country second Secretary General belonged to?A: India. Kant Kishore Bhargava. 17 October 1989 - 31 December 1991.Q: From which country SAARC had Secretary General during 1 January 92- 31 December 93?A: Ibrahim Hussain Zaki from Maldives.Q: Which country 4th Secretary General Yadab Kant Silwal belonged to?A: Nepal. 1 January 1994- 31 December 1995.Q: Who was the 5th SAARC Secretary General?A: Naeem U. Hasan from Pakistan. 1 January 1996 - 31 December 1998.Q: Who was the 6th Secretary General of SAARC?A: Nihal Rodrigo from Sri Lanka. 1 January 1999- 10 January 2002Q: Name the 7th SAARC Secretary General?A: Q.A.M.A Rahim Bangladesh from 11 January 2002 - 28 February 2005Q: Who is the current and 8th SAARC Secretary General?A: The first Secretary General Chenkyab Dorji from Bhutan. 1 March 2005 – presentQ: Is Chenkyab Dorji the second Secretary General from Bhutan?A: No, Bhutan did not nominate a dignitary for the Secretary General position during the first cycle

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  • 8/20/2019 SAARC Quiz Unpublished



    A: SAARC Preferential Trading ArrangementsQ: When did SAPTA come into operation?A: December 1995Q: What is the acronym for SCCI?A: SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry. It is located in Islamabad.Q: When SCCI was granted status of first recognized regional apex body?A: 1992Q: Where was the first SAARC Trade Fair held in 1996?A: IndiaQ: In which city the second SAARC Trade fair was held?A: ColomboQ: When was South Asian Federation of Accountants (SAFA) formed?A: August 1984 in BangladeshQ: What does SAFTA stand for?A: South Asian Free Trade AreaQ: What is the acronym for SAVE?A: SAARC Audio Visual Exchange

    Q: What is SIPA?A: SAARC Integrated Programme of ActionQ: Which country hosted the Drumming and Dance Festival in 1996?A: Sri LankaQ: Where was the first SAARC conference on cooperation in Police matters held?A: In 1996 at Colombo

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  • 8/20/2019 SAARC Quiz Unpublished




    National SymbolsReligionSocietyHistory

    • Ancient History• British Rule• Post Independence

    1947 to 1971After 1971

    Government• Presidents / Prime Ministers• Parliament / Constitution• Judiciary

    Political PartiesAdministrative UnitsSportsCulture

    • Literature• Art / Architecture / Music


    • Agriculture•

    Tourism• Industry / Trade / CommerceMedia

    • Radio / Television / Film• Newspapers

    Airports / PortsFlora and FaunaFamous PersonalitiesMiscellaneous

    INTRODUCTIONQ: What is the official name of Bangladesh?A: People's Republic of Bangladesh

    Q: Do you know the name of Bangladesh in Bangla?A: Gana Prajatantri BangladeshQ: What does ‘Bangladesh’ literally mean?A: The country of BengalQ: What was the name of Bengal in ancient Hindu literature?A: Vanga or VangalaQ: What type form of government in Bangladesh?A: Parliamentary. President is head of the State and Prime Minister is head of government.Q: What is Bangladesh standard time?


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    A: GMT+6.00 hoursGEOGRAPHY

    Q: What is the total area of Bangladesh?A: 143,998 km²Q: Do you know the length of coastline?A: 580 kmQ: What is the location of Bangladesh?A: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Myanmar and IndiaQ: How long are the land boundaries of Bangladesh?A: Burma 193 km, India 4053 km. Total 4246 kmQ: Compare the area of Bangladesh with other countries or states?A: Slightly smaller than Iowa (USA), 1.5 times larger than Tasmania (Australia) Q: Which city is the capital of Bangladesh?A: The administrative capital of Bangladesh since 1982 is DhakaQ: Which countries are the neighbours of Bangladesh?A: India and Myanmar. Myanmar is on the west and India is on the east and north.Q: What are the geographic coordinates of Bangladesh?A: 24°00′ N 90°00′ EQ: How much area of Bangladesh is flooded annually?A: About 26,000 sq km, 18% of the country.Q: Where is Plassey located?A: In Nadia also called Navadwipa (the new island). Farraka Barrage is located here. It was founded byVallalasena (1160-1178)Q: Which northeastern Indian state is bounded on the north, west, south and southeast by Bangladesh?A: TripuraQ: Which state of Myanmar is adjacent to Bangladesh on the Bay of Bengal?A: ArakanQ: What is the rank of Bangladesh area wise?A: 91stQ: Which is the only extensive hilly area in Bangladesh?

    A: Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) that comprises Rangamati, Khagrachari, and Bandarban regions insoutheastern Bangladesh. Its area is 13184 sq. km that is approximately 10 % of the total area ofBangladesh.Q: During severe floods how much area is affected?A: 55%Q: What percentage of SAARC area is occupied by Bangladesh?A: About 3.2 %.

    TOPOGRAPHYQ: What is the terrain of Bangladesh?A: Except the hilly southeast, mostly is a low-lying flat alluvial plain.Q: What are the elevation extremes in Bangladesh?A: Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m; highest point: Keokradong 1230 m (4036 ft)

    Q: What is the forested area and arable land?A: 15 %, 68 %Q: What are the land and the water areas of Bangladesh ?A: Land: 133910 km² water: 10090 km² respectivelyQ: What is the area of Bay of Bengal?A: It is an arm of the Indian Ocean, between India on the west and Myanmar and the Malay Peninsula onthe east. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are in the southeast. Its area is 839000 miles² (2172000 km²).

    DEMOGRAPHYQ: What is the population and population growth rate of Bangladesh?

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    A: 141 million, 2 %Q: What is the percentage of urban population?A: 20 %Q: Tell the population density?A: 982 persons/ km². Besides Singapore and Bahrain, Bangladesh is the most densely populated countryin the world. Q: What is the literacy rate and life expectancy?A: 43 %, 62 yearsQ: What is the ethnic distribution?A: Bengali - 98%, Bihari - 1%, tribal - 1%Q: When was first post-independence census conducted?A: 1974Q: What part of population is under 15 years?A: About 33 %Q: What is the rank of Bangladesh population wise?A: 8 th Q: Which is the second largest ethnic minority group in Bangladesh?A: The Marma. Most Marmas live in the hill districts of Rangamati, Bandarban and Khagrachhari.Q: What portion of SAARC population lives in Bangladesh?A: About 10 %,

    WATERWAYSQ: Which are major rivers of Bangladesh?A: Padma, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Karnaphuli, FeniQ: What is the total number of rivers?A: About 700Q: Which river is called Padma in Bangladesh?A: GangesQ: Which river is known as Brahmaputra in Bangladesh?A: JamunaQ: Where does Meghna join combined Padma and Brahmaputra?

    A: ChandpurQ: Which Barrage on Ganga is a bone of contention between India and Bangladesh?A: Farraka BarrageQ: What are trans-boundary rivers?A: A total of 58 major rivers of Bangladesh that enter the country from India or from Myanmar e.g.,Brahmaputra, Gumti, Feni etcQ: When Joint Rivers Commission (JRC) established by India and Bangladesh?A: On 19 March 1972 in Dhaka

    CLIMATEQ: What is the climate of Bangladesh?A: Bangladesh is located in the subtropical monsoon region and its climate is characterized by hightemperature, heavy rainfall and excessive humidity.

    Q: Which major seasons can be recognized in Bangladesh?A: Three - the cool dry season from November to February, the pre-monsoon hot season from March toMay, and the rainy monsoon season from June to October.Q: Which are main natural calamities?A: Floods, tropical cyclones, tornadoes, and tidal bores. Q: Which cyclone was one of the worst natural disasters of the country in the 20th century?A: The cyclone of November 1970, in which about 500,000 lives were lost.Q: Which is the single most dominant element of the climate of Bangladesh?A: The rainfall. Because of its location in the tropical monsoon region, the amount of rainfall is very high.

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    Q: Where the maximum amount of rainfall has been recorded?A: In the Sylhet district, Cox's Bazar and Bandarban districts.Q: When Nor'wester (Kal-Baishakhi) thunderstorm blows over Bangladesh?A: In April-May from a northwesterly direction.Q: How much rainfall occurs during the rainy season (June through October)?A: 70 to 85% of the annual rainfall,Q: How many are climatic zones of Bangladesh?A: Seven

    NATIONAL SYMBOLSQ: Who is Bangladesh’s national poet?A: Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899 -1976) Q: What is the national flower of Bangladesh?A: Water lily (Nymphaea pubescens) also known as Shapla.Q: What is the national b ird of Bangladesh?A: Doel or Magpie RobinQ: What is the national fi sh of Bangladesh?A: Hilsa (Ilish)Q: What is the national fruit of Bangladesh?A: Jackfruit. ‘Kathal’ in Bengali.Q: What is Bangladesh’s national game?A: Kabaddi (Ha-Do-Do). It was adopted as the national game in 1972.Q: Which is the national animal of Bangladesh?A: Royal Bengal Tiger. In Bengali, it is called Bagh.Q: What is the national anthem of Bangladesh?A: Amar Sonar Bangla ‘My Golden Bengal’.Q: Which is the largest edible fruit in commerce?A: Jackfruit as it can grow to huge sizes hundreds of pounds in weight. It bears fruit three years after

    planting.Q: What is Bangladesh’s national emblem?A: It is the national flower Shapla (Water Lily) surrounded by two sheaves of paddy and being

    surmounted with three connected leaves of jute with two stars on each side of the leaves.Q: What is described by the national emblem?A: Bangladesh landscape and economy are characterized by water, paddy and jute. The aquatic bloomingflower Shapla embedded on these three things symbolizes promise, aesthetics and elegance. The starssymbolize aims and loftiness.Q: Describe the national flag of Bangladesh?A: It is bottle green in color and rectangular in size with the length to width ratio of 10:6. The red circlehas a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. It bears a red circle on the background of green. Thegreen color represents the greenery of Bangladesh while the red circle symbolizes the rising sun and thesacrifice of lives in our freedom fight.Q: Who designed the national flag?A: Qamrul Hasan

    Q: When the national flag was first hoisted?A: It was first hoisted on the 3 March 1971 by ASM Abdur Rab, the then Vice President of DhakaUniversity Students´ Union, at the historic 'Bat tala' in Dhaka University campus.Q: What was the original design of the national flag?A: There was a golden colored map of Bangladesh in the red circle.Q: Who did compose Amar Sonar Bangla?A: Rabindranath Tagore. He composed it in Bangla in 1906. The first 10 lines of the song constitute thenational anthem. It was adopted in 1972. Q: What is the national parliament?


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    A: Jatiya SangsadQ: Which is the national news agency?A: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS). It came into being in January 1972.Q: What is Shaheed Minar?A: Shaheed Minar ‘Martyrs Memorial’ has always been the source of our national inspiration. It was builtfor the language martyrs of 1952.Q: Why was the Bangladesh monument built?A: It reminds of those who sacrificed their lives for the independence.Q: Who laid the foundation of Bangladesh monument?A: Sheikh Mujibur Rehman on 16 December 1972Q: What is our war song?A: Chol Chol Chol, Urdha Gogone Baje Madol. Written by Kazi Nazrul IslamQ: Which is the national mosque?A: The Baitul MukarramQ: Is Kabaddi a team game?A: Yes it is a team pursuit sport, primarily played in South Asia. Kabaddi is derived from a Hindi wordmeaning holding breadth. Kabaddi is used as the chant in the game.Q: What is the national language of Bangladesh?A: Bangla is the state languageQ: Where is Bangla also spoken?A: It is the administrative language of the Indian states of Tripura and West Bengal and Kachar district(Assam). Bangla speakers number about 210 million today. It is one of 18 languages listed in the IndianConstitution.Q: Which are the National Days of Bangladesh?A: The Shaheed Dibash (Martyrs' Day), the Independence Day, Pahela Baishakh or Bangla Navabarsa(New Year's Day) and the Bijoy Dibash (Victory Day).Q: How many alphabets are in Bangla or Bengali?A: 50. 11 characters are vowels called Soro Barna and 39 characters are consonants called Banjan Barna.Q: What is significance of Pahela Baishakh?A: It is first day of the Bangla year and is celebrated in a festive manner in both Bangladesh and West

    Bengal. In Bangladesh it is a national holiday. Pahela Baisakh falls on April 14 or 15.Q: When Martyrs' Day, Independence Day and Victory Day are observed?A: 21 February, 26 March and 16 December respectively.Q: Where is National Martyrs' Memorial situated?A: At Savar, about 35 km north-west of Dhaka. It symbolizes the valour and sacrifice of the martyrs whosacrificed their lives for the liberation of Bangladesh. It was designed by architect Syed Moinul Hussein.

    RELIGIONQ: What is the faith of 87 % of the population (state religion)?A: IslamQ: Which are the other religious minorities?A: Hindus 12 %, Buddhist 0.5% and others 0.3%


    Q: Which are largest ethnic groups of Bangladesh?A: The Chakmas or Changmas, the Marmas, the TripurasQ: How many tribes are in Bangladesh?A: Over 30 tribes most of whom live in Rajshahi, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mymensingh, Sylhet,Patuakhali and Barguna.Q: Which are well-known tribal languages?A: Chakma, Garo, Khasia, Magh, Manipuri, Munda, Oraon, and Santali.Q: Who are Biharis?

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    A: They are migrants from Bihar to East Bengal before and after the partition of India in 1947. Theydeclared their allegiance to Pakistan during the 1971 war.Q: Who are Maghs?A: Buddhist migrants from Arakan.Q: What is the staple diet?A: Rice and fish


    Q: Who is the first important king of ancient Bengal?A: Sasanka. It is generally believed that he ruled 600 - 625.Q: Who was the first Chinese Buddhist pilgrim visited Bangladesh?A: Fa-hien also spelled Faxian (c. 337 – c. 422) Q: Which medieval city was the capital of Bengal from c. 1450 - 1565 AD?A: GaurQ: What were the other names of Gaur?A: Laksmanavati and LakhnautiQ: After Harsha Empire which dynasty ruled Bengal?A: Pala Dynasty (750 - 1155). 18 Pala kings ruled Bengal.Q: Who was the founder of the Pala Empire?A: Gopala. He reigned from (750 -770) .The Palas were followers of Mahayana Buddhism. Q: Which dynasty ruled Bengal from 606 - 647 AD?A: Harsha EmpireQ: Which dynasty supplanted the Pala Dynasty?A: Sena Dynasty (c. 1097-1245). The dynasty's founder was Hemantasena. The Senas were Hindus. Q: Who was Raja Lakshmana Sena?A: The last ruler of Sena Dynasty who ruled from Nadia till 1202.Q: Who inaugurated Muslim rule in Bengal?A: A Turk general Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khalji captured Bengal in 1202 with only 20 men.Q: Who founded the independent sultanate of Bengal?A: Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah (1338-1349). This sultanate lasted for 200 years.

    Q: During which period the Hussein Shahi dynasty ruled Bengal?A: 1494-1538Q: Which was the last dynasty to rule independent Bengal?A: Karrani dynasty (1563-1576) whose last ruler Daud Khan Karrani was defeated by Akbar. Q: Who was the last independent sultan of Bengal?A: Daud Khan Karrani (1573 - 1576)Q: Which city was the capital of the Karranis?A: Tanda (means high ground). It is nearly opposite to the famous city of Gaur (Lakhnauti) .Q: Who were Bara-Bhuiyans?A: Literally twelve chiefs who resisted the Mughals in the late 16 th century.Q: Who promulgated Bangabda Bangla calendar, also known as 'Bangla Sal'? A: Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1584 AD

    Q: Which battle inaugurated the Mughal rule in Bengal?A: The battle of Rajmahal. It brought the Afghan rule to an end and started the Mughal rule.Q: What are the old names of Rajmahal?A: Agmahl, Akbarnagar. It was twice capital of Bengal during Mughal rule.Q: When the East India Company set its foot in Bengal?A: In 1633 it established a factory at HariharpurQ: When the capital of the Subah-i-Bengal was shifted from Dhaka to Murshidabad?A: In 1717Q: What was the real name of Alivardi Khan (1740-1756) Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa?

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    A: Mirza Muhammad AliQ: What was the relationship of Alivardi Khan and Sirajuddaula? A: Sirajuddaula was his grandson.Q: Who changed name of Calcutta to Alinagar?A: Nawab SirajuddaulaQ: Name the parents of Nawab Sirajuddaula? A: Amina Begum and Zainuddin Ahmad Khan. Q: Who were principal conspirators against Nawab Sirajuddaula? A: The British, Mir Jafar, Umichand, Rajballabh and Jagat SethQ: Who were parties to Alinagar Treaty?A: It was concluded between the Sirajuddaula and the East India Company on 9 February 1757.Q: Why Mir Jafar is a symbol of treason?A: Nawab’s forces numbered of about 50000 and Clive’s 3000. The battle of Plassey was fought on 23June 1757 and it lasted for about 8 hours and the Nawab was defeated by Clive because of the treacheryof his general Mir Jafar. Q: What was Mir Jafar to Mir Qasim?A: Mir Jafar was father-in-law to Mir QasimQ: What was the real name of Titu Mir (1782-1831)?A: Syed Mir Nisar AliQ: When Santal Rebellion started?A: 1855Q: Who launched 19th century religious reform movement Faraizi Movement?A: Haji Shariatullah (1781-1840)Q: Who was Dudu Miyan (1819-1862)?A: Son of Haji Shariatullah. His real name was Muhsinuddin Ahmad.Q: Who started Taiyuni Movement?A: Karamat Ali Jaunpuri

    BRITISH RULEQ: Who was the architect of British rule in Bengal?A: Robert Clive (1725-1774)

    Q: When was the battle of Plassey fought?A: It was fought between Nawab Sirajuddaula and the East India Company on 23 June 1757.Q: Who joined forces to fight the English in the Battle of Buxar (1764)?A: Nawab of Bengal Mir Qasim, Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, Nawab of Oudh ShujauddoulahQ: Who was the first Indian traveller to the West?A: Mirza Sheikh Ihtishamuddin (c. 1730–c.1800). He wrote his travel-account ‘Shegurfnama-i-Vilayet’.Q: Who was first Lieutenant Governor of Bengal (1854-59)?A: Sir Frederick James Halliday (1806-1901)Q: What was Indigo Resistance Movement (1859-62)?A: It was peasant agitation against indigo planters who forced cultivators to produce indigo. Q: Who was the first Muslim graduate of Calcutta University?A: Delawar Hussein (1840-1916)

    Q: Who founded Mohammedan Literary Society in Calcutta in 1863?A: Nawab Abdul Latif (1828-1893)Q: Which political organization founded by Syed Ameer Ali in Calcutta in 1877?A: Central National Mohammedan AssociationQ: Where All India Muslim League was established?A: On 30 December at Shahbag in DhakaQ: Who wrote The Spirit of Islam (1922)?A: Syed Ameer Ali (1849-1928) Q: To Whom Ahsan Manzil belonged to?


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    A: Ahsan Manzil situated at Kumartoli (Dhaka) on the bank of the Buriganga was the residential palaceand the kachari of the Nawabs of Dhaka. Q: Who proposed an all-India political party called 'Muslim All India Confederacy'?A: In 1906 Khwaja Salimullah Khan (1871-1915). He was the first president of All Bengal MuslimLeague.Q: Where the All India Muslim Education Society Conference was held in 27-30 December 1906?A: At Shahbag; the garden-house of the Nawabs of Dhaka. The delegates to the All India MuslimEducation Society Conference were welcomed in Ishrat Manzil at Shahbag.Q: Who was the Viceroy of India when partition of Bengal was announced on 16 October 1905?A: Lord Curzon (1859-1925) Governor General and Viceroy of India (1899-1905).Q: Who was the Viceroy of India when partition of Bengal was annulled?A: Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Governor General and Viceroy of India (1910-1916).Q: Which three important announcements were made at the Delhi Durbar 1911?A: The annulment of the partition of Bengal; making Bengal a Governor's province and the transfer of thecapital of British India from Calcutta to Delhi.Q: Who moved historic Pakistan Resolution on 23 March 1940?A: Abul Qasim Fazlul Huq popularly known as Sher-e-Bangla ‘Lion of Bengal’.Q: Which Subdivisions voted in Sylhet Referendum 1947?A: Karimganj, Habiganj, Maulvi Bazar, Sunamganj, Sylhet (North)Q: What was the election manifesto of the United Front in 1954 Legislative Assembly elections?A: Twenty-one PointsQ: Which parties joined United Front alliance?A: 4 parties; Awami League, Krishak Sramik Party, Nizam-e-Islam and Ganatantri Dal.


    Q: Who was elected the Speaker of the National Assembly 1963-1966?A: Fazlul Quader Chaudhury (1919-1973)Q: Who presented Six-points in 1966?A: Mujibur presented Six-points; a charter of demands for removing disparity between the two wings ofPakistan.

    Q: When Agartala Conspiracy Case was lodged against Mujibur and others?A: 1968Q: Who was the first Deputy President of the 1947 Pakistan Constituent Assembly?A: Tamizuddin Khan (1889-1963)Q: Who was second Prime Minister of Pakistan?A: Khwaja Nazimuddin (1894-1964). A member of the Nawab of Dhaka family.Q: Who was the last speaker of the National Assembly 1966-1969?A: Abdul Jabbar Khan (1902-1984)Q: Who was the commander-in-chief of Mukti Bahini?A: (General) Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmany (1918-1984)Q: What was Mukti Bahini?A: Literally means freedom force. The forces of the war of liberation.

    AFTER 1971Q: Who is known as Bangabandhu (Friend of the Bengalis)?A: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920-1975)Q: When Proclamation of Independence formally announced by the Bangladesh government-in-exile?A: On 17 April 1971 from Mujibnagar.Q: Where Mujibnagar is located?A: Village Baidyanathtala was renamed Mujibnagar (in present Meherpur district).Q: When India-Bangladesh Friendship Treaty was signed?

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    A: 19 March 1972 for a term of 25 years. The Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the Prime MinisterSheikh Mujibur Rahman signed the treaty.Q: Which four Awami League leaders were killed on 3 November 1975?A: Syed Nazrul Islam, Tajuddin Ahmad , Abul Hasnat Mohammad Qamaruzzaman and Captain M.Mansur Ali. Q: Where is Bangabandhu Jadughar (museum) located?A: The house of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rehman in Road No. 32 DhanmondiQ: Who introduced Gram Sarkar?A: Gram Sarkar: a village government scheme was introduced by President Zia.


    Q: Who is the constitutional head of the state?A: President who is elected for a five year term. But a person can not become President for more than twoterms, whether or not the terms are consecutive. He is the supreme commander of the armed forces.Q: Who is constitutionally executive chief of government?A: Prime MinisterQ: Who was the first President of Bangladesh from 10 April 1971 to 10 January 1972?A: Syed Nazrul Islam (1925-1975) (acting President) at Mujibnagar.Q: Who was the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh?A: Tajuddin Ahmed (1925-1975)Q: Which is the official residence of the President?A: BangabhabanQ: Who remained president for only 83 days?A: Khondakar Mushtaq Ahmad (1919-1996)Q: What is the official residence of the Prime Minister?A: Gana BhavanQ: Who is current President of Bangladesh (2002- )?A: Prof. Iajuddin Ahmed (1931- )Q: Who is current Prime Minister of Bangladesh (October 2001 - )?A: Begum Khaleda Zia (1945- )

    Q: Who is placed third in the latest warrant of precedence?A: Speaker of Jatiya Sangsad after President of the Republic and Prime Minister of the Republic

    PARLIAMENT / CONSTITUTIONQ: Name the national parliament?A: Unicameral Jatiya Sangsad. It consists of 300 members elected by direct election.Q: What is the women representation in parliament?A: 6 (2.00%)Q: Who designed the national Assembly Building ‘Sangsad Bhavan’?A: American architect Louis KahnQ: Who presided over the first session of the Jatiya Sangsad in 1972?A: Maulana Abdur Rashid Tarkabagish (1900-1986)Q: How many parliamentary elections have been held in Bangladesh?

    A: 8. 1973, 1979, 1986, 1988, 1991, February 1996, June 1996, 2001Q: Which Jatiya Sangsad completed its 5-year term?A: 7 th (14 July 1996 – 13 July 2001)Q: Who is the speaker of current 8 th Jatiya Sangsad?A: Muhammad Jamiruddin SircarQ: When the constitution of Bangladesh was adopted by the Constituent Assembly?A: 4 November 1972 and came into force on 16 December of the same year.Q: How many articles are in the Constitution?A: The Constitution has 153 Articles arranged under 11 parts and 4 schedules.


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    Q: When was the First Constitutional Amendment passed?A: 15 July 1973Q: Who insert Bismiliah-ir-Rahmanir Rahim (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful) in thePreamble of the Constitution?A: After assuming office as head of the state Ziaur Rahman issued a proclamation order.Q: Which is the latest constitutional amendment?A: 13 th amendment that was passed on 26 March 1996 that provided for a non-party caretaker government

    JUDICIARYQ: What is the judicial system of Bangladesh?A: The Supreme Court is the apex court with high courts and district courts.Q: Who was appointed as the first Chief Justice of the High Court of Bangladesh on 12 January 1972?A: Justice Mohammad Abusadat Sayem (1916-1997). He assumed the office of President and ChiefMartial Law Administrator on 6 November 1975.Q: Who is present Chief Justice of Bangladesh?A: Justice J. R Mudasser Ahmed

    POLITICAL PARTIESQ: Who founded Awami League in 1949?A: Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy (1892 - 1963) . He was Prime Minister of PakistanQ: Who is the present leader of Awami League?A: Sheikh Hasina (1947 - ). The daughter of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Q: Who founded Bangladesh Nationalist Party in 1978?A: President Ziaur Rahman (1936-1981)Q: Who is the current leader of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)?A: Khalida Zia (1945- ). The wife of Ziaur Rahman. Q: Name the leader of Jatiya Party (Ershad)?A: Hussain Muhammad Ershad (1930-)Q: Which is the largest and most influential Islamic party in Bangladesh? A: Jamaat-e-Islami.Q: When Communist Party of Bangladesh was founded?A: 1968

    Q: When Islamic Oikyo Jote was established?A: 1990

    ADMINISTRATIVE UNITSQ: How many divisions were there in 1947?A: 3 namely Dhaka, Chittagong and RajshahiQ: Which is the largest and smallest division?A: Rajshahi Division (34,513 km 2) is the largest while Sylhet Division (12, 595.95 km 2) is the smallest.

    Q: What are current administrative units?A: Division 6; district 64; upazila and thana 507, union 4484, mouza 59,990, village 87,319.Q: Name present divisions?A: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal and SylhetQ: Which is the largest city of Bangladesh?

    A: Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh is on the Buriganga (Budiganga) river.Q: When Dhaka became capital of the Mughal’s Bengal province?A: 1608 and it was named Jahangirnagar. (N.B in some books 1610)Q: What is the area and population?A: Area: 360sq. km. Population: Over 9 million (2001)Q: What is the current name of Ramna Racecourse Dhaka?A: Suhrawardy UddyanQ: Name major places of Dhaka?


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    A: Lalbagh fort or Fort Aurangabad (1678), tomb of Bibi Pari, the Bara Katra (great caravansary; 1664);the Chhota Katra (1663); Hussani Dalan (1642). Dhakeswari temple and Tejgaon Church.Q: Which city is known as City of Mosques?A: Dhaka due to its more than 700 mosques.Q: What is jamdani?A: Fine cotton muslin cloth traditional product of Dhaka.Q: Which city is called the commercial capital of Bangladesh?A: Chittagong; the second largest city. The main seaport is located at the Karnafuli River.Q: What are the old names of Chittagong city?A: Chittagram, Chatgaon and ChitganaQ: Which are major Places of interest in Chittagong?A: Zia Smrti Jadughar (Zia Memorial Museum) formerly Chittagong Circuit house, Andar Killa fort,Hazrat Bayazid Bastami’ s shrine, Hazrat Shah Amanat’ s shrine.Q: Which main river port lies along the Bhairab River?A: KhulnaQ: What is Rajshahi city located?A: It stands on the bank of the river Padma. Rajshahi means ‘Royal Territory’. Varendra ResearchMuseum is located here.Q: What is the ancient name of Rajshahi city?A: Rampur BoaliaQ: Which city is also called the City of Silk?A: Rajshahi because of its flourishing silk industry.Q: What is the ancient name of Barisal city?A: Chandradvipa. It is famous for mysterious sounds as of distant cannon ‘Barisal Guns’.Q: When Barisal district was established?A: Bakerganj disrict was established in 1797. Later on it was renamed as Barisal district.Q: What are the old names of Sylhet city?A: Jalalabad and Srihatta (enriched market place). It is on the Surma River. Hazrat Shah Jalal Mujjarradled the Muslim occupation in 1303. It is a major center of natural gas production.Q: What is the old name of Mymensingh?

    A: NasirabadQ: Where was the biggest railway workshop of the Assam-Bengal railways established?A: At Saidpur town in 1870Q: Where is Bangladesh Air Force Academy located?A: Jessore

    SPORTSQ: Who is known as magician of football in Bengal?A: Syed Abdus Samad (1895-1964)Q: Who was the first South Asian to swim across the English Channel?A: Brojen Das (1927-1998)Q: Which record Brojen Das made in 1961?A: He crossed across the English Channel in 10 hours 30 minutes. He swam across it six times from 1958

    to 1961.Q: When Bangladesh Amateur Kabaddi Federation was formed?A: 1973Q: When Bangladesh first played Kabaddi test with a visiting Indian team?A: 1974Q: Which countries joined the Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation in 1978?A: Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan.Q: Which country was the runners-up of The Asian Kabaddi Championship 1980?A: Bangladesh


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    Q: When Kabaddi was included for the first time in Asian Games?A: In Beijing in 1990. Bangladesh took part in it and won silver medal.Q: Which chess player became the first Grandmaster to emerge from South Asia? A: Niaz Morshed Q: What is the name of hockey stadium in Dhaka?A: Maulana Bhasani Hockey Stadium.Q: When Bangladesh Hockey Federation was formed?A: 1972Q: Which is one of the most popular indoor games of Bangladesh?A: CaromQ: When Bangladesh first appeared in the ICC trophy?A: 1979Q: When Bangladesh attained the status of a test playing country?A: 26 June 2000Q: Which country became the 4th non-Test playing nation to beat a major side in World Cup cricket?A: Bangladesh. She beat Pakistan in 1999 World CupQ: What is the current name of National Stadium Dhaka?A: Bangabandhu National Stadium DhakaQ: Which is the only venue in the world to have hosted an inaugural home fixture for two Test nations?A: Bangabandhu National Stadium in Dhaka


    Q: Who is called the 'Panditkavi'?A: Alaol (c 1607-1680)Q: Who is generally regarded as the father of the Bangla short story?A: Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941).Q: Who wrote popular Bangla novel Pather Panchali?A: Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay (1787-1848). Satyajit Ray made a film on it, winning considerablefame.Q: When Kazi Nazrul Islam lost his voice and memory?

    A: For 34 years (1942 to 1976), the poet suffered this unbearable life of silence.Q: Who wrote Novel Lajja (Shame) that was banned by government in 1994?A: Taslima Nasrin (1962- ). She is a physician.Q: Who produced the first translation of the Bible into Bengali?A: William Carey (1761-1833)Q: Who compiled Siyar-ul-Mutakhkherin; a voluminous historical work?A: Sayyid Ghulam Husain Tabatabai in 1781.Q: Whose first and famous novel Lalsalu (1948) was translated as Tree Without Roots (1967)?A: Syed Waliullah (1922-1971). Syed Waliullah died in Paris and was buried there.Q: Who did write Varna Parichay; primer of the Bangla language written for children?A: Pundit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar (1820-1891) wrote it in 1855.Q: Who wrote the first Bangla biography of Prophet Muhammad (SM)?

    A: Sheikh Abdur RahimQ: Whose first novel ‘Sankhanila Karagara’ published in 1972?A: Humayun Ahmed (1948 - )Q: Who wrote novels Aina (1936-1937) and Food Conference (1944)?A: Ahmed, Abul Mansur (1898-1979)Q: Who wrote “Riyaz-us-Salatin”the first complete history of the Muslim rule in Bengal?A: Ghulam Husain Salim Zaidpuri wrote it in Persian language.Q: Who made the first full translation of the holy Quran into Bangla?A: Girish Chandra Sen (1835-1910).

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    Q: Who wrote Baharistan-i-Ghaibi: the history of Bengal in the reign of Jahangir (1605-1627)?A: Alauddin Isfahan alias Mirza NathanQ: Which first Bengali poet wrote sonnets?A: Michael Madhusudan Dutt (1824-1873)Q: Who wrote Mahashmashan (The Great Crematorium), based on the 3 rd Panipat War?A: Kaikobad (1857-1951), whose real name was Muhammad Kazem Ali Qureshi

    Art / Architecture / MusicQ: Who was titled a National Professor of the Arts?A: Zainul Abedin (1914-1976)Q: Who was the first Bengali Muslim to take admission in Santiniketan in 1938?A: Abdul Ahad (1920-1994)Q: Who is the pioneer of Bangla theatre? A: The first Bangla theatre was founded by Steppanovich Lebedeff (1749-1817)Q: What was the real name of dancer and writer Bulbul Chowdhury (1919-1954)?A: Rashid Ahmed ChowdhuryQ: Who are Patuyas?A: The traditional folk painters who are adept in drawing images serving folk beliefs. Their drawings aregenerally known as Pata painting. They draw figures of Hindu gods or Muslim saints on a piece of cloth.Q: What is Gambhira Gan?A: It is a type of folk song popular in the northwestern Bangladesh.Q: What is Sari Gan?A: It is a kind of folk song, sung especially by boatmen. It is often known as workmen's song as well.Q: What is Jatra?A: Jatra (literally 'going' or 'journey') is folk drama combining acting, songs, music, and dance.Q: What is Ghani?A: It is a traditional device to extract oil from mustard, sesame, ricinus and meat of ripe coconut etc.Q: Where is Zainul Abedin Museum of Art located?A: MymensinghQ: Who is Runa Laila?A: She is a popular singer. She was born Sultana Chaudhry on November 17, 1952, in Sylhet,

    EDUCATIONQ: Which is the oldest university in Bangladesh?A: University of Dhaka was established in 1921Q: Which is the second largest university of Bangladesh?A: University of Rajshahi - 1953Q: When Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) was established?A: 1961Q: When Jahangirnagar University was established?A: At Savar near Dhaka in 1970Q: Which is the only public technical and engineering university in the country?A: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), DhakaQ: Who was the first vice chancellor of the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology?

    A: MA Rashid (1919-1981)Q: Who was appointed the first Director of the Islamic Academy?A: In 1960, Abul Hashim (1905-1974)Q: Who founded Comilla Victoria College in 1899?A: Roy Bahadur Ananda ChandraQ: Which major Sufi saint of Bengal is buried at Sylhet? A: Shah Jalal Mujjarrad (1271-1346). Shahjalal University of Science and Technology established atKumargaon, Sylhet in 1987.Q: Where Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College was established in 1992?


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    A: Garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood.Q: Which are principal industries?A: Jute, textiles, garments, tea, newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar.Q: What is the currency of Bangladesh?A: Taka = 100 Poisha

    MEDIARadio / Television / Film

    Q: When Dhaka station was opened by Sher-e-Bangla AK Fazlul Huq? A: 16 December 1939Q: Which is the national radio of Bangladesh?A: Bangladesh BetarQ: When Radio Bangladesh was named Bangladesh Betar?A: Firstly In 1972 and again in 1996.Q: When first TV transmission in Bangladesh began?A: On 25 December 1964 with a 300-Watt transmitter from the DIT (now Rajuk) building in Dhaka.Q: Which was the first TV play telecasted on 27 February 1965?A: A comedy titled Ektala-O-Dotala (ground floor and first floor) written by Munir Chowdhury anddirected by Monirul Alam.Q: When Bangladesh Television started transmission in colour?A: 1980Q: Which is the national Television Corporation of Bangladesh?A: Bangladesh Television (BTV)Q: Which was the first film made in Dhaka?A: The Last Kiss in 1931. Ambuj Gupta directed it.Q: Which was the first Bangla feature film?A: Mukh-O-Mukhosh (Face to Face) that was released on 3 August 1956. its cost was 64 thousand rupeesQ: Who directed Mukh-O-Mukhosh?A: Abdul Jabbar Khan. Abdul Jabbar himself was the lead actor of the film.Q: What was original name of actress and filmmaker Sumita Devi (1936-2004)?A: Hena Bhattacharya, later changed to Nilufar Begum alias Sumita Devi after she converted to Islam.

    Q: When the first international film festival was held in Bangladesh?A: March-April 1981 (Dhaka)

    NEWSPAPERSQ: Which was the first Bangla weekly?A: The Bengal Gazette - May/June 1818.Q: When the first newspaper of East Bengal, Rangapur Bartabaha, was published from Rangpur? A: 1847Q: Which first English newspaper started publishing from Dhaka in 1856?A: Dhaka NewsQ: Which first poetry magazine published from Dhaka in 1860?A: KavitakusumavaliQ: Who is founding editor of the daily Ittefaq?

    A: Tofazzal Hossain (1911-1969)AIRPORTS / PORTS

    Q: Which was the first airport to operate civil aviation in Bangladesh?A: Tejgaon airport DhakaQ: Which was the first civil and private airline?A: Orient AirwaysQ: How many international airports are in Bangladesh?A: At present there are three international ones - the Zia International Airport - Kurmitola, Dhaka,Osmany International Airport - Sylhet and Amanat Shah Airport – Chittagong.


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    Q: Which is the national flag carrier?A: Biman Bangladesh AirlinesQ: Which are major ports?A: Chittagong, Mongla, Dhaka , Narayanganj

    FLORA AND FAUNAQ: Why Bengal Tigers are the most feared of all tiger species?A: Because they have been known to eat human flesh. In fact, the record for the most people killed by anylarge animal goes to one of these tigers, called the Champawat Tiger who alone devoured 436 people inthe Kumaon (India) . Jim Corbett (1875 -1955) gave the account of how he shot the feline in his book"Maneaters of Kumaon".Q: In which areas the elephant lives?A: Only in the forests of Chittagong and Cox's Bazar areas.Q: How many species of fishes and birds are in Bangladesh?A: 442 species of marine fishes and 628 species of birds

    FAMOUS PERSONALITIESQ: Who was the first Vice President of Pakistan from December 1972 to August 1973?A: Nurul Amin (1893-1974)Q: Which leaders are buried in the mausoleum known as the “Mazar of Three National Leaders'?A: Fazlul Huq and Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy and Khwaja Nazimuddin.Q: Who was with Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas on T-33 on 20 August 1971?A: Matiur Rahman (1941-1971) (Bir Srestha)

    MISCELLANEOUSQ: Which is the oldest archaeological site of Bangladesh?A: Mahasthangarh on the western bank of river Karatoya, about 12 km north of Bogra town.Q: Which is the only hydropower plant in the country?A: Karnafuli Hydro Power Station located at Kaptai, 50 km from Chittagong. It was constructed in 1962.Q: Which is the highest military award of Bangladesh?A: Bir SresthoQ: When UNESCO firstly observed International Mother Language Day?A: 21 February 2000

    Q: Where major fields of natural gas are located?A: It is largely available in the eastern part of the country extending from Sylhet down to Comilla,

    Noakhali and Chittagong. It has also been discovered offshore in the Bay of Bengal. Q: Where the first 3000 kW nuclear reactor of Bangladesh was installed?A: At Savar about 40 km away from Dhaka city.Q: How many petroleum refineries are in Bangladesh?A: Eastern Refinery Limited (ERL) is the only petroleum refinery plant in Bangladesh.Q: Where is Panam Bridge located?A: It is located to the east of Habibpur between Companyganj and Bari-Majlis, in Sonargaon. Q: What is the abbreviation of SPARRSO?A: Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing OrganizationQ: Which are the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh?

    A: Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat (1985), Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur (1985), TheSundarbans (1997)Q: What is the principal means of transport in the urban areas of Bangladesh?A: RickshawQ: When the flag of Bangladesh was first hoisted in the United Nations (UN) ?

    A: 17 September 1974 when Bangladesh became member of UN.

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    A: LandlockedQ: What is the location of Bhutan?A: Southern Asia, between China and India.Q: How long are the land boundaries of Bhutan?A: China 470 km, India 605 km. Total 1,075 kmQ: Which Indian states encompass Bhutan?A: Bhutan is bounded on three sides by India. From east to west, the Indian states of Sikkim,West Bengal, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh (formerly the North-East Frontier Agency)

    border Bhutan.Q: Compare the area of Bhutan with other countries or states?A: About the same size as SwitzerlandQ: Which city is the capital of Bhutan?A: Thimphu is the largest city and capital of Bhutan. Q: Which countries are the neighbours of Bhutan?A: India and China. She is bounded by China in the north and on all other sides by India.Q: What are the geographic coordinates of Bhutan?A: 27 30 N, 90 30 E

    Q: What is the rank of Bhutan area wise in the world?A: 128thQ: What are the greatest length and width of Bhutan?A: The maximum latitudinal distance is 170 km and the maximum longitudinal distance is300 km.Q: What percentage of SAARC area is occupied by Bhutan?A: About %.

    TOPOGRAPHYQ: What is the terrain of Bhutan?A: Mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savannaQ: What are the elevation extremes in Bhutan?A: Lowest point: Drangme Chhu 97 m and highest point: Kula Kangri 7,553 m (22,780 ft)

    Q: What is the forested area and arable land?A: 66 %, 3 %Q: What are the land and the water areas of Bhutan?A: Land: 46,500 km² water: 0 km² respectivelyQ: Which are major landform features?A: The southern foothills, the inner Himalayas and the higher Himalayas.Q: Which is the second highest peak?A: Ghomo Lhari, in the Chumbi Valley is 7314 m above sea level. Nineteen other peaksexceed 7000 m.Q: What part of land is covered by glaciers?A: Glaciers in northern Bhutan cover about 10 % of the total area.

    DEMOGRAPHYQ: What is the population and population growth rate of Bhutan?A: The official estimate of population was about 734,340 (2003) but other sources estimatethe population was about 2 million. The people of Nepali origin have been excluded from theofficial census since 1990 which results in such a discrepancy in population numbers. 2 %Q: What is the percentage of rural population?A: 90 %Q: Tell the population density?A: 45 / km²Q: What is the literacy rate and life expectancy?A: 42 %, 66 yearsQ: What is the ethnic distribution?A: Bhote 50%, Nepalese 35% (Lhotsampas; one of Nepalese ethnic groups), tribes 15%Q: When was first national census conducted?A: 1969. The population officially stood at 9, 30,614 persons.

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    Q: What was the infant mortality rate in 1990?A: 137 deaths per 1000 live births. It was the highest in South Asia.Q: What portion of SAARC population lives in Bhutan?A: About %,

    WATERWAYSQ: Which are Bhutan’s four major rivers?A: The Drangme Chhu; the Puna Tsang Chhu, also called the Sankosh; the Wang Chhu; andthe Amo Chhu. Each flows swiftly out of the Himalayas, southerly through the Duars to jointhe Brahmaputra River in India, and hence through Bangladesh to flow into the Bay of Bengal.Q: Which river is navigable?A: None of the rivers is navigable.Q: Which is the largest river?A: The Drangme Chhu, flows southwesterly from India's state of Arunachal Pradesh.

    CLIMATEQ: What is the climate of Bhutan?A: It is humid and subtropical in the southern plains and foothills, temperate in the innerHimalayan valleys of the southern and central regions, and cold in the north, with year-round

    snow on the main Himalayan summits.Q: What part of the land is under perpetual snow?A: 20 %Q: Which are main natural calamities?A: Violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name; frequentlandslides during the rainy season.Q: Which major seasons of Bhutan?A: Four; Spring (March-May), Summer (June-August), Autumn (September-November),Winter (December-February)Q: How many are climatic zones of Bhutan?A: Three


    Q: What is the national anthem of Bhutan?A: Druk Tsendhen ‘The Thunder Dragon Kingdom’. It was first composed in 1953 and

    became official in 1966.Q: Who are composer and writer of national anthem ?A: Words by: Gyaldun Dasho Thinley Dorji and music by: Aku TongmiQ: What is the national flower of Bhutan?A: The national flower is the blue poppy (Meconopsis grandis), which grows at high altitudes.It is locally known as 'Euitgel Metog Hoem'.Q: Who is Bhutan’s national tree?A: Cypress (Cupressus torolusa) that is often associated with religious places. The Bhutaneseidentify with it because it is straight and strong and can grow in inhospitable soil.Q: What is the national b ird of Bhutan?A: Raven (Corvus corax) because it adorns the royal hat. It represents the deity GonpoJarodonchen (Mahakala with a raven's head), one of the most important guardian deities.Q: Which is the national animal of Bhutan?A: The 'Dong Gyem Tsey' or takin (Burdorcas taxicolor) is the national animal for itsuniqueness and association with the religion. It is an extremely rare bovid mammal of theovine-caprine family. It lives in flocks in places 4000 m (13,125 ft) high, and eats bamboo. Itcan weigh as much as 250 kgs (550 lbs).Q: Who designed the national flag?A: Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji created it in 1947. It was modified in 1956 .Q: Describe the national flag of Bhutan?A: The Bhutanese flag is divided diagonally and depicts a white dragon across the middle.The upper part of the flag is golden yellow, representing the secular power of the king, whilethe lower part is orange, symbolizing the Buddhist religion. The dragon, whose white colour


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    is associated with purity, represents Bhutan. The jewels held in its claws stand for the wealthand perfection of the country.Q: What is Bhutan’s national emblem?A: The national emblem is contained in a circle with two dragons framing a double diamond -thunderbolt (dorji) placed above a lotus, surmounted by a jewel.Q: What is described by the national emblem?A: The thunderbolt represents the harmony between secular and religious power; the lotussymbolizes purity; the jewel expresses sovereign power; and the two dragons, male andfemale, stand for the name of the country which they proclaim with their great voice, thethunder.Q: What is Bhutan’s national game?A: ArcheryQ: Which are the National Days?A: 17 December is celebrated throughout the country as ‘Gyal Yung Duechhen’ or NationalDay. This commemorates the ascension to the throne of Ugyen Wangchuck, the firsthereditary king of Bhutan, at Punakha Dzong on 17 December 1907. 21 October is declaredas a national holiday on the occasion of the formal accession of His Royal Highness the

    Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck as Chhoetse Penlop.Q: What is the national language of Bhutan?A: Dzongkha. The word kha means ‘language’ that is spoken in the dzongs ‘fortresses.Q: Where is Dzongkha spoken?A: It is also used as the lingua franca throughout the country, and as the medium ofinstruction in all schools (alongside English), and for government and administration.Q: What is the national parliament?A: TshogduQ: What is the national dress of Bhutan?A: It is called the 'Gho' for men and 'Kira' for women. It was introduced during the 17 th century by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal to give the Bhutanese a unique identity.Q: Describe the Royal Crest?

    A: The sacred jewel at the top of the royal crest signifies the Buddhist Sovereign is raisedsupreme above all heads, in the compassionate form of the triple gem. The crossed Vajras(diamond scepters) in the center represent the harmony between the ancient customs andmodern authority. The male and female turquoise thunder symbolize the name of theKingdom: Druk Yul, Druk means thunder dragon, yul mans land. The thunder of summerstorms like a dragon’s roar reverberates across mountains and valley speaking of thecountry’s glory.Q: In which script Dzongkha is written?A: Ucan script. It is used to write the Tibetan language too.Q: Which is referred to as the Bhutanese New Year?A: Losar is the Bhutanese New Year (in February). It is a lunisolar calendar whose dateindicates both the moon phase and the time of the solar year. Q: How years are named in Bhutanese calendar?A: Years are named by combining the 12 animals of the zodiac with the five elements of life,earth, iron, water and wood to produce a 60-year cycle e.g., 2006 is male fire dog.

    RELIGIONQ: What was the religion of Bhutanese before Buddhism?A: Bon religion (animistic worship)Q: What is state religion?A: Mahayana Buddhism - 75 %Q: Which are the other religious minorities?A: Hindus - 25 %Q: When Buddhism was introduced?A: Saint Padmasambhava meaning ‘the Lotus-born Buddha’ brought Buddhism to Bhutan inthe 8 th century. He is known as Guru Ripoche meaning ‘the precious master’.Q: Who introduced the Drukpa Kagyupa school of Buddhism?

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    A: Phajo Drukgom Shingpo (1184-1251)Q: Who was Drukpa Kunle (1455-1529)?A: Also called the "divine madman", he is a folk hero, famous for the unorthodox andoutrageous ways in which he taught religion.Q: Who was the first Bhutanese-born figure to gain fame in the Tibetan Buddhist world?A: Pema Lingpa (1450-1521).Q: What is Dratshang Lhentshog (Central Monastic Body)?A: It is the sole arbiter on religion. It engages in religious practices and also participates in allimportant state institutions. It has 5000 registered monks and is financed by the Government.Q: Who is His Holiness ‘Je Khenpo’?A: Formerly called the Dharma Raj by orientalists, Je Khenpo is the title given to the highestreligious official. He leads th e Dratshang Lhentshog a nd arbitrates on matters of doctrine.Unlike reincarnation lineages such as the Dalai Lama, he is chosen on merit.Q: Who are allowed to wear the honorific saffron scarf?A: Only the Druk Gyalpo and the Je Khenpo were allowed to wear the honorific saffron scarf.Q: Who is the most recent Je Khenpo?A: The 70 th Je Khenpo, Ngawang Thinley Lhundup died on 10 June 2005.

    SOCIETYQ: Which are main ethnic groups of Bhutan?A: The Ngalops, the Sharchops, the Lhotshampas and tribes.Q: Who are the Ngalops?A: The Ngalops (means the earliest risen or first converted) are Tibetans who migrated andimported Buddhism into Bhutan in the 9 th century. For this reason, they are often referred toin foreign literature as Bhotes (people of Bhotia or Tibet).Q: What do you know about the Sharchops?A: The Sharchops (means easterner), an Indo-Mongoloid people who are have migrated fromAssam or Burma, comprise most of the population of eastern Bhutan.Q: Which are main tribes?A: The Drokpa, Lepcha, and Doya tribes.

    Q: Who are the Lhotshampas?A: The Lhotshampas are of Nepalese origin.Q: How many castes are in Bhutan?A: Except among the Hindu Nepalese in southern Bhutan, there was no caste system.Q: Which are common Bhutanese surnames?A: Except for the royal family and other noble families, Bhutanese do not have surnames.Individuals normally have two names, but neither is considered a family name or a surname.Q: With which colours officials are distinguished?A: Orange for ministers and deputy ministers, blue for National Assembly and RoyalAdvisory Council members, and red or maroon for high religious and civil officials, districtofficers, and judges (anyone holding the title of dasho). Stripes on scarves of the same basecolor denoted greater or lesser ranks.Q: Who use the honorific title ‘Dasho’?A: It is used by the royal family, deputy ministers, senior government officials, and others in

    positions of authority.Q: Who are Layap people?A: They are aboriginal people inhabiting the high mountains of northwest Bhutan in the Layavillage in the Gasa district.Q: What is Bhutan‘s family system; patriarchal or matriarchal?A: Patriarchal, but family estates are divided equally between sons and daughters.Q: What is offered as a customary greeting? A: Doma (betel nut) . The most common alcoholic beverages available are Arra and Chang.

    HISTORYQ: Who was Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal (1594 - 1651) ?